Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Software Based Roots of Trust for Enhanced Mobile Device Security

HSHQDC-13-C-00112 HSHQDC-13-R-00032-H-SB013.2-002-0024-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00032 Phase I)

HexEffect, LLC
2187 Ivy Crest Drive
Bellbrook, OH 45305-1867


HexEffect, LLC will use its experience with both offensive and defensive computing technologies to develop a software-only root of trust (RoT) system called DynaTrust. The system will be deployable on commercial mobile devices running the Android operating system. The purpose of DynaTrust is to allow trusted execution and data storage on widely available low cost and legacy commercial devices. DynaTrust will use precise timing and self-checksumming code to establish a dynamic RoT on a mobile device. HexEffect will employ unique rootkit-like techniques to help maintain the integrity of the RoT while it is active. This RoT will provide trusted execution and data access services. It will be deactivated when the user no longer requires access to protected resources. The anticipated usage model is similar to how VPNs are currently used. A successful effort will result in a system that can be used to establish trust on most existing Android devices. DynaTrust will allow organizations to perform trusted operations on low cost and legacy devices rather than requiring the purchase of newer, costlier devices. This technology will also enable safer bring your own device (BYOD) practices in government and commercial organizations. Our initial TRL is 2. DynaTrust will be built using known basic principles, but with some extensions and integrated in novel ways. By the end of Phase II we will be at TRL 6, having demonstrated our solution in a live environment using real devices.

Low-cost, Disposable, Tamper-Proof Bolt Seal

HSHQDC-15-C-00014 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-002-0002-I
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase I)
Tamper-Proof Bolt Seal Materials Using Multilayered Shape Memory Polymers

PolymerPlus LLC
7700 Hub Pkwy
Valley View, OH 44125-5744


PolymerPlus proposes a SBIR program to develop and commercialize multilayered polymer films with shape memory properties, as a tamper-proof low-cost bolt seal and plastic seal anti-tamper device. The technological foundation for this innovation includes using two or more commercial polymers to produce multilayered films with thermal, humidity, or optical shape memory properties capable of undergoing a stimuli induced shape change (such as embossed shapes, structures or messages) over large areas. The conventional bolt seal materials offer very limited tamper-proof capability allowing illicit entry into cargo containers leading to contraband and counterfeit products. The existing bolt seals are fairly easy to counterfeit due to presence of obvious markers/information on the seals. Development of SMPs at PolymerPlus will demonstrate embedding invisible, custom printable messages on the bolt seals or plastic seals. The encoded information will only be revealed under specific external stimulus conditions with exposure to temperature, light or moisture. Revealed information can easily be scanned by electronic scanner or a smartphone.

Stable Semiconductor Modules as Core Component in Pager Radiation Detectors

HSHQDC-15-C-00007 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-009-0008-I
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase I)
Personal Neutron Detector Based on Cadmium Telluride

Lithium Innovations Company, LLC
3171 N. Republic Blvd.
Toledo, OH 43615-1515


Lithium Innovations will explore the fabrication of a prototype, low-cost neutron detector based on a Li-6 sensitized cadmium-telluride semiconductor detector. The detector will be demonstrated to have high sensitivity to thermal neutrons, be very robust and configured as a pager neutron detector. The effort will build on Lithium Innovations unique expertise in forming lithium sheets for sputter targets in the glass industry and in supplying Li-6 sensitizer foils to R&D groups for neutron conversion into alpha particles and tritons. The project will leverage the recent development by subcontractor, Lucintech Inc, of thin-film, sputtered CdTe photovoltaic solar cells and modules. The detector design will also take advantage of recently developed flexible glass produced by Corning Incorporated. The thin, flexible glass will permit light weight detectors even for larger, more sensitive sizes. The detector is based on polycrystalline CdTe which provides much higher radiation hardness than Si-based detectors. Prototypes will be fabricated with processes scalable to large areas which opens the potential for large-area neutron detectors and low-cost manufacturing.

Portable Linear Accelerator (linac) for Active Interrogation Systems for Radiological Gamma Isotope Source Replacement

HSHQDN-16-C-00019 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-013-0003-I
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase I)
The Accelerator in a Suitcase for Isotope Replacement

Euclid BeamLabs
5900 HARPER RD # 102
SOLON, OH 44139-1866


Few-MeV linac based X-ray machines are widely used for radiotherapy, cargo inspection and industrial radiography. These machines are large, weighing several tons. Several years ago truck mounted and relocatable systems extended the reach of this technology into field applications like bridge inspection. Recently man-portable systems were introduced, which typically are comprised of three modules that can be independently moved without heavy machinery and set up at the application location. There is no to date a linac-based x-ray machine that can be carried around in a single piece, and fit in tight spaces that replaces radioactive isotope - based devices in industrial radiography and well-logging. Euclid Beamlabs proposes an inexpensive, ultra-compact linac-based x-ray source that can fit in a suitcase as a possible replacement for radionuclides. This novel design is based on a dielectric-loaded accelerator. The use of ceramics makes the transverse size of the accelerating waveguide comparable to that of a pencil. Because of this size reduction, additional weight reduction of shielding becomes possible. Based on this technology in Phase I we will produce an engineering design of the 1 MeV x-ray system ready for manufacturing in Phase II. This device will provide a novel functionality on the x-ray market. It will be compact like low-energy x-ray systems (e.g. dental x-ray) but it will have higher energy x-rays due to use of linac-based few-MeV electrons. This device can replace radioactive isotopes used for radiography applications in hard to reach places. Other potential applications are active interrogation systems and well logging.


NBCHC070085 0621035
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Chem Bio Sensor Wizards for Engineering Environment Protection (CB SWEEP)

Peerless Technologies Corporation
2300 National Road
Fairborn, OH 45324-2009


The purpose of this SBIR effort is to develop a standards based, wizard-driven process for installing chemical or biological sensors in public structures. The wizard will be powered with a knowledge base of sensor information, common commercial building HVAC structures, and environmental information. The system will be built on generalizations in public structure design/layout to reduce time to deploy. The proposed approach consists of building air flow models for the most common HVAC component configurations for each of the following structure types: skyscrapers, commercial office buildings, arenas, convention centers, and closed-roof stadiums. The team's HVAC Engineer and SME will document these models and the team will use them to build the prototype system design. The planned technical approach begins with addressing how sensor networks are currently defined for Biological and Chemical sensors. The team will then construct models for key areas where expertise is typically needed in bio-chem sensor networks on and around buildings, and conduct simulations against these models to capture environmental information. The team will then build a software-based set of wizards to encapsulate the "expert" information for allowing a turn-the-crank system. Finally, the team will develop system metrics and a system test plan to validate its designs.