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Awards

Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance
Period
Award/Contract
Value
Abstract

08.1-1
Signal Processing Algorithms to Nominate Potential Targets and Eliminate False Positives in the Non-Intrusive Inspection of Cargo Conveyances

HSHQDC-09-C-00151 SBIR-08-1-TA1-CEI1-II
(HSHQDC-08-R-00066 Phase II)
Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique

Creative Electron
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078-2631

09/28/2009
to
09/27/2010
$500,000.00

Threat materials can take many shapes and therefore this software tool must be able to perform anomaly detection instead of specific shape detection. The problem of solely relying on a database of images and a matching algorithm is that objects in the image may be shifted, rotated, or the image quality is too poor for a reliable match. Thus, this proposal focuses on the development of an anomaly recognition algorithm that is able to achieve low false positive rates even with low quality input images. Our proposed research will develop an innovative Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique (SMART) to determine the presence of contraband in non intrusive inspection (NII) images of trucks and cargo containers. SMART will be able to position in the NII image the location of the potential contraband by using state-of-the-art spectral decomposition analysis techniques to efficiently differentiate the common background of the image against anomalies. These anomalies, in most cases, represent contraband concealed in the cargo.

08.1-4
Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications

HSHQDC-10-C-00148 SBIR-08-1-TA4-RBT1-II
(HSHQDC-08-R-00066 Phase II)
An ultra-low cost miniature X-band linac to replace radionuclide gamma sources

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
13428 Beach Ave
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292-

07/30/2010
to
07/29/2012
$999,044.00

One of the objectives of the DNDO is to dramatically reduce the amount of radioactive material in use in order to improve public security and prevent the diversion of radioactive material for Radiation Dispersion Devices (so-called "dirty bombs"). RadiaBeam Technologies proposes the development of an inexpensive, handportable accelerator to replace radionuclide radiography devices. The accelerator, which we term the MicroLinac, is based on X-band RF linac technology developed at SLAC, and is powered by a commercially available inexpensive RF source. The entire system would weigh less than 25 lbs and could be sold in the future for less than $30k. Such s device will offer a competitive, commercially viable and, most importantly, much safer radiation source for industrial and medical radiography and well logging applications, thus simultaneously promoting technological advancement and public safety.

09.1-1
X-ray Generators to Enhance Material Discrimination Capability of Non Intrusive Inspection (NII) Imaging Systems

HSHQDC-10-C-00158 HSHQDC-09-R-00041-0911002-II
(HSHQDC-09-R-00041 Phase II)
Development of a 3/6/9 MeV X-ray Generator

Accuray Incorporated
1310 Chesapeake Terrace
Sunnyvale, CA 94089-1100

08/27/2010
to
08/26/2012
$1,000,000.00

Accuray bases this proposal on an X-ray generator, model DX500K, designed, built, and delivered to a major contractor in December 2008 as part of the DNDO-CAARS program. Accuray's DX500K operates at single or dual energy modes of 6 MeV and 9 MeV and interleaves between 6 MeV and 9 MeV at 400 Hz. The pulse to pulse jitter is negligible-- a major performance factor in high Z detection. The system operates in X-band making DX500K compact in size and weight. The strong progress of 6/9 MeV interleaved radiation as a means to detect high Z threat materials renders it a natural starting point for development of a 3/6/9 MeV interleaf system so that a single machine can accomplish multiple detection objectives in cargo inspection. We propose to use the DX500K as foundation to design a new system with energies 3, 6, and 9 MeV in single and interleaf modes. The repetition rate will be 800 Hz minimum with dose rates given in the technical proposal. Accuray has extensive experience in X-band accelerators. Our primary business in medical accelerators augments development of other applications via engineering, facilities and infrastructure and can easily transition to volume production.

09.1-2
Innovative Training Technology for Preventive Rad/Nuc Detection

HSHQDC-10-C-00119 HSHQDC-09-R-00041-0911034-II
(HSHQDC-09-R-00041 Phase II)
Realistic and Adaptive Interactive Learning System (RAILS)

Spectral Labs Incorporated
10905 Technology Place
San Diego, CA 92127-1811

07/09/2010
to
07/08/2012
$997,334.00

The Next Generation computer based PRND Training Application sought by DNDO requires seamless coordination of First Responder Training expertise, Video Simulation capability, Radiation Physics principles and PRND Equipment familiarity. Spectral Labs Inc. (SLI) proposes an innovative approach that brings all of these elements together to develop simulation software that provides physically realistic and effective PRND Training to First Responders by first adding Radiation Transport algorithms to an existing Video Game Engine which will be used to generate Training Scenarios based on real locations, and then testing the accuracy of those simulations by comparing the virtual environment with data collected from real world measurements. The engine to be used is a powerful and feature rich design platform that can be applied to generate training scenarios for the PC or other platforms. The Phase I effort will create two Simulated Training Scenarios, each with direction from a First Responders training professional to ensure application of appropriate Training Principles. This input enables SLI to evaluate the ability of these simulations to ingrain in the trainee an innate sense of how to detect, locate and identify orphan or threat radioisotope sources as well as to develop the necessary PRND Equipment operation skills.

12.1-003
Smart Phone App(s) for Radioisotope Identification Device (RIID) and Spectroscopic Personal Radiation Detector (SPRD) Reachback

HSHQDC-13-C-00079 DNDOSBIR12-03-FP-001-SLI-II
(HSHQDC-12-R-00052 Phase II)
RadMATE- a Mobile RAD/NUC Reachback App

Spectral Labs Incorporated
12265 World Trade Dr. Ste E
San Diego, CA 92128-3771

09/01/2013
to
06/30/2015
$691,886.00

The risk of an adversary mounting a Radiological or Nuclear (RAD/NUC) attack on the United States remains one of the greatest threats to our Nation. The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) has identified an opportunity for exploiting rapidly emerging Smart Phone technology as one of many tools to counter this threat by giving Law Enforcement Officers (LEOs) and Emergency Responders (ERs) support on their local Smart Phones or Tablets to significantly enhance their ability to properly adjudicate encounters with radiation sources. The classification of RAD/NUC threats is challenging because the terrestrial environment includes significant radiation background. This includes Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and many legal medical and industrial sources. Providing officers and responders with up to date support through an in hand Smart Phone or Tablet will optimize their defensive response throughout the Nation. The Smart Phone support will automate and standardize communications with centralized authorities. The benefits will include minimized burden on operators and eliminating the need for a specialized laptop computer with instrumentspecific Reachback software. SLI's proposed development of radMATE will combine all of these elements in a powerful software package to provide a user friendly Smart Phone App that is easily adaptive to individual agency requirements.

15.OATS-001
Nonlinear Laser Wave Mixing for Trace Detection of Explosives

D15PC00245 DHS SBIR-2015.OATS-15.OATS-001-0001-II
(DHS SBIR-2015.OATS Phase II)
Nonlinear Laser Wave Mixing for Trace Detection of Explosives

Audentia, Inc.
2757 Bordeaux Ave
La Jolla, CA 92037-2030

09/30/2015
to
10/14/2017
$749,827.57

To overcome current problems, Audentia, Inc., proposes to enhance, develop and demonstrate nonlinear laser wave-mixing detectors that offer standoff detection of explosives in their native form at ambient temperature and pressure using compact rugged laser-based designs. Taking advantage of high spectral resolution available from tunable solid-state lasers (without monochromators), our prototype in Phase II is expected to offer better chemical specificity and detection sensitivity levels with low false alarm rates. Our patented laser wave-mixing methods allow efficient use of low laser power levels (e.g., 0.01 W) and we have collected zeptomole-level Phase I results using different fixed and tunable lasers from UV, visible, near IR to mid-IR (quantum cascade laser) wavelengths. We will demonstrate our Phase II prototype, using real-world samples and conditions, for real-time detection of explosives in their native forms without the use of tags/labels or time-consuming sample preparation steps. Our university partner, Distinguished Professor Bill Tong, has more than 35 years of nonlinear laser spectroscopy experience and has published 33 papers on laser wave mixing alone.

15.OATS-002
A Real-Time Application Security Analyzer

D15PC00249 DHS SBIR-2015.OATS-15.OATS-002-0001-II
(DHS SBIR-2015.OATS Phase II)
A Real-Time Application Security Analyzer

RAM Laboratories, Inc.
591 Camino de la Reina
Suite 610
San Diego, CA 92108-3108

09/28/2015
to
10/13/2017
$749,993.51

Software developers are faced with a variety of security challenges when developing and deploying new systems. The software may be subject to malicious insiders, external threats and supply chain threats that access systems through poor software hygiene or the presence of zero-day vulnerabilities that the vendor is not aware of. While an array of software assurance tools have been developed that audit code at the source code or static binary level, existing tools do not perform dynamic binary analysis with source code checking to assist developers, nor do they provide a drill-down into software libraries to assist supply chain management in gaining a compliance assessment for the entire software solution. To address these shortfalls, this project extends the research and development of RAM Laboratories' Real-Time Application Security Analyzer (RASAR) tool. RASAR currently detects and characterizes security vulnerabilities (including zero-day vulnerabilities) in both under development and 3rd party software through source code analysis and dynamic binary instrumentation. This project will add capabilities to the tool suite that prioritize the vulnerabilities as defined by Common Weakness Enumeration, correlate identified binary vulnerabilities with both vulnerabilities found in the Common Vulnerability Exposure database and available source code flaws, and provide a compliance dashboard that tracks and reports supply chain issues for the user. Additionally, audit results will be visualized by the user through the use of a compliance dashboard. The resulting tool will be integrated within the Software Assurance Marketplace.

16.OATS-004
Cloud Based Secure Handhelds for Missions requiring Mobility

HSHQDC-17-C-00013 DHS SBIR-2016.OATS-16.OATS-004-0001-II
(DHS SBIR-2016.OATS Phase II)
Cloud Based Secure Handhelds for Missions requiring Mobility

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
25241 PASEO DE ALICIA
STE 200
LAGUNA HILLS, CA 92653-4643

05/17/2017
to
05/16/2019
$749,930.89

Mobile devices have become the predominant commercial and enterprise product for consumers to access the Internet, and these Internet of Things (IoT) devices and sensors are at risk from adversarial cyber attacks. DHS S&T's NGFR Apex program is currently using mobile, net-enabled sensors to connect their First Responders. Metronome Software proposes to utilize its eCLOAK (AFRL SBIR Phase II) technology, while also integrating Enterprise MDM products from its other team members, to develop the SENsor Secure Enterprise Infrastructure (SENSEI). SENSEI will provide the security overlay and device management system for NGFR. Using eCLOAK, sysadmins provision Android-based mobile devices to end-users, and system health checks are run on the device (they can be scheduled). The metrics gathered from the health checks are sent back to the server where they are analyzed against established policies that dictate a range of expected behavior. Should any device report an anomaly, the threat is weighed and action is taken. This provides a secure method of device and application attestation, authentication and integrity checks. Metronome's team members, MobileIron Inc. and KryptoWire LLC provide additional MDM and privacy analysis capabilities. Altogether, the proposed capabilities integrated into SENSEI and applied to NGFR will provide the Government the solution to defend its sensor network and other smart, net-enabled IoT devices in the future, such as: wearables, sensory aids, drones, municipal devices (such as cameras), and even transportation.

17 OATS-002
Advanced Indexing and Search for Efficient Information Discovery

HSHQDC-17-C-00065 DHS SBIR-2017.OATS-17 OATS-002-0001-II
(DHS SBIR-2017.OATS Phase II)
Advanced Indexing and Search for Efficient Information Discovery

InferLink Corporation
2361 Rosecrans Ave., Suite 348
El Segundo, CA 90245-2901

09/22/2017
to
09/21/2019
$749,999.99

Promoting the sharing of technical data between researchers is one of the most effective ways to advance technology development. As a result, there is a growing trend for research communities to develop websites with curated catalogs of data sets and tools. However, once a large number of resources have been collected, it can become challenging to maintain a centralized site so that potential users can easily find resources that are useful to them. We propose to address this problem by extending InferLink's ActiveSearch technology. ActiveSearch is a novel semantic search framework that combines natural language processing (NLP) techniques and a massive ontology so that users can search through document repositories in an intuitive fashion. In this project, we will extend this core technology to support search through collections of resources, such as data sets, software tools and analytics. This "catalog search" problem typically differs from document-centric search in some respects. For instance, there may be relatively little meta information associated with a resource. In addition, the search system must support expert researchers and contributors who are intimately familiar with the site's resources, as well as less sophisticated users who are unfamiliar with the resources. Our primary application focus will be the IMPACT portal (Impactcybertrust.org) but the work will be generally applicable to other resource information sites. Due to the growing number of such sites, there are numerous commercial opportunities for a semantic search solution that can be easily customized for an application domain.

18.OATS-001
Flexible, High-Frequency, High-Durability, and Multifunctional Sensor Film

70RSAT18C00000058 DHS SBIR-2018.OATS-18.OATS-001-0001-II
(DHS SBIR-2018.OATS Phase II)
Flexible, High-Frequency, High-Durability, and Multifunctional Sensor Film

Newport Sensors, Inc.
PO Box 174
Corona Del Mar, CA 92625-9998

09/24/2018
to
09/23/2020
$999,999.66

DHS has an unmet need for measuring ultra-high-intensity, near-field blast overpressure caused by internal blast within a commercial aircraft explosive threat environment in order to facilitate characterization of blast effects to commercial aircraft structures. The goal of this DHS SBIR OATS project is to deliver advanced thin, flexible, conformable, multi-sensing-point film sensor technology for measuring ultra-high intensity, high-speed blast overpressure distribution on hard surfaces due to near-field blast events. With the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) SBIR support, Newport Sensors, Inc. (NSI) has successfully developed a groundbreaking deformable, conformable, multi-sensing-point, ultra-low-profile ballistic film sensor technology for measuring ultra-high-intensity and high-speed impact pressure. Preliminary near-field live fire tests conducted by DHS CAVM Program in conjunction with DoD-ARL have shown significant potential of the NSI/ARL film pressure sensors for measuring near-field blast overpressure on a metal pendulum plate. However, the combination of the ultra-high speed, pressure and temperature as well as the hard surface presents significant challenges to the sensor survivability for near-field blast measurement applications. The project will tackle these challenges by investigating materials for sensors and substrates and as well as methods for sensor bonding and protection, in order to deliver deformable, conformable, multi-sensing-point, ultra-low-profile, reusable (1 to 3 live fire tests) film sensors that can be applied/bonded to flat or curved hard surface to measure accurate distributed reflective blast overpressures in the range of 100,000 psi to 150,000 psi in high temperature and high pressure near-field blast environment.

H-SB010.1-002
Rare Variant Detection Using Next Generation Sequencing Technology

D11PC20117 1014004
(FY10.1 Phase II)
Rare Variant Detection Using Next Genration Sequencing Technology

Eureka Genomics
750 Alfred Nobel Drive, #108
hercules, CA 94547-1387

05/31/2011
to
12/15/2013
$750,000.00

The long-term objective is to develop a rare variant (SNPs) detection pipeline, based on high throughput sequencing (HTS) and advanced bioinformatics, with the goal of detecting mutations present in ratio as low as 1:1000. To achieve this goal, we propose to: (1) Develop statistical and computational approaches to evaluate the effects of sequencing platform, target genome, and mapping algorithm on the accuracy of the rare variant detection. (2) Implement and deliver rare variant detection pipeline. (3) Experimentally validate the implemented rare variant detection pipeline, culminating a full scale B. anthracis case study. (4) Develop a software application to automatically acquire defined in task 1 statistical characteristics of errors associated with instruments, platforms, library preparation protocols, and sequencing chemistry, which can affect the overall accuracy of the rare variant detection. Rare variant detection is important for prosecution of bioterrorism attacks or attempts. While, the commercial opportunity of the forensic application is unknown, the commercial applications in clinical diagnostics associated with the detection of drug resistant variants such as diagnostic test to identify the presence of multi- or extensively- drug resistant tuberculosis present in less than 1 percent of the sample are significant.

H-SB010.2-006
Helmet with Embedded Active Display for Emergency Responders (HEADER)

D12PC00248 FY10.2-H-SB010.2-006-0014-II
(FY10.2 Phase II)
Helmet Embedded Conformal Augmented Display

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

03/12/2012
to
03/25/2014
$746,751.00

To address the HSARPA need for a next generation helmet with an embedded heads up display for personal situation awareness for emergency responders, Physical Optics Corporation, POC, proposes to continue the development of the Helmet Embedded Conformal Augmented Display, HECAD, system. The HECAD system is based on a modular design that integrates miniature commercial off the shelf microdisplays, our see through low profile waveguide optics, and lightweight, wearable, processing electronics and sensors. The successful Phase I investigation provides tangible and practical see through display results that included LWIR sensor data in real time for demonstrating augmented reality capability while consuming very low power. In accomplishing this feat, POC also developed the appropriate support electronics and software including end user driven symbology as well as lightweight and compact mechanical packaging, resulting in an advanced mockup and the first in mask active matrix display with full motion video. In the proposed Phase II, POC plans to develop HECAD prototypes, which will ultimately provide advanced situation awareness by selectively displaying potentially life saving information and real time video from imaging sensors such as LWIR cameras on a see through display that does not occlude the users visual field of view. Throughout the Phase II effort POC will continue our relationship with the end users and equipment manufacturers.

H-SB010.2-008
Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons

D11PC20186 FY10.2-H-SB010.2-008-0004-II
(FY10.2 Phase II)
Multi-Function Wand Prototype Development

Spectral Labs Incorporated
12265 World Trade Drive, Ste E
San Diego, CA 92128-3771

09/19/2011
to
11/30/2013
$749,959.21

This SLI proposal for development of a Multisensor Wand, which we designated the MultiFunction Wand, describes a carefully planned program to reach the overarching objective of providing a sound design concept that will address the vital need for a Handheld Multisensor tool to improve the checkpoint screeners ability to quickly make a judgment call on whether someone is concealing illicit objects or threats without requiring analysis of an image. The ultimate MultiFunction Wand Program objective is to successfully design and develop a MFW prototype suitable for independent evaluation by the Transportation Security Laboratory by the end of a Phase II program. The MFW will integrate multiple sensing technologies in a hand held sensor that will provide an unambiguous indication of the presence of contraband. To meet this need, Spectral Labs Incorporated plans to advance the design of the sensors demonstrated in Phase I to a form factor suitable for packaging in a handheld device. We will conduct the system design and fabrication activities required to integrate our sensors into Prototype devices ready for DHS Test and Evaluation.

H-SB010.2-008
Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons

D11PC20184 FY10.2-H-SB010.2-008-0015-II
(FY10.2 Phase II)
Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Probe

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

09/19/2011
to
12/15/2013
$749,979.00

To address the HSARPA need for a nonimaging handheld multisensory system for bulk detection of threats and illicit objects hidden on a body of a person, under clothing or in body cavities, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop a new Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Probe. This proposed device is based on Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. The DRAP device will offer detection of both conductive and nonconductive objects, and will also work as a metal detector. In Phase I POC demonstrated the feasibility of DRAP through design, fabrication, and evaluation of a conceptual DRAP prototype. In Phase II POC plans to fabricate and demonstrate a prototype of the DRAP handheld multisensory system, verify and validate the probability of detection and false detection rates, and evaluate the potential for threats and illicit objects to be camouflaged. The successful development of this technology at the end of Phase III will benefit the Nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing a versatile and wide detection range handheld screening tool. Commercial applications for this technology include the screening of passengers at checkpoints and cargo at ports of entry into the United States. The device can be used also by security guards, Coast Guards, and police officers.

H-SB011.2-006
Intelligent 'Object' Symbology

D12PC00475 DHS SBIR-2011.2-H-SB011.2-006-0020-II
(DHS SBIR-2011.2 Phase II)
Web-based Intelligent Extraction of Symbology based on Contextual Information

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

09/14/2012
to
09/28/2014
$749,957.00

To address the DHS need for intelligent symbology technologies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to continue the development of Web-based Intelligent Symbology Extraction based on Context (WISEC), a unique enterprise symbology system that integrates state-of-the-art natural language processing (NLP) tools with our syntactic event attribute extraction and contextual event coreference algorithms. In Phase I, we demonstrated the feasibility and maturity of WISEC by developing its design and software prototype for incident management and crime information sharing applications, with mature functionalities (automatic symbol generation using open-source unstructured data, association of events from multiple sources, dynamic event status update, and platform-independent user interfaces for review and information "drill down"). In Phase II we will extend this software prototype in functionality, performance, and maintenance into a mature enterprise software system, test it with both DHS and local users, evaluate its performance in classification, coreference, and scalability, and deliver it to the DHS. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing intelligent symbology with standard representation that is sharable among various communities. Commercial applications for this technology include business intelligence, text analytics, and enterprise content management and archiving.

H-SB012.2-004
Hardening for Commercially Available Hand Held Computing and Communications Devices for First Responders

HSHQDC-13-C-00056 DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-004-0003-II
(DHS SBIR-2012.2 Phase II)
Hardening for Commercially Available Hand Held Computing and Communications Devices for First Responders

SA Photonics
130 Knowles Drive
Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032-1832

08/22/2013
to
08/21/2015
$749,890.00

First responders operate in emergency situations that require ruggedized gear that can survive temperature, impact, and moisture. Utilizing the communication devices that first responders already carry on them has many benefits including: always on-scene, reduced cost of distributing equipment, elimination of training requirements, and many others. Ruggedizing commercial hand held computing and communications devices provides the DHS the benefit of state of the art handsets without having to pay for the development of custom hardware. SA Photonics has developed a hardware agnostic approach to ruggedizing commercial off-the-shelf mobile communication devices. Our approach protects devices from impact, moisture, and temperature extremes. The SA Photonics ruggedized enclosure was especially designed to protect the weakest part of a smart phone; the glass touch screen. This protection is provided while still maintaining full functionality of a touch screen, such as pinch and swipe, that first responders are accustom to using in their daily lives. Additional battery life is also provided with an auxiliary battery and solar and inductive and solar charging features. Our design can be modified to fit any smart phone or tablet platform. In a Phase II effort, SA Photonics will complete the detailed design of the rugged smartphone case system. We will then build and test 12 prototype units and have users evaluate their performance. We will also develop custom apps for First Responder Use. The SA Photonics ruggedized case system will have commercial applications in first responder groups, Fire, Police, S.W.A.T, and military sectors.

H-SB013.1-004
GPS Disruption Detection and Localization

D14PC00070 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-004-0016-II
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase II)
GPS EMitter LOCalization (GEMLOC)

Coherent Navigation, Inc.
1800 Gateway Dr
Suite 160
San Mateo, CA 94404-4072

03/20/2014
to
03/01/2015
$140,052.47

Our Phase II effort in response to DHS SBIR Topic H-SB013.1-004 we propose to investigate the development of a next-generation, ground- and air-based, tiered, inexpensive, low-power, high-performance GPS emitter detection and localization system. The system will provide high-accuracy (high-sensitivity), real-time or near-real-time estimates of position, velocity, transmit frequency, and transmit power level of multiple, moving, low-power (10 mW) emitters in the GPS L bands (L1, L2, and L5). It will work in conjunction with deployed GPS equipment and possibly Govt-issue smartphones to provide additional measurements of GPS emitters.. The system will quickly and accurately detect and localize GPS threats to critical infrastructure, including jamming, spoofing, advanced adaptive and cognitive threats, and natural threats such as solar radio bursts and scintillations. The tiered system consists of ground- and air-based sensor nodes, deployed GPS equipment, smartphones, and a centralized processing capability. The new sensors will use TDOA/FDOA and angle-of-arrival technology to precisely localize GPS jammers and spoofers, including less precise but higher density smartphone data. The specific product to be developed is a GPS emitter detection and localization system that can be deployed locally or over a region. The product will be available to DHS, FAA, FCC and many DoD and IC agencies. Commercial value is in transitioning the technology into the GPS test and simulation markets. A smartphone- and web-based service will report GPS outages and events. Today, the TRL is 3 and we expect it to be TRL 5 or 6 by the end of the Phase-II contract.

H-SB014.1-003
System Simulation Tools for X-ray based Explosive Detection Equipment

D15PC00024 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-003-0001-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II)
X-ray Simulation Platform for Explosive Detection Equipment

Triple Ring Technologies
39655 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560-4806

03/13/2015
to
06/27/2017
$746,452.41

This proposed effort will develop the Particle/Ray Interaction Simulation Manager (PRISM) software platform which was begun as a Phase I program. The goal of PRISM is to meet the x-ray simulation needs of the explosive detection community. In Phase I a user survey was conducted of a wide range of system manufacturers who reported that existing simulation tools do not meet their desired needs for ease-of-use, run time, or modelling of complex objects. Therefor we are designing PRISM to leverage these existing tools, while adding an easy-to-use graphical interface for specifying system parameters and visualizing models. In this way PRISM will create a unified user-interface wrapper for commonly used simulation tools, which we hope will be of high value to the user community. PRISM will have the following key features: (1) User interfaces for both expert and non-expert users, (2) Open-source architecture that can be linked to numerous simulation tools, (3) Input from CAD files so that complicated objects can be easily modeled, (4) A digital luggage and cargo library tested with experimental data. The final deliverable will be a functional, commercial-grade, open-source, PRISM platform, which will provide an easy-to-use interface for defining simulation structures. PRISM will initially be fully integrated with GEANT4, but will be architected for future expansion to other simulation tools. As part of the commercialization plan, Triple Ring will provide customization services and additional library models.

H-SB014.1-004
Physiological Monitoring and Environmental Scanning Technology

D15PC00026 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-004-0006-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II)
Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring System

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

03/13/2015
to
09/27/2017
$749,972.86

To address the DHS need for a single wireless device that will monitor multiple physiological and environmental conditions of and surrounding a first responder, and relay the information to the incident command, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to advance the new Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring (WiPEM) system proven feasible in Phase I. The novel WiPEM system provides critical information not only on the physiological status of multiple first responders to be monitored and transmitted to the incident command, but also on critical surrounding information to enhance the situation awareness. It incorporates four major components: (1) an array of physiological sensors integrated directly onto the SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus), (2) an array of miniaturized environmental sensors in a wearable package, (3) processing and communication electronics compatible with the Public Safety band of the LTE cell phone network, and (4) ergonomic mechanical packaging. The novel design of the open-architecture system is compatible with existing Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and working with the industrial leaders of PPE, including Scott Safety, will enable certification for various applicable NFPA standards in the future. In Phase I, POC performed comprehensive analyses, assessments, and feasibility demonstrations of an optimal solution to address DHS requirements and first responder needs to comply with the existing PPE/SCBA systems and FEMA requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype system according to the outline developed in the Phase I detailed technical analysis for further testing and continue development of smart algorithms for sensor data processing.

H-SB014.1-007
Miniaturization of Support Infrastructure for Non-Intrusive Inspection X-Ray Systems

HSHQDC-15-C-00032 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-007-0004-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II)
Miniaturized High Energy X-ray Source for Mobile Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
1717 Stewart Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404-4021

04/16/2015
to
04/15/2017
$749,799.59

Mobile Non-Intrustive Inspection (NII) systems are advantageous as they can be deployed to where the greatest need exists, and they generally have small footprints, which is necessary in many locations. However, the currently deployed mobile NII systems do not offer effective material discrimination and sufficient penetration, which are critical for shielded radiological/nuclear threat identification. This is because the current generation of high-energy interlaced 6/9 MeV X-ray sources needed for good material discrimination are too large and heavy to fit into a compact mobile system. In this project, RadiaBeam will develop an X-Ray source that meets the small size and weight required for a mobile scanner yet can provide the imaging performance required to detect shielded threats. We will build a dual-energy, 6/9 MeV linac that, combined with all support infrastructure (electronics, cooling, shielding), will be half the weight and volume of the dual energy lilacs on the market today. The X-ray source will find immediate application.

H-SB014.2-006
Field Detection and Analysis for Fire Gases and Particulates

D15PC00107 HSHQDC-14-R-00035-H-SB014.2-006-0017-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00035 Phase II)
A Handheld Multi-Gas Sensor Based on Selective Gas Adsorption on Mass Transducers

Matrix Sensors Inc.
10655 Roselle Street
San Diego, CA 92121-1232

07/27/2015
to
01/15/2018
$749,715.60

We propose to develop a portable, rugged, handheld multi-gas sensor that is well within the solicitation requirements. We will leverage a mature class of mass sensors that include capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs). These sensors boast extraordinary sensitivity to changes in mass (e.g. 50 femtograms) and are used today in several applications including high resolution ultrasonic imaging and film thickness monitoring. The membranes will be coated with materials that exhibit highly selective uptake of the target gases specified in the solicitation. When the device is exposed to a gas molecule that binds to the coating material the resulting mass change will be detected by the mass sensor. The chemical kinetics of the coatings will be engineered to selectively adsorb and desorb the target gases with sub-10 second response times. We will integrate a commercial particle counter with multiple mass sensors to measure all 12 gases specified in the solicitation. The mass sensors are small and thin (less than 10x10x1 mm) and light (less than 1 gram) and their readout electronics can fit on a standard pc board that is 3 in x 3 in x 0.2 in while consuming 700 mW of power allowing for 17 hours of continuous operation. Because of the extraordinarily small size of our sensor technology, we will be able to use ruggedized packaging to meet the drop test requirement, while still satisfying the target specifications for size, weight, battery life, cost, and response time.

H-SB015.1-004
Privacy Protecting Analytics for the Internet of Things

HSHQDC-16-C-00039 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-004-0006-II
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase II)
Privacy Protecting Conversation Recorder

Mod9 Technologies
1947 Center Street
Suite 600
BERKELEY, CA 94704-1159

03/14/2016
to
06/24/2018
$1,009,962.80

The purpose of this Phase II SBIR project is to improve technical capabilities and develop commercial products that record spoken conversations in a privacy-protecting manner. The primary aim is to support the homeland security mission with solutions that enable more effective law enforcement while simultaneously protecting the privacy and civil liberties of individuals. A secondary aim is to pursue commercialization in the private sector, specifically in the context of Remeeting: a voice recorder that enables searchable conversations, to improve the effectiveness of recalling and sharing information from interviews and meetings. The proposed work builds upon Phase I results exploring audio signal representations that retain only speaker identity or message content, such that enabling automatic speaker identification or speech recognition is mutually exclusive. This capability is useful, for example, because it can minimize an individual's exposure to potential loss of privacy by protecting either their identity or the communicated message. Phase II will further apply automatic keyword spotting and automatic speaker identification to diverse use cases within the homeland security mission, such as audio from body-worn cameras and facilitating compliance with statutory requirements for electronic surveillance. Such capabilities could be used to trigger audio recording only upon detecting a configurable set of relevant words or speakers, with adjustable sensitivity controls. Additional applications include smart meeting room microphones that can be configured to record in certain contexts, as well as ad-hoc microphone arrays using nearby mobile devices.

H-SB015.1-008
Mass/Shielding Anomaly Passive Detector Module

HSHQDC-16-C-00031 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-008-0004-II
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase II)
Shielded SNM Detection with Gravity Gradiometry

AOSense, Inc.
929 E Arques Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94085-4521

04/01/2016
to
07/31/2018
$999,885.17

AOSense proposes to develop a cold-atom gravity gradiometer for nonintrusive, passive detection of shielded special nuclear material (SNM) within a human occupied vehicle. Both SNM and SNM shielding consist of high-Z materials that are substantially denser than background. Theoretical studies have demonstrated the efficacy of gravity tomography for identification of shielded SNM. The proposed gravity detection approach is fully passive and safe to vehicle occupants. Furthermore, gravity detection of SNM is complementary to existing radiation detection methods. The fidelity of gravity detection improves with thicker SNM shielding. The proposed highly-sensitive, stable, and fieldable gravity gradiometer will measure minute gravity field fluctuations to detect shielded SNM rapidly and with high detection fidelity. For Phase I AOSense designed and tested key components of the gravity sensor. For Phase II we will complete sensor subsystem build and integration. Laboratory and field testing will follow in Phase III of the proposed project. The proposed gravity gradiometer has numerous commercial applications: airborne gravity survey for mineral and oil prospecting, ground-based surveys to monitor water tables, and gravity-compensated inertial navigation. Compared to existing state-of-the-art gravity gradiometers, cold-atom sensors offer substantially improved stability, sensitivity, and SWaP at reduced complexity and cost.

H-SB016.1-005
Internet of Things (IoT) Low-Cost Flood Inundation Sensor

HSHQDC-17-C-00020 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-005-0018-II
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase II)
Real-time Flood Forecasting and Reporting

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

03/20/2017
to
07/01/2019
$1,575,176.64

To address the DHS need to rapidly predict, detect, and react to ever-changing flood conditions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Real-time Flood Forecasting and Reporting (RAFFAR) system based on a combination of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) wireless networking technologies and existing proprietary POC sensors. The system will offer a means to deploy a scalable mesh network across a broad area that allows sensors to relay information through open data exchange standards to an operation center for monitoring of both flood conditions and heavy rain conditions that serve as predictors of floods. After collection, the information will be relayed to handheld devices through wireless emergency alerting. In Phase I, POC demonstrated the feasibility of RAFFAR by building and testing a preliminary prototype network and performing an analysis of a full-size network roll-out. At the end of the Phase I effort, the RAFFAR system reached TRL-6. In Phase II, POC plans to manufacture sufficient sensors to deploy a 100+ unit network for extensive outdoor testing. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing real-time disaster data so that first responders can react appropriately based on the best possible information. Commercial applications for this technology include applications in disaster prevention and recovery, manufacturing and equipment monitoring, and irrigation management.

H-SB016.1-007
Real-Time Assessment of Resilience and Preparedness

HSHQDC-17-C-00015 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-007-0008-II
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase II)
OpenWatch: An Architecture for Scalable Resiliency Assessment

InferLink Corporation
2361 Rosecrans Ave., Suite 348
El Segundo, CA 90245-2901

04/10/2017
to
04/09/2019
$749,999.99

In this project, we propose to develop software that employs open source information to assess factors related to resilience. The goal is challenging because current technology does not scale well due to the heterogeneity of the problem. Specifically, the heterogeneity of the data, as well as the heterogeneity of the assessment process makes it time-consuming to develop extractors for harvesting relevant data, as well as to develop decision methods for performing resiliency/preparedness assessments. Our work in phase II will produce an end-to-end working system, called OpenWatch, that can use real-time, open-source data to assess resilience, and provide the results to end users. The system will make it simple and fast to aggregate data from multiple Web sources, and also assist in the development of sophisticated risk assessment models. The results of the project will include an open-source software system for risk assessment. In addition, we will use the system to develop applications that address important resiliency issues. This will include an application to a produce a neighborhood-level heat vulnerability index for cities throughout the United States, and an application for predicting CVSS scores based on cyber vulnerability announcements, which can be employed commercially.

H-SB016.1-008
Using Social Media to Support Timely and Targeted Emergency Response Actions

HSHQDC17C00016 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-008-0010-II
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase II)
Real-time Information Contextual Correlation and Analysis Software System

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

03/31/2017
to
03/30/2019
$749,346.42

To address the DHS need for a new data analytics engine to correlate social media comments and activity with incident command data, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes, in Phase II, to advance a new Real-time Information Contextual Correlation and Analysis (RICCA) software system proven feasible in Phase I. RICCA is based on unstructured data analysis and integration and event context modeling. Its advanced contextual analytics engine enables automated processing flow to retrieve social media data from multiple outlets (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube), extract environmental, social, meteorological, political, economic, and other factors relevant to an event of interest, correlate them in geo-space and time with data stored in a computer-aided-dispatch (CAD) system, and generate alerts for first responders and emergency/incident/crisis management. The innovation in unstructured data processing and integration and multi-resolution event context modeling can improve incident command's situational awareness and understanding. In Phase I, POC demonstrated the feasibility of RICCA by developing a set of operational scenarios, identifying the external factors in social media and operational incident data, developing core analytics modules, and implementing algorithms to measure performance and improvements. In Phase II, POC plans to mature the RICCA prototype and its correlation and analysis algorithms for the target scenario established in Phase I and support a pilot protocol by which a social media feed is correlated with operational incident data. Validation and trust algorithms will also be developed to support more timely and targeted response actions and allow for escalation preparedness.

H-SB016.1-009
Blockchain Applications for Homeland Security Analytics

HSHQDC-17-C-00011 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-009-0009-II
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase II)
Blockchain Platform for Multiple Blockchains, Applications, and Analytics Phase II

BlockCypher
652 Sea Anchor Dr #2202
Redwood City, CA 94063-2894

03/20/2017
to
05/31/2018
$749,835.71

The purpose of this proposal is to continue work done in Phase I on a platform for multiple blockchains, applications, and the analysis of blockchain transactional data. BlockCypher has built a blockchain infrastructure that supports a multitude of applications, e.g., identify management, internet-of-things (IoT), notary, embeddable assets, predictive analytics, etc. - and runs both closed and open blockchains on the same infrastructure. BlockCypher's platform currently supports the ability to embed encrypted data on any blockchain, predict which transactions will be accepted, and hosts a multitude of security measures that can provide a significant value proposition for homeland security applications. BlockCypher also stores and handles larges amounts of public blockchain transaction data (multiple terabytes) in distributed and redundant data stores. In Phase I, we built a blockchain analytical framework and an Analytics API on top of our data store so we would see if any useful information and patterns could be extracted. Phase II will build upon the framework of Phase I and will dive deeper into broader-scale use cases for analytics (e.g. identity, law enforcement, compliance).

H-SB016.1-011
Smartphone/Smart device Toolkit for Virtual and Actual Radiation Detection, Identification, and Localization

HSHQDN-17-C-00006 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-011-0007-II
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase II)
Rad/Nuc Smart-device User Interface with Integrated Training Elements (RN-SUITE)

Spectral Labs Incorporated
15920 Bernardo Center Drive
San Diego, CA 92127-1828

09/22/2017
to
09/21/2018
$814,236.78

H-SB017.1-001
Enhanced Agent Situational Awareness in Dismounted, Low Light/Adverse Conditions

70RSAT18C00000009 HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-001-0002-II
(HSHQDC-17-R-00010 Phase II)
Infrared and Optical Wilderness Location and Surveillance System

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

06/11/2018
to
06/10/2020
$749,997.34

To address the DHS need for providing U.S. Border Patrol (USBP) agents with an innovative agent-portable device to augment situational awareness in low light/adverse conditions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes, in Phase II, to advance the new Infrared and Optical Wilderness Location and Surveillance (IROWL) system proven feasible in Phase I. IROWL is based on the unique integration of a handheld spotting device, display, and compact multispectral zoom optics. This lightweight handheld device includes surveillance optics, infrared sensors, and display electronics to enable Border Patrol Agents to detect, identify, recognize, and track humans while on the move under low-light and adverse conditions. The onboard computing software supports real-time image stabilization, image enhancement, and via integrated components enables computation of target coordinates, making it a complete system. In Phase I, POC demonstrated the feasibility of IROWL by design, modeling, assembly, and testing of a preliminary prototype at TRL-4. Working with input from Border Patrol Agents, we plan to define and describe usage scenarios for IROWL, providing a robust starting point for proposed Phase II field testing and demonstration. In Phase II, POC will build a functional prototype for testing and demonstration with Border Patrol. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by improving Border Patrol's ability to safely and effectively monitor U.S. borders. Commercial applications for this technology include geolocation, spotting, and tracking on wilderness terrain for professional and recreational pursuits.

H-SB018.1-002
Cell Phone Location Finder for Maritime and Remote Search and Rescue

70RSAT19C00000008 FY18.1-H-SB018.1-002-0002-II
(FY18.1 Phase II)
Remote Phone Locator for Improved Emergency Rescue

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

04/01/2019
to
03/31/2021
$999,997.95

To address the DHS need for a cell phone location finder for maritime and remote search and rescue (SAR), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes, in Phase II, to advance the development of the REmote Phone Locator for Improved Emergency Rescue (REPLIER), proven feasible in Phase I. REPLIER is based on a modification of open-source, full stack LTE software, allowing it to establish a wireless connection to a smart phone using the LTE protocol, enabling distance (range) determination. Through the use of a direction antenna, REPLIER can determine the direction (bearing) of the target cell phone. Additionally, through software analysis of the target cell phone's transmitted signal, REPLIER can uniquely determine the device's International Mobile Subscriber Identity, uniquely identifying the device and eliminating the possibility of interference with other cell phone users and commercial cellular operations. REPLIER can locate persons in distress with resolutions of 78 m. In Phase I, POC developed a REPLIER proof of concept and demonstrated the technical feasibility for a range of use cases and concepts of operations, reaching technology readiness level (TRL)-4. In Phase II, REPLIER's capability will be expanded to include communications with all major U.S. smart phones and to support all U.S. frequency bands. POC plans to develop and demonstrate a field-tested prototype in preparation for transition/commercialization in Phase III. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing an effective means to track cellular signals for SAR operations.

H-SB018.1-003
Device to Detect Interference of Communications Systems

70RSAT19C00000004 FY18.1-H-SB018.1-003-0001-II
(FY18.1 Phase II)
Miniature Intelligent Spectral Analyzer

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

04/08/2019
to
04/07/2021
$999,986.55

Addressing the DHS need to rapidly detect radio interference of critical radio frequency (RF) communications channels utilized by first responders, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to advance, in Phase II, the development of the Miniature Intelligent Spectral Analyzer (MISCAN) system proven feasible in Phase I. MISCAN is based on a combination of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) electronic components in a custom software-defined configuration along with intelligent anomaly-detection algorithms. The MISCAN system will alert first responders by visual, audible, or haptic means so they can carry out back-up, mitigation, and reporting procedures. In Phase I, POC demonstrated the feasibility of MISCAN by building and testing a preliminary prototype device, performing initial testing using DHS reference interference waveforms, and performing real-world testing using actual jammers. Phase I results showed that the MISCAN system reached technology readiness level (TRL)-5, and POC submitted a detailed plan to enhance the system, including interference geo-location capability and a $200 price point. In Phase II, POC plans to manufacture and field final systems for evaluation by first responders, to achieve TRL-7, and to prepare the MISCAN design for low-cost manufacturing. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing reliable radio communications for first responders and other essential personnel. Commercial applications for this technology include applications in disaster prevention and recovery, networking and information technology, and security and surveillance.

H-SB04.1-001
New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)

NBCHC050063 0412005
(FY04.1 Phase II)
MEMS Based Chemicapacitor Sensor for Detection of Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals

Seacoast Science, Inc.
2151 Las Palmas Drive
Suite C
Calrsbad, CA 92011-1575

05/09/2005
to
05/08/2007
$749,560.39

Seacoast Science will continue Phase I efforts and fabricate a system for detection and identification of Low Vapor Pressure (LVP) Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICS). The proposed system will include a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) chemical sensor array, sampling pump and a MEMS preconcentrator optimized for the selective and sensitive detection of a variety of high risk TICS that pose a threat to homeland security. Because of the diverse nature of these compounds we have designed a flexible system that allows for multiple modes of operation. The system will accommodate wall mounted or handheld operation and samples can be introduced from ambient air or by direct input from a swipe. Ultimately this program will yield a small, rugged, lightweight, low-power detection system. In Phase I we began optimization of our MEMS chemicapacitor sensors for some LVPs including a pesticide, explosive and mercury. In a Phase II design reviews we will expand the list of LVP TICS to include other high priority TICs. Our proposed MEMS preconcentrator provides high throughput and high collection efficiency while using minimum power. In Phase II we propose to integrate our sensors, a preconcentrator and a sampling system and to evaluate the system by exposures to LVP TICS.

H-SB04.1-001
New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)

NBCHC050064 0412020
(FY04.1 Phase II)
Continuous Immunoassay for the Accurate Detection of Low Vapor Pressure TICs

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505-5217

05/02/2005
to
08/01/2007
$749,998.00

Accidental spills or intentional releases of toxic industrial compounds (TICs) are significant threats to human life. Early detection and warning of the presence and distribution of these hazardous materials in the environment is very important in the prevention of injury and loss of human life. However, the monitoring for low vapor pressure TICS (LVTICs) in the atmosphere is problematic because these materials can be present in different forms that are not easily detected by conventional instruments. As part of a successful Phase I development effort, Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) has demonstrated the feasibility of developing a system to sample and concentrate all forms of LVTICs in the atmosphere, and to continuously assay and detect LVTICs sampled from the atmosphere using a highly sensitive immunoassay technique. The goal of the Phase II work is to formalize and refine the design of the Phase I system to produce a tested and validated prototype capable of demonstrating the detection of LVTICs under conditions reflecting realistic monitoring and detection scenarios. In Phase II, displacement immunoassay protocols will be developed for additional classes of LVTICs, and a means to simultaneously monitor multiple classes of LVTICs will be constructed. A prototype bench level instrument, including an improved innovative air sampler, will be designed and fabricated to demonstrate the monitoring of LVTICs. At the end of Phase II, IOS will be prepared to market the monitor system to potential customers and to design the manufacturing processes needed to produce LVTIC monitors for sale to military and civilian markets.

H-SB04.1-005
Marine Asset Tag Tracking System

D05PC75155 (formerly NBCHC050048) 0412018
(FY04.1 Phase II)
Advanced Marine Asset Tag Tracking System

iControl Incorporated
3235 Kifer Road
Suite 260
Santa Clara, CA 95051-0815

02/01/2005
to
01/31/2007
$877,020.00

iControl`s Phase II effort completes the design of a prototype Maritime Asset Tag Tracking System (MATTS). The fully functional system includes shipboard satellite gateways, container TAGs, and secure Internet Data Center. The container TAG is a miniature sensor, data logging computer, radio transceiver, and inertial assisted GPS tracking system integrated into a compact inexpensive package. A TAG`s inertial estimator accurately resolves container locations even when sporadic or multi-path reflections corrupt GPS signals. The principal benefit of inertial corrected GPS, is an instrumented port or ship is not required to record container location. An iControl container TAG can store its location history with no supporting infrastructure. The container location (and its history) are reported when the TAG is in range (up to 2 km) of an Internet gateway equipped ship or dock. To implement the reporting network, self contained, low cost satellite gateways will be installed on each container ship. Ports will be equipped with low cost Internet linked gateways to provide real-time container tracking for inventory management. Phase II will include tests and integration of the system at an overseas port. Containers will be instrumented and tracked during loading, trans-pacific crossing, and unloading.

H-SB04.1-007
Ship Compartment Inspection Device

NBCHC050054 0412023
(FY04.1 Phase II)
Handheld Lobster Eye X-Ray Inspection Device

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

04/25/2005
to
04/24/2007
$750,000.00

To address the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) boarding teams' need for a safe and noninvasive handheld inspection instrument that can accurately analyze and visualize materials aboard ships hidden from view behind walls, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a safe, compact, handheld Lobster Eye X-ray Inspection Device (LEXID) capable of through-the-wall real-time imaging of hidden objects. LEXID is based on POC's hard X-ray imaging technology, and will efficiently collect hard X-ray Compton backscattering photons from a hidden object irradiated by a full cone beam from a low-power X-ray source. The lightweight handheld LEXID can be used aboard small ships without danger to personnel, at an irradiation dose <10 microsievert per hour of continuous inspection. In Phase I POC experimentally proved the LEXID concept by fabricating a bench-top prototype and demonstrating its performance. In Phase II a handheld working prototype will be designed, assembled, and tested in the laboratory and at USCG testing facilities. The prototype will be robust in marine environments, will penetrate 75 mil metal walls while drawing just 10 W of battery power, and will deliver real-time through-the-wall imaging of illegal cargo with resolution better than 1 mm and an SNR>30. POC`s LEXID technology will find many applications in noninvasive container inspection for security screening in airports and at marine terminals and border checkpoints, and for nondestructive evaluation of product quality by X-ray screening. LEXID will also have a variety of military applications, including through-wall observation of hidden compartments, and mine and bomb detection.

H-SB04.1-008
Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems

NBCHC050044 0412004
(FY04.1 Phase II)
Improved Security Information Management for SCADA Systems

Expert Microsystems, Inc.
7932 Country Trail Drive, Suite 1
Orangevale, CA 95662-2120

01/25/2005
to
02/23/2007
$750,000.00

Expert Microsystems will increase the scope of its cyber-security surveillance solution beyond intrusion detection systems to include other intelligence sources-firewalls, routers, server logs, and packet sniffers for performing dynamic packet filtering of the SCADA protocols themselves. We will develop a software solution that eliminates 99.9%+ of false positives generated by today's surveillance solutions, identifying true threats and breaches with greatly improved accuracy, and increasing the efficiency of limited cyber-security personnel. An extensible product will be developed that enables future plug-ins for additional SCADA protocols and security enhancements. The solution will be applied to power transmission and distribution, and municipal water applications. Wide deployment within these industries will be assured by developing two product versions-a full-featured version for entities with sophisticated cyber-security resources, and a simplified version for organizations with limited or constrained resources. Ease-of-use, total cost of ownership, and customer input will be priorities during all work tasks-successful commercialization and wide deployment is given the highest priority. Our Phase II customers will be DOE's Western Area Power Administration (manages power grid for fifteen states), San Juan Water District (community services district in Northern California), and EPRI (pending funding approval) who represents our nation's electric utilities.

H-SB04.2-002
Real-Time Malicious Code Identification

NBCHC050141 0422005
(FY04.2 Phase II)
Commercializing Solidification for Malware Identification and Containment

Solidcore
3408 Hillview Ave Suite 180
Palo Alto, CA 94304-1321

11/01/2005
to
12/31/2007
$991,193.00

In Phase I Solidcore Inc developed new techniques for malware identification, by extending existing Solidcore technology (which traps malicious software when it attempts to execute on an end-system) to perform real-time analytics and dissemination of analyses, for both previously known and previously unknown exploits. Phase I efforts focused on three accomplishments: 1)Analysis of not only the malicious software itself in situ but also the network packets that delivered the software to the end-system and the protocol payload in which the malware was embedded; 2)Use of the results of the analysis to generate information that can be used by existing conventional network security devices to detect or block network traffic that carries the malicious software; 3) Dissemination of the information to existing security devices that can then use existing mechanisms to filter the malware out of network traffic; We propose to productize these results in a Phase II project that includes matchable funding from our development partner IBM, enabling the use of Fast Track matching funds for Phase II. This proposal describes a work plan for additional technology development and integration with other commercial products as well as development of milestones, productization plans, schedules, and lab and field trails.

H-SB04.2-005
Innovative Techniques for Concealed Weapons or Explosive Detection at a Distance

NBCHC050168 0423001
(FY04.2 Phase II)
Polychromic Imaging for Standoff Detection of Explosives and Weapons

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505-5217

11/15/2005
to
11/14/2007
$750,000.00

Terahertz (THz) radiation imaging and sensing is one of the most promising technologies for the standoff detection of concealed threats. In Phase I, Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS), in collaboration with the Center for Terahertz Research at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, demonstrated the feasibility of detecting explosives underneath cloth and packaging materials via the reflection of THz radiation. In Phase II, the collaboration will establish the distance limits for standoff detection of concealed explosives and weapons using state of the art THz sources and detectors. IOS will develop a unique, innovative, and powerful data fusion process to spatially resolve the location of threats detected by standoff THz reflection spectroscopy over a field of view, and to associate the threat with the corresponding person or object on a video display of the same field of view. Images from the standoff detection system will be obtained safely without the invasion of personal privacy. One Phase II product will be the integrated design of a THz spectrometer and data system capable of detecting and identifying threatening persons and objects from a distance as great as 50 meters. The potential benefits are enormous, and include saving lives and buildings. Commercial potential is in excess of $1Billion.

H-SB05.1-001
ADVANCED SAMPLE PROCESSING OF LIQUID, OR SOLID OR AEROSOL SAMPLES, OR A COMBINATION OF TWO OR THREE

NBCHC060082 0512001
(FY05.1 Phase II)
"Channel to Droplet Sample Extraction Analysis (SEA) Cartridge for Food Testing and Homeland Security Applications"

Core MicroSolutions Inc.
1100 Glendon Avenue 17th Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90024-3588

06/28/2006
to
07/31/2008
$995,649.00

In Phase I R&D, Core Microsolutions (CMSS) and Professor Sung Cho of the University of Pittsburgh successfully demonstrated advanced "channel-to-droplet" sample concentration and extraction functions on a compact glass chip that integrated state of the art Electrowetting-on-Dielectric (EWOD) droplet handling and purification capabilties with well proven channel-based separation methods. The novel process first separated sample particles within a microchannel, then extracted the concentrated particles from a channel opening in droplet form, and lastly bifurcated the particle mix within the droplet using Dielectrophoretic separation methods for a 2nd degree of concentration. This proposed Phase II work will optimize the "channel-to-droplet" sample extraction concepts demonstrated in Phase I to develop a programmable and user-ready microfluidic cartridge that can concentrate and extract bacterial pathogens from dilute analyte solutions for food testing and Homeland Security applications. Battelle Memorial Institute has been subcontracted to package the CMSS designed microfluidic chips in a rugged, plug-and-play cartridge that will be evaluated using E. Coli, Listeria and Yersinia pestis samples. This disposable and compact Sample Extraction Analysis (SEA) cartridge will output concentrated sample droplets to reduce detection times and uncertainty, while offering programmable droplet delivery and user-selected antibody capture sites to maximize market appeal.

H-SB05.1-005
INNOVATIVE LESS-LETHAL DEVICES FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT

NBCHC060081 0512003
(FY05.1 Phase II)
Less-Lethal Eye Safe Handheld LED-Based Incapacitator for Law Enforcement

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505-5217

09/14/2006
to
09/13/2008
$770,000.00

In Phase I, Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) developed and demonstrated a hand-held, battery operated prototype nonlethal weapon that utilizes an array of super-bright light emitting diodes (LEDs) to produce flashing light that causes disorientation and flashblindness in the target subject(s). To enhance the effectiveness of the LED-based Incapacitator (LEDI), IOS incorporated and evaluated such supplementary features as multiple colors, random and periodically changing frequencies and intensities of light, an embedded flashlight, a multidirectional strobe, and an ultrasonic rangefinder, which provides eye-safe operation. IOS also outlined, by establishing the preliminary calculations for narrow beam forming optics and a powerful die cluster on a single substrate, the development of a device that will operate at power levels close to the eye-damage threshold, yet in hand-held format. In Phase II, IOS will develop and fabricate a LEDI, and tests will be performed on human subjects. The final Phase II LEDI prototype will operate at the eye-damage threshold at distances up to 21-25 feet, and produce strong flashblindness with afterimages at distances up to 50 feet. The LEDI is intended to serve as a complementary supportive weapon for the nonlethal Tazer and other more lethal equipment of military and security personnel.

H-SB05.1-006
SECURE CARTON SYSTEM

NBCHC060086 0512009
(FY05.1 Phase II)
Secure Carton Integrated Electronic Remote System

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

06/26/2006
to
09/25/2008
$749,995.00

To address the Department of Homeland Security need for a novel secure carton integrated with intermodal ISO containers, and the Advanced Container Security Device, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) has developed a novel "carton-centric" Secure Parcel ISO Distributed Enhanced RFID (SPIDER), which will enhance container-based ACSD and RFID tags with a low false alarm rate, responding to a broad variety of security scenarios to protect against sophisticated carton intrusion. The three-security-layer SPIDER architecture includes: smart skin, wireless status reporting, and authentication and ID. The smart skin is based on a unique, X-ray-transparent concealed electrical cage. The system can be entirely passive, inductively drawing power from the container RFID. Most of the technology for SPIDER mass production is well established. In Phase I, two generations of working prototypes were developed, fabricated, and demonstrated to DHS and to an Under Secretary of Defense. In Phase II we will extend the SPIDER concept to two protective network meshes: one similar to that of Phase I, and a new one with stretching capability to dramatically improve false alarm rate. SPIDER will find applications in cargo screening, container inspection, and special-purpose packages for sensitive items: pharmaceuticals, electronic chips, weapons, and classified materials.

H-SB05.2-001
HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM

D08PC75304 (formerly NBCHC080067) 0522016
(FY05.2 Phase II)
Fast, Easy, Reliable First Responder Bioterrorism Detection System

Investigen, Inc.
750 Alfred Nobel Drive
Suite 109
Hercules, CA 94547-1836

03/01/2008
to
06/15/2010
$750,000.00

The proposed research is to develop the prototype of a hand-held first responder bioterrorism agent (BA) detection system that is threat level responsive, simple, stable and rapid for analyzing suspicious powders or aerosols for the presence of nucleic acid (NA) from BAs. Investigen's "smartDNA" system uses peptide nucleic acid probe-dye cocktails to promote a rapid color change when hybridized to target NA. The simplicity of smartDNA is its key attribute and contributes to the system's low unit and operating costs, projected reliability, low maintenance, low power usage, and ruggedness. Investigen will: (1) develop sensitive and specific smartDNA reagents with signatures for Francisella tularensis, Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis, (2) develop system hardware and software, (3) develop consumables concepts and (4) validate system performance compared to current detection methods. Our intention is to create a commercial diagnostic system to detect BAs that is so simple and stable that one could be in every locality. The wide spread placement of this system in peripheral locations, away from central labs, could help in response to and may even deter bioterrorism attacks. In addition, the simple smartDNA system can be used for point-of-care diagnostics for environmental, agricultural, veterinary and medical applications.

H-SB05.2-001
HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM

NBCHC070088 0523004
(FY05.2 Phase II)
BioPhalanx, a hand portable discrete monolithic microarray biothreat detector

Arcxis Biotechnologies
18858 Carlton Ave
Castro Valley, CA 94546-2908

07/02/2007
to
09/01/2009
$999,201.46

The following proposal describes the planned effort of Arcxis Biotechnologies in the development of a rapid portable biosensor, we call BioPhalanxTM. During the Phase I SBIR project, we developed an alpha prototype for rapid point-of-care/point-of-incident instrument for the discrimination of biological agents. Our main overarching technical goal is to eliminate the need for PCR based detection, while retaining the necessary sensitivity, selectivity, rapid response, and robustness required in rugged field environments. Having completed the Phase I effort, we confidently believe based on the data generated that we have demonstrated the feasibility, in terms of sensitivity, selectivity, rapid response of the assay approach. Further the externally deployed prototype system demonstrated instantaneous detection of threat genes for B. Anthracis. The primary goals of this proposed effort are to 1) increase the sensitivity of the device, 2) produce the pre-production prototype that will be deployed to between at least five customers for the detection of no less than 20 CDC category A, B, C viruses and bacteria, and 3) develop a manufacturable system that will allow cost-effective production and sales of the BioPhalanx.

H-SB05.2-005
METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY

NBCHC070065 0522011
(FY05.2 Phase II)
Structure Health-Assessing Wireless Sensors

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

03/15/2007
to
06/25/2009
$749,988.00

To address the Department of Homeland Security need for a real-time structural stability monitoring system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the Structure Health-Assessing Wireless Sensors (SHAWS) that warn emergency responders of serious structural instability or pending collapse. The SHAWS is based on multimodal wireless remote sensor nodes (RSNs), instability detection software and handheld receivers. The SHAWS combines multiple sensor modalities in a single package. In Phase I POC successfully demonstrated SHAWS feasibility by testing accurate multimodal, wireless RSN sensing and a data link to a handheld receiver. In a scaled demonstration, POC showed SHAWS instability warning capability in a mechanical testbed with software friendly to nontechnical users. In Phase II POC will advance the multimodal RSN, intelligent data analysis for early detection, and versatile handheld receivers, with practical remote RSN deployment. A prototype SHAWS system will be tested and its performance evaluated in a realistic environment with a local fire department. POC's SHAWS technology, developed for Homeland Security emergency crews, can also be useful for antiterror operations, protection of valuable equipment controlling access to buildings, home health monitoring, wireless machinery sensing, remote data logging for manufacturing, animal tagging, and waste management.

H-SB05.2-005
METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY

NBCHC070100 0522013
(FY05.2 Phase II)
Smart Joint System for In-situ Monitoring of Buildings

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
155 C-3 Moffett Park Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089-1331

09/24/2007
to
08/23/2009
$749,954.46

Acellent proposes to develop a smart joint structural health monitoring (SHM) sensor network that can autonomously assess in real time the structural stability of buildings. The sensor network will use piezoelectric transducers and temperature sensors to characterize damage in, and monitor the rigidity of components of the building primary structure. Acellent's existing sensor network technology will be used as the basis for the proposed development. Phase I focused on preliminary prototyping and technology demonstrations while Phase II will focus on complete system development. Innovations in Phase II will include development of a SmartDAQ sensor package that includes the piezoelectric transducers, temperature sensors, hardware, energy harvested power, battery, wireless data transmission and intelligent software. This will be used to provide a real time assessment of the building structural integrity. The data will be available for display to provide and early warning to first response and emergency personnel to ensure their safety prior to entering the building. An additional development will be to use the sensors to recognize sound and/or voice transmitted through the structure to allow search and rescue personnel to pin-point the location of survivors and determine what they are trying to say through an easy conversion to text messaging.

H-SB05.2-006
PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS

NBCHC070028 0522009
(FY05.2 Phase II)
RADSITE: A Compact Directional Gamma Finder

Space Micro Inc.
10401 Roselle Street
Ste 400
San Diego, CA 92121-2256

05/11/2007
to
02/10/2009
$750,000.00

Commercially fielded Radiation Detectors do a fine job of measuring and identifying Gamma Radiation Sources, but are not able to provide an additional extremely useful capability to augment the radiological assessment missions of Law Enforcement, First Responder and Military Personnel; namely to enable quick standoff ability to find the radiation source or sources. Directional Gamma Finding is complicated by the fact that the environment includes considerable Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and legitimate Sources that along with scatter from the target source interfere with the azimuth determination. Space Micro Inc (SMI) has developed a Radiation Source Identification and Targeting (RADSITE(TM)) innovation that not only remotely detects and identifies Gamma Sources; but by use of a unique processing technique provides the operator with simultaneous threat Azimuth Directions. Significantly, this technology, protected by a provisional patent application, can be deployed in a rugged, portable package to nearly all mission locations. Phase I Bench Testing by SMI provided physical confirmation that our innovative array of Lanthanum Bromide (LaBr3) sensors could resolves source angular direction to better than +/- 5o. This Phase II proposal is for provision of Field Prototypes suitable for field evaluation to provide the foundation for product commercialization.

H-SB05.2-006
PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS

NBCHC070029 0523001
(FY05.2 Phase II)
A Directional Gamma Auto Spectrometer

Aguila Technologies, Inc.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078-2631

05/01/2007
to
06/30/2008
$1,250,000.00

THIS IS A FAST TRACK PROPOSAL WITH SIGNIFICANT MATCHING FUNDS COMMITMENTS. The Government is deploying a growing number of radiation detectors at U.S. borders, ports of entry and other key locations, intended to assist in the detection of a potential terrorist`s nuclear explosive device or radiological dispersal device. The most widely deployed radiation detector products today are radiation "pagers". Such products are unable to differentiate between natural radiation, legitimate and clandestine radioactive materials, resulting in a disturb-ingly high incidence of false positives. There is a need for a device that can provide radionuclide identification and spatial differentiation in portable unit. This proposal will develop a portable radiation sensor technology with these features. The proposed sensor will allow trained personnel in the field to locate and identify potentially threatening radionuclides. It will differentiate radio-active sources as potentially dangerous or likely benign and provide radioemitter source direction, distance and size information. It is based on pixel array CdZnTe detectors, new multichannel detector readout ASICS, directionally-sensitive elements, state-of-the art high density packaging and novel software and high spectral resolution features to allow spectral identification of myriad combinations of gamma radiation sources. The Phase 2 proposal builds upon the demonstration system of Phase 1.

H-SB06.1-001
AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)

NBCHC070117 0612022
(FY06.1 Phase II)
Aerosol Collection into Low Analysis Volumes

Aerosol Dynamics Inc.
935 Grayson St.
Berkeley, CA 94710-2640

08/06/2007
to
02/05/2011
$720,000.00

Detection systems for aeropathogens require the concentration of airborne particles from large volumes of air into small volumes of liquid. This proposal addresses this need through droplet encapsulation of airborne particles, with subsequent capture into a microliter-sized collection reservoir. Droplet encapsulation is accomplished through our company's proven, patented growth tube technology whereby a region of water vapor supersaturation is created in a thermally diffusive, laminar flow. No steam or temperature extremes are required. Flow lines are smooth, facilitating the transport of coarse particles. It provides efficient capture of particles in the small-submicrometer size range, as is needed for virus detection. The collection step is gentle, and non-drying, to yield a concentrated yet viable sample. A 100L/min collection system will be constructed to provide collection into a 300 microliter liquid volume. The size-dependent collection efficiency, internal losses and efficiency of elution will be measured over the size range from 0.2 to 10 micrometre using inert liquid and solid particles. The final prototype system will be tested with bare and agglomerated bacterial spores with assessment of collection efficiency, viability, and suitability for PCR analyses.

H-SB06.2-006
AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS

D08PC75423 (formerly NBCHC080070) 0624005
(FY06.2 Phase II)
ActionBuilder(TM): Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90066-3118

05/02/2008
to
08/25/2011
$749,999.80

To speed up simulation-based exercise development, it is important for scenarios to be authored and executed "on-the-fly" in an automated fashion with minimal reliance on software personnel. To this end, what is needed is an intelligent scenario/script building capability that enables training personnel to rapidly assemble and "test-drive" incident scenarios, and that can be smoothly integrated with simulation-based training systems and exercises (SBT/SBE). This capability is envisioned as an "executive agent," that would ultimately become a critical component of SBT/SBE systems. The automated scenario/script builder is envisioned as a graphical, standards-compliant software application that employs non-proprietary implementation with open interfaces for ease of integration and with facilities for workflow monitoring during simulated execution. In Phase I, we developed a prototype of this system to provide convincing technical evidence of graphical workflow design and execution. Phase II will produce a working prototype of the scenario/script building framework, a test and integration plan, and initial estimates of operation and maintenance. The scenario/script builder will be designed to be interoperable with third-party SBT/SBE systems for emergency preparedness and response training exercises. Potential military and commercial applications include incident management and response, emergency preparedness, and crisis action planning and execution.

H-SB07.1-005
Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device

NBCHC090020 0712010
(FY07.1 Phase II)
Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device

UtopiaCompression Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd.
Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1839

02/16/2009
to
12/15/2011
$824,937.69

Today`s state-of-the-art Medical-Vests-Shirts are inflexible and expensive. Typically, data collection component functions as a multi-channel cardiopulmonary digital-recorder with physiologic-sensors-array sewn to the shirt to monitor vital signs. The lack of flexibility-integral-unity and cost of the current vests is a prohibiting factor in their use in first responder applications. The vests also lack an in-built intelligence to accurately determine the health status of the person wearing the vest. UtopiaCompression Corporation UC is developing a hardware-software solution for remote based health monitoring with one specific application to monitoring the health status of first responders in pressurized and adversarial missions. The technology under development consists of two main components. The first component is a physiological vest consisting of a suite of physiological sensors interfaced with energy management units designed to prolong the life of the sensors. The sensor suite is designed to be easily integrable with currently available first responder vests. The sensors communicate wirelessly with a personal server consisting of a Decision Support Software DSS, which forms the second - truncated, over 200 words

H-SB07.1-007
Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases

NBCHC080092 0712008
(FY07.1 Phase II)
Stabilized Chemisorptive Microsensor Arrays for Small Molecule Gas Detection

Next Dimension Technologies, Inc.
1 West Mountain Street #11
Pasadena, CA 91103-3070

08/25/2008
to
12/31/2010
$750,000.00

The release of hazardous chemical vapors has the potential for severe casualties, and the detection of such chemicals is therefore critically important for homeland security. Despite this threat, there exists no commercially available, portable gas detection product that can quickly and cost-effectively sense most hazardous gases. In this Phase II project, we will develop a prototype gas detection system for reactive small molecule gases using a new generation of stable chemisorptive sensor materials that are highly sensitive towards reactive small molecule gases and that can withstand repeated exposures to multiple reactive analytes. The sensor arrays will be fabricated using techniques developed in Phase I that were shown to greatly enhance response stability, and the detection system will incorporate new drift-compensation algorithms. Performance characteristics of the prototype system will be validated with a broad range of hazardous chemical vapors of interest to DHS. In a continuing Phase III effort, we will optimize the prototype system for real-world environments and develop a production-ready system.

H-SB07.2-003
Optimizing Remote Capture of Biometrics for Screening Processes

D09PC75525 (formerly NBCHC090025) 0724004
(FY07.2 Phase II)
Framework for Biometric Identification on the Move

AFIS and Biometrics Consulting Inc.
895 Dove Street, 3rd Floor
Newport Beach, CA 92660-2941

04/01/2009
to
09/30/2011
$748,629.00

We are proposing to develop a prototype system for identifying subjects on the move utilizing multiple biometrics with a very high probability of identification. The system would contain cutting edges sensors and technology. This system would also serve as a system for testing subject user interaction at collection points as well as testing any biometric or projecting the results of fused biometrics. It will be developed based upon the analysis performed and the design and components developed and surveyed during the phase one contract. Although it is a testing framework, we believe it has significant commercial desirability. The result of the Phase II prototype will be the framework solution that we refer to as Biometrics Identification on the Move System (BIMS) product line with all the components and deployment package completed for the go-to-market Phase III commercialization. This product solution will be useful to any agency or enterprise that would like to have least intrusive form of ID for screening or security access. We have identified six vertical market segments, based upon which we have developed the business plan and the commercialization strategy.

H-SB07.2-005
Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems

D09PC75377 (formerly NBCHC090023) 0722011
(FY07.2 Phase II)
Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

03/30/2009
to
10/14/2011
$750,000.00

Sensors and allocation elements, such as valves and actuators, are pervasive in control systems. In an effort to reduce operating costs and increase system safety, there has been significant research and development focused on wireless sensor systems. To date, there has been limited penetration of wireless technologies to control systems. Those that have been deployed often lack security features and rely on proprietary messaging protocols. The resulting lack of trust for wireless networking and its associated installation complexity greatly limits growth opportunities. Toyon`s focus in this Phase II effort is on the development of an open-standards secure wireless sensor system. The overall system architecture is based on the IEEE 1451 standard for smart sensor systems. By employing IEEE 1451 there is standardization over not only the messaging protocol that rides on top of the wireless protocol, but the sensors themselves. The result is that individual system elements, provided by different vendors, will all work together in a seamless fashion. Our focus for wireless communications is ZigBee-Pro which brings to bear numerous advanced security features, including NSA certified 128-bit AES encryption. This is paired with a backend Ethernet connection that leverages a secure interface based on HTTPS.

H-SB07.2-007
Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems

HSHQDC-08-C-00168 FY07.1-0721001-II
(FY07.2 Phase II)
A fast pulse, portable fast neutron Source for special nuclear materials detection

Alameda Applied Sciences Corporation
626 Whitney St
San Leandro, CA 94577-1116

09/23/2008
to
09/22/2010
$500,000.00

Alameda Applied Sciences Corp proposes to develop a fast pulse, portable, fast neutron source to detect SNM in the field. Our source offers a <100ns neutron pulse with a repetition rate up to 100Hz. The goal is to develop a source with 1000hrs of continuous operation at >1E8 n/s. The Ph II program will develop and validate a prototype for SNM detection. The commercial goal is to develop a replacement to existing neutron tube sources for applications that benefit from a fast neutron

H-SB07.2-007
Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems

HSHQDC-09-C-00008 FY07.1-0721105-II
(FY07.2 Phase II)
High-Yield Pulsed Neutron Generator

Adelphi Technology, Inc.
2003 E Bayshore Rd
Redwood City, CA 94063-

10/29/2008
to
10/28/2009
$500,000.00

A pulsed neutron generator is proposed for the detection of special nuclear material. A recently developed microwave-excited plasma neutron generator will be pulsed to produce the activating neutrons whose pulse lengths vary from 100 s to 2 ms with a fall time of less than 1 s. We demonstrated that we can increase the peak yield as a function of either RF or microwave power, and thus maintain a high average yield. We modified two existing Adelphi generators to demonstrate pulse widths from 50 s to 2 ms with repetition rates of 250 Hz to 5 KHz. We observed pulsed operation by observing the plasma photon yield and the fast and thermal neutron yields. We found that the generator could maintain its plasma at low pressures even though it was being pulsed. We computer simulated the use of a gate electrode to both truncate the pulse fall time and determine neutron pulse structure. We fabricated this gate electrode and its accompanied electronics and installed them in an Adelphi generator. The electrode was shown to operate with the design voltages. The proposed Phase II generator is designed to be low cost, and mechanically and electronically robust, to ensure its wide distribution and use at ports throughout the world. The proposed device is expected to be much lighter than the existing Adelphi generators and require less power. It is a high average yield generator that meets with SNM-detection-system integrators' requirements. The project has a high probability of success based on the Phase I research successes and recent development by Adelphi and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

H-SB07.2-007
Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems

HSHQDC-09-C-00009 FY07.1-0721210-II
(FY07.2 Phase II)
Intensity-Modulated Advanced X-ray Source (IMAXS)

PTSE, Inc.
2501 Monarch Street
Alameda, CA 94501-9316

11/06/2008
to
11/05/2009
$999,803.62

We propose to build an Intensity- Modulated Advanced X-ray Source (IMAXS) for cargo inspection systems that allows such systems to achieve 1 to 2 inches greater penetration for dense cargo (steel or equivalent) while, on average, producing the same amount, or less, radiation. Alternatively, cargo inspection systems using the new design may opt to have the same penetration as with conventional sources, but to produce about a factor of 3 less radiation. Another objective is to significantly reduce the overall size and weight of the linear accelerator (linac) system. We will investigate the comparative feasibility and technical merits of S-band (2998 MHz) and X-band (9303 MHz) linac designs for the IMAXS. In Phase 1, the optimal design characteristics will be described, essential variables will be defined, and the IMAXS design will be developed. In Phase II, at least one linac prototype will be developed and tested with a high-energy X-ray inspection system produced for cargo inspection operations: the Rapiscan Eagle System.

H-SB09.1-004
Decision Analytic Approaches for CBRN Terrorism Risk Assessment

N10PC20261 0914008
(FY09.1 Phase II)
TRAnalyst(tm): Terrorism Risk Analyzer for CBRN Threats

Intelligent Systems Technology Inc
12122 Victoria Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90066-3118

08/06/2010
to
10/26/2011
$464,437.53

Protecting against CBRN attacks requires an understanding and identification of the aspects, assessment of vulnerabilities, determination of potential impacts, and development and allocation of the most cost-effective, productive countermeasures and defense. Conducting such analyses requires tools that facilitate decision making based on identified risks. To this end, Phase I of this effort produced and demonstrated a decision-analytic methodology and corresponding proof-of-feasibility demonstration prototype to: discriminate CBRN threats by risk; conduct sensitivity analyses to understand key risk drivers; and evaluate medical countermeasures risk management strategies. Phase II of this effort is concerned with using the Phase I methodology to produce a fully-functional CBRN Terrorism Risk Assessment Tool that enables analyses of key risk drivers and evaluation of medical countermeasures strategies for a full range of CBRN Terrorism threat scenarios as documented in the National Planning Scenarios publication.