Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Next Generation Vacuum Systems for Hand-held Mass Spectrometers

D10PC20036 1021003
(FY10.2 Phase I)

Ultool, LLC
1024 Covington Place
Allison Park, PA 15101-1607


Currently, DHS and other government agencies such as DOD and EPA have a pressing need for inexpensive, robust, long operation life hand-held mass spectrometers (MS) to be deployed in custom ports, battlefields, and remote monitoring sites. Although miniaturization of various MS has progressed significantly, reliable and convenient hand-held MS is still unavailable, mainly because of the lack of reliable and long battery life miniature high vacuum (HV) pumping systems. Ultool proposes a novel miniature HV pumping solution for hand-held MS that is reliable, inexpensive, and power saving. It is anticipated that the success of this SBIR project will enable low rate initial production of hand-held MS for DHS and other agencies. Furthermore, the proposed technology can find broader applications in clinical tests and food inspections.

Accelerating the Deployment of DHS Center of Excellence Research through Advanced Business Practices

D10PC20052 1021016
(FY10.2 Phase I)
Deploying Less of More: Leveraging the Long Tail of Distribution

Intuidex, Inc.
116 Research Drive
Bethlehem, PA 18015-4731


Intuidex proposes to develop a unified plug and play framework that provides two strategic components in the quest to achieve rapid dissemination and operationalization of tools for analysis, simulation and modeling. The first component is a Common Platform, developed using an open source model, which will provide a software foundation supporting a multitude of data analysis, transformation, visualization, modeling, simulation, collaboration and other modules. A Distribution System is the second component, which will serve as a module repository and search mechanism, allowing framework users to find and download modules that meet the analytic capability required. A set of initial analytic modules will also be developed, completing a functional prototype of the framework. The resulting framework prototype will be evaluated by Law Enforcement and Homeland Security officers and analysts for feedback on the perceived functionality, potential, and likelihood of utility of such a framework within their respective agencies. By following a technical and business model similar to many major media providers today (such as Apple through the iTunes Store or Google through the Android Market), this business and technical model is one that is already familiar to much of the workforce and has also been proven to scale well. At the conclusion of this SBIR, Intuidex will provide design documentation and functional prototypes of the primary components, plus additional findings such as results from the evaluation.

Small Vessel Cooperative Identification and Tracking (SVCT) and Noncooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) Technologies

D11PC20132 1111084
(FY11.1 Phase I)
Non-Cooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT)

Nokomis, Inc.
310 5th Street
Charleroi, PA 15022-1517


Achieving and maintaining effective control of our nation`s maritime borders which comprise 95,000 miles of shoreline and navigable waters, and 361 ports is an ongoing challenge. Due to greater numbers, increased maneuverability and reduced observables, smaller vessels pose unique and special risks. A complete accounting of all these small vessels that could be anywhere in the nearly 3.5 million square miles of U.S. territorial waters is a daunting task. To address this problem, Nokomis will build upon its Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) technology to meet DHS Non-cooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) system needs. Nokomis MASINT systems are passive, stand-alone receivers that make use of ultra sensitive Software Reconfigurable Receiver (SRR) technology along with advanced real time signal processing to detect measure and exploit unintended electronic system RF emissions and identify, geo-locate, and track conveyances containing targeted electronic devices. A Nokomis` MASINT system is an NVIT capability as there is no cooperative link or special equipment of any kind on the monitored vessels. Nokomis MASINT systems are the result of ten million dollars of highly successful Department of Defense (DOD) funded research and development over a period of 10 years culminating in successful applications on land and air vehicles.

Iris Image Quality Tool Suite for Biometric Recognition

D11PC20252 (Phase I)/D12PC00493 (Phase I Option) DHS SBIR-2011.2-H-SB011.2-005-0011-I
(DHS SBIR-2011.2 Phase I)
A Machine Learning Approach to Assessment of Image Quality through Prediction of Iris Recognition Success

Neya Systems, LLC (formerly Rhobotika, LLC)
145 Pine Rd
Evans City, PA 16033-3323


It is clear from prior research that quality metrics can predict and improve recognition performance. As we add new quality metrics, however, determining a weighting scheme using simple rules for their combination becomes infeasible. This argues for a machine learning approach that will automatically determine the optimal weighting. We propose to develop a large set of quality metrics based on requirements set down in the IREX II/IQCE evaluation. These metrics will form a feature vector supplied to a novel manifold-learning algorithm developed recently for function approximation, which will be trained to predict the performance of stages in various iris recognition algorithms as well the algorithms' final recognition performance. Applying standard feature selection techniques, our system will also automatically determine a weighting for the features to be used, identifying features that contribute little and can be eliminated. The final quality metrics will be combinations of the outputs of the feature extractor associated with the metrics and their weighting as determined by our system. Such a flexible image quality assessment system would have application beyond iris recognition to other areas in biometrics, such as face recognition, but also to domains such as stereovision, visual odometry, and general object recognition. Image quality metrics are largely at the level of proof-of-concept demonstration on available datasets. Our work will take this technology from TRL 3 to TRL 4 by integrating the metrics with recognition algorithms by acting as a front-end predicting performance and so indicating whether an image is adequate to the task.

Low-Cost, Real-Time Data Analytics for Underserved EMS Agencies

HSHQDC-16-C-00077 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-006-0014-I
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase I)
HunchLab for EMS: A Low-Cost, Multi-Screen Performance Management Solution for Underserved Agencies

Azavea Inc.
340 N 12th Street, Suite 402
Philadelphia, PA 19107-1102


The goal of this research is to explore the feasibility of providing a low-cost Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) solution to assist underserved Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies of all sizes to better analyze and improve operations through real-time data analysis. Delivering a data analysis suite tuned to key performance indicators of EMS agencies as an online, cloud subscription will result in a dramatically less expensive solution while remaining fiscally sustainable. The vision for this research is to provide several interface designs within one application to support differing use cases and accommodate a range of off-the-shelf hardware. In particular, it will support use on multiple devices with varying screen sizes to enable utility both in the office and in the field.

New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)

NBCHC040057 04111174
(FY04.1 Phase I)
Novel TOF-MS for Detection of Low Vapor Pressure Chemical and Biological Species

Nanomat, Inc.
1061 Main Street, Building #1 - Drawer #18
North Huntingdon, PA 15642-7425


Aerosols contribute to a variety of environmental, biological, and industrial processes including air pollution. Nanomat, Inc proposes to build a novel Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (AMS) for monitoring of mass of the submicron chemical and organic species (TIC) with low vapor pressure. The device will have high sensitivity to determine mass of the particles extremely fast in real time. The proposed device will consist of the supersonic aerosol flow generator with an aerodynamic lens and high-duty-cycle Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (TOF-MS) with the spiral quadrupole ion optics. The spiral quadrupole ion optics not only spiralize ion trajectories to make the TOF-MS shorter and lighter but simultaneously due to offset inlet realizes two channels for the ion packets and 98% duty cycle where no ions will be discarded. The deflector-modulator controlled by pseudo-random code generator with the jitter width-pulse modulation is bunching the continuous ion beam by switching ions and directs ion packets in two offset channels and ions of each channel impinge on own ion detectors. The overlapping signal spectra are deconvoluted separately in each channel. The expected mass resolution is better than 1,000 and sensitivity is less than 1ppb.

Chem-Bio Sensors Employing Novel Receptor Scaffolds

NBCHC040082 04110381
(FY04.1 Phase I)
Rapid Multianalyte Yocomolar Biosensor Platform

5490 Derry Street
Harrisburg, PA 17111-3559


The goal of this project is to develop a platform biosensor technology for rapid, multianalyte detection of proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, and other molecules of interest with sensitivity at the level of single molecule detection. We propose to build a hand-held, robust apparatus, similar to a palm computer, equipped with a sensor cartridge designed for simultaneous detection of multiple analytes. Inexpensive, disposable sensor cartridge will have an array of receptor molecules and set of reagents for a one-step detection process. In contrast to currently available technologies that employ antibodies and require multiple stages of reagent injection and washing, the envisioned biosensor system is based on a one-stage process that allows detection of molecular signatures in a matter of seconds or a few minutes. For many existing technologies, rate of response is slow, which makes them useless for such biodefense applications and clinical analyses that need results in several minutes or less. <br><br>This SBIR project builds upon the experience of the investigators at BioElectroSpec in developing total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) biosensor systems. We have built and currently are testing a prototype of a bench-top, analytical grade, versatile TIRF biosensor instrument, which has sensitivity at the level of single molecule detection. In the proposed project we will use our previous experience to develop a miniaturized, hand-held multianalyte biosensor that will be capable of detecting single target molecules in a matter of several seconds or a few minutes. The proposed technology has the potential to revolutionize many areas that are related to life sciences, including the biodefense potential of the Department of Homeland Security.<br><br>In Phase I we plan to prove the concept at the single-pixel level and demonstrate feasibility of the envisioned multianalyte sensor. In Phase II, we plan to partner with academic and industrial research groups to build a prototype of the hand-held biosensor for rapid, simultaneous detection of multiple bioanalytes in liquid and gaseous samples. The envisioned sensor will be capable to determine molecular signatures in such biological fluids as saliva, blood and other body fluids and can find a broad application for biodefense and biomedical analyses.<br>


NBCHC050146 0511121
(FY05.1 Phase I)

Acoustech Corporation
Philadelphia Naval Business Center
4900 South Broad Street, Building 6, Suite LL00
Philadelphia, PA 19112-1302


Acoustech Corporation (Acoustech), Applied Physical Sciences Corporation (APS), and Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation (Navmar) have teamed to develop a low cost underwater detection system that will protect assets located along the shoreline from domestic and foreign terrorists. Acoustech will be responsible for overall project management and underwater transducer development, APS will be responsible for detection system algorithm development, and Navmar will be responsible for system integration. The detection system combines Navmar`s Modular Intelligent Surveillance Tool (MIST), a passive optical/thermal surveillance system, with a multistatic sonar, and an acoustic trip-wire to detect and track terrorists that are approaching a shoreline asset. The Phase I effort is centered on developing the receive transducers and detection algorithms for the multistatic sonar system. These technologies will then be used to perform an experiment to determine the location of a stationary target in a controlled laboratory environment. The target will be representative of a diver that is equipped with and without a scuba tank so the difference in target-strength can be investigated for open- and closed-circuit divers. Other aspects of the Phase I effort concern the technical innovation required to integrate of the acoustic systems into MIST and the development of a comprehensive commercialization plan.


NBCHC060112 0611009
(FY06.1 Phase I)
Portable Remote Infrared Raman (PREMIR) System for Early Detection of Peroxide Based IED`s

RL Associates Inc.
University Technology Park Bldg 2 Suite 2300
1350 Edgmont Ave.
Chester, PA 19013-3934


RL Associates Inc. proposes to conduct research leading to the development of a remote Raman system for the standoff detection of peroxide-based IED`s. While there have been several Raman systems funded by the Gov`t previously for this pupose, the RL Associates Portable Remote Eyesafe Raman (PREMIR)system is eyesafe and based on our patented volume holographic grating technology to replace the normal surface gratings in the Raman monochromator. RL Associates Inc. is currently leading the industry in shortwave (1550 nm) active imaging systems and plans to use that technology in developing the PREMIR system. This system, unlike any other currently under development, will be extremely compact and lightweight due to the much smaller components and will operate at 1550 nm which is safe to the human eye. Eyesafety is of critical concern when deploying a laser-based sensor system such as this in the field to avoid blinding anyone on either side of the line.

Software Testing and Vulnerability Analysis

N10PC20015 0921010
(FY09.2 Phase I)
Concurrency vulnerabilities: Combining dynamic and static analyses for detection and remediation

SureLogic, Inc.
5808 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15217-1602


As processor clock speeds top out, software developers increasingly rely on concurrency, multicore, and distributed computing for performance goals -- and on platforms ranging from industrial controls to multicore desktops and scalable clouds. It is safe to speculate that errors in concurrent software will be the next buffer overflow, only more difficult to detect and debug. The non-determinism in concurrent code creates unique challenges for software assurance, including security and reliability. Intermittent failures can be difficult to diagnose, defying traditional testing and inspection. A one-in-a-million corruption or deadlock, for example, may be rarely caught in testing, but when known to an adversary can become an exploitable vulnerability. The proposed work addresses this challenge, linking SureLogic capabilities in scalable sound static analysis, dynamic analysis, and surgically-targeted runtime monitoring. The results, to be delivered through vendor and consultant partnerships, will enhance cloud security, accelerate positive assurance for at-scale concurrent code, and integrate deep analysis into established industry-standard development practices. This work builds on the established SureLogic toolset, derived from research at Carnegie Mellon, which has been field tested on diverse software from government and industry. It has found race vulnerabilities in commercial product code, deployed aerospace code, and major open source code.