Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Alternatives to Cl2 in Municipal Water Purification

NBCHC050027 0421085
(FY04.2 Phase I)
On-Site Generation - The Safe, Effective, and Low Cost Disinfection Strategy

MIOX Corporation
5500 Midway Park Place NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-5800


On-site generation technology utilizes common salt (sodium chloride) which is made in to a dilute brine solution that is converted in an electrolytic cell to a chlorine-based liquid disinfectant. The chlorine component is important since the US EPA requires a chlorine disinfection residual value in drinking water in the United States. There are no hazardous materials used, consumed or produced in the process. The product produced is not hazardous since the concentration of the oxidant is less than 1%. Operating costs are very low compared to chlorine gas or commercial sodium hypochlorite (bleach) since consumbables are commonly available salt and electrical power. The commercial applications of this technology are significant world-wide and include potable water, wastewater, cooling towers, swimming pools, and other applications requiring a chlorine-based disinfectant. System sizes range from large municipal water applications to individual use devices for both the commercial and military sectors. Mixed-oxidant variants of the disinfectant have been demonstrated to reduce disinfection by-products (trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids) and provide other significant chemistry benefits for potable water, cooling towers, swimming pools, and other applications.

Improved and Innovative Cooling Garments for Emergency Responders

NBCHC050024 0421104
(FY04.2 Phase I)
Ultra-lightweight modular cooling system

NanoPore Incorporated
2501 Alamo SE
Albuquerque, NM 87106-3220


Active cooling of HAZMAT and SWAT team members can significantly improve their performance in critical situations. However, current cooling systems are heavy, bulky, and don`t provide adequate cooling rates. By employing a new meso-channel adsorption bed using high capacity, sheet desiccants operated in a ambient-air cooled cross-flow mode, cooling capacities of 50 to 125 W can be generated with weights that are 2-5 times less than previous adsorption coolers or phase change materials such as ice. Depending upon the mode of operation, the cooler can produce dry air for sweat evaporation, chilled air, or chilled water. For this project, we will produce chilled water for circulation through a garment developed by Oklahoma State University under funding from the Department of Homeland Security`s Memorial Institute for Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT). This new cooler will be developed and integrated into the MIPT garment in Phase I. During Phase II, weight, performance and design optimization will be undertaken in addition to the development of a cost-effective manufacturing process. In addition to the first responder market, this cooling device has a number of commercial applications in sports, medicine, and extreme weather situations.