Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Neutron detectors including replacement for He-3

HSHQDC-11-C-00050 HSHQDC-10-R-00030-1011003-II
(HSHQDC-10-R-00030 Phase II)
Neutron Detectors Including Replacement for H-3

Innovative American Technology Inc.
4800 Lyons Technology Parkway Suite 3
Coconut Creek, FL 33073-4358


IAT has developed the 6LiFZnS(Ag) neutron detector for replacemen of 3He detectors providing neutron efficiency and gamma rejection comparable to 3He tube detectors. To increase neutron efficiency and reduce gamma events in our current detector, we propose the reduction of the ZnS(Ag)scintillation material to nano particles to enhance light transmission across the 6LiFZnS(Ag)layer. To further reduce gamma events and increase the abiltiy to separate neutron and gamma signals, we would further propose the replacement of the ZnS(Ag) scintillation material with an alternative scintillation material such as P47-Y2SiO5:Ce.

Development of commercial hand-held and backpack neutron detectors

HSHQDC-12-C-00053 SBIR11-1-SBIR11.1-001-FP-010-II
(HSHQDC-11-R-00087 Phase II)
Next Generation Neutron Detectors for Backpack and Handheld Applications

Innovative American Technology Inc.
4800 Lyons Technology Parkway Suite 3
Coconut Creek, FL 33073-4358


Innovative American Technology Inc. (IAT) has developed a prototype backpack, a handheld neutron detector and a directional neutron detector based on our 6LiFZnS(Ag) neutron detector design. IAT has also developed prototype designs for a miniaturized sensor electronics module (MSEM) that integrate signal processing and power into an individual neutron detector module and the application of a solid state photomultiplier (SSPM) to enable a compact and rugged handheld neutron detector module. We would like to commercialize our backpack neutron detector using our miniature sensor electronics module to provide a low power and compact NDM for incorporation into a wide variety of backpack applications. We would also like to commercialize a compact and low power handheld neutron detector module using a solid state photomultiplier and a simplified set of electronics to provide neutron efficiency and gamma rejection that exceed the specified requirements in ANSI 42.43 and one that could be directly applied to the RadSeeker handheld detector system to demonstrate commercial viability. The estimated cost for the project is $ 477,530. The Cost Proposal is included in the Program Schedule on page 12. The proposed program is a ten-month effort for the rapid development and commercialization of the IAT Backpack and Handheld neutron detector modules. Initial efforts for both programs are currently underway.

Rechargeable, High Efficient, High Capacity Energy Storage

D11PC20128 1014009
(FY10.1 Phase II)
Enhanced Charge Retention and Rate Capability in Lithium-Ion Batteries

Fractal Systems, Inc.
108 4th Street
Belleair Beach, FL 33786-3213


Based on the successful Phase I effort, Fractal Systems Inc proposes to continue the development of lithium ion batteries with significantly improved energy density, charge retention and cycle life compared to existing Li-Ion technologies through the use of improved active materials for powering electronic equipment used by Homeland Security, and the military and commercial sectors. These cells consist of anodes made of high-surface area high-capacity silicon nanostructures with a morphology that, as we found out, allow to by-pass the effects of volume changes upon cycling. As a result, the cells will yield a long cycle life with minimal capacity fade. The cells built in conjunction with state-of-the-art cell components and packaging, to be optimized in Phase II, will be tested through charge/discharge cycling and energy capacity studies at various temperatures, followed by fabrication of prototypes as a deliverable and for marketing purposes. To ensure success of our effort, we have teamed up with a major battery R&D and manufacturing company. A viable lithium ion battery technology with much higher energy density than currently available will be of great value for portable electronics and appliances, vehicular applications, medical devices, satellites, electric storage for solar cells and wind power stations.

Automated Tool for Assessing Usability

D12PC00200 FY10.2-H-SB010.2-005-0007-II
(FY10.2 Phase II)
Usability Evaluation and Management System (USEMAN)

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E Broadway
Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765-7829


The Usability Evaluation and Management (USEMAN) system is an automated tool to support the planning and conduct of usability evaluations of the user-computer interface. USEMAN is designed to enhance the thoroughness, effectiveness and efficiency in the identification of evaluation requirements. Through its five component architecture, USEMAN (a) supports generation of a usability test plan, (b) provides a comprehensive management system for tracking evaluation progress, (c) incorporates a set of design guidelines to be used in the analysis of evaluation data, (d) collects, logs and analyses evaluation data, and (e) standardizes report generation. USEMAN represents a substantial step forward in the support of usability assessment, as it is designed to effectively support practitioners throughout the usability evaluation process. The USEMAN system will enhance the usability evaluation process within the Department of Homeland Security, other government agencies, and commercial applications via its automated capabilities.

Short Standoff Checkpoint Detection Systems for Explosives

D12PC00494 DHS SBIR-2011.2-H-SB011.2-004-0004-II
(DHS SBIR-2011.2 Phase II)
Standoff Explosive Raman AIT Upgrade Module

Alakai Defense Systems, Inc
7935 114th Ave N
Suite 1100
Largo, FL 33773-5028


Alakai proposes to develop a Standoff Explosive Raman AIT Upgrade Module (SERAUM) which utilizes, Eye-safe, deep UV Raman scanning/imager to detect explosives and their precursors, for short standoff trace explosive detection. This system is designed for integration into DHS's Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) systems to provide a chemical signature of explosives thereby improving the screening effectiveness of personnel and baggage. Alakai is a leader in Standoff UV Raman for DoD applications, as evidenced by being the first known company to undergo an Army technical, operational and human factors evaluation of their standoff checkpoint explosive detection system, along with a safety release for use by soldiers. Alakai can leverage its existing UV Raman capability (proven hardware performance, existing UV Raman library and detection algorithm) to customize a completely eye-safe UV Raman system for TSA screening applications. In Phase I Alakai demonstrated standoff detection of finger print quantities of 10 different explosives and Homemade Explosives (HMEs) at 25cm range and a subset of these compounds at 50cm range. The Phase II project will integrate the UV Raman scanning technology into an L-3 ProVision(R) AIT for further demonstration of the combined scanning technology.

Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems

NBCHC050043 0412006
(FY04.1 Phase II)
Protection of SCADA Systems Using Physics Based Authencitation and Location Awareness

Digital Authentication Technologies, Inc.
P.O. Box 811564
Boca Raton, FL 33481-1564


Digital Authentication Technologies, Inc. ("DAT") proposes to begin design, build, debug and testing of its innovative physics-based authentication system that has been developed in its HSARPA SBIR Phase I contract. As the Phase I work describes, the DAT system introduces physics-based strong authentication and location awareness to defeat hacker tools and add additional layers of protection to currently exposed critical infrastructure SCADA systems such as those employed in the electric power grid, oil and gas pipelines, railroad switching systems, and water and sewage control. The result of this Phase II effort will be the availability of a commercial product consisting of software and associated hardware modules that provide physics-based authentication and protection of SCADA systems.

Innovative Educational Environments to Develop the Necessary Intellectual Basis for a National DHS S&T Workforce

N10PC20003 0822001
(FY08.2 Phase II)
Phase II SBIR: DHS Centers of Excellence Science Fair Projects

The Athena Group, Inc.
408 W University Avenue
Suite 306
Gainesville, FL 32601-5289


DHS Centers of Excellence provide exceptional contemporary scientific information and discoveries. The K-12 learning community could benefit from access to these resources. Athena has identified a strategy/technology that overcomes the problems associated with converting DHS content into learning material for mainstream K-12 education. Under a Phase I SBIR project, The Athena Group, Inc. (Athena), focused on translating DHS Center of Excellence discoveries into exciting, age-appropriate science fair kit (SFK) projects. In Phase II, the SFK project will be vastly expanded and include new features. The SFK solution will be rigorously evaluated by middle school students/faculty from the Orlando, FL and New York, NY area school districts. Many science fair support packages provide only step-by-step project procedures. SFKs use 3-D simulations, virtual instruments, and scenario-based lessons to produce better qualified S&T students with a deeper appreciation of DHS research activities. Another benefit comes from connecting students` parents with cutting-edge DHS materials. Parents encounter DHS resources when helping their students create meaningful science projects. Athena is experienced in developing/ marketing learning technology to the K-12 market. SFKs will serve this market and be released to students at no cost. Athena will develop a sustained revenue stream through sponsorship, donations, and other mechanisms.

Enhancing Training Effectiveness through Cognitive State Assessment

D11PC20053 0922016
(FY09.2 Phase II)
Screeners Auto-Diagnostic Adaptive Precision Training (Screen-ADAPT) System

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 East Broadway, Ste. 110
Oviedo, FL 32765-7829


Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Officers are at the forefront of our nation`s security, and are tasked with screening every bag boarding commercial aircraft within the United States. It is a repetitive visual search task that has a very low probability of encountering a threat, but extremely high consequences if a serious threat is missed. Currently, training instructors base their assessments of trainee progress solely on performance outcomes and observation from classroom and on the job performance. This effort will develop an advanced adaptive training system for baggage screeners using a combination of physiological and neurophysiological measures, including EEG, eye tracking, and heart rate to gain insights into an officer`s `unobservable` behavior, and advanced training science to diagnose and mitigate training deficiencies/inefficiencies in real-time to optimize individualized, precision training. Neurophysiological measures can provide insights into cognitive processing during baggage screening tasks and indicate training proficiency via continuous monitoring of workload, drowsiness, and distraction, as well as expertise level. Performance, cognitive state, expertise level, and eye tracking will be used to drive real time training adaptations and after-action reviews. The goal of the proposed adaptive training system is to provide individualized, tailored training to optimize training effectiveness and efficiency.