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Awards

Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance
Period
Award/Contract
Value
Abstract

H-SB014.1-001
Mobile Footprint Detection

HSHQDC-14-C-00020 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-001-0012-I
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase I)
A vehicle mounted radar footprint trail detection system

AKELA, Inc.
5551 Ekwill Street, Suite A
Santa Barbara, CA 93111-2355

05/01/2014
to
10/31/2014
$99,951.04

Often illegal border crossing along the southern border takes place in unimproved areas not constantly monitored by Border Patrol agents or deployed sensors. Agents must rely on sign-cutting to detect traffic and start their pursuit. These signs can be difficult or impossible to detect from a moving platform with the unaided eye due to inclement weather, insufficient illumination and agent fatigue. By developing an all weather sensor focused on footprint trail detection to aid in monitoring unimproved areas, additional illegal border crossing can be detected. AKELA is proposing to develop a low cost, vehicle mounted, radar based footprint trail detection sensor to aid Border Patrol Agents in this task. The system will consist of simple low cost Ka-band radar hardware and data preprocessing and detection algorithms. Work will include radar test bed development, research into electromagnetic footprint scattering phenomenology, and algorithm development. A feasibility demonstration using a brassboard system prototype will be conducted at the end of Phase I. A manufacturing cost analysis will inform system design and help to minimize system cost. Completion of Phase I and Phase II efforts will result in a mature system prototype capable of detecting footprint trails from a moving vehicle in real environments. Commercial applications resulting from research and development efforts include roadway-monitoring sensors and airport runway foreign object damage detection sensors.

H-SB014.1-003
System Simulation Tools for X-ray based Explosive Detection Equipment

HSHQDC-14-C-00021 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-003-0001-I
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase I)
X-ray Simulation Platform for Explosive Detection Equipment

Triple Ring Technologies
39655 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560-4806

05/01/2014
to
10/31/2014
$99,861.47

Computer simulations have the potential to improve the development x-ray-based explosive detection equipment. Despite the number of available simulation tools, no existing tool meets the needs of the explosive detection community. This is due to (1) the flexibility required to model the range of objects, physical processes, and system geometries used in explosive detection, and (2) the usability required for adoption. The proposed project will design a software tool that meets the needs of the explosive detection community, while being validated for imaging tasks relevant to explosive detection. One objective of this project is to evaluate how existing tools match experimental data, including artifacts and nonidealities. The second objective is to design a software architecture focused on usability and flexibility, while incorporating validated physics-based models. Usability and flexibility will be designed into the architecture by incorporating feedback from potential users. Successful completion through Phase I and Phase II will result in a software tool that is easy to use and is applicable to wide range system geometries, object definitions, and x-ray-based imaging techniques. Because the software will be designed to address user needs, the anticipated result is that the software will be adopted by developers of x-ray-based explosive detection equipment. Once adopted, the simulation software will be used to reduce time to market for scanners by enabling inexpensive and efficient system prototyping, parameter optimization, and system testing. The simulation software can also be used to generate a large library of test data for algorithm development and testing.

H-SB014.1-003
System Simulation Tools for X-ray based Explosive Detection Equipment

D15PC00024 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-003-0001-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II)
X-ray Simulation Platform for Explosive Detection Equipment

Triple Ring Technologies
39655 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560-4806

03/13/2015
to
06/27/2017
$746,452.41

This proposed effort will develop the Particle/Ray Interaction Simulation Manager (PRISM) software platform which was begun as a Phase I program. The goal of PRISM is to meet the x-ray simulation needs of the explosive detection community. In Phase I a user survey was conducted of a wide range of system manufacturers who reported that existing simulation tools do not meet their desired needs for ease-of-use, run time, or modelling of complex objects. Therefor we are designing PRISM to leverage these existing tools, while adding an easy-to-use graphical interface for specifying system parameters and visualizing models. In this way PRISM will create a unified user-interface wrapper for commonly used simulation tools, which we hope will be of high value to the user community. PRISM will have the following key features: (1) User interfaces for both expert and non-expert users, (2) Open-source architecture that can be linked to numerous simulation tools, (3) Input from CAD files so that complicated objects can be easily modeled, (4) A digital luggage and cargo library tested with experimental data. The final deliverable will be a functional, commercial-grade, open-source, PRISM platform, which will provide an easy-to-use interface for defining simulation structures. PRISM will initially be fully integrated with GEANT4, but will be architected for future expansion to other simulation tools. As part of the commercialization plan, Triple Ring will provide customization services and additional library models.

H-SB014.1-004
Physiological Monitoring and Environmental Scanning Technology

HSHQDC-14-C-00023 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-004-0006-I
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase I)
Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring System

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

05/01/2014
to
10/31/2014
$99,979.28

To address the DHS need for a single wireless device that will monitor physiological and environmental conditions of and surrounding a first responder, and relay the information to the incident command, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring (WiPEM) system incorporating four major components: (1) an array of physiological sensors, (2) an array of miniaturized environmental sensors, (3) processing and communication electronics, and (4) mechanical packaging. Leveraging POC's previous technologies, the proposed WiPEM system provides critical information not only on the physiological status of multiple first responders to be monitored and transmitted to the incident command, but also on critical surrounding information to enhance the situation awareness. The novel design of the open-architecture system is developed based on POC's prior developments in compatible PPE for DHS and working with the industrial leaders of PPE including Scott Safety to be able to achieve certification for various applicable NFPA standards in the future. In Phase I, POC plans to provide a comprehensive documentation, assessments, and feasibility demonstration of an optimal solution to address DHS's requirements and first responders' needs. The WiPEM system will also comply with the existing PPE/SCBA systems and FEMA requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype system according to the outline developed in the Phase I detailed technical analysis for further testing.

H-SB014.1-004
Physiological Monitoring and Environmental Scanning Technology

D15PC00026 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-004-0006-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II)
Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring System

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

03/13/2015
to
09/27/2017
$749,972.86

To address the DHS need for a single wireless device that will monitor multiple physiological and environmental conditions of and surrounding a first responder, and relay the information to the incident command, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to advance the new Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring (WiPEM) system proven feasible in Phase I. The novel WiPEM system provides critical information not only on the physiological status of multiple first responders to be monitored and transmitted to the incident command, but also on critical surrounding information to enhance the situation awareness. It incorporates four major components: (1) an array of physiological sensors integrated directly onto the SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus), (2) an array of miniaturized environmental sensors in a wearable package, (3) processing and communication electronics compatible with the Public Safety band of the LTE cell phone network, and (4) ergonomic mechanical packaging. The novel design of the open-architecture system is compatible with existing Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and working with the industrial leaders of PPE, including Scott Safety, will enable certification for various applicable NFPA standards in the future. In Phase I, POC performed comprehensive analyses, assessments, and feasibility demonstrations of an optimal solution to address DHS requirements and first responder needs to comply with the existing PPE/SCBA systems and FEMA requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype system according to the outline developed in the Phase I detailed technical analysis for further testing and continue development of smart algorithms for sensor data processing.

H-SB014.1-005
Machine-to-Machine Architectures to Improve First Responder Communications

HSHQDC-14-C-00026 HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-005-0005-I
(HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase I)
Intelligent Internet of Things Architecture to Improve First Responder Communications

Ejenta, Inc.
3978 Cesar Chavez St
San Francisco, CA 94131-2004

05/01/2014
to
10/31/2014
$99,958.85

Machine-to-machine communications (M2M) and the Internet of Things (IoT) are revolutionizing many industries and improving communications and operations, however adoption in public safety is still in its infancy. The emergence of first responder broadband networks introduces new ways to respond to incidents. Devices worn by first responders, or placed on victims during triage, can transmit voice, along with two-way video and data streams, including location, vital signs and environmental conditions, allowing unprecedented incident management capability. Today, first responders are starting to use wearable devices, such as sensors embedded in firefighter suits, and head-mounted cameras and heads-up displays used in law enforcement. However, most of these devices do not interoperate with each other or with existing land mobile radio (LMR) networks, which will realistically remain the primary voice communication devices for many years to come. Thus, interoperability between heterogeneous devices and networks remains a challenge for effective emergency response. In this effort, Ejenta will develop a scalable technical architecture that allows heterogeneous communication networks and wearable devices to interoperate to improve first responder communications. The architecture will use a standards based approach and will incorporate big data technologies that allow first responders to rely on increasingly large amounts of live streaming telemetry data (e.g., from wearable cameras and vital signs sensors, to road side sensors to social media feeds). The architecture will incorporate cloud-based intelligent agent services to route data and reduce information overload, with the goal of increasing first responder situational awareness and supporting real-time decision making capabilities.