Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Detection of Human Targets in Open Water

NBCHC080047 0721147
(FY07.2 Phase I)
Wide-Area Infrared Imager (WAIRI) for Increasing Human Detection Probability

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023


Koopman search theory is built on the concept of sweep width to determine the probability of detection (POD) for a target in a defined area. Turret-mounted forward-looking infrared (FLIR) imagers have a high POD for targets within a narrow field of view but these devices, if used alone, severely limit effective sweep width. Lynntech proposes an infrared imager with a wide field of view which is designed to complement FLIR to increase the probability of detection for human targets in open water. The Wide-Area Infrared Imager (WAIRI) covers broad sweep widths from an aircraft at a low resolution and determines potential targets based on a phased averaging algorithm. The locations of these targets are then rapidly relayed to an FLIR which focuses on each potential target in turn to automatically determine if it is human, based on thermal signature. The combined result is a wide sweep width with a high POD. Phase I will concentrate on proof-of-concept using a commercial microbolometer array and image analysis software. A prototype WAIRI will then be constructed and tested in phase II. Potential commercial opportunities include search platforms for rescue, police, homeland security and defense applications, as well as warning systems for military aircraft.

Responder - Wireless Body Area Network

NBCHC080058 0721067
(FY07.2 Phase I)
Wireless, Energy-efficient, Adaptable, Robust Network (WearNet)

Williams-Pyro, Inc
200 Greenleaf Street
Fort Worth, TX 76107-1471


Williams-Pyro, Inc. proposes to develop a modular wireless body area network that can forward real-time information about a specific first responder from a flexible array of multiple sensors to a receiver. Our solution combines short-range, low-bandwidth wireless networking with energy-efficient routing protocols. We will uniquely integrate two wireless networks: an on-body static network of sensors that collect the physiological measurements and an off-body ad-hoc network of mobile nodes that transports these measurements to the commander's station. Our solution is easy-to-use (lightweight and small), non-invasive, can be integrated with existing personal protective equipment, can be used in all forms of structures, not cost prohibitive, and allows responders to competitively select from various vendors with unique specialization in order to be equipped with the most appropriate sensor grouping for their job.

Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems

HSHQDC-08-C-00021 0721056
(FY07.2 Phase I)
CNT-Based D2 Ion Source for Improved Neutron and Photon Generator

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631


The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) requires non-intrusive radiation detection equipment to identify special nuclear materials (SNM). Preferred neutron sources for the detection of SNM should have narrow pulse width, low source neutron energy, high yield and be based on non-radioactive materials. Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) proposes to develop a novel field ionization technology to produce the deuterium ion (D+) current for a neutron source, enabling fast switching, high repetition rate and high yields. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) possess two unique characteristics suited to this application; they have inherent hydrogen storage capacity and can be used as electron sources for e-beam applications including field emission and field ionization. Phase I will include a proof of concept demonstration of neutron generation capability. The CNT ion source will enhance the performance of a field emission design for a compact high flux neutron source previously developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The anticipated higher performance relative to existing generators will create dual use market opportunities in commercial, DOD, and homeland security applications. Although this program will focus on developing a neutron source, alternative configurations will yield a photon generator that will also be useful for DNDO applications.