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Abstracts of HSHQDC-08-R-00066 Phase I Awards
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08.1-1

Company

Creative Electron
2710 Glasgow Dr.
Carlsbad, CA 92010-6535

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA1-CEI1 - Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique
Topic Information 08.1-1 - Signal Processing Algorithms to Nominate Potential Targets and Eliminate False Positives in the Non-Intrusive Inspection of Cargo Conveyances
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00149
Abstract

Threat materials can take many shapes and therefore this software tool must be able to perform anomaly detection instead of specific shape detection. The problem of solely relying on a database of images and a matching algorithm is that objects in the image may be shifted, rotated, or the image quality is too poor for a reliable match. Thus, this proposal focuses on the development of an anomaly recognition algorithm that is able to achieve low false positive rates even with low quality input images. Our proposed research will develop an innovative Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique (SMART) to determine the presence of contraband in non intrusive inspection (NII) images of trucks and cargo containers. SMART will be able to position in the NII image the location of the potential contraband by using state-of-the-art spectral decomposition analysis techniques to efficiently differentiate the common background of the image against anomalies. These anomalies, in most cases, represent contraband concealed in the cargo.

Company

FORELL Enterprises, Inc.
6061 Dale Street, Suite N
Buena Park, CA 90621-4153

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA1-FOR1 - Cargo X-Ray Image Anomaly Detection Using Intelligent Agents
Topic Information 08.1-1 - Signal Processing Algorithms to Nominate Potential Targets and Eliminate False Positives in the Non-Intrusive Inspection of Cargo Conveyances
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00153
Abstract

Our technical concept applies FORELL's unique intelligent agent technology to learn rules for detection of anomalies in images created by high energy x-rays, thereby reducing operator load, reducing false positives, and reducing inspection time. Our technology is unique in the creation of anomaly detection rules that are automatically generated through a unique intelligent agent learning capability. In addition, our agents have an inherent ambiguity resolution capability, to identify objects not seen before. This generalization capability is especially applicable to the x-ray imaging detection domain, because not everything in the universe can be learned. Our intelligent agents have an inherent reasoning capability that will help operators discern much quicker. In our approach we will transform the image data to a reduced number set of numeric data for each grid in the x-ray, called a sub-scene. FORELL will use pixel data to produce a coefficient based description of each sub-scene within an image. Because pixel data can be associated with density, the coefficient data will contain information an intelligent agent can associate with objects it has been trained to recognize. In the learning mode sub-scenes with known truth are used to train intelligent agents to recognize anomalous areas within an image. This information can than be used for alert processing.

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08.1-2

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA2-RMD1 - CVD Diamond Neutron Detectors with Pulse Shape Discrimination
Topic Information 08.1-2 - Fast, Solid-State, Prompt Neutron Detectors Capable of Operating in Non-Invasive Interrogation Environments
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00151
Abstract

Proliferation of nuclear weapons is a serious threat in the world today. One way to determine the presence of nuclear weapons is to detect neutrons emitted by special nuclear material (SNM) such as highly enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium. The purpose of this project is to develop improved solid state neutron detectors from CVD diamond for homeland security applications. Phase I work will focus on optimizing electronic properties of CVD diamond films for neutron detection and fabricating and characterizing detectors. During Phase II we will develop a CVD diamond-based portable instrument for neutron detection and increase the neutron detection efficiency by scaling up the film thickness and area. Diamond has a high cross-section for fission neutron scattering and low sensitivity to gamma rays. Diamond also has a wide band gap for low noise, room temperature operation, high electron and hole mobility for fast response, and high displacement energy for high radiation hardness. Commercial applications include homeland security, nuclear and high-energy physics research, and medical dosimetry.

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08.1-4

Company

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
13428 Beach Avenue
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292-5624

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA4-RBT1 - An ultra-low cost miniature X-band linac to replace radionuclide gamma sources
Topic Information 08.1-4 - Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00167
Abstract

One of the objectives of the DNDO is to dramatically reduce the amount of radioactive material in use in order to improve public security and prevent the diversion of radioactive material for Radiation Dispersion Devices (so-called "dirty bombs"). RadiaBeam Technologies proposes the development of an inexpensive, handportable accelerator to replace radionuclide radiography devices. The accelerator, which we term the MicroLinac, is based on X-band RF linac technology developed at SLAC, and is powered by a commercially available inexpensive RF source. The entire system would weigh less than 25 lbs and could be sold in the future for less than $30k. Such s device will offer a competitive, commercially viable and, most importantly, much safer radiation source for industrial and medical radiography and well logging applications, thus simultaneously promoting technological advancement and public safety.

Company

Starfire Industries LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive
Champaign, IL 61820-7460

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA4-STA1 - Non-Radioactive Alternative to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Topic Information 08.1-4 - Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00152
Abstract

This Starfire Industries Phase I SBIR project specifically addresses the need to replace Am-Be sources for the well-logging industry and other applications where sealed radioactive sources are being used. Market factors inhibiting DT fusion neutron generators from replacing Am-Be sources are: (1) still use radioactive tritium (licensing/export), (2) tube lifetimes are measured in hundreds of hours, (3) high cost of ownership and tube replacement, (4) neutron energies are too high for porosity and elemental analysis applications, and (5) there is difficulty overcoming "analysis inertia". Starfire Industries is proposing an innovative fusion neutron generator solution to improve output efficiency, extend lifetime, and reduce total cost-of-ownership, while enabling survivability in the harsh wellbore environment. Phase I will explore the feasibility of the technical approach. A novel option for the replacement of pulsed DT tubes is also presented. A commercialization partner has been identified for a Phase II Cost Match.

Company

Stellarray, Incorporated
2020 Centimeter Circle
Austin, TX 78758-4956

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA4-STE1 - Cold Cathode Radiation Sources
Topic Information 08.1-4 - Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00164
Abstract

The proposed Flat panel X-ray Sources (FPXS) use cold cathode arrays lithographically formed on the exit window to emit hundred of thousands of e-beams towards a broad X-ray target. The X-rays thus generated emit out past the cathode arrays and the exit window. Since the X-ray flux is generated across a wide area it can be directed locally and directly towards objects to be sterilized, such as blood packets or medical products, either at the factory or in a hospital. Local generation of the X-rays allows the use of much safer anode voltages on the order of 150 kV or lower. Self-shielding, electrical, non-radioactive systems can be built using the FPXS panels to replace Ce-137 blood sterilizers and Co-60 medical products sterilization plants.

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