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Abstracts of FY11.1 Phase I Awards
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H-SB011.1-001

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1111034 - Multispectral Omnidirectional Small Vessel Identification Imaging and Tracking Camera System
Topic Information H-SB011.1-001 - Small Vessel Cooperative Identification and Tracking (SVCT) and Noncooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) Technologies
Award/Contract Number D11PC20133
Abstract

To address the DHS need for small vessel cooperative identification and tracking (SVCT) and non-cooperative vessel imaging and tracking (NVIT) technologies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multispectral Omnidirectional Small Vessel Identification Imaging and Tracking Camera (MOVIDITC) system. The proposed MOVIDITC system is based on a unique integration of POC`s demonstrated subsystem technologies, including omnidirectional 360-degree optics, multispectral imaging sensors, scanning telescopic imager, multitarget video tracker, eye-safe laser designation with high sensitivity heterodyne detection, and omnidirectional retroreflective responder for cooperative small vessels to provide unique identifier codes and other vessel information. By using MEMS-based gyrosensors and lightweight mirror-scanning devices, the system provides stabilized imagery with real-time target tracking. In Phase I, POC will develop the MOVIDITC design and demonstrate its feasibility in meeting DHS`s requirements and desired enhancements by engineering analysis and prototype evaluation using a laboratory breadboard setup. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype for testing in a simulated laboratory maritime environment, and evaluate its performance and suitability for SVCT and/or NVIT. In Phase III an engineering prototype will be developed, incorporating MOVIDITC`s SVCT and NVIT capability into a DHS platform for evaluation in an operational environment for production readiness.

Company

Technology Systems Inc.
14 Maine St
Suite 306
Brunswick, ME 04011-2545

Proposal Information 1111065 - Smart Chart AIS
Topic Information H-SB011.1-001 - Small Vessel Cooperative Identification and Tracking (SVCT) and Noncooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) Technologies
Award/Contract Number D11PC20131
Abstract

The ability to track small vessels is critical to national security, but not easily accomplished due to the sheer volume of craft and the range of environments which they operate within. The introduction of smart-phones with location, orientation, camera, and Internet capabilities is enabling collaborative applications that have strong locative potential. These devices are capable of acting as basic Electronic Chart Systems (ECSs), along with providing additional nautical services such as weather forecasts, electronic text chat/VOIP, and so forth. Smart Chart AIS will result in smart-phone based ECS capabilities that can be distributed for free to the small craft community. The only obligation of end users will be to register with a DHS hosted server and to enable broadcast of AIS-like data. This will enable tracking of many small craft through cloud based servers. A second level of Non-cooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) is also proposed, this will process multi sensor data and generate an AIS like surrogate output. The infrastructure and capabilities of Smart Chart AIS present a strong opportunity for commercial growth. The locative and networked nature of Smart Chart AIS will enable user-specific fee-based advertising for marine and related services, along with fee-based value added capabilities.

Company

Nokomis, Inc.
310 5th Street
Charleroi, PA 15022-1517

Proposal Information 1111084 - Non-Cooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT)
Topic Information H-SB011.1-001 - Small Vessel Cooperative Identification and Tracking (SVCT) and Noncooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) Technologies
Award/Contract Number D11PC20132
Abstract

Achieving and maintaining effective control of our nation`s maritime borders which comprise 95,000 miles of shoreline and navigable waters, and 361 ports is an ongoing challenge. Due to greater numbers, increased maneuverability and reduced observables, smaller vessels pose unique and special risks. A complete accounting of all these small vessels that could be anywhere in the nearly 3.5 million square miles of U.S. territorial waters is a daunting task. To address this problem, Nokomis will build upon its Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) technology to meet DHS Non-cooperative Vessel Imaging and Tracking (NVIT) system needs. Nokomis MASINT systems are passive, stand-alone receivers that make use of ultra sensitive Software Reconfigurable Receiver (SRR) technology along with advanced real time signal processing to detect measure and exploit unintended electronic system RF emissions and identify, geo-locate, and track conveyances containing targeted electronic devices. A Nokomis` MASINT system is an NVIT capability as there is no cooperative link or special equipment of any kind on the monitored vessels. Nokomis MASINT systems are the result of ten million dollars of highly successful Department of Defense (DOD) funded research and development over a period of 10 years culminating in successful applications on land and air vehicles.

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H-SB011.1-002

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1111004 - Multistage Dielectrophoretic Sample Preparation System
Topic Information H-SB011.1-002 - Preparation of Environmental Samples for Biological Detection
Award/Contract Number D11PC20135
Abstract

High-fidelity biomolecular analysis techniques, such as PCR, DNA sequencing, or ELISA, rely heavily on adequate sample preprocessing. To achieve maximum performance from these sensitive analytical techniques, the DHS needs novel methods for flow-through systems that prepare and concentrate biological materials from environmental samples. Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Multistage Dielectrophoretic Sample Preparation (MDSP) system, based on a size-exclusion filtering method combined with a multistage electrodeless dielectrophoretic separation technique. Separation of biological material is followed by bio-material purification, elution, concentration, and collection. The MDSP system will be composed of a reusable microfluidic chip, microfluidic platform, and readout unit. The innovations in the MDSP system enable it to perform biological material separation into four classes: bacterial cells and spores, viral particles, DNAs/RNAs, and proteins/polypeptides. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the MDSP system by developing a benchtop prototype capable of separating, purifying, concentrating, and collecting the four individual classes of biological material from a mixture containing mineral debris in less than 15 minutes. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional MDSP system prototype capable of processing biological material from environmental samples, such as soil, that can be integrated into an automated detection system.

Company

Synkera Technologies Inc.
2605 Trade Centre Ave, Suite C
Longmont, CO 80503-4605

Proposal Information 1111109 - Membrane Cascade for Environmental Sample Separation and Concentration
Topic Information H-SB011.1-002 - Preparation of Environmental Samples for Biological Detection
Award/Contract Number D11PC20136
Abstract

This project aims to develop a membrane cascade for separation and concentration of biological components from environmental sample. The membrane cascade will compose a miniaturized, disposable module that can be integrated with many types of automated and/or portable biological detection systems. The membrane cascade is based on a unique nanoceramic materials platform, in which precise size-based separation of biological components (cells, viruses, and exogenous material) can be accomplished via pores diameters that are well controlled in the range of 5 to 200 nanometers. This membrane technology is robust, simple to use, and very low cost. Phase I will demonstrate feasibility of using ceramic membranes of various pore sizes to perform the required separation of large particulates, cells, viruses, exogenous material, and smaller chemicals. In a Phase I option, a breadboard prototype of the membrane cascade module will be built and evaluated.

Company

InnovaPrep LLC
132 east main street
Drexel, MO 64742-0068

Proposal Information 1111112 - A Novel Fractionation and Concentration System for Preparation Improved Biological Detection
Topic Information H-SB011.1-002 - Preparation of Environmental Samples for Biological Detection
Award/Contract Number D11PC20134
Abstract

Detection of bioaerosols is a cornerstone in the protection of our nation from bioterrorist events. Rapid bioaerosol detection systems have advanced dramatically in recent years, but the lack of integratable automated sample preparation for these systems remains a major deficiency. Three significant issues associated with current sample preparation components in these systems are (a) a lack of an interface between large environmental samples and sample preparation and detection components requiring very small volumes, (b) deficiencies in removing inhibitory environmental material and (c) an inability to separate, and thus, differentiate whole pathogens from exogenous materials derived from those pathogens. InnovaPrep will develop a novel membrane-based fractionation and concentration system capable of removing inhibitors and separating whole pathogens and exogenous materials into two highly-concentrated volumes. The proposed system will be exceedingly rapid; with the capability to prepare and concentrate 10 milliliter environmental aerosol samples into 100 microliter volumes in less than 15 minutes, and deliver the samples ready for identification. The system will be composed of updatable snap-together modules that can be assembled as-needed for different systems. All disposable components in the modules will have operational lifetimes of up to hundreds of samples, thereby allowing for straightforward integration into autonomous biodetection systems.

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H-SB011.1-003

Company

Covia Labs, Inc.
465 Fairchild Drive
Suite 130
Mountian View, CA 94043-2252

Proposal Information 1111017 - Creating a Pragmatic Plan to Deploy and Evolve an LTE Centric Mission Critical Mobile Voice System
Topic Information H-SB011.1-003 - Public Safety Broadband Mobile Application for Mission Critical Voice
Award/Contract Number D11PC20138
Abstract

In this Phase I proposal, Covia Labs proposes the development of a plan for a new standardized methodology and application framework to ensure that future 700MHz LTE infrastructure and handsets meet the necessary requirements for mission critical mobile voice. These requirements will be identified during discussions with regional public safety centers established to foster collaboration among the public safety community. In parallel, research will be conducted into the current and planned state of the LTE standards and implementations for direct applicability for critical voice services. The plan to meet the resulting detailed requirements will leverage the extensive development of the Covia Connector software interoperability platform. Any devices, infrastructure and applications built using this platform will benefit from its unified security, communications bridging, fault-tolerance, configuration management, binary portability and unit testing models. This will ensure that equipment and infrastructure can be transitioned and evolved into a system with a high degree of interoperability across all the necessary technologies and different vendors` software and hardware well into the future. Appropriate LTE hardware for the Connector platform will be identified.

Company

octoScope, Inc.
387 Berlin Road
Bolton, MA 01740-1320

Proposal Information 1111037 - Public Safety Voice Service Solution for Broadband Wireless Infrastructure and Handsets
Topic Information H-SB011.1-003 - Public Safety Broadband Mobile Application for Mission Critical Voice
Award/Contract Number D11PC20137
Abstract

We will develop PS-specific voice service and system requirements based on the input from the PS community and will design an innovative and practical voice service architecture that can interwork with existing public safety communication systems, including Project 25 LMR, 4.9 GHz WiMAX and commercial cellular networks. Our architecture enables the use of cost-effective commercial handsets while still delivering interoperability with legacy PS voice services by augmenting the commercial LTE infrastructure with PS Interworking and gateway functions. The LTE handset running the PS voice applications supports both the infrastructure and talkaround modes. The infrastructure mode uses off-the-shelf cellular and LTE radios. The talkaround mode uses enhanced Wi-Fi mesh architecture. With its unique talkaround function, our solution will be of value to the PS and commercial users. It will address stringent voice service requirements of first responders (police, fire, EMT), national responders and military users while also serving the communication needs of commercial industries operating in remote areas with sparse cellular coverage (mining, oil exploration, seafaring vessels).

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H-SB011.1-004

Company

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803-3304

Proposal Information 1111011 - Monolithic Electronically Tunable M/LWIR Laser Source
Topic Information H-SB011.1-004 - Monolithic, Electronically and Widely Tunable Semiconductor-Based Infrared Laser Sources
Award/Contract Number D11PC20141
Abstract

Chemical sensing for explosives and toxic compounds requires a robust, high average power, and fast electronically tunable Mid-and Long-Wave InfraRed (M/LWIR) laser source. We propose to develop a widely tunable Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) with high spectral modulation bandwidth and fast random access to any wavelength within the tuning range. The technology is based on a proprietary monolithic design exceptionally resistant to shock and vibration encountered in field use.

Company

EOS Photonics, Inc.
44 Cogswell Ave #2F
Cambridge, MA 02140-2021

Proposal Information 1111056 - Monolithic, Electronically and Widely Tunable Quantum Cascade Laser Sources
Topic Information H-SB011.1-004 - Monolithic, Electronically and Widely Tunable Semiconductor-Based Infrared Laser Sources
Award/Contract Number D11PC20139
Abstract

EOS Photonics, in collaboration with the group of Prof. Capasso at Harvard University, proposes to develop a novel widely tunable, high power quantum cascade laser source for remote sensing applications. The tuning mechanism relies on the integration of intersubband tuning elements fabricated monolithically with DBR gratings to ensure electrically-controlled wavelength tuning over a wide wavelength range and with excellent mode suppression ratio.

Company

Maxion Technologies, Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077

Proposal Information 1111079 - Monolithic Widely Tunable Quantum Cascade Laser
Topic Information H-SB011.1-004 - Monolithic, Electronically and Widely Tunable Semiconductor-Based Infrared Laser Sources
Award/Contract Number D11PC20140
Abstract

Maxion Technologies proposes to develop a robust, high power, monolithic, widely tunable Quantum Cascade (QC) laser for use in explosives and chemical sensing applications. We plan to implement a multi-section QC laser to create a monolithically tunable device, similar to those demonstrated in the near IR for telecommunications. This laser will be tuned through application of voltage to tuning elements incorporated directly in the QC laser without the need of external tuning optics or thermal tuning of the laser assembly as a whole. As a result, this laser will be rapidly tunable and usable in field environments due to its insensitivity to shock and vibration, while the wide tuning range of the device will allow for enhanced ability to discriminate against background chemicals. A wide range of defense, security and commercial applications are envisioned for this device, including stand-off chemical sensing, frequency agile LIDAR and process monitoring. This laser will achieve a tuning range of plus/minus 5 percent of the center wavelength, with an output power greater than 50 mW.

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H-SB011.1-005

Company

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110-2210

Proposal Information 1111048 - Mitigation of Contact Lenses, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges in Iris Recognition
Topic Information H-SB011.1-005 - Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges on Iris Recognition
Award/Contract Number D11PC20143
Abstract

Iris recognition is an established and successful biometric technology. It is used in clearing travelers in the UK, for border control in the UAE, and as a part of India`s Unique ID program. However, there are still significant challenges to be addressed as iris recognition matures to successfully handle ongoing national-scale applications. Our recent work has documented challenges involving pupil dilation, the wearing of contact lenses, and other factors. We propose to conduct research that (a) creates a better understanding of the challenges that pupil dilation, contact lenses, and Lasik operations present for iris recognition performance, and (b) based on this understanding, develops algorithms and approaches to mitigate the effects of these challenges. We will conduct iris recognition experiments and analyze the results in order to document the effects of dilation, contact lenses and Lasik, and to understand how the range of how these factors present themselves in different instances. We will then develop and implement algorithms and approaches to mitigate the effects of these factors, and perform experiments that document and measure the improvement in iris recognition performance. We expect that solutions such as those that we develop will become a standard element of all commercial iris biometric systems.

Company

Li Creative Technologies, Inc.
25 B Hanover Road, Suite 140
Florham Park, NJ 07932-1924

Proposal Information 1111052 - Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and other Challenges on Iris Recognition
Topic Information H-SB011.1-005 - Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges on Iris Recognition
Award/Contract Number D11PC20144
Abstract

Iris biometrics offers the potential for highly accurate identity verification. However, over 25 million people in the United States and over 125 million people worldwide wear contact lenses, and it would be impractical to require users to remove their contact lenses for recognition purposes. As a result, developing methods to measure and mitigate any degradation associated with contact lenses and other atypical eye conditions has become increasingly important to the future of iris recognition technology. In this DHS SBIR research project, we will study, analyze and mitigate the potential adverse effects of contact lenses, eye surgery, and varying pupil dilation, template aging, and sensor interoperability, on iris recognition. We will collaborate with Clarkson University to leverage their existing data collection efforts to examine potential performance variations of iris images with and without different types of contact lenses, before and after surgery, or at varying pupil dilation. After data collection, we will conduct a detailed analysis of the specific problems. If, as expected, significant performance differences are observed, image processing algorithms and machine learning approaches will be developed to detect and mitigate instances in which matching performance appears to have been degraded.

Company

Member of the Family LLC
670 Ritchie Highway
Severna Park, MD 21146-3979

Proposal Information 1111074 - Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges in Iris Recognition
Topic Information H-SB011.1-005 - Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges on Iris Recognition
Award/Contract Number D11PC20142
Abstract

Member of the Family LLC`s (MOTF) proposal is designed to study and analyze the effects of contact lens usage, eye surgery and various types of pupil dilation as they relate to the accuracy and performance of current iris recognition systems. MOTF`s study will be based on clinical data that will be gathered in both hospital and private practice settings. This will assure that we include in the study as wide a range of medical and surgical subjects as possible within the timeframe and scope of the study. We expect that this preliminary study will provide sufficient raw data for us to begin to develop approaches to detect and mitigate obstacles to iris recognition. Phase II of the project would provide the additional time and resources to expand the biometric database to more completely consider anomalies to recognition that may be discovered in Phase I. MOTF is confident that there are numerous private and government applications for this next step technology to make commercialization of the findings attractive to system manufacturers and users.

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H-SB011.1-006

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1111019 - Visor-Enhanced SCBA Transparent Armor Lens System
Topic Information H-SB011.1-006 - Improved Firefighter Face Piece Lenses for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Award/Contract Number D11PC20146
Abstract

To address this HSARPA need, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Visor-Enhanced SCBA Transparent Armor (VESTA) lens, based on a transparent metallic-oxide material system, and serving as a drop-in replacement lens in current mask systems. VESTA possesses improved thermomechanical durability (compared to existing polycarbonate lenses) with 5x greater service temperatures and 3x greater ballistic impact resistance. Candidate materials will be identified based on visual acuity, hardness, and resistance to impact, scratching, and temperature, so the VESTA lens provides effective protection in the most hazardous of environments (i.e., high temperatures). In Phase I, we will evaluate candidate material(s) for infrared reflectivity and thermodynamic stability, and develop a comprehensive test plan, including exposure to extremely high temperatures. A proof-of-concept prototype will be produced. In Phase II, POC will develop a full-scale prototype of the VESTA lens and evaluate it in simulated operational environments and training facilities. Formal testing will validate the system to NFPA 1981. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing enhanced personal protective equipment for First Responders. Commercial applications for VESTA include enhanced protective eyewear for medical and industrial workers.

Company

MPR Associates, Inc.
320 King Street
Suite 400
Alexandria, VA 22314-3230

Proposal Information 1111033 - Identification of Test Materials and Test Plan for Improved Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Face Piece Lenses
Topic Information H-SB011.1-006 - Improved Firefighter Face Piece Lenses for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Award/Contract Number D11PC20147
Abstract

Currently, SCBA lenses are made from high-heat polycarbonate with a maximum service temperature rating of 275 deg F to 383 deg F. However, first responders may encounter temperatures due to fire reaching 1000 deg F to 1400 deg F at face level with a heat flux density of about 2.2 W/sq-cm. Developing a more durable, high-heat resistant lens will significantly improve firefighter safety and enable firefighters to function effectively in more severe environments than with current SCBAs. MPR Associates, Inc. will work with Scott Health and Safety to identify candidate test materials based on the material`s ability to provide increased durability, clarity, resistance to impacts, and improved heat resistance. A test plan and test procedures will be developed based on current and future (i.e., planned) industry accepted standards (e.g., NIOSH, NFPA, EN). Testing will emphasize the ability of test materials to withstand the extreme heat generated by compartmentalized fires. Commercialization of a high temperature face piece will take advantage of the economy of scale due to the potentially large government and commercial customer base, thus providing a viable improvement for DHS and other users of SCBAs. The improved face piece also could be back-fit to SCBAs currently in use.

Company

PolyNew, Inc
1021 18th St
Golden, CO 80401-1826

Proposal Information 1111040 - Improved Firefighter Face Piece Lenses for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Topic Information H-SB011.1-006 - Improved Firefighter Face Piece Lenses for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus
Award/Contract Number D11PC20145
Abstract

This project develops superior, higher heat resistant plastic materials for use in face shields of personal protective equipment (PPE). To do so, a strategic partnership is formed between PolyNew Inc., a woman-owned small business, and Honeywell International, the leading global supplier of personal protective equipment. Additional expertise and facilities are captured through the inclusion of academic consultants at the Colorado School of Mines. Global markets for personal protective equipment is expected to reach USD 33.3 billion by the year 2015. Driven by rising focus to combat terrorism, global markets for respiratory protection equipment is projected to reach USD 3.8 billion by 2012. Importantly, the proposed work also provides the opportunity for social value creation as well as financial profitability. The outcome from overstressed protective equipment is potentially catastrophic; in fact some fatalities have been attributed to the failure of face shield materials. Accordingly, the significance of the proposal includes alleviating human suffering and enhancing National security. In light of persistent hostility by fringe groups committed to violent acts, America`s firefighters and first responders deserve the absolute best protection technology can provide. Developing and successfully commercializing such next-generation protective technology is the goal of this multi-phase SBIR project.

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