alert image
  • The DHS S&T SBIR Portal website will be undergoing scheduled maintenance and will not be available on the following dates and times:
    • 05:00 PM Thursday, June 20, 2019 EDT - 08:00 PM, Thursday, June 20, 2019 EDT
    We apologize for any inconvenience. If you need assistance, please contact the help desk at dhssbir@reisystems.com.

Abstracts of FY05.2 Phase I Awards
Back to Award List

H-SB05.2-001

Company

Menon and Associates, Inc.
12282 Libelle Ct.
San Diego, CA 92131-3845

Proposal Information 0521013 - Hand-Held MENTOR for Biological Threat Material Detection and Identification
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060017
Abstract

Emergency responders require a hand-held instrument in the field for screening specific sites for biological threat materials. In Phase I we will complete a design for an instrument, called MENTOR, which meets the needs and specifications of the emergency response teams. Innovative methods will be used to test electronic and software modules to transition the MENTOR system from a desktop to hand-held system. In Phase II we plan to complete the design and build the final fieldable prototype system. This system will then be tested in collaboration with the emergency response teams, including BioWatch program, in the field. Initial tests using the MENTOR proved that it detects and identifies toxins, bacteria and virus instantaneously. It uses parts that can be made rugged, with miniature modules that can be easily maintained and replaced. Connectivity to the internet allows data downloads and alerts. User friendly software and display enable operating the system in hazardous conditions. MENTOR can be used to monitor areas such as airports, shopping malls, mail, cargo, border and customs.

Company

EPIR Technologies
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440-4881

Proposal Information 0521073 - Handheld Biological Detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060036
Abstract

Colloidal suspensions of quantum dots (QD) offer a novel, inexpensive means of biological-warfare-agent (BWA) detection using compact lightweight systems that may be deployed in a variety of ways, including handheld biosensors. We propose here to design, fabricate and test portable, lightweight, user-friendly, low-logistical-load biosensors capable of automated and rapid BWA detection with high sensitivity and specificity for all classes of bioagents. The standard biofluidic techniques will be augmented with three specialized technologies: (a) QD technology, (b) optoelectronic techniques and (c) fluidic mixing techniques necessary to ensure adequate sampling. The successful technology already developed at UIC will be used to model and characterize experimentally changes in quantum-dot emission spectra as real-time indicators of molecular binding events. The highest priority will be given to detection based on fluorescent resonant energy transfer (FRET), using a dye paired with a QD within the Forster radius near two epitopes. In Phase I these changes will be characterized both experimentally and theoretically for a variety of simulants. Three detector modes will be demonstrated: (1) detection of molecules in the laboratory in colloidal suspensions of QD-engineered-surfactant complexes; (2) detection of analytes in handheld filter-paper-based assays; and (3) detection of analytes in a miniature microfluidic unit employing miniature LEDS and CCDs.

Company

TIRF Technologies
951 Aviation Parkway, Suite 700
Morrisville, NC 27560-9225

Proposal Information 0521110 - Handheld Multianalyte Biosensor Platform
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060033
Abstract

The goal of this project is to develop a handheld biosensor for rapid detection of bioanalytes such as proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, toxins, viruses, bacteria and other molecular targets that represent interest for the biodefense area. We propose to build a rugged device, similar to a palm computer, equipped with a disposable sensor cartridge designed for simultaneous detection of multiple target molecules with sensitivity at the level of single molecule detection. Inexpensive sensor cartridge will have an array of printed receptor molecules and set of reagents for a one-step detection process. For many existing technologies, rate of response is slow, which makes them useless for biodefense applications that need results in several minutes or less. In contrast to currently available technologies that require multiple stages of reagent injection and washing, the envisioned biosensor system is based on a one-stage process that allows detection of molecular signatures in a matter of seconds or a few minutes. Complex samples such as whole blood, saliva, suspensions of cells, and contaminated turbid solutions can be analyzed with no or minimum sample preparation stages. This SBIR project builds upon the experience of the investigators at TIRF Technologies in developing total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) biosensor systems. We have built a benchtop, analytical grade, versatile TIRF biosensor instrument, which detects single biomolecules. In the proposed project we will use our previous experience to develop a handheld multianalyte biosensor with exceptionally low probability of false positive and false negative responses. The proposed technology has the potential to revolutionize many areas that are related to life sciences, including the biodefense potential of the Department of Homeland Security. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the envisioned handheld biosensor, and in Year 1 of Phase II build its upgradeable prototype. During Phase II we will partner with academic groups to test the biosensor on 20-30 bioanalytes. We have in-house facilities for rapid prototyping and small-volume manufacturing. In Year 2 of Phase II, anticipating large demand for the envisioned handheld biosensor, we plan to partner with manufacturing companies to start large-scale production. The envisioned biosensor can find broad application for biodefense, biomedical, environmental and forensic analyses.

Company

Seahawk Biosystems Corporation
3000 Bryker Drive
Austin, TX 78703-1834

Proposal Information 0521118 - Handheld Biosensor using Magnetic Labels and Giant Magnetoresistive Sensors with Fluid Force Discrimination
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060013
Abstract

Seahawk Biosystems is developing a handheld version of the company's Talon Biosensor. The Talon Biosensor is based on the technology developed at the Naval Research Laboratory for multiplexed detection of proteins, bacteria, and viruses, including nucleic acids and toxins. The Talon Biosensor uses magnetic microbeads to label biomolecules captured onto a receptor-patterned microchip that contains a microarray of magnetic sensors. Besides serving as reporter labels, the microbeads allow fluidic force discrimination-greatly reducing background signal-enabling the rapid identification of biomolecules with high sensitivity and specificity. The Talon Biosensor has been adapted for both nucleic acid assays and immunoassays, with unmodified DNA detected at 10fM in <20 minutes and a 2 microgram/mL IgG target detected in a 50 microliter sample in <10 minutes. Seahawk's Talon Biosensor offers numerous advantages over competing systems. Assays use a physical label and chip-based detection (no optics), with no chemistry required other than molecular recognition. The assay and detection platforms are simple and compact, and minimal sample processing is required. Moreover, the use of force discrimination greatly increases the signal-to-background ratio, reducing false positives and increasing the sensitivity. Finally, the approach is extremely flexible, easily adapted to any "sandwich" assay that can be labeled with a microbead.

Company

Investigen, Inc.
750 Alfred Nobel Drive
Suite 109
Hercules, CA 94547-1836

Proposal Information 0521157 - Fast, easy, reliable first responder bioterrorism detection system
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060032
Abstract

The proposed research is to determine feasibility of developing a stable, simple, rapid method of detecting the nucleic acid (NA) from bioterrorism agents. This method would be based on Investigen's novel and elegant "smartDNA" technology. This system utilizes a peptide nucleic acid probe cocktail to produce a rapid color change when probes hybridize to complementary NA sequences. Phase 1 will: 1) demonstrate detection of multiple agents; 2) develop collection hardware and consumables; 3) develop processing hardware and consumables, 4) develop detection hardware and consumables, and 5) validate system performance. With this validation of the feasibility of developing a smartDNA first responder bioterrorism agent detection system, we would develop the system to detect category A bioterrorism agents. The intention is to create a commercial diagnostic assay to detect bioterrorism agents that is so simple and stable that one could be in every locality. Such a test could be used in peripheral locations away from a central lab. This would help response to and may even deter bioterrorism attacks. smartDNA is uniquely suited to situations where there is not easy access to a central lab and a NA test is ideal. These include disease assessment in public health settings and agriculture.

Company

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St.
Suite 100
Austin, TX 78741-7511

Proposal Information 0521237 - Handheld biothreat reader with integrated CMOS disposable
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060035
Abstract

The rapid detection and identification of biological pathogens (biothreat agents, infectious diseases) is of paramount importance for our nation's defense and well being. The vast majority of biological pathogen analysis utilizes immunological binding affinity to pathogen targets as the means for generating a detection signal. Each method possesses an inherent sensitivity that is limited in part by the signal discrimination capabilities of the method and part by the quality of the binding affinity of the capture and secondary antibodies with the target antigen. Reflectance based strip assays serve as the predominent platform employed in commercial and defense consumable pathogen diagnostics. However, strip assays suffer from a number of limitations including the inability to multiplex diagnostic reagents, a lack of electronic recording of the quantitative value of the strip line, and the uncalibrated interpretation of the results from the human observer. The ability to quantify and interpret more senstive results, particularly for first responders, is becoming critical for rapid determination of the ever-looming threat of bioterroism. To this end, Nanohmics proposes to develop a novel disposable device that will significantly enhance the sensitivity and multiplex capabilities over immunochromatographic strip assays and a corollary handheld reading device that will enable a complete system approach for the performance of field diagnostics by first responder personnel.

Company

Arcxis Biotechnologies
18858 Carlton Ave
Castro Valley, CA 94546-2908

Proposal Information 0521268 - BioPhalanx, a hand portable discrete monolithic microarray biothreat detector
Topic Information H-SB05.2-001 - HANDHELD BIOLOGICAL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060031
Abstract

The focus of this proposal is to develop BioPhalanx a rapid, hand portable, robust detection system for multiplexed detection of bio-threats, in harsh environments. We have developed a new method of detection called Combinatorial Probe Analysis (CPA), which provides an exponential increase in detection reliability. This type of analysis will greatly reduce false positives and false negatives; in addition it is reusable and eliminates special storage requirements for reagents. The Arcxis Biotechnologies team has realized specific technical advancements in the optimization of hybridization assays for nucleic acid detection on porous polymer monoliths (PPM). We have further developed the ability to perform rapid and complete solubilisation of viruses, vegetative bacteria and bacterial spores with an ultra high temperature solubilisation protocol. Combining these proprietary technologies provides the ability to perform rapid highly multiplexed analysis of a variety of bioagents, including bacteria viruses, and protein biotoxins. The BioPhalanx system is designed to perform completely automated sample preparation and analysis, in a time frame of five minutes or less. The assay is simple in design allowing users in personal protective equipment to easily operate the system. In all, the proposed BioPhalanx system is robust, simple to use, and addresses the goals of DHS and the first responder community.

Back to top

H-SB05.2-002

Company

Physics, Materials, and Applied Mathematics Research, L.L.C.
1665 E. 18th Street, suite 112
Tucson, AZ 85719-6808

Proposal Information 0521112 - Non-Lethal, Precision Directed Energy for Stopping Uncooperative Vehicles.
Topic Information H-SB05.2-002 - UNCOOPERATIVE VEHICLE STOPPING USING NON-LETHAL METHODS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060015
Abstract

This Phase I proposal is intended to leverage a comparatively developed and new technology that is being funded by the Army. This technology can precisely target a vehicle with the precision of a designator laser and apply a voltage and/or electrical signal, capable of disabling electronics at a distance. It can effectively be considered a non-contact direct-injection electrical system, as well as an ideally-coupled radiative electrical system. The technology has been successfully tested on electronic equipment and is currently being scaled up. We propose this same method to stop uncooperative vehicles with minimal risk to vehicle occupants, law enforcement officers, and the general public. Our Phase I objective is to perform the necessary design and analysis to demonstrate the feasibility of implementing this technique to stop vehicles using patrol-car-based systems as well as with devices that can be deployed from air platforms such as helicopters. All of the pertinent practical considerations will be accounted for.

Company

Engineering Science Analysis Corporation
6105 S. Ash Ave.
Suite A3
Tempe, AZ 85283-5626

Proposal Information 0521187 - Non-Lethal Vehicle Stopping Technology
Topic Information H-SB05.2-002 - UNCOOPERATIVE VEHICLE STOPPING USING NON-LETHAL METHODS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060024
Abstract

Engineering Science Analysis Corporation (ESA) proposes a new stopping technology that is compact, scalable, and easily deployable. None of the current mechanical vehicle stopping technologies meet the requirements for small, portable highly effective vehicle-stopping devices. Any stopping technology must consider the kinetic energy of the vehicle being stopped. This means a large large truck can potentially exhibit more than 10 times the energy of a small passenger car. A stopping device must work over this broad range of kinetic energies. We propose a device that is a significant improvement over the current ensnaring technology in that it is not as sensitive to the kinetic energy of the entire moving vehicle. Our innovation is a small, lightweight, inexpensive device that can be readily deployed by ground-based personnel or from helicopters. Our innovation does not rely on stopping the vehicle by completely ensnaring it, rather, our device is capable of stopping a vehicle by ensnaring the smaller, lower kinetic energy, rotating components beneath the vehicle and rendering them immobile thus immobilizing the entire vehicle.

Company

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108-1639

Proposal Information 0521244 - Modulated Microwave Vehicle Stopping
Topic Information H-SB05.2-002 - UNCOOPERATIVE VEHICLE STOPPING USING NON-LETHAL METHODS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060041
Abstract

Stopping vehicles, which are potential car bomb threats or are simply fleeing a crime scene at high speed allows military and law enforcement personnel added effectiveness. Furthermore, the current option of high-speed pursuit adds almost as much danger as might be avoided if the assailant is subdued. For this reason, many local police forces operating on a purely civilian mandate have stopped authorizing such high-speed pursuit for less serious crimes for the public safety.This solicitation calls for a means for stopping uncooperative vehicles (those that do not intentionally which to stop upon police or military request), which can be exercised safely from pursuit aircraft or automobile. We propose to develop a system that does this by transmitting modulated microwave energy to the target vehicle that is tailored to disrupt the computation functions of the vehicle engine controller, thus stopping the vehicle.

Back to top

H-SB05.2-003

Company

LewTech Company, Inc.
7112 Nighthawk Drive
Fort Wayne, IN 46835-9395

Proposal Information 0521005 - Distributed Buoy Vessel Detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060026
Abstract

Non-cooperative vessel tracking to assess potential threats is becoming increasingly important to the defense of the U.S. coastline and ports of entry; so there is a need to identify and intercept potential threats well before they reach our shores. To support this critical surveillance activity the Phase I Program will establish a relatively low cost, long life, moored buoy based vessel detection / signal processing system concept, that could be readily deployed by Coast Guard or Navy vessels in forward areas as a barrier and have an acoustic detection range of 20NM. The system would provide a communication link to a shore station for sorting and tracking the detected vessels of interest. LewTech Company plans to commercialize the resulting technology from this and the follow-on programs by fully supporting the Coast Guard / Navy Maritime Domain Awareness mission requirements. The critical Phase I work is to development the passive acoustic sensor and the associated signal processing approach that will convert the sensor detections into contact and track reports. This technology will also be readily expanded or used directly in supporting various tactical operations and surveillance systems for such organizations as the DEA, BATFE, NOAA, FBI and Special Forces operations.

Company

Harris Acoustic Products Corporation
141 Washington Street
E. Walpole, MA 02032-1155

Proposal Information 0521039 - Distributed Buoy Vessel detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060025
Abstract

In the war on terror, advanced warnings on unidentified small vessels heading towards the US shores is vital. Such vessels have to be detected while they are still in the open oceans and the situation needs to be assessed in a timely manner before the boats can blend in with coastal traffic. Towards that, Harris Acoustic Products Corporation is proposing a simple and automated deepwater buoy-based small vessel detection system. To be cost effective, such a system should be able to operate unattended for a long period of time and avoid a single point of failure. The proposed passive acoustic detection system will meet such requirements by consuming very low power and will be able to operate either in a stand alone mode or as a node of a distributed system. To provide redundancy, relevant information will be communicated both by satellite and networked radio modems. During Phase-I, basic configuration of such a system will be established along with best methods to detect small vessels in an automated manner. Detailed design and analysis of field data will be carried out in Phase-II. Based on the analysis and experimentation, a prototype will be developed and deployed in Phase-III.

Company

Intellectual Properties, Inc.
113 Castle Drive
Madison, AL 35758-8257

Proposal Information 0521122 - A passive, multistatic, satellite based radar for maritime vessel detection and tracking
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060037
Abstract

The largest border in the United States is not the boundary between the US and Canada or the US and Mexico, but the coastlines. Maintaining security of our territorial waters is essential in the face of an increasingly hostile world. Current maritime security strategy rests on four pillars; awareness, prevention, protection, and, response. Of these, awareness is arguably the most important; however, security is presently dependent on various non-persistent coastal, limited national technical means, limited deployed organic sensors, limited automatic identification systems (AIS), and some ports with vessel tracking systems. There is a pressing need for maritime domain awareness encompassing persistent harbor, coastal and wide area surveillance. IPI proposes a Maritime Passive Multi-Static Moving Target Indicator (MTI) sensor mounted on buoy platforms. Only the receiver/processor portion of the sensor would be aboard since transmitters of opportunity are being utilized eliminating the weight of the transmitter and significantly reducing the power requirements. This makes the proposed sensor lighter, smaller, lower power, and lower cost than traditional sensor systems. It will provide day/night, all-weather capability while also providing the advantages of a passive sensor-i.e. no telltale radiation from the system to allow intruders to detect and possibly avoid the sensor net.

Company

Ocean Power Technologies, Inc.
1590 Reed Road
Pennington, NJ 08534-5010

Proposal Information 0521148 - Distributed Buoy Vessel Detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060029
Abstract

Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. (OPT) "Distributed Buoy Vessel Detection System" addresses the need for a forward-deployed buoy system to detect and track non-cooperative vessels. OPT proposes a network of proprietary passive acoustic sensors and COTS communication equipment, all powered by OPT's proprietary Autonomous PowerBuoyTM. The PowerBuoy can efficiently convert ocean wave energy to useable electricity to provide renewable energy power to the system for extended, unattended deployments. The acoustic sensor array will be developed by Lockheed Martin Undersea Systems and Sensors as a subcontractor to OPT. For the passive acoustic sensor array, two alternatives are presented, a bottom mounted array and a mid-water array. The radio communications link is comprised of COTS equipment, and four specific variations of the communication link are presented in this proposal. Because OPT and Lockheed both have extensive in-ocean experience in this area, the work to be carried out under a Phase I contract would focus on selecting, refining, optimizing and leveraging proven technologies for this application, rather than developing new sensor, power generation, and communication technologies. Phase II will involve an ocean demonstration of a complete prototype system leading subsequently to the full commercialization of the distributed buoy vessel detection system.

Company

Applied Physical Sciences Corp.
475 Bridge Street
Suite 100
Groton, CT 06340-3780

Proposal Information 0521155 - Vector Array Buoy Detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060030
Abstract

Applied Physical Sciences Corp. will develop a distributed buoy detection system using an advanced acoustic receiver. The sonar array will consist of a vertical line of vector hydrophones to maximize gain against unwanted ambient noise and provide 20+nm detection ranges for targets of interest. Additionally the single vector vertical line array will provide target bearing and tracking data that can be correlated with data from other buoys to provide localization and aid in classification. A novel low-power detection system will enable long service life while not sacrificing performance. When triggered, the detector will switch on a computer that will process the vector sensor data to determine if the contact is one of a desired set to track. A satellite link will provide timely, reliable, and low-cost communications with a shore- or ship-based station.

Company

Advanced Acoustic Concepts, Inc.
425 Oser Avenue
Hauppauge, NY 11788-3640

Proposal Information 0521241 - Distributed Buoy Vessel Detection System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-003 - DISTRIBUTED BUOY VESSEL DETECTION SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060027
Abstract

Protection of U.S. coastlines must begin with a front line situated significantly far enough seaward that potential threats to the Homeland can be detected and tracked, allowing enough time to interrogate and intercept if the threat is verified. The team of ACC and Sparton Electronics proposes a low-cost networked buoy vessel detection and tracking system based on the Navy's low-cost directional AN/SSQ-53F passive sonobuoy, manufactured by Sparton Electronics, and the sonobuoy processing software developed for the Navy by AAC. In Phase I, the necessary modifications to the sonobuoy will be determined, and new technologies will be explored to address the extended lifetime, deep water mooring, and ruggedization requirements of the system. The resulting system will be capable of detecting and tracking all surface vessels approaching U.S. coastlines, reporting data back to a central location, and allowing ample time to respond to potential threats. Applications of this system exist in providing a basis to the Navy's modern Sea Power 21 vision for Sea Shield and Sea Basing, as well as a line of defense for the Littoral Combat Ship. Forward deployed threat monitoring for shoreline assets as well as offshore oil platforms and wind farms also can benefit from such a system.

Back to top

H-SB05.2-004

Company

AFCO Systems Development Inc
150 Broadhollow Road
Room 207
Melville, NY 11747-4901

Proposal Information 0521018 - Hardware-Assisted System Security Monitor
Topic Information H-SB05.2-004 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060046
Abstract

AFCO Systems Development proposes a PCI based system security monitor that combines an adaptable and update-capable platform with remote management and the capability to examine the host's memory. The ability to scan the host memory is used to detect an infected computer whose operating system has been subverted. In particular the proposal targets the following types of scenarios: system call interposition, insertion of new system calls, and modification of kernel functions. A major innovation of this solution is its ability to support multiple operating systems with the same hardware. ASD proposes a multiple stage development. The first stage of this hardware development will target a Linux platform with a subsequent phase focusing on Windows. Anticipated Benefits and Potential Commercial Applications - A low cost monitor that will directly address attacks that stem from rootkit technology. - A security monitor that can be integrated, upgraded, extended and configured to monitor different operating systems. - A packet filtering mechanism that is configurable and runs in parallel with the memory monitoring capability. - A remote console solution that will support remote boot and management of a headless server.

Company

Cybernet Systems Corporation
727 Airport Boulevard
Ann Arbor, MI 48108-1639

Proposal Information 0521143 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Topic Information H-SB05.2-004 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060019
Abstract

Rootkits are Trojan horses installed by an intruder that mask changes that have been made in a system after attack. They replace or modify intrusion or other system status detecting applications so that they report a properly functioning system to a systems administrator, when in fact, the system has been compromised. Our solution to this requires designing a Linux based PC add on card that can monitor file access and prevent designated sectors from being written, as well as a memory scanner to catch memory resident rootkits. A GUI tool will allow an administrator to configure the device, which can only be accessed from a USB port. A valuable spin-off would be a bootable CD-ROM rootkit detection and repair tool for Windows.

Company

Ideabuilders
25 Ingalls Terrace
Swampscott, MA 01907-2579

Proposal Information 0521174 - Integrated hardware/software mechanism for system security monitoring
Topic Information H-SB05.2-004 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060043
Abstract

The goal of the proposed work is to develop a hardware device and associated software to allow the memory of a host computer system to be monitored and analysed remotely, even if an intruder has intsalled sotware designed to hide evidence of their activity.

Company

Komoku, Inc.
9601 Baltimore Ave, Suite A-1
College Park, MD 20740-1350

Proposal Information 0521195 - Autopilot - A High Assurance Host Monitor
Topic Information H-SB05.2-004 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060020
Abstract

One of the fundamental goals of computer security is to ensure the integrity of system resources. Because all user applications rely on the integrity of the kernel and core system utilities, the compromise of any one part of the system can result in a complete lack of reliability in the system as a whole. Particularly in the case of commodity operating systems, the ability to place assurance on the numerous and complex parts of the system is exceedingly difficult. The most important pieces of this complex system reside in the core of the kernel itself. While a variety of tools and architectures have been developed for the protection of commodity systems, all have a fundamental flaw - they rely on some portion of kernel correctness to remain trustworthy themselves. In this effort, we will review hardware virtualization and Intel's Active Management Technology to determine if they provide the same level of capability and assurance as an add-in board. Based on our analysis, we will select one of the technologies to port the Copilot software base to provide a low cost and high assurance hardware platform for host (kernel) monitoring.

Company

Kennen Technologies, LLC
209 Dartmouth Drive SE
Albuquerque, NM 87102-2219

Proposal Information 0521240 - Kennen Technologies - Secure Security System Monitor
Topic Information H-SB05.2-004 - HARDWARE-ASSISTED SYSTEM SECURITY MONITOR
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060044
Abstract

Kennen has a patent pending architecture for a semiconductor device that will execute a model driven instance of an abstract algorithm. This invention is relevant to HSARPA`s HASSM objectives because it will support detection of a variety of threat/intrusion models at wire speed, can be securely isolated from attack, is not vulnerable to buffer overflow, and can provide breakthrough detection acuity. This project proposes to: 1) identify typical threat models, 2) verify (through emulation) that the algorithm will detect threats and the likelihood of Type 1 and Type 2 errors (or modifying the models or algorithm), 3) confirm that a semiconductor implementation in 10 months is feasible, 4) outline the commercialization scheme (for further development in Phase II), 5) design the architecture of a an isolated unassailable coprocessor board, and 6) provide a final report about the project and the expected value to society of the DHS investment in this project.

Back to top

H-SB05.2-005

Company

AAC International
60 Mechanic Street
Lebanon, NH 03766-1521

Proposal Information 0521006 - Laser-Based Acoustic Emission Detection for Building Stability Assessment
Topic Information H-SB05.2-005 - METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060028
Abstract

A laser-based acoustic emission (AE) detection device is proposed for structural stability assessment of buildings in order to provide warning of structural instability or pending collapse. It will help to reduce injuries and fatalities during emergency mitigation operations. This new device will take advantage of innovations in laser ultrasonics, artificial intelligence (AI) and advanced acoustic emission technology to provide the user with a unique instant real-time stability assessment of the building structures in-situ, which was not attainable in the past. The research will also result in a unique non-contact AE monitoring device, which will be very useful in many areas of application. The primary objective of the Phase I research is to demonstrate and evaluate under laboratory conditions the concept of the laser device for stability assessment, and to construct a prototype setup for further development and optimization in the subsequent Phase II research. In contrast to conventional visual inspection, the proposed development, if successful, will provide an instantaneous, more accurate and reliable objective assessment for building stability based on scientific parameters detected in-situ. A huge market will be developed in the emergency mitigation and management sector once the product demonstrates its superior function over the visual inspections.

Company

Summit Safety, Inc
94 Jackson Road
#303
Devens, MA 01434-4014

Proposal Information 0521029 - Real-Time System for Stand-Off Measurement of Structural Stability
Topic Information H-SB05.2-005 - METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060034
Abstract

This project will utilize a non-contract ultrasonic sensing system previously developed by Summit Safety, and convert it from an engineering tool to a user-friendly system capable of providing real-time measurement of structural stability and advanced warning of pending collapse. The sensor is capable of measuring very small changes in position (less than a ten-thousandth of an inch) from a standoff distance of over ten feet. The sensor also provides high-resolution measurements of velocity and acceleration. The system incorporates multiple sensors connected by wireless link to a central display unit. Unlike laser-based systems, the ultrasonic system is capable of operating in dense smoke. Phase 1 will focus on the issue of how to best use the system for collapse detection and prediction in different collapse scenarios with specific types of structures utilizing specific construction materials. Phase 1 will also determine the types of information and the preferred manner for displaying that information for the first responders and emergency personnel who operate at a potential collapse site.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0521045 - Structure Health-Assessing Wireless Sensors
Topic Information H-SB05.2-005 - METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060014
Abstract

To address the need for on-the-spot structural stability assessment by emergency personnel, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new wireless stand-off structure integrity monitoring system, Structure Health Assessing Wireless Sensors (SHAWS), based on multimodal remote sensors, a wireless communication module, and handheld receivers. The SHAWS system evaluates the stability of structures by means of multimodal, hybrid sensors in terms of structure displacement, dislocation, and strain changes. The sensors' output signals are transmitted for instant alarm/warning to multiple users through a wireless network. In prototyping the SHAWS system, POC will make use of its customized sensor packages such as an integrated inertial MEMS, optical proximity sensors, and smart material strain sensors, and wireless networking systems. In Phase I POC will demonstrate a functional SHAWS prototype with a testbed, showing that SHAWS can accurately monitor a structure's state-of-health in real time. In Phase II POC plans to develop a packaged SHAWS system and demonstrate full functionality in realistic environments. POC's SHAWS commercial applications include data processing/storage for shipboard sensors, where remote data measurements and updates are required for control and monitoring purposes such as transportation, logistics, equipment tracking and maintenance, and security.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0521101 - Real-Time Holographic Structural Instability Evaluation System
Topic Information H-SB05.2-005 - METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060016
Abstract

To address the need for improved techniques to determine the structural stability buildings and other structures, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Real-time Holographic Structural Instability Evaluation (RHOSIE) system based on novel temporally modulated holography (TMH), with acoustic excitation and highly sensitive rewritable photothermoplastic recording film. The RHOSIE system holographically records and reconstructs the surface vibration pattern as an indicator of material structure stability, characteristic of a material structure that is acoustically stimulated by a transducer. The overall vibration pattern recorded in the holograms can be read out by a CCD camera, and the data processed to extract the high-frequency components resulting from the stress distribution in the material structure of the building. The mapped stresses on the structure can be analyzed to quantify the structural integrity to warn of serious instability or pending collapse. In Phase I POC will design, analyze, and assemble a breadboard prototype to demonstrate the feasibility of RHOSIE. In Phase II we will focus on an optimized, miniaturized, and fully functional packaged portable prototype system for testing and evaluation at a HSARPA selected facility.

Company

Acellent Technologies, Inc.
155 C-3 Moffett Park Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089-1331

Proposal Information 0521179 - Smart Joint system for in-situ monitoring of buildings
Topic Information H-SB05.2-005 - METHODS TO DETERMINE STRUCTURAL STABILITY
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060018
Abstract

Acellent Technologies proposes to develop a smart joint structural health monitoring (SHM) sensor network that can autonomously assess in real time the structural stability of structures such as buildings. The sensor network will use a combination of large and small piezoelectric actuators and sensors to characterize damage in, and monitor the rigidity of components of the building primary structure, and fiber optic temperature sensors to monitor the structural temperature at various locations in the building. Acellent's existing sensor network technology will be used as the basis for the proposed development. Innovations will include a redesigned sensor/actuator arrangement, the integration of fiber optic temperature sensors and software that will provide a map of the structural damage, rigidity and temperature information that will be used to provide a real time assessment of the building structural integrity. An additional development will be to use the piezoelectric sensors to recognize sound and/or voice transmitted through the structure to allow search and rescue personnel to pin-point the location of survivors and determine what they are trying to say through an easy conversion to text messaging. Phase I will focus on preliminary prototyping and technology demonstrations while Phase II will focus on complete system development.

Back to top

H-SB05.2-006

Company

Space Micro Inc.
10401 Roselle Street
Ste 400
San Diego, CA 92121-2256

Proposal Information 0521004 - Innovative Gamma source finding array
Topic Information H-SB05.2-006 - PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060045
Abstract

The high stress situations facing Security Staff responsible for detecting radiological threats to the United States is complicated by the need to identify these threats in complex backgrounds of natural and/or legitimately transported medical and industrial radiation sources. Although the operational constraints vary, a common need is to quickly provide Specific Isotope and Source Location information to enable situational assessment. Considerable gains have been made in developing and deploying the next generation of Isotope Identifiers but no acceptable tool is available outside of the laboratory for accurately and quickly resolving the Source Angular Location without heavy, movable shield material. Preliminary modeling by Space Micro indicates that the capabilities of Lanthanum Halides used in recent Isotope Identifiers coupled with an innovative geometric array and a unique algorithm will exploit the properties of Lanthanum Halides to enable resolving source angular direction to better than 15o. This Phase I proposal is for laboratory confirmation that this predicted angular resolution can be achieved and to provide a technical foundation for product commercialization. Since the scintillation material is commercially available, this approach will facilitate a relatively low risk program to quickly produce field prototypes that meet the performance requirements of our Homeland Defense Operators.

Company

Aguila Technologies, Inc.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078-2631

Proposal Information 0521074 - A Directional Gamma Auto Spectrometer
Topic Information H-SB05.2-006 - PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060021
Abstract

The Government is deploying a growing number of radiation detectors at U.S. borders, ports of entry and other key locations, intended to assist in the detection of a potential terrorist`s nuclear explosive device or radiological dispersal device. The most widely deployed radiation detector products today are radiation "pagers". Such products are unable to differentiate between natural radiation, legitimate and clandestine radioactive materials, resulting in a disturbingly high incidence of false positives. There is a need for a device that can provide radionuclide identification and spatial differentiation in portable unit. This proposal will develop a low-cost, battery-operated handheld radiation sensor with these features. The proposed sensor will allow trained personnel in the field to locate and identify potentially threatening radionuclides. It will differentiate radioactive sources as potentially dangerous or likely benign and provide radioemitter source direction, distance and size information. It is based on pixel array CdZnTe detectors, new multichannel detector readout ASICS, directionally-sensitive elements, state-of-the art high density packaging and novel software and firmware that can deconvolve nuclear spectra to identify myriad combinations of gamma radiation sources.

Company

PHDs
813 Barnhart Street
Raymond, WA 98577-4501

Proposal Information 0521132 - Spectroscopic Imaging Gamma and Neutron Emission Tracker SIGNET
Topic Information H-SB05.2-006 - PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060022
Abstract

Gamma ray and neutron emitting isotopes can be located and identified with the use of a directional gamma ray and neutron detection system having excellent spectroscopic energy resolution. Segmented germanium gamma-ray detectors are the best detectors for such a system. Recent evolutions in germanium detector technology, imaging techniques, electronics, and cryogenics make such a system viable. Together, these developments provide the foundation for a new breed of commercially available, transportable, germanium detector systems with advanced capabilities. We propose to develop the Spectroscopic Imaging Gamma and Neutron Emission Tracker or SIGNET. The SIGNET will be a portable 40 cm x 40 cm x 20 cm instrument containing a mechanically cooled germanium detector system. The SIGNET will display the identity and direction (position) of different radioisotopes in the vicinity of the instrument. The SIGNET will simultaneously determine the presence and direction of neutron sources! The project will bring together fundamental detector physics capabilities to create a portable user-friendly tool for local and federal authorities to better evaluate suspicious situations involving radioactive material. During phase 1, measurements and calculations will provide a detailed design for a prototype SIGNET instrument. We intend to manufacture these instruments in our fabrication facility.

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information 0521177 - Portable, High Resolution Gamma Ray Imaging System for Radioisotope Detection, Localization and Identification
Topic Information H-SB05.2-006 - PORTABLE/TRANSPORTABLE DIRECTIONAL GAMMA RAY AND/OR DIRECTIONAL NEUTRON DETECTORS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060023
Abstract

Preventing the entry of radioactive materials and nuclear weapons into the United States is at a state of heightened urgency in recent years. Detecting and identifying potentially dangerous radioactive sources is difficult and better spectroscopic gamma ray imaging systems would significantly help in securing the borders of the country. The ability of gamma cameras to image radioactive sources provides an inherent advantage in signal-to-noise ratio relative to background. The availability of a low cost, portable and potentially hand held gamma camera with high sensitivity and good energy resolution would give security personnel a powerful tool to detect, image and identify nuclear material. Unfortunately, no existing gamma camera system meets the needs of Homeland Security. To address this, the proposed program combines several state-of-the-art technologies to produce an instrument that will be lighter and perform better than existing systems. The key concept is to incorporate the latest developments in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector design into RMD's RadCAM(TM) video/gamma camera system and state-of-the-art ASICs. This will allow us to make the instrument smaller and significantly lighter while providing substantially improved energy resolution of better than 2% with adequate spatial resolution to locate sources of radiation.

Back to top
Back to Award List