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Abstracts of FY06.2 Phase I Awards
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H-SB06.2-001

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631

Proposal Information 0621009 - Chem/Bio Sensor Network Design Tool (SNDT)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-001 - SYSTEM FOR DESIGNING AND EVALUATING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENT SENSOR NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070084
Abstract

Concerns over chemical and biological weapons motivate interest in "smart" building technologies that incorporate a network of sensors for Chemical and Biological (CB) threat agents. Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) proposes to collaborate with Lagus Applied Technology, Inc. (LAT) to develop and demonstrate a Sensor Network Design Tool (SNDT) for the optimal, rapid and verifiable deployment of CB sensors. Both ANI and LAT bring significant existing capabilities to the proposed effort. The foundation for the development effort will be the CB-PROTECT software for predictive modeling of contaminant migration within complex building structures. ANI will develop Sensor Network Design and CB Sensor Database software modules that integrate with CB_Protect. The SNDT will embody straightforward design protocols to guide an inexpert user through a comprehensive methodology to designate where to install chemical and biological sensors in buildings, transportation hubs or venues like arenas and stadiums. At the end of the Phase I effort, ANI will conduct a field trial of the system to demonstrate proof of concept.

Company

Peerless Technologies Corporation
2300 National Road
Fairborn, OH 45324-2009

Proposal Information 0621035 - Chem Bio Sensor Wizards for Engineering Environment Protection (CB SWEEP)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-001 - SYSTEM FOR DESIGNING AND EVALUATING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENT SENSOR NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070085
Abstract

The purpose of this SBIR effort is to develop a standards based, wizard-driven process for installing chemical or biological sensors in public structures. The wizard will be powered with a knowledge base of sensor information, common commercial building HVAC structures, and environmental information. The system will be built on generalizations in public structure design/layout to reduce time to deploy. The proposed approach consists of building air flow models for the most common HVAC component configurations for each of the following structure types: skyscrapers, commercial office buildings, arenas, convention centers, and closed-roof stadiums. The team's HVAC Engineer and SME will document these models and the team will use them to build the prototype system design. The planned technical approach begins with addressing how sensor networks are currently defined for Biological and Chemical sensors. The team will then construct models for key areas where expertise is typically needed in bio-chem sensor networks on and around buildings, and conduct simulations against these models to capture environmental information. The team will then build a software-based set of wizards to encapsulate the "expert" information for allowing a turn-the-crank system. Finally, the team will develop system metrics and a system test plan to validate its designs.

Company

RhinoCorps, Ltd
1128 Pennsylvania St NE
Ste 100
Albuquerque, NM 87110-0000

Proposal Information 0621059 - Optimized Network Sensing (ONS)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-001 - SYSTEM FOR DESIGNING AND EVALUATING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENT SENSOR NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070086
Abstract

Optimized Network Sensing (ONS) is a Modeling and Simulation Toolset which provides the capability for rapid and cost effective evaluation of currently deployed Chemical/Biological sensor networks or design of new networks. The Phase I effort will demonstarte the feasibility of such a toolset and determine which software modules best optimize the solution. Proven modules will be integrated in a flexible architecture along with data management and a responsive Graphical User Interface. ONS will be usable by a non-expert operator to provide fast and statistically significant recommendations. Future work will evolve the system into first a sensor system management tool and then into an intelligent decision support aide for the operator. ONS will be extensible to virtually any sensor system as it matures. ONS will be built on a proven modeling and simulation backbone called Simajin (simulation + imagination). Simajin is data driven not code driven which provides the adaptability and flxibility needed to sensor network design capability over the spectrum of facilities and circumstances required now and in the future.

Company

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

Proposal Information 0621134 - System for Designing and Evaluating Chemical or Biological Agent Sensor Networks
Topic Information H-SB06.2-001 - SYSTEM FOR DESIGNING AND EVALUATING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENT SENSOR NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070087
Abstract

The current state-of-the-art (SOA) process for designing chemical and biological sensor networks at facilities is slow, expensive, and requires highly skilled subject matter experts to complete. Toyon Research Corporation proposes a radically different approach to the SOA process, which will be faster, more affordable, and accessible to non-expert facility operators. Using the proposed approach will help break down the barriers of cost and subject matter knowledge encountered today by the facility operators in government and commercial sectors. Removing these barriers will better enable the development investments of DHS and private industry in sensor technologies to protect many more critical infrastructure and key asset (CI/KA) facilities. The proposed system consists of a suite of testing technologies, bringing together (1) mature sensors used for HVAC testing and balancing applications, (2) the latest developments in tracer test materials and the detection equipment, and (3) SOA methods for wireless data communication. The test equipment will transmit data wirelessly to a central "nerve center" that presents real-time situational awareness, and also contains algorithms for interpreting and analyzing data "on the fly". The proposed system makes tracer testing less labor intensive, is designed for the stringent environmental conditions characteristic of CI/KA facilities, and will be demonstrated in full-scale buildings within the Phase I or II development cycle. Toyon's broad background in this area makes them well-suited for designing this system. Notable relevant experiences include tracer testing, designing protective architectures for chemical, biological and explosive threats, evaluating CB sensor technologies, designing affordable wireless networks for building applications and developing command-and-control software. Developing this system strengthens Toyon's position as a "one-stop" system architect for designing protective architectures for chemical, biological and explosive threats. Potential commercialization opportunities include any commercial or government CI/KA facility, or organizations such as DHS with the charter to protect them.

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H-SB06.2-002

Company

Diagnostic Biosensors, LLC
1712 Brook Ave. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55414-2422

Proposal Information 0621048 - Plug and Play USB Electronic Reader for Mobile Multianalyte Quantitative Lateral Flow Immunoassays
Topic Information H-SB06.2-002 - MOBILE PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070080
Abstract

Lateral flow strip immunoassay technology is one of the easiest to use for mobile applications because much of the sample preparation and fluid handling stages are built in. These assays are widely used, easy to read, and generally accepted. There are also many analytes that can be detected using immunological and ligand-based techniques. The sensitivity (limit of detection) of these assays, however, is not good. Furthermore, they are not very quantitative, usually providing just a YES - NO result. The proposed mobile assay development will improve the quantitativeness, precision, and multiplicity of the flow strip technology by using integrated magnetic detectors to detect and quantify giardia and cryptosporidium parvum. These detectors offer all of the features that are needed for mobile assays including: 1) low power, 2) rugged, 3) disposable microchip, 4) capability for detecting many spots, 5) highly quantitative, 6) and low background sensitivity. The associated reader will operate using the available USB power (<0.5 Amps, < 5 Volts) and be a little larger than a "thumb drive". This platform offers the fastest way to get high performance assay technology into a Plug and Play mobile format while opening opportunities for continued improvements in sensitivity, precision, and multianalyte capability.

Company

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023

Proposal Information 0621063 - BioAdvise - A Rapid and Fully Automated Biothreat Evaluation Module
Topic Information H-SB06.2-002 - MOBILE PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070081
Abstract

With the increasing number of biological agents that are likely to be used in terrorists' attacks, there is a significant need for an easy-to-use and practical biothreat detection system for homeland security. Lynntech`s fully automated BioAdvise biothreat evaluation module utilizes well-established sample preparation technology and an innovative, rapid, and multiplexed real-time PCR technology in close-loop disposable cartridges to analyze swabs, powders, etc. for biological threats with minimal operator effort. The module is an ideal device for first-responders and the DHS encountering possible biothreats. The disposable cartridges utilize cost-effective microfluidic management components to provide a closed-loop sample analysis without using any external pumps. The entire system can be powered and controlled from the USB interfaces of a laptop computer. During Phase I, Lynntech will demonstrate the microfluidic sample preparation and real-time PCR using Bacillus cereus spores, an anthrax surrogate. Lynntech will also demonstrate the real-time PCR ability to distinguish extracted DNA of Bacillus anthracis, obtained from BEI resources, from non-infective control Bacillus cereus. In Phase II, Lynntech will optimize and prepare a fully functional prototype of the BioAdvise system for evaluation by the DHS. The development of such prototype will help facilitate successful technology transfer to a Phase III commercialization stage.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0621066 - Mobile ELISA-Based Pathogen Detection System
Topic Information H-SB06.2-002 - MOBILE PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070082
Abstract

To address the HSARPA need for a mobile peripheral system capable of performing standard molecular analysis on biological samples from either swabs or liquids for detection of biological threat agents, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop Mobile ELISA-Based Pathogen Detection (MEPAD) system. This proposed device is based on a novel, disposable, microfluidic lab-on-a-chip (LOC) that performs conventional ELISA and is equipped with a unique fiber optic measurement system. The device will be portable, USB-driven, fully-contained, and designed for use by a nonexpert. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MEPAD system by fabricating a disposable LOC for detection of a single pathogen. In Phase II, POC will build a fully miniaturized prototype with integrated signal processing for detection of common pathogens. MEPAD addresses the urgent need for development of a rapid pathogen detection system that can be used by a first responder at the site of an outbreak. Rapid diagnosis using MEPAD and implementation of appropriate measures in a timely manner will save lives. Current methods are labor intensive, require extensive technical expertise, or nonportable equipment. MEPAD system will be the first mobile, easy-to-use, peripheral platform instrument designed to rapidly detect pathogens with high sensitivity and specificity.

Company

Westrack, LLC
3196 Willow Creek Rd
Prescott, AZ 86301-6689

Proposal Information 0621163 - Mobile Peripheral Device for Biological Analysis
Topic Information H-SB06.2-002 - MOBILE PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070083
Abstract

This research effort will lead to the development of a field-portable biosensor that can be powered and operated by mobile electronic devices, such as PDAs or palm-top computers. The need for such a detection system is being driven by the continuing threat of terrorist attacks with biological agents, as well as the need for portable diagnostics for military personnel and first responders. Detecting biological organisms more rapidly will make it possible to prevent wide dissemination of disease and the possibility of a large-scale outbreak. By automating the complicated manual handling steps of current diagnostic techniques, this should greatly simplify the diagnostic/detection procedure. The system will require the initial input of sample, but will perform the rest of the operations automatically. This will create a detection system that can be utilized by non-technical personnel to test for the presence of target organisms that does not require complicated sample preparation. This simplification of the diagnostic process will make it possible for the detection of organisms on-site and will facilitate rapid corrective action to prevent the spread of disease. The diagnostic system will be developed as a "plug and play" accessory that can be easily attached to a variety of existing PDA systems.

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H-SB06.2-003

Company

MCQ INC.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405-1603

Proposal Information 0621027 - Advanced Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) Technologies for Disposable Sensors
Topic Information H-SB06.2-003 - ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070075
Abstract

The proposed SBIR will develop a network of imaging sensors that are extremely small (<12 cu in), lightweight (<8oz), inexpensive ($350) and very low power. The imaging sensors will communicate via a true mobile ad hoc mesh network (MANET) to a small long haul (>50 mi) communications node that will relay data into a TCP/IP network to a serve based graphical user interface. The imaging sensor nodes will perform internal image processing to extract target features. A schema of target features will be developed that is compatible with MANET operation. The sensor nodes will also perform distributed processing of the target features to enhance target identification and provide tracking. System level issues such as covertness, battery life and energy harvesting and environmental hardening will also be addressed. McQ has defined an approach for a Phase I program that will advance the technical concepts that are rooted in our prior research and project areas. McQ has over 15 years of experience with the research, design and development of high performance UGS systems that include imaging systems for border applications. During Phase I we will use our existing resources as a basis for experimentation to support the development of a preliminary design of a disposable imaging sensor node that is tailored for border monitoring applications.

Company

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

Proposal Information 0621078 - Advanced Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) Technologies
Topic Information H-SB06.2-003 - ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070076
Abstract

In border security applications for remote deployment, with no existing infrastructure or roadways as well as areas with dense foliage, a promising technology is the use of unattended ground sensors (UGS). While there has been a great deal of research and development in the areas of UGS and wireless sensor networks (WSN) over the last decade, traditional use of these technologies suffers from either high cost or poor classification performance. Toyon proposes to develop the technology for a hierarchical sensor network including wireless communications and algorithmic capabilities. At the lower level in the hierarchy are ultra low cost trigger nodes, with a single sensor modality, that are responsible for wide area persistent surveillance. At the higher level in the hierarchy are imagery nodes that are responsible for processing detections sent by the trigger nodes. Once an indication that a target may be present, an imager verifies object motion and performs classification. This sensor hierarchy will be supported by custom Toyon wireless communication solutions that meet target metrics of node lifetime and range. Open standard hardware interfaces and data formatting will be used in order to ensure straightforward integration with existing systems. While a promising technology, high cost and poor performance have limited the use of UGS for persistent surveillance in security applications. Traditional deployments of this technology have attempted to increase detection and classification performance by relying on an array of sensor inputs at each UGS. While such multi-modal sensors can improve detection performance, traditional inputs, such as acoustic, suffer from poor classification performance, particularly at significant range. In addition, the inclusion of multiple sensors will negatively impact per node cost, thus dramatically increasing overall expense when hundreds to thousands of nodes are employed. Toyon's approach overcomes these difficulties by using a mixture of UGS nodes. For wide area surveillance we employ a single binary sensor that is only required to form detections. It is the job of a much fewer number of imagery nodes to verify target detections and perform classification. Such an architecture not only overcomes the high costs associated with wide deployment, but dramatically reduces false alarms. Terrain masking and other sources of obscuration are also handled well with the proposed architecture through node communication and cooperative tasking.

Company

TPL, Inc.
3921 Academy Parkway North NE
Albuquerque, NM 87109-4416

Proposal Information 0621085 - EnerPak - an innovative power technology solution for advanced unattended ground sensors
Topic Information H-SB06.2-003 - ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070077
Abstract

TPL proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of its EnerPak power solution for use in unattended ground sensors (UGS) for border security. The EnerPak combines energy harvesting technology with miniaturized electrochemical storage devices to provide a hybrid power source for sensors deployed in remote locations. Our solution uniquely meets the needs of border security UGS and delivers long life (at least 5 years), low cost (<$20 per node), and small size (approximately the size of two standard AA cells). The EnerPak is well suited for use with COTS, ZigBee-compatible wireless sensor nodes, which provide an excellent approach for border control UGS. ZigBee nodes form a mesh network configuration, allowing data to be transmitted node-to-node over great distances with high reliability. Furthermore, in a mesh network consisting of a large number of nodes, many sensors detect a single event eliminating the potential that an intruder can evade detection. Moreover, fusion of data from multiple sensors can reduce the false alarm rate and simultaneously be used to calculate the trajectory of the intruder. In the Phase I effort, the power supply concept will be demonstrated using a COTS, ZigBee-compatible wireless sensor node configured to detect acoustic signals.

Company

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation
6800 Burleson Road
Building # 320
Austin, TX 78744-2306

Proposal Information 0621095 - Advanced Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-003 - ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070078
Abstract

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) proposes an Advanced Unattended Ground Sensor which consists of a suite of ultra low power draw sensors and computer coupled with a frequency hopping transmitter receiver, to form a robust network of sensors using a variable information bridge to shuttle data to the control center. The small, low cost, units consist of two single ended LADAR style "trip wires", with aligned low light CMOS imagers and IR illumination sources. The single ended 30Hz "trip wires" are sized for 1km range and SWIR band for no NVG detection. The LADAR receivers have a 4x1 pixel array, allowing capture of the objects speed, as well as range and preliminary discrimination of falling leaves, blowing weeds etc. These LADAR are coupled with an aligned CMOS imaging cameras, which take an image of the trip wire scene when a trip event is declared. The image is then difference processed from a previously stored image, and the information combined with the exact trip range from the LADAR trip wire to obtain the object size and spatial characteristics. If the object meets preset threat characteristics, those of a vehicle, person or motorcycle, then detection will be declared.

Company

Biophan Technologies, Inc.
150 Lucius Gordon Dr.
Suite 215
West Henrietta, NY 14586-9687

Proposal Information 0621104 - Robust Autonomous Power Generation for UGS Employing High Efficiency Thermoelectrics
Topic Information H-SB06.2-003 - ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070079
Abstract

One of the greatest challenges facing UGS networks is the availability of power to run critical processes. Most current technologies employ off-the-shelf batteries which require replacement every 6mnths or so. Battery replacement in a UGS deployment for border security is not only costly, but in some terrains nearly impossible. Ideally, UGS field components would harness power from the environment by a robust module capable of being emplaced along the entire border without compromising camouflage schemes. Biophan Technologies, Inc. through its thermoelectric division TE-Bio, LLC, proposes to use the waste heat recovery capabilities of its robust high-efficiency thermoelectric materials to utilize natural temperature gradients, greatly extending the lifetime of standard and microsensor motes. In Phase I, Biophan is looking to design a reliable thermoelectric power generation module for the UGS network capable of extending the life of traditional UGS components to two years and completely powering next generation microsensors, eliminating the need for a battery. Thermoelectrics are solid state devices with no moving parts and no chemical reservoirs. They have demonstrated life cycles greater than 30 years. The successful design of a UGS thermoelectric module requires optimization of the thermoelectric serial circuit, heat load considerations, thermal packaging design, weather survivability, as well as mechanical considerations for emplacement modality and handling.

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H-SB06.2-005

Company

21st Century Systems, Incorporated
6825 Pine Street, Suite 141
Omaha, NE 68106-2857

Proposal Information 0621046 - Hierarchical Grid Referenced Normalized Display (HiGRND)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-005 - 3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070066
Abstract

In an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) scenario, the ability for the rescuers to maintain an accurate and comprehensive situational awareness is critical to allow them to maximize their effectiveness in a chaotic and dangerous environment. Timeliness is, of course, paramount to saving lives, and miscommunications lead to potentially unnecessary deaths. 21st Century Systems Incorporated is pleased to propose to research and develop an intelligent real-time display Hierarchical Grid Referenced Normalized Display (HiGRND) System to provide first responders with an intuitive, real-time, and accurate visual representation of the situation and environment. The HiGRND System will use heterogeneous data to develop a volumetric representation of the structure of interest. A distributed system architecture will be implemented to allow for rich visualization using modest hardware and small form-factor equipment, such as that available with modern PDAs. We will leverage our existing 3D rendering engine (based on a commercial gaming engine) and publish/subscribe communication mechanisms to allow for flexible deployment options, scaled appropriately for the capabilities of the available hardware in the field. Three dimensional visualization of structures, tracking of personnel moving through multi-level structures, and characterization of the structure are of particular interest to the DHS, DoD, and law enforcement agencies.

Company

BALFOUR Technologies LLC
510 Grumman Road West
Suite 212
Bethpage, NY 11714-3631

Proposal Information 0621056 - Emergency Responder Tracking and Situation Awareness in a 4D Visualization Environment
Topic Information H-SB06.2-005 - 3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070067
Abstract

To address the needs of emergency responders and incident commanders, a 4-D Emergency Response Tracking System (ERTS) is being developed to provide dynamic situational awareness in locating first responders and assets within building structures in urban environments. The proof-of-concept presentation will demonstrate how 3-D intelligent, interactive visual models of building infrastructure can be produced from 1-D (tabular data), 2-D (floor plans), or 3-D (CAD models) building information, integrated with location sensor(s) inputs tracking people and resources both outside and within the building structure. Structural feedback from first responders is also processed to quickly update the building structure on-the-fly. The incident commander has immediate access to this integrated, geo-referenced situation awareness through an interactive 4D Browser (fourDscape[TM]). Commercially, this 4D ERTS can be deployed to all first responder organizations and corporate departments to provide comprehensive understanding of the emergency situation as it rapidly unfolds.

Company

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3552

Proposal Information 0621072 - Situational Awareness Visualization for Emergency Responder (SAVFER)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-005 - 3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070068
Abstract

Situational awareness is important in all activities that humans do for safety and efficiency reasons. Emergency personal situational awareness is currently limited by the inability to visualize and track the position of responders within a structure by commanders. Commanders are also restricted by the lack of up to the second location information of personal along with important points of interest within the building such as danger points, known victims, and available assets. The proposed SBIR will develop a technology called Awareness Visualization For Emergency Responder (SAVFER) that will take existing architectural design drawings and floor plans of structures and quickly convert them into a format that can then be displayed in a 3D manner to rescuers and commanders alike. SAVER will also allow the real time automatic updating and tracking of emergency personal within a building without the need for human interaction. This technology will be easy to use, scaleable and cross platform portable.

Company

UtopiaCompression Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd.
Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1839

Proposal Information 0621156 - A 3-D Visualization System for Situational Awareness: Identifying, Locating, and Tracking People/Resources in Urban Area Infrastructures
Topic Information H-SB06.2-005 - 3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070069
Abstract

In order to achieve the strategic plan for a more secure Emergency Preparedness and Response system for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), UtopiaCompression proposes to develop innovative 3-D visualization software system for identifying, localizing and tracking people/resources within buildings in urban area infrastructures. The proposed system will not only automatically collect and process available data/information (relevant to the incident site) for generating the building and terrain models, but also accept real-time measurements of people and resources within simulated urban area and building structures and provide an interactive visualization of the integrated information to the incident commanders for situational awareness (on an incident scene). The proposed technologies and software system will greatly benefit DHS by enabling far superior visualization and tracking capabilities within buildings, and will greatly enhance the effective decision making capabilities of incident commanders acting in search, rescue and task assignments. By enabling improved situational awareness to incident commanders regarding the location and infrastructural surroundings of resources, responders and victims during a national disaster or security incident, the proposed technology will greatly increase the effectiveness and speed of rescue operations and interventions, thus saving lives and decreasing costs associated with search and rescue and security related crises.

Company

Kutta Technologies, Inc
2075 W. Pinnacle Peak Rd.
Suite 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027-1219

Proposal Information 0623002 - Innovative 2D/3D Building, Asset, and Resource Tracking Visualization Tool
Topic Information H-SB06.2-005 - 3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070060
Abstract

In this proposal, Kutta capitalizes on existing DOD investments and its own 2D and 3D visualization tools, and leverages the world-renowned computer graphics department at Arizona State University (ASU). This prior work experience and knowledge allows the team to build a resource and asset tracking tool for incident commanders with powerful 2D and 3D visualization capabilities. Kutta and its prestigious partners, including ASU and the entire Tempe, Arizona Fire Department, use a proven software engineering methodology to derive the set of functionality and built-in features for the visualization tool. Based upon the functionality assessment, Kutta leverages its experience in architecting and designing highly-reliable, component-based, software with very user friendly interfaces to build a prototype device. The Phase I effort culminates in a demonstration that allows an operator to plan, track real and simulated resources, and annotate objects in 2D and 3D building environments. At the end of the Phase I effort, Kutta delivers a system and software requirements document and a list of "must have" functionality for the development of the visualization tool under a Phase II effort.

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H-SB06.2-006

Company

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555

Proposal Information 0621050 - Developing Incident Scenarios Automatically for Simulation-based Training for Emergency Responders (DISASTER)
Topic Information H-SB06.2-006 - AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070070
Abstract

Given recent man-made and naturally occurring catastrophic events such as the terrorist attacks on 9/11 and the effect of Hurricane Katrina, it is apparent that an emergency responder's ability to successfully manage and mitigate critical incidents is becoming of increasing importance. Training through live exercises is burdened by limits on availability as well as high costs in financial and personnel resources, restraining the emergency responder's ability to prepare effectively. Simulation-based training has been recognized as a key enabling technology to assist in this effort, however, scenario construction remains a time and resource consuming element of simulation-based exercises requiring both the involvement and interactions of the training and software engineering staffs. To address this issue, we propose to design and prototype a system for Developing Incident Scenarios Automatically for Simulation-based Training for Emergency Responders (DISASTER). DISASTER incorporates a scenario development environment that allows training staff to leverage existing scenario templates to construct high-level scenario objectives. A script generation engine then utilizes automated planning systems to flesh out the scenario, producing a rich representative scenario that can then be instantiated within simulation-based training systems for enhanced emergency responder training.

Company

Continuity Solutions, LLC
10700 Parkridge Blvd Suite 410
Reston, VA 20191-5418

Proposal Information 0621096 - Rapid Scenario Training and Evaluation for Responders (RaSTER) Tool
Topic Information H-SB06.2-006 - AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070071
Abstract

Continuity Solutions (CS), LLC. proposes to apply our experience and capability in developing scenario scripting tools for training to ensure the Department of Homeland Security is prepared to decisively perform in demanding situations. CS proposes a holistic, easy-to-use approach to comprehend and evaluate emergency preparedness requirements and associated responses. Our approach extends the traditional table-top paradigm by allowing rapid integration of capabilities beyond organic facilities, personnel, and supply chains. CS proposes to develop a system that will: Apply an intuitive user interface to rapidly develop scripted scenarios to train emergency responders; Link diverse functions, infrastructures and entities internal and external to the DHS chain of responsibility; Create a state-of-the-art Web Services Oriented Architecture allowing web based collaboration and participation; Coherently inter-link data across diverse issues, infrastructure and functions; Leverage state of the art advances in architectural modeling and simulation.

Company

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90066-3118

Proposal Information 0621123 - ActionBuilder(TM): Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems
Topic Information H-SB06.2-006 - AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070072
Abstract

PROJECT SUMMARY To make simulation-based exercise development efficient, it is important that scenarios be developed and executed "on-the-fly" in an automated fashion with minimal reliance on software personnel. To this end, what is needed is an intelligent scenario/script building capability that enables training personnel to rapidly assemble and "test-drive" incident scenarios, and that can be smoothly integrated with simulation-based training systems. This capability can then serve as the executive agent, and be a critical component of simulation-based training systems. This project is concerned with the development of an automated scenario/script builder that is: graphical; compliant with current web/software standards; employs non-proprietary implementation with open interfaces for ease of integration; and capable of workflow monitoring and execution simulation. Phase I of this effort is concerned with developing a prototype of this system to provide convincing technical evidence that the innovative scenario/script builder does exhibit the requisite graphical workflow design and execution capability. ANTICIPATED BENEFITS/POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS The scenario/script builder will be interoperable with third party simulation-based training systems for emergency preparedness and response training exercises. Potential military and commercial applications include incident management and response, emergency preparedness, and crisis action planning and execution.

Company

Rite-Solutions, Inc.
110 West Broad Street, 1st Floor
P.O. Box 1060
Pawcatuck, CT 06379-1828

Proposal Information 0621189 - Intelligent Automated Scenario/Script Builder
Topic Information H-SB06.2-006 - AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070073
Abstract

Simulation-based exercises offer a cost-efficient and effective method of training as opposed to live exercise participation. The use of simulation provides the advantage of capturing and analyzing consequences of decisions made by crisis management personnel. With a growing need for more simulation-based exercises, there is a corresponding need to develop scenarios quickly and easily. The critical problem is to allow the training staff to rapidly develop and change scenarios with little dependence on the software engineering staff. We propose an innovative solution that graphically allows trainers to build scenario scripts from a large, constantly growing repository of scenario building blocks. These building blocks will have embedded intelligence and are self-assessing, allowing for the prompt development of scenarios of any level of complexity and providing immediate feedback. Scenarios can be continually modified and analyzed using intuitive visual tools, without ever involving the software staff. Our innovation will operate as an executive agent to automate the generation of scenario scripts and facilitate interfacing with existing training systems through a system of protocol translators. The intelligent scenario builder will greatly reduce the time and staff needed to develop and modify scenarios, while leveraging existing training systems and generating meaningful feedback to scenario participants.

Company

Quimba Software
795 Folsom St
1st Floor, #1006
San Francisco, CA 94107-0000

Proposal Information 0621200 - Model-Driven Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems
Topic Information H-SB06.2-006 - AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070074
Abstract

We propose to create a system to facilitate timely, efficient, and cost-effective training of Emergency Responders. In particular, we are focused on aspects of training that are the difficult or expensive for repeated live scenarios, such as national or multi-jurisdictional response as well as CBRNE response, each of which could involve military-civilian collaboration.

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H-SB06.2-007

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information 0621021 - High Quantum Efficiency, Fast Detectors for the Readout of Scintillators for Gamma-Ray Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.2-007 - HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00042
Abstract

Gamma-ray spectrometers consisting of inorganic scintillators coupled to optical detectors such as photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) are an important element of the systems that are used to monitor and prevent the spread of special nuclear materials. Two very important requirements for the scintillation detectors used as gamma-ray spectrometers in homeland security monitoring include high sensitivity and high energy resolution. New, bright scintillators such as cerium doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3:Ce) exhibit very energy resolution. The energy resolution of LaBr3:Ce with PMT readout is at present limited by photoelectron statistics. The quantum efficiency of even the best PMTs over the emission spectrum of LaBr3:Ce (340-450 nm region) is quite low (about 20-30%). As a result, the low PMT quantum efficiency is one of the main factors that limits the energy resolution of LaBr3:Ce scintillators at present. As a result, the goal of the proposed project is to design, build and evaluate advanced, silicon based photodetectors that have very high quantum efficiency for scintillator readout and are also fast and compact.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0621057 - Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Gallium Nitride Detector
Topic Information H-SB06.2-007 - HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00043
Abstract

In response to the HSARPA need for the development of high quantum efficiency, fast photon counting detectors to read UV/visible light emitted by scintillators under gamma radiation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Gallium Nitride (MISGaN) detector that will have high sensitivity in the UV region for use with cerium-doped crystal scintillator materials for gamma radiation detection. The solid-state, time-gated MISGaN will operate at lower voltage, have high sensitivity in the UV/blue region, cover a much larger area (3-5 in.) and be producible with a lower cost than vacuum photomultiplier tube (PMT) detectors, and will be rugged and shock and magnetic field insensitive. In Phase I POC will build and test a prototype based on commercially available GaN layers on 2 in. wafer substrates to show the advantages of MISGaN over PMTs. The Phase II MISGaN prototype will be fabricated on a base of 4-5 in. wafers. Complete detectors will be assembled with a charge sensitive amplifier. Readout electronics will be assembled at POC with detectors in a portable housing, and the engineering prototype will be demonstrated at POC facilities with a Ce-doped scintillator and test gamma source.

Company

Voxtel, Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way
Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005-1782

Proposal Information 0621070 - High Quantum Efficiency Fast Detectors for Readout of Scintillators for Gamma Ray Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.2-007 - HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00044
Abstract

High quantum efficiency (QE), fast (<20 nsec.) silicon APD detector will be optimized for the blue (e.g., 340-400 nm) optical radiation emitted by scintillators under gamma irradiation. The APDs have been designed to be highly manufacturable, with low dark count rates, high uniformity, nanosecond-scale temporal response. In Phase I, through a set of orthogonal designed experiments, the silicon APD array will be optimized for both the performance specifications required of gamma cameras as well as for high manufacturing yields. Candidate devices will be coupled with existing 2.5 GHz, low noise (20 e- rms) amplifiers, and the characteristics of the device, with and without coupling to LaBr3, will be measured. In Phase II, we will perform full reliability testing on the devices, and a fully functional high-performance gamma camera will be manufactured and its performance verified.

Company

AGILTRON,INC
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003

Proposal Information 0623003 - High Quantum Efficiency Fast Detectors for the Readout of Scintillators for Gamma Ray Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.2-007 - HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00045
Abstract

Agiltron proposes to demonstrate a breakthrough detector for readout of scintillators for gamma ray detection that overcomes the quantum efficiency and high voltage limits of current PMTs and APDs. It holds the promise to improve the current scintillator detector resolution by at least 30 percent without the need for a high voltage power supply, and can be fabricated at a low cost. This new photomultiplier detector possesses many unique attractive properties that do not exist in any existing readouts for nuclear radiation detectors, such as PMTs, APDs. The Phase I work will demonstrate a detector element with high quantum efficiency, high gain at ultra low bias voltage, and, integrated with the scintillator crystal, the spectral resolution for gamma ray detection. A fully functional device will be developed in Phase II.

Company

Aymont Technology, Inc
27 Kent Street, Suite 105A
Ballston Spa, NY 12020-1543

Proposal Information 0623004 - GaP Avalanche Photodiodes for Radiation Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.2-007 - HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00047
Abstract

In this Phase I DHS STTR proposal submitted in response to Topic H-SB06.2-007, Aymont Technology, Inc. and University of Virginia will develop gallium phosphide (GaP) avalanche photodiodes (APD) with high quantum efficiency (QE>50% at 360 nm in Phase I), high gain (>100000), and high speed (2 GHz bandwidth). This Phase I effort will build upon previous work in the Campbell group that demonstrated the efficacy of GaP APDs for blue to near UV wavelengths. The response of these APDs will be tailored to match the LaBr3: Ce3+ response to 662 keV gamma radiation. A detailed commercialization plan will also be developed in Phase I. The Phase II effort will inprove gain to 1000000 and QE to 70% by using more advanced APD design concepts, demonstrate the APD capability in a radiation detection application, and ready this technology for commercialization. Replacement of photomultiplier tubes with GaP APDs for use with LaBr3: Ce3+ scintillators will greatly improve the detection of small amounts of nuclear material in homeland security applications, environmental monitoring, as well as for law enforcement and regulatory agencies.

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