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Abstracts of FY06.1 Phase II Awards
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H-SB06.1-001

Company

Aerosol Dynamics Inc.
935 Grayson St.
Berkeley, CA 94710-2640

Proposal Information 0612022 - Aerosol Collection into Low Analysis Volumes
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070117
Abstract

Detection systems for aeropathogens require the concentration of airborne particles from large volumes of air into small volumes of liquid. This proposal addresses this need through droplet encapsulation of airborne particles, with subsequent capture into a microliter-sized collection reservoir. Droplet encapsulation is accomplished through our company's proven, patented growth tube technology whereby a region of water vapor supersaturation is created in a thermally diffusive, laminar flow. No steam or temperature extremes are required. Flow lines are smooth, facilitating the transport of coarse particles. It provides efficient capture of particles in the small-submicrometer size range, as is needed for virus detection. The collection step is gentle, and non-drying, to yield a concentrated yet viable sample. A 100L/min collection system will be constructed to provide collection into a 300 microliter liquid volume. The size-dependent collection efficiency, internal losses and efficiency of elution will be measured over the size range from 0.2 to 10 micrometre using inert liquid and solid particles. The final prototype system will be tested with bare and agglomerated bacterial spores with assessment of collection efficiency, viability, and suitability for PCR analyses.

Company

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr.
5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805-1926

Proposal Information 0612025 - Novel Electrostatics-based Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection in Small Analysis Volumes
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080034
Abstract

Current biodetection systems first collect airborne pathogens in a liquid, followed by detection While aerosol sampling technologies have been driven to protecting larger spaces, requiring large liquid collection volumes (several ml), state-of-the-art biosensors have been moving to ultra-low sensitivity needing only a very small fraction (few ml) of this collection volume. This mismatch leads to decreased assay sensitivity, increased probabilities of false alarms and increase in logistical burden. Addressing this issue, our overall objective is to design and demonstrate a novel electrostatics-based sampler that captures agent containing particles into order of magnitude smaller collection volumes that can then be processed directly by sensors. In Phase I, a novel electrostatics-based air-to-air aerosol concentrator was conceived, fabricated and demonstrated to be capable of concentrating particle over multiple orders of magnitude. Electrospray-based volumetric capture of focused particles was also demonstrated to hold great promise for highly efficient scrubbing of particles within the small volume constraints. During Phase II, these individual components will be further optimized and subsequently integrated along with COTS components to develop a sampler prototype. The sampler prototype will be challenged with both simulants and selected threat agents. Our unique development approach synergizing state-of-the-art simulation-based design with advanced prototyping and experimental testing, along with the experienced team assembled, minimizes technical risk and accelerates development cycles.

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H-SB06.1-002

Company

AGILTRON,INC
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003

Proposal Information 0612018 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Topic Information H-SB06.1-002 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070140
Abstract

We propose to supply an improved version of our recently demonstrated trace explosive detection technology. This technology is comprised of a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sampling chip, a highly efficient air collection design, and a low cost Raman signal detection technique for trace peroxide-based explosive detection. This novel approach overcomes intrinsic limitations of current detection technologies. The proposed approach leverages the leading-edge micro-optical component development and manufacturing technology of Agiltron and extensive experience in nano-material engineering within the research group headed by Prof. Vladimir V. Tsukruk at Georgia Institute of Technology. Our novel sampling chips feature high detection sensitivity, fast data collection (second or subsecond), and reproducibility that are not yet attainable by alternate technologies. The proposed sampling cell will be compatible with current commercial Raman probes as a direct "ADD-ON" module and enable much faster detection speeds, much higher sensitivity, and much shorter collection times than those of the state of the art systems. Agiltron also proposes to design and prototype an extremely low cost (< $2K) SERS explosive sensing system with real-time response and very low false alarm rate (< 1%). In this program, Agiltron will design, build, and commercialize these trace peroxide based explosive sensing systems.

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H-SB06.1-003

Company

Excellims Corporation
20 Main Street
Acton, MA 01720-3575

Proposal Information 0612008 - TRACE DETECTION WAND - SAMPLING AND DETECTING EXPLOSIVES CLOSER TO THE SOURCE
Topic Information H-SB06.1-003 - ENHANCED EXPLOSIVE SAMPLE COLLECTION AND/OR PRECONCENTRATION SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070141
Abstract

Recently, trace detection and imaging portal systems have begun to be deployed into airport check points and other high threat facilities, to meet the need for detecting explosives on people. In this project, we propose a sample collection method that is similar to the one used in trace portal systems; however, instead of using large scale air handling systems to release, collect, and transport samples to the detector, we bring the collector and optionally the detector closer to the targeted explosive residues. Just as handheld metal detectors are used to detect weapons on selectees and after walkthrough metal detector alarms, the proposed trace detection wand may be used to resolve alarms generated by the trace portal or imaging systems. In addition, at checkpoints where there is not sufficient space or the necessary throughput for portal systems to be deployed, the trace detection wand can be used with a detector, in place of large and expensive portal systems. The proposed trace detection wand is designed to release particles and vapors from cloth, preconcentrate both particles and vapors in the wand, and then detect them with an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) in a few seconds.

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H-SB06.1-004

Company

Vista Research, Inc.
2231 Crystal Drive, Suite 515
Arlington, VA 22202-3711

Proposal Information 0612002 - Smart Sensor System for a Southern Border Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080045
Abstract

Vista Research proposes to deploy and test a baseline implementation of the "Smart Sensors" system evaluated under Phase I and measure the system performance within the context of the Southern Border environment. The Smart Sensors system concept combines low-cost, COTS sensor systems with advanced digital signal processing technologies and algorithms with the aim of providing automated, high-performance wide area search and target discrimination to the U.S. Border Patrol and other government entities. As an option to the main task proposed under Phase II, Vista will also: a.) extend the range and robustness of the system through hardware upgrades, b.) improve the sensitivity and reliability of the system through algorithmic and software upgrades, and c.) realize rapid gains in performance through two additional field experiments that will leverage the lessons learned and insights gained through "real world" experiences in the Southern Border environment. Vista Research anticipates that by the end of Phase II sufficient progress will have been achieved that a fully integrated, real-time operational Smart Sensors capability can be rapidly prototyped, tested, and productized under Phase III, with the goal of pursuing actual deployments within the setting of the Southern Border security infrastructure as soon as possible.

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H-SB06.1-005

Company

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466-1311

Proposal Information 0612001 - Microsensor for the Detection of Humans in Cargo Shipping Containers
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070121
Abstract

Project Summary: This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project is aimed at developing a wireless microsensor for the detection of humans in cargo shipping containers. During Phase I, feasibility of the proposed microsensor was successfully demonstrated. In Phase II we will conduct detailed studies to refine the performance of the microsensor. The microsensor will be configured for independent operation, yet with sufficient flexibility to be integrated and/or communicate wirelessly with the Advanced Container Security Device (ACSD). Two fieldable prototype microsensors will be made available to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), as well as to sensor manufacturing partners, for independent evaluation of the performance of the microsensor. Anticipated Benefits and Potential Commercial Applications: The microsensor will be an important tool in the hands of law enforcement agencies for the reliable detection of stowaways in cargo shipping containers. A small, reliable, low-power-consuming, long life and inexpensive ($150 for quantities larger than 5000) cargo shipping container monitor could prevent illegal transportation of humans and make our nation safer. In addition, the potential commercial applications for the proposed microsensor could include: - Environmental applications; - Medical applications; - Agricultural and Bio-related processes - Food packaging and - Brewing and Carbonated drink industries.

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631

Proposal Information 0612003 - Gated Metal Oxide Sensors for Human Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070147
Abstract

An essential component of an Advanced Container Security Device (ACSD) system is a low cost, low power, chemical sensor that reliably detects humans hiding in cargo shipping containers. In a Phase I SBIR effort to address this need, Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) has developed a solid state sensor to detect changes in oxygen and carbon dioxide levels that occur due to human respiration. ANI has established proof of concept that the technology is sufficiently sensitive to enable rapid, accurate, and reliable detection of humans in a closed container. Building on the Phase I technical results ANI will focus Phase II development efforts on producing a fully qualified, low-cost, low power human detection sensor. A significant portion of the Phase II effort will involve application testing of the human detection sensor with strategic development partners that develop or use ACSD technologies. ANI will design and fabricate sensor modules specific to each of its development partner's electrical, mechanical and communications interface requirements. The feedback from field testing will be combined with data from laboratory testing to establish functionality and resilience to harsh environments in which intermodal shipping containers operate.

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H-SB06.1-006

Company

Pictometry International Corp.
100 Town Centre Drive
Suite A
Rochester, NY 14623-4260

Proposal Information 0614021 - Department of Homeland Security, SBIR Topic Number H-SB06.1-006, Real-time Airborne data Management System (RAMS)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080046
Abstract

The team of Pictometry International, Harris RF and ITT Space Systems has provided a high level design and a capabilities demonstration for Phase I for the near real-time remote sensing data collection system: Real-time Airborne data Management System (RAMS). The system will utilize a varied suite of deployable receivers in the field based on diverse emergency response sensor needs. The objective of this Phase II effort will be to develop a commercially viable scalable system that can be used for disaster response, with special emphasis on large hurricane scenarios. The team has addressed the following in Phase II: - Developing mobile receive units and devising a solution to quickly deploy them in a disaster zone where infrastructure is destroyed - Automating flight planning so that aerial assets can be more effectively deployed - Processing data on the aircraft as part of the sensor technology - Downloading large data streams from the aircraft to the mobile units in an efficient fashion - Quickly disseminating the data from the mobile units to multiple remote locations based on the requirements of each location - Providing a command and control function to track aerial and ground assets and to redeploy based on emerging priorities

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H-SB06.1-007

Company

Dolphin Technology, Inc.
474 Phoenix Drive
Rome, NY 13441-4911

Proposal Information 0612009 - Secure Inter-organizational Network Boundary Assurance Devise (SINBAD) Phase II
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070112
Abstract

This effort proposes to design, develop and productize the Secure Inter-organizational Network Boundary Assurance Device (SINBAD). SINBAD will leverage capabilities and lessons from guard technology to yield an enhanced boundary control and inspection capability suitable for Homeland Security organizations exchanging inter-organizational email with attachments. It will 1) prevent improper disclosure of an organization's sensitive information and 2) protect an organization's IT infrastructure from outside penetration. Instances of SINBAD will be installed between an organization's internal network and existing firewall. The SINBAD design will be modular and extensible thus able to leverage software inspection capabilities developed by 3rd parties within an affordable yet secure network appliance. SINBAD will rely on an SE-Linux Operating System in order to secure the operating. SINBAD will be packaged as a preinstalled 1-2U device allowing it to easily be connected to a network, configured and made operational. Essential SINBAD capabilities will include: Virus detection, PuriFile(RM) scanning, in depth file type verification, sender/receiver validation (to include digital signatures should PKI exist within the organization), enforcement of port-address restrictions, malicious code detection, dirty word checking, content screening based on semantic distance, remote administration, feedback and quarantine of denied transfers, crisis override, and an easily configured XML-based policy model which is stored in a backend database.

Company

Trident Systems Incorporated
10201 Fairfax Boulevard, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030-2222

Proposal Information 0612015 - Cross Domain Controller
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070127
Abstract

The current, dominant approach to implementing secure boundary controls across networks for information exchange is the use of secure Guards. This technology consists of a separate computer system using a trusted operating system and hosting the guarding software and appropriate filters. By definition, the use of a Guard requires that networks be defined as "high side" and "low side" and the Guard system itself must reside within the "high side" domain. While this approach satisfies Department of Defense and Intelligence Community requirements, it has proven to be unworkable and cost prohibitive in the commercial network environment. Trident Systems proposes to leverage the existing technologies from the distributed computing research community and Trident expertise with cross-domain collaboration to develop the Cross Domain Controller (CDC). The CDC will be installed on each network and will eliminate the need for traditional Guard systems. It will provide a secure execution environment for cross-domain information exchange by enforcing the domain specific policies. The CDC system will provide services required to secure the communication medium (authentication, confidentiality, and access control) and capabilities to manage and customize security policies. Additionally, Trident Systems will leverage open source products where possible to minimize the cost for end users.

Company

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3552

Proposal Information 0615001 - Logical Network Boundary Controller (LNBC)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number D07PC75181 (formerly NBCHC070119)
Abstract

The Department of Homeland Security and other government law enforcement agencies have identified the need for a technological capability for getting mission critical and time-sensitive information to people who need it in a secure and timely fashion. The traditional approach to implementing secure boundary controls across networks relies on strict physical separation of networks. The approach of using trusted operating system platforms and automated guards has proven to be unworkable for multimedia applications and cost prohibitive for most civilian environments. During Phase I of this STTR, Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) and the University of Minnesota defined an innovative technology called Logical Network Boundary Controller (LNBC) that will cost-effectively distribute information to multiple security domain users across multiple physical networks without compromising the security of the data. The technology will facilitate secure cross-domain collaborations for both synchronous (e.g. audio/video conference, chat) and asynchronous (e.g. document sharing, email) applications. Based on the confirmed feasibility, during the proposed Phase II effort, the team will implement a full prototype of LNBC to provide a low-cost solution for cross-domain information sharing in a variety of digital media for Homeland Security as well as other civilian operations.

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H-SB06.1-008

Company

Endeavor Systems, Inc.
1420 Spring Hill Road, Suite 600
Mclean, VA 22102-3006

Proposal Information 0612013 - Inline Botnet Extraction And Response
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number D07PC75274 (formerly NBCHC070120)
Abstract

Inline Botnet Extraction And Response (iBEAR) is a holistic solution of addressing botnets with collection, analysis, and prevention capability. The iBEAR is built on the success of our phase I research of botnet collection. Collection of malware is done through decoy and inline network prevention system to capture target malware and scanning malware without risking the end systems. A hybrid analysis approach uses both Pattern Recognition and Control Flow Graphs (CFG) to determine invariant attributes of the malware communications. The system then implements prevention rules to deny any botnet communication. While excited about our high quality botnet collections being used in Microsoft MSRT, Live OneCare and Window Defender, Endeavor proposes to develop a robust, automated iBEAR which is capable of handling large volume of botnets. Leveraging the FirstLight infrastructure, the generated signatures from iBEAR can be distributed globally across organizations.

Company

HBGary, Inc.
6900 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 706
Chevy Chase, MD 20815-6114

Proposal Information 0612014 - Enterprise Botnet Detection and Mitigation System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080048
Abstract

Since botnets have both host and network components, detection must occur from both hosts and the network. A problem is that network management systems have no visibility of hosts, and host detection systems have no visibility of the network. Network management systems generate mountains of data that overwhelm network security administrators. Many host-based products use signatures to detect viruses and spyware, but stealthy malicious bots are not being detected. More flexible behavioral based host detection systems are emerging, but these products require frequent modification, have variable accuracy performance, and are limited to endpoint awareness, so they do not add to enterprise-level awareness. HBGary intends to develop a botnet detection system that automatically collects host and network evidence from all over the enterprise and reasons over that evidence as would a subject matter expert to determine if botnets are present. Essentially, the system will automate the analysis and conclusions of subject matter experts. The system will instruct the security response team operator on what actions to perform. The system will also provide a human analyst the ability to "drill down" to forensically analyze the threat.

Company

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North
Waterford, CT 06385-1209

Proposal Information 0612016 - Botnet Detection and Mitigation
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number D07PC72589 (formerly NBCHC070124)
Abstract

This Phase II effort will develop a functional prototype of DMnet, a distributed botnet detection and mitigation system. Our Team will develop and integrate state-of-the-art research in ontology, data fusion, data mining, and data warehousing into DMnet nodes. These nodes will be distributed throughout a network and will work together in a "trusted grid" to provide increased cyber awareness for botnet detection and mitigation. This system will be sensor-neutral facilitating the integration of current and emerging sensor technology. The prototype will incorporate multiple algorithms for classification and correlation, a unique ontology, and an innovative user interface. We will create a threat management mechanism to evaluate collected events, provide for mitigation, and will develop recommended operating policies and procedures for DMnet users. Commercial Application. Current network prevention, intrusion detection, and prevention applications tend to be single scope rather than integrated. DMnet represents a convergence technology that will integrate security operations into a single system to minimize losses from the distributed threat of botnets. This technology is immediately applicable to federal Government cyber security efforts, large network operations, ISPs, and security management solution providers.

Company

Milcord LLC
1050 Winter Street Suite 1000
Waltham, MA 02451-1406

Proposal Information 0615002 - Botnet Analytics Appliance (BNA)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070126
Abstract

Recent reports indicate the activity of more than 6,000 botnet C&C servers. 70 million zombies are responsible for 80% of SPAM. Given the exponential growth of the botnet threat, the security of our nation's cyber infrastructure demand automated botnet activity monitoring solutions. In Phase I, Milcord developed a feasibility prototype of a "Bayesian Activity Monitor for Botnet Defense". We developed: indicators for measuring botnet behavior, mechanisms for capturing and analyzing packet content to detect bot commands, blacklist interfaces, and a set of Belief Networks that fuse network indicators, DNS data, and bot commands in order to detect and classify botnet behavior. Our results have in general shown the feasibility of learning and predicting botnet behavior at the network level, and blacklist membership in DNS queries. In Phase II, we propose to develop a full-scale prototype of a Botnet Analytics Appliance (BNA) that leverages botnet intelligence contextual knowledge and integrates with Security Event Management platforms, and transition this technology to commercialize use. The development of our Phase II prototype will not only leverage contextual knowledge obtained from real-time aggregated botnet intelligence data and cybersecurity infrastructures but also contribute to the botnet community knowledge base enhancing DHS cyber security mission.

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H-SB06.1-009

Company

BALFOUR Technologies LLC
510 Grumman Road West
Suite 212
Bethpage, NY 11714-3631

Proposal Information 0612006 - fourDscape[TM] Automated Situation Awareness (ASA) System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070145
Abstract

Balfour Technologies is developing a deployable fourDscape[TM]-based Automated Situation Awareness (ASA) System that effectively manages large, distributed surveillance sensor suites and delivers to the user a correlated, integrated, seamless view of extensive areas under surveillance in an interactive 4D browser. During Phase I of this project a scalable system architecture was developed and successfully demonstrated with live, interactive fourDscape[TM]-based demonstrations. In Phase II we will develop a deployable system prototype based on this architecture. The prototype system will process, analyze and correlate a variety and multitude of sensor data feeds, such as video and radiological, extract objects of interest and develop for the user a temporal-spatial view of the area to provide comprehensive situation awareness in a single canvas. This surveillance management system will be deployed in at least two significant sites in the U.S., which will facilitate the enhancement of the prototype system based on user feedback and lessons learned in a real world environment. By the end of Phase II we will have a field-tested system ready for the commercial, government and military homeland security market, with the potential to be deployed at every critical infrastructure location and sensitive security area in every agency, utility, city, county and state in the country and along our borders and ports of entry.

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H-SB06.1-010

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631

Proposal Information 0612010 - CNT-Based Gas Ionizer to Replace Radioactive Sources
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00086
Abstract

The aim of this SBIR program is to develop a CNT based gas ionization source to replace radioactive 63Ni beta emitter sources used in ion detection instruments, cost effectively and without performance offsets. In Phase I, ANI worked with development partner Sionex, Inc. to establish proof of concept for basic functionality of the CNT ion source technology, demonstrating an ionic current at atmospheric pressure exceeding the capacity of a 10 mCurie 63Ni beta source, with continuous operation for over 300 hours. In Phase II, ANI and Sionex will develop a complete Differential Mobility Spectrometer (DMS) with an integrated CNT ion source. Materials, components and device designs will be refined and optimized. The CNT ion source components will then be integrated into DMS ion detection device prototypes and field tested in practical applications. Successful completion of the Phase II effort will result in a compact, non-radioactive CNT ion source suitable for use in DMS and other analytical instruments, lowering their cost of ownership. At the end of Phase II, a complete working prototype DMS will be delivered to the government to conduct further testing.

Company

TransTech Systems Inc.
1594 State Street
Schenectady, NY 12304-1529

Proposal Information 0612011 - Development of a Non-Nuclear Soil Density Gauge to Replace Nuclear Density Gauges
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00080
Abstract

Orphaned radioactive sources are a worldwide problem. DHS DNDO is seeking replacement technologies for non-medical orphaned nuclear devices. One such device is the Nuclear Density Gauge (NDG), which is used as a portable test instrument on construction sites where is susceptible to being lost, stolen or damaged. According to the NRC, there are about 25,000 of these units in the US. Of these, the GAO reports that 300 are reported as lost or stolen EACH year. These units pose an obvious security risk. They are also an environmental risk due to the improper disposal or damage of these units. Outside the US, there is an estimated additional 25,000 units. TransTech has developed a spectrographic impedance instrument which uses low energy electromagnetic signals to determine soil density and moisture. In Phase I, TransTech has demonstrated that its technology can achieve measurement precision comparable to a NDG and statistically identical readings with a single soil class. The Phase II objective is to demonstrate that it can be used with other soils and be a replacement for the NDG. Having already successfully commercialized a number of devices for the construction industry, TransTech is ideally positioned to transfer this technology to the market.

Company

Picometrix LLC
2925 Boardwalk
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-6765

Proposal Information 0612024 - High Speed Non Ionizing Terahertz Measurement System to Replace Nuclear Gauges
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00082
Abstract

We propose a Phase II project to develop and prototype a flexible time-domain terahertz (TD-THz) instrument that can be marketed to customers currently utilizing nuclear source gauges. While nuclear gauges are an established technology, their radiological sources present on-going safety, security, regulation, and disposal concerns. A primary goal of this project is to establish that; when all technical capabilities of the proposed TD-THz gauge system and all aspects of total life-cycle costs are considered, customers will realize a significant return on investment by replacing existing nuclear source gauges with the proposed TD-THz instruments. Nuclear source gauges (such as beta and gamma) are used in industrial process monitoring and control, often to measure thickness or mass in paper, plastics, rubber, and food stuffs in manufacturing and packaging. A system based on low power non-ionizing TD-THz measurements will be developed which can replace multiple types of nuclear source gauges in all of these applications. A time of flight THz measurement system will have similar or superior capabilities, with micron thickness resolution, less than 1 mm lateral resolution and measurement times as fast as 250 microseconds. The proposed THz system will be able to make simultaneous properties such as water and basis weight.

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