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Abstracts of HSHQDC-17-R-00010 Phase I Awards
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H-SB017.1-001

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-001-0002-I - Infrared and Optical Wilderness Location and Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB017.1-001 - Enhanced Agent Situational Awareness in Dismounted, Low Light/Adverse Conditions
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00026
Abstract

To address the DHS need, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new InfraRed and Optical Wilderness Location and Surveillance (IROWL) system based on the unique integration of a handheld spotting device, display, and compact multispectral zoom optics. The lightweight handheld device includes surveillance optics, infrared sensors, and display electronics to enable Border Patrol Agents to detect, identify, recognize, and track humans while on the move under low-light and adverse conditions. The onboard computing software supports real-time image stabilization, image enhancement, and via integrated components enables computation of target coordinates, making it a complete system. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility by design, modeling, assembly, and testing of a preliminary prototype. It will result in an illustrated hardware design that depicts the necessary requirements and technical solution including a system architecture, a hardware design, and on-board computing software design, and mock-up of the IROWL hardware units. Working with input from Border Patrol Agents, we will define and describe a general usage as a starting point for proposed Phase II testing and demonstration of two operational prototypes. In Phase II, POC will build a functional prototype for testing and demonstration with Border Patrol. The successful completion of this project at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation in both government and commercial sectors by improving Border Patrol's ability to safely and effectively monitor U.S. borders. Commercial applications for this technology include geo-location, spotting, and tracking on wilderness terrain for professional and recreational pursuits.

Company

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 190
Rockville, MD 20855-2814

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-001-0003-I - DARTS: Dismounted Adversary Recognition and Tracking System
Topic Information H-SB017.1-001 - Enhanced Agent Situational Awareness in Dismounted, Low Light/Adverse Conditions
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00027
Abstract

Border Patrol Agents (BPAs) face multiple challenges when pursuing adversaries in difficult terrains. Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a novel target tracking and recognition system using a small UAV. Named "Dismounted Adversary Recognition and Tracking System" (DARTS), the UAV will have an advanced sensing, video processing, and autonomous flight control capabilities to follow designated targets allowing the agent to focus on mission priorities. When a BPA decides to pursue adversaries, the agent will launch the UAV, specify the intended target and hand off control to DARTS. Following the handoff, DARTS will be able to control the UAV's flight autonomously as it continues to track the target using image-based cues, reacquire the target as needed (e.g., when the target goes into hiding), and recognize the target's actions. DARTS will display the acquired imagery and event tagging information on the BPA's Control Unit. DARTS will leverage our demonstrated computer vision and autonomous navigation capabilities to deliver an effective, low-cost system that will satisfy and exceed all requirements presented in the solicitation. Built with a modular architecture, DARTS will be adaptable to use on several UAV platforms. Commercial applications include law enforcement, perimeter security, public safety, fire and EMS agencies and private industries.

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H-SB017.1-003

Company

Illuma Labs Inc
5353 Keller Springs Road #2120
Dallas, TX 75248-2767

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-003-0001-I - Real-Time Authentication to Counter Caller ID Spoofing
Topic Information H-SB017.1-003 - Do Not Spoof Services for Modern Telephony
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00034
Abstract

Vulnerabilities in telecommunications channels, particularly mobile phones, are being exploited at alarming rates by malicious attackers to commit fraud, perpetrate scams, and organize data breaches. In addition to loss of taxpayer dollars, such attacks against government agencies such as the DHS can severely compromise national security. A common element of these attacks is the attacker's ability to leverage weaknesses in authentication capabilities of modern telephony systems and to deceptively assume a trusted identity. With the simplicity of caller ID spoofing and the growth of VoIP calling, attackers can spoof any desired caller ID, change their caller ID for every call, and place millions of VoIP calls around the world simultaneously, all while enjoying the protection of being nearly untraceable. The focus of this project is the development of an innovative real-time call authentication system that leverages advanced audio signal processing and machine learning techniques to determine legitimacy of the call when the available metadata is insufficient to make a reliable decision. The core component of the targeted end product will be a smartphone application that provides users with real-time alerts when indications of deception are detected. This will be the first call authentication system of its kind available to end users outside of an enterprise call center setting, and is expected to find broad use across government, corporate, and consumer sectors to protect against the growing incidence of fraud, scams, vishing, and data breach attacks.

Company

SecureLogix
13750 San Pedro
Ste 820
San Antonio, TX 78232-4314

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-003-0003-I - A Layered Service Provider/Customer Approach to Call Spoofing
Topic Information H-SB017.1-003 - Do Not Spoof Services for Modern Telephony
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00035
Abstract

We are proposing a layered solution, which leverages the respective capabilities of both the service provider and a customer-managed solution. We will address spoofing and/or authentication of calls for a large number of scenarios. Our solution will reach a large number of users including mobile, government and enterprise. We will provide incremental value to "chip" away at the issue sooner rather than later. They key is to have flexible technologies, both in Verizon's network and present with in the customer/consumer network, that can exchange information in real-time, to both determine if the call is spoofed or authentic. This allows Verizon to provide information about whether or not they think the call is spoofed, merge it with information from the customer, and then let the customer make the actual call control decision. This layered solution is necessary because the customer is unlikely to ever have access to enough information to detect most types of spoofed calls. Conversely, Verizon may not have access to information such as customer lists, white lists and granular rules which control what is done with the spoofing information. Basing the proposal on the existing PolicyGuru solution, we provide a software base to build upon, a system that can be deployed in voice networks and a ready path for commercialization.

Company

AnaVation LLC.
11654 Plaza America Drive
suite 500
Reston, VA 20190-4700

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-003-0006-I - Verification of Caller Ascertained Logically (VOCAL)
Topic Information H-SB017.1-003 - Do Not Spoof Services for Modern Telephony
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00036
Abstract

AnaVation is proposing the development of two systems designed to solve the challenge of government to outside and government to government spoofing respectively, both of which would be integrated into a Comprehensive Investigate Dashboard to provide organizations with an expansive view into the types and frequencies of call spoofing attempts. The first system would be an on top, out of band solution that would enable reactive event-driven detection and notification of government to outside call spoofing. The second system would be a multi-factor authentication solution that, in the case of government to government call spoofing, would enable employees to vet communications to uncover malicious spoofing attempts and thus take action to cease communications before sensitive information could be conveyed and/or compromising actions undertaken. A key distinction between the two systems is while the first system is fully automated, the second requires human interaction and training.

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H-SB017.1-004

Company

Rivetz Corp.
111 swamp rd.
Richmond, MA 01254-0093

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-004-0002-I - Trusted execution providing simpler and stronger priority access
Topic Information H-SB017.1-004 - Identity Verification & Validation for Mobile Networks Authentication Enhancement
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00028
Abstract

The proposed Rivetz solution will demonstrate how priority services can easily be granted and revoked to modern mobile devices on a self-service model. The solution will explore and verify a distributed model of access control and identity verification designed to operate in the fluid and challenging first responder environment. Simple and secure priority access to data and communications will both save lives and protect property. Demonstrating how modern subscriber services can move away from username and password to hardware assured registration of the device. The solution leverages technologies based on the Globalplatform specifications for secure payment transactions and the trusted computing standards for advanced hardware assurance. The solution is interoperable with over half a billion current mobile devices. Rivetz will combine strong identity with an assured tokenization model for a flexible model of granting service from peer to peer to group controls. Many commercial opportunities will benefit from a stronger service relationship with customers. As more things from cars to hotel rooms are activated by mobile protected keys, self-issuing access to groups and individuals will grow in value for first responders and the general market. The solution will leverage isolated and measured execution within the Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) to assure state of the art hardware assisted cyber security controls. Rivetz solution for priority access will assure only known devices in a known condition with a known user are connected to sensitive services and data.

Company

NAND Technologies Inc
170 Shannon Woods Drive
Front Royal, VA 22630-9212

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-004-0004-I - SIM Forward: Leveraging Trusted Authentication for New 5G Services
Topic Information H-SB017.1-004 - Identity Verification & Validation for Mobile Networks Authentication Enhancement
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00029
Abstract

Threats to mobile networks are pervasive and deep. Due to aging standards and an initial approach of minimum viable security significant risks persist. Spoofing, tampering, and denial of service are three primary vulnerabilities. Ultimately updating global standards to increase authentication and security is likely to be the terminal solution, however this is likely to take well over to a decade. The widely know SS7 vulnerabilities were first documented almost two decades ago yet the root problem has yet to be resolved or replaced. The best solution is to create a stop-gap measure for modern smart phones which relies on existing infrastructure to create a viable commercial solution to these vexing problems. NAND Technologies will research and develop new methods for mobile network authentication by deeply diving into the complex USIM toolkit that was created by the GMSA to enable mobile money deployments directly from the javaSIMcards also know as Java UICCs or simply Javacards. Without affecting the MNO secure domain, critical to all client account transaction, an established trusted service provider can also use over the air access (OTA) to retrieve data in their designated secure domain. This is the basis for this solution.

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H-SB017.1-006

Company

Design West Technolgies, Inc
2701 Dow Ave
Tustin, CA 92780-7209

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-006-0002-I - A Wearable Toxic Chemical Sensor Badge
Topic Information H-SB017.1-006 - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00043
Abstract

Due to the high probability of exploiting common toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) as a weapon there is an increasing demand for rapid chemical detection technologies. A sensor that alerts the user of the presence of TICs independent of human interpretation is highly desirable. Furthermore, the sensor should be configurable as either a wearable badge or button so that it can be integrated as part of a first responders uniform. To address the difficulty associated with miniaturizing conventional detection technologies, Design West Technologies, Inc. (DWT) proposes a chemiresistor sensor array for the development of a wearable sensor badge that detects multiple TICs. This approach leverages the unique and rapid electrical response of carbon nanotubes. Notable advantages include high sensitivity and selectivity, low power consumption, and ease of miniaturization. During Phase I, DWT will optimize the sensor formulations and detection algorithm to detect a representative TIC in various environmental conditions. Feasibility of detecting the representative TIC in the presence of an interfering gas, secondhand smoke, will also be demonstrated. A 3D model of the proposed wearable sensor badge will be developed, and any miniaturization-related performance tradeoffs will be addressed and mitigated. A miniaturized chemiresistor sensor array would lead to a low cost, compact and lightweight wearable sensor badge. This wearable sensor technology is well aligned with the critical missions of DHS, and would find applications in one or more operational components of the DHS.

Company

Aromatix Technologies
2033 Gateway Place
Suite 577
San Jose, CA 95110-3709

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-006-0003-I - A Versatile Wearable Chemical Sensor using Ultrasound gas sensing technology (CMUTs)
Topic Information H-SB017.1-006 - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00045
Abstract

We will develop a compact solid-state gas sensor using a novel ultrasound technology called CMUTs, invented by renowned Stanford Professor B. Khuri-Yakub two decades earlier. Although its application in gas sensors was known for some time, its challenges have so far prevented its commercialization. Aromatix Technologies has identified solution to each of these challenges, which are the subjects of research in this project. Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasound Transceivers, or CMUTs, have the highest sensitivity of all gas sensors to date. Using polymer coating, the ultrasound devices use gravimetric sensing principle to detect the concentration of a target gas. However its selectivity is moderate compared to technologies such as infrared or gas chromatography. Aromatix Technologies has perfected the Machine Learning algorithm for ultrasound systems for gas sensing to circumvent the issue; we have demonstrated that sensitivity and selectivity can both be achieved using Machine learning algorithms. CMUT's size, low cost, low power and the ability to functionalize the sensor with targeted polymers make it an ideal candidate for wearable chemical sensor badge. However there are a couple of challenges which we need to overcome for its commercialization: charge buildup in CMUTs degrading its sensitivity with time, poor selectivity, high sensitivity to humidity and temperature. We have assembled the best talents in the industry in each field to address these issues. The details are discussed in the Research Plan. We have done the necessary groundwork to ensure success and we are confident that we can commercialize the technology in six to eight quarters.

Company

Morphix Technologies
2557 Production Road
Virginia Beach, VA 23454-5286

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-006-0007-I - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Topic Information H-SB017.1-006 - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00042
Abstract

First responders such as law enforcement, fire department and emergency service personnel are subject to hazardous environments, including Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs). Protecting first responder and their long term health is a priority of the Department of Homeland Security. The objective of the proposed SBIR project is to develop a wearable chemical sensor badge capable of detecting at least four of the targeted high priority Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs). The badge will be designed to be worn by first responders, and will provide a visible and auditory alarm if TICs are present at a dangerous level. To enable everyday use by first responders, the badge will be small, lightweight, low-cost and rugged. In phase 1, Morphix will develop a design for the badge, and will conduct proof-of-concept evaluation of the badge concept in a variety of environmental conditions. Morphix intends to market this wearable badge to federal, state and local law enforcement, emergency medical service and other first responders.

Company

Platypus Technologies, LLC
5520 Nobel Drive
Suite 100
Madison, WI 53711-4910

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-006-0010-I - Wearable Liquid Crystal Based Chemical Sensor Badge for the Identification of Toxic Industrial Chemicals
Topic Information H-SB017.1-006 - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00030
Abstract

Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) pose significant dangers to human health upon exposure. Unfortunately, emergency responders are unwittingly exposed to these TICs while responding and containing crisis situations, leading increased risk for disease. To protect emergency responders against dangerous exposure to chemicals, Platypus Technologies will develop a wearable chemical sensor badge that can be readily attached to uniforms of emergency response personnel and emits visual, auditory and vibrational alarms when TICs are detected. The badge will be based on innovative liquid crystal (LC) sensing technologies developed by Platypus Technologies that enable low cost, low maintenance devices that respond rapidly to specific TICs, even in the presence of potential interferents. Preliminary result demonstrate that LC-based sensor elements can meet stringent sensitivity limits required for detection of TICs at concentrations relevant for human health. The work proposed aims to expand the capabilities of LC-based sensing technologies, validate their performance under various environmental conditions, and design the electronic and mechanical components comprising the wearable sensor badge.

Company

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-006-0014-I - Wearable Smart Chemical Sensors
Topic Information H-SB017.1-006 - Wearable Chemical Sensor Badge
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00031
Abstract

Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) are chemical substances that produce toxic effects if given in sufficient quantities and/or exposed for long durations. TICs are a great concern for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) since it would be easier for terrorists to obtain and use than CAs. There are many commercially available handheld and personal gas monitors to monitor TICs. However, the multi-gas monitors are all bulky (more than 0.75 inches in thickness) and expensive ($500 or more) and they are only used by cities which have a population of 100k or more. Hence, there is a need a low cost multi-gas sensor that costs less than $50 in a wearable form factor. Such wearable sensors will also find use in the much bigger industrial market to monitor worker safety. In this SBIR Project TDA Research, in collaboration with Texas Tech University (TTU), proposes to develop a simple, low cost wearable smart chemical sensor badge that has high sensitivity and selectivity to multiple TICs at trace (low parts per million) concentrations and triggers distinct alarms at permissible exposure limit (PEL), short term exposure limit (STEL) and Time Weighted Average (TWA) concentrations. The wearable smart sensor badge uses a Lab-on-a-chip that will be smaller than 4cm x 4cm x 1 cm and can detect multiple TICs of interest and have a low rate of false alarms, so that easy and widespread deployment can be achieved.

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H-SB017.1-007

Company

NAND Technologies Inc
170 Shannon Woods Drive
Front Royal, VA 22630-9212

Proposal Information HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-007-0001-I - AlertPrime: Tokenizing WEA
Topic Information H-SB017.1-007 - Over-the-air Authentication Technology for Messaging via Emergency Alerts
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-17-C-00032
Abstract

Currently all callerID displays on all cell phones are totally unauthenticated. This means that with the right software or hardware voice spammers can impersonate any corporation, individual or location. Ultimately the solution to this problem is to update the 3GPP standards and require this field to be validated and authenticated. Until that time NAND Technologies proposes to use a combination of techniques already being successfully applied to spam in other areas. The unique adaptions to voice form the basis of this proposal and can serve as an effective stop gap measure until the root cause of the problem is resolved. These methods and the linked applications can also serve as a case study for the needed standards updates.

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