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Abstracts of FY06.1 Phase I Awards
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H-SB06.1-001

Company

Sceptor Industries, Inc.
8301 State Line Road
Suite 101
Kansas City, MO 64114-2019

Proposal Information 0611112 - Electrostatic Precipitation for High Efficient Aerosol Collection into Low Analysis Volumes
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060107
Abstract

New sampling methods are now available and offer greater sample collection efficiency, smaller sample volumes and significantly reduced power consumption in a much more compact design. Technologies such as electrostatic precipitation (EP) have demonstrated over 90% collection efficiency for particles in the 1 to 10 micron size range. EP collectors can be made very small and compact and require less than 10 watts of power to operate allowing for battery operation. The use of EP also allows for very focused concentration, thus producing much smaller sample volumes, on the order of 200 to 300 microliters. These resulting small sample volumes are compatible with new analytical methods require much smaller sample volumes avoiding unnecessary dilution that occurs when particulates are collected into larger sample volumes. The successful demonstration of an EP collector will create a new family of small, low cost, efficient aerosol samplers that can be deployed in a number of field applications. Whether used as stand-alone portable samplers or incorporated into larger systems such as next generation BioWatch, JBPDS or other integrated systems, EP has the promise of more effective sample collection and resulting more sensitive detection.

Company

MicroStructure Technologies Inc.
600 SE Assembly Ave.
Bldg 55 Suite 100
Vancouver, WA 98661-5587

Proposal Information 0611141 - Aerosol Collection into Small Amounts of Fluid
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC070015
Abstract

The optically-cued electrospray aerosol selector (OCEAS), as proposed by MicroStructure Technologies (MicroST), and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), provide an innovative solution to achieving the challenging goals set by DHS. The goal of this project is to integrate an OCEAS design with a particle extraction module. Central to the OCEAS system approach is a fully automated particle sorting and novel particle extraction system from a dry collection surface. This project will build upon the success of the BIAD Sample Enrichment program by focusing on three major objectives. First, a 100 liter per minute (LPM) low maintenance axisymmetric virtual impactor concentrator (AxiVIC) will be refined and developed to support the fielding and maintenance program requirements required by DHS. Second, the bioaerosol particle sorting system or OCEAS will minimize the presence of background clutter and place selected aerosols onto a microstructured array. The particle sorting element further reduces OCEAS system maintenance by performing dry collection. More important to the program is the elimination of background clutter reduces the amount of fluid needed for extraction. Finally, MicroST will develop a particle extraction module where the particles will be extracted from a microstructured array into much less than 300 microliters of fluid.

Company

Enertechnix, Inc.
P.O. Box 469
Maple Valley, WA 98038-0469

Proposal Information 0611161 - Aerosol Delivery to Nanoliter Droplets Using An Aerodynamic Lens Aerosol Concentrator with Capillary Deposition and Collection
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060109
Abstract

The proposed project will develop a novel aerosol to liquid delivery system which combines a micro-fabricated aerodynamic lens (microADL) aerosol concentrator with a novel capillary collector to rapidly deliver large numbers of aerosol particles into nanoliter droplets. Mass production methods will result in a low cost, compact device with high throughput. In this project we will design a next generation microADL that can sample 100 slpm of ambient air and produce concentration ratios of up to 200:1 in a single stage device, and up to 2000:1 in a 2-stage device. We will develop a capillary collector that ensures 100% collection of aerosol particles; we will develop a droplet injection and transport system, and will identify capillary surface modifications and elution fluids to ensure 100% elution of the deposited aerosol particles or their DNA into the droplet, and we will demonstrate delivery of this droplet to a microfluidics detection platform. At the end of phase I, we will have demonstrated each of the critical elements of the overall system and we will have developed engineering and CFD models of these elements that can be used in phase II to optimize and design a fully functional prototype aerosol to liquid delivery system.

Company

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr.
5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805-1926

Proposal Information 0611201 - Novel Electrostatics-based Sampler for Bioaerosol Collection in Small Analysis Volumes
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060091
Abstract

Current bioaerosol monitoring and evaluation systems are largely based on collection of airborne pathogens in a liquid medium, followed by the detection of the targets of interest. While available aerosol collection technologies employ large collection volumes, biosensors are capable of processing only a small fraction of the collection volume. Our overall objective is to design and demonstrate a novel electrostatics-based sampler that is capable of directly capturing the incoming stream of aerosol particles in very small collection volumes. This reduced collection volume provides multiple benefits including greater assay sensitivity, reduced probabilities of false negatives and reduction in overall logistical burden. Building on CFDRC's proven electrostatic collection technology, we will demonstrate aerosol collection in a small volume of collection buffer. Our main challenge is to increase throughput to 100 L/min while maintaining high efficiencies and minimizing losses. During Phase I, collection, concentration and capture efficiencies factors will be clearly demonstrated, using a judicious combination of computer-aided design/analysis and experimental testing with BSL-1 organisms. Phase II will focus on prototype integration and testing with an extensive set of class-based simulants and agents. An inter-disciplinary team has been assembled to ensure project success.

Company

Aerosol Dynamics Inc.
935 Grayson St.
Berkeley, CA 94710-2640

Proposal Information 0611211 - Aerosol Collection into Small Liquid Volumes for Biological Assays
Topic Information H-SB06.1-001 - AEROSOL COLLECTION INTO LOW ANALYSIS VOLUMES (ACLAV)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060106
Abstract

Detection systems for aeropathogens require the concentration of airborne particles from large volumes of air into small volumes of liquid. This proposal addresses this need through droplet encapsulation of airborne particles, with subsequent capture into a microliter-sized collection reservoir. Droplet encapsulation is accomplished through our company's proven, patented growth tube technology. The encapsulation occurs rapidly, within 5 milisecs, by condensational growth in region of water vapor supersaturation. The supersaturation is created in a thermally-diffusive laminar flow. No steam or temperature extremes are required. The final droplet size can be controlled, and for small particles is independent of the initial particle size. In Phase 1 this approach will be explored for the collection of 0.5 micrometre to 10 micrometre particles from an air flow of 10 L/min into liquid volumes of 30 microliter or less. Results will be used to assess the power, size and performance to be expected for a Phase 2 system that will be scaled to air flow rates of 100 L/min.

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H-SB06.1-002

Company

RL Associates Inc.
University Technology Park Bldg 2 Suite 2300
1350 Edgmont Ave.
Chester, PA 19013-3934

Proposal Information 0611009 - Portable Remote Infrared Raman (PREMIR) System for Early Detection of Peroxide Based IED`s
Topic Information H-SB06.1-002 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060112
Abstract

RL Associates Inc. proposes to conduct research leading to the development of a remote Raman system for the standoff detection of peroxide-based IED`s. While there have been several Raman systems funded by the Gov`t previously for this pupose, the RL Associates Portable Remote Eyesafe Raman (PREMIR)system is eyesafe and based on our patented volume holographic grating technology to replace the normal surface gratings in the Raman monochromator. RL Associates Inc. is currently leading the industry in shortwave (1550 nm) active imaging systems and plans to use that technology in developing the PREMIR system. This system, unlike any other currently under development, will be extremely compact and lightweight due to the much smaller components and will operate at 1550 nm which is safe to the human eye. Eyesafety is of critical concern when deploying a laser-based sensor system such as this in the field to avoid blinding anyone on either side of the line.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0611057 - Portable Raman Optical Trace Explosive Detection System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-002 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060110
Abstract

To address the need for a portable device to detect trace amounts of peroxide-based homemade explosives (HME) on individuals and packages in public transportation settings, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Portable Raman Optical Trace Explosive Detection (PROTEX) system. This man-portable noncontact system will agitate, sample and concentrate an air sample near the test object, followed by Raman optical analysis of this concentrate to determine whether HME or other explosive constituents are present. It features a throughput of three individuals/packages screened per minute; high sensitivity from ppm to ppb levels or lower of peroxide explosive vapor and single-microgram-sized particulates of HME residue; and high specificity with a false alarm rate well below 5%. The operationally safe system will require no consumables, and will consume <10 W of battery power. In Phase I POC will assemble a proof-of-concept prototype and test it on surrogates. In Phase II we will develop a prototype system for laboratory and field testing and estimate its false alarm rate. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) can use this system to screen passengers and baggage at airports. The system will also benefit environmental pollution monitoring as well as security monitoring during military and peacekeeping operations.

Company

AGILTRON,INC
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003

Proposal Information 0611122 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Topic Information H-SB06.1-002 - RELIABLE PEROXIDE-BASED EXPLOSIVES DETECTION WITH LOW FALSE ALARM RATE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060111
Abstract

We propose a new trace explosive collection and detection technique comprising Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) sampling chip and cell design of permeable/porous polymer matrix embedded with multi-layered gold nano-particles. The approach leverages the leading-edge micro-optical component development and manufacture at Agiltron and extensive experience in nano-material engineering within the research group headed by Prof. Vladimire V. Tsukruk at Iowa State University. Our novel sampling chips feature high detection sensitivity, fast data collection, and reproducibility that are not yet attainable. The proposed sampling cell can be designed to be compatible with commercial Raman probe, enabling much higher detection speed and sensitivity, short collection time than those of the state of the art Raman detection, making portable Raman trace detection of explosives a reality. This approach also has desirable capabilities of non-contact sampling, flexible concept of operations, both particle and vapor sampling, and selective sampling. This proposed Raman system is extraordinarily well suited for trace detection of explosives, and other chemical and biological agents, toxic species, and biological species as well. This Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach.

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H-SB06.1-003

Company

Syagen Technology, Inc.
1411 Warner Ave.
Tustin, CA 92780-6461

Proposal Information 0611133 - Vapor/Particle Collector/Concentrator for Explosives Trace Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.1-003 - ENHANCED EXPLOSIVE SAMPLE COLLECTION AND/OR PRECONCENTRATION SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060113
Abstract

In this Phase I project, Syagen will demonstrate the feasibility for a vapor/particle sampler for explosives de-tection consisting of a collection probe and a concentrator. We will demonstrate the interface of the sampler to mass spectrometry (MS), however, it can also be used for ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), gas chromatography (GC), and essentially all forms of optical spectroscopies that measure vapor composition (e.g., infrared, Raman, ultraviolet, mil-limeter wave, etc.). The sampler will be based on a high-throughput snorkel and sampling probe capable of collecting particles and vapor onto a concentrator device. The sampling probe will use a proven air-shower impinger to dislodge residue and particles from surfaces without making contact. The probe unit will also include an IR lamp assembly to optionally heat surfaces to improve vapor collection. The vapor, particles, and dislodged residue are swept through the sampling snorkel to a vapor/particle concentrator. The vapor and particles are then thermally desorbed to the detector for analysis. The total sampling cycling time can be as short as 5 s. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed vapor/particle collector/concentrator. The proposed automated sampling device for collecting and concentrating explosive vapors and particles for explosives trace detection meets critical needs in homeland security and the DOD. The benefit is high performance for a variety of screening situations (e.g., personnel, vehicle, baggage, surfaces). Furthermore the sampler can be interfaced to essentially any trace detector. The device has a very flexible CONOPS for a variety of applications including: (1) rapid screening of people, baggage, and vehicles, (2) force protec-tion, (3) first response, (4) treaty compliance monitoring, (5) general environmental monitoring.

Company

Excellims Corporation
20 Main Street
Acton, MA 01720-3575

Proposal Information 0611137 - Trace Detection Wand - Sampling and Detecting Explosives Closer to the Source
Topic Information H-SB06.1-003 - ENHANCED EXPLOSIVE SAMPLE COLLECTION AND/OR PRECONCENTRATION SYSTEMS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060114
Abstract

As the trace detection portal systems being deployed into the airport check points, detecting explosives from airline passengers has become possible. In this proposal, we use a sample collection method that is similar to the one used in the portal systems; however, instead of using large scale air handling system to release, collection, and transport samples to the detector, we decided to bring the detector closer to targeted explosive residues. As the handheld metal detectors are used to detect weapons on selectees after walkthrough metal detector alarms, trace detection wand may be used to resolve alarms generated by the trace portal systems. The proposed trace detection wand is capable to release particles on cloth, extract vapors under the cloth, preconentate both in the wand, and then detect them with an ion mobility spectrometer (IMS) in the next few seconds. The technology that enables the trace detection wand configuration is a rugged IMS with a non-radioactive ionization source. With the size comparable with the handheld metal detector, the battery operated trace detection wand is to detect explosives on people with higher sensitivity than the portal systems. It is intend to be used in same fashion as handheld metal detector.

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H-SB06.1-004

Company

Vista Research, Inc.
2231 Crystal Drive, Suite 515
Arlington, VA 22202-3711

Proposal Information 0611032 - Sensor Suite and Signal Processing for a Southern Border Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060115
Abstract

Vista Research will develop and demonstrate the feasibility of an automated, integrated, and real-time sensor suite and a highly innovative approach to signal processing for a Southern Border surveillance system. Sophisticated algorithms enable the use of low-cost, COTS and GOTS sensors by shifting the surveillance burden from sensors to IBM CELL supercomputing technology. Our specific surveillance system uses tower-mounted, low-cost Radars and visible EO and LWIR sensors for automated, real-time, 360-degree, 24-h coverage. The wide area radar surveillance system will detect and track people and vehicles automatically at distances up to 12 km from the border and cue EO/IR sensors for high-resolution classification at distances up to 3 km. Vista's automated, real-time, Radar tracking algorithms provide powerful discrimination against false alarms, and enable effective operations in inclement weather. EO/IR sensors, which allow day/night operations, are automated and integrated with the radar, and enable stand-alone surveillance detection, tracking, and classification. Real-time, streaming LWIR and color images are presented to an operator for each suspected illegal person or vehicle for confirmation before deploying resources to an apprehension point. A low-cost tracker UAV can be launched to confirm classification and support apprehension.

Company

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

Proposal Information 0611064 - Signal Processing for a Southern Border Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060116
Abstract

Successfully monitoring vast areas of landscape is crucial for maintaining security across the United States border. We envision the solution to this problem to consist of a search sensor, such as a radar, that cues an EO/IR sensor which provides recognition and tracking capabilities. In this Phase I effort, we propose to focus on the signal processing required to support the EO/IR recognition and tracking function. We propose a software solution that detects and tracks moving and stationary targets that may be closely separated. Our signal processing solution includes frame registration, frame differencing, target segmentation, target tracking, and target feature extraction. Such techniques have already established high target detection performance while maintaining low numbers of false alarms. We will address requirements for preventing intruders from crossing the Southern border and the considerations for retrieving illegal entrants that may evade border security. Further, we show how real-time processing capability can be achieved through efficient candidate target segmentation, followed by a hierarchical classification structure. Throughout, we demonstrate how storage and bandwidth requirements can be minimized, to enable deployment of the complete system in a variety of resource-constrained environments, leading to reduced operator workload and improved surveillance effectiveness.

Company

AETC Incorporated
8910 University Center Lane, Suite 900
San Diego, CA 92122-1012

Proposal Information 0611066 - Signal Processing for a Southern Border Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060117
Abstract

The U.S. Border Patrol is in critical need of improved surveillance for detection of people and vehicles illegally crossing the Southern Border, particularly in rural areas. AETC will conduct a Phase 1 feasibility study of acoustics-based surveillance and signal processing techniques to address the Southern Border problem. The overall system concept encompasses a network of low-cost acoustic sensors and advanced signal processing for automated detection and classification of border crossings. This study will (1) identify specific signatures for acoustic monitoring of people and vehicles crossing the border, (2) design and implement advanced signal processing algorithms required for automatic detection and classification of these signatures, (4) define sensor configuration and front-end hardware, (3) determine maximum detection range, (4) estimate PD and PFA performance, and (5) assess cost per unit distance of border monitored for this capability. In addressing this Homeland Security problem, AETC will leverage substantial knowledge and expertise in acoustic signal processing derived from relevant experience in U.S. defense applications. As a commercialization strategy, AETC plans to license the technology developed under this SBIR to manufacturers who will produce and sell platforms for border and facility security. Potential end-users would include the U.S. Border Patrol, military, and law enforcement agencies.

Company

Information Systems Laboratories
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121-2722

Proposal Information 0611113 - Signal Processing for a Southern Border Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060118
Abstract

There is a vital need to secure the long southern border of the United States, much of its length passing through rural and desolate areas. This can be achieved using a fixed land-based sensor network to detect people and vehicles crossing the border. ISL and DMT have identified a system architecture which makes a southern border security system achievable at an affordable price. A surveillance system based on a ground-moving target indicator (GMTI) radar system designed to detect slow-moving, low radar cross section (RCS) targets and an electro-optical (EO)/infra-red (IR) camera can provide the coverage, update time, all weather performance, and cost effectiveness to make a border surveillance system practical. The key to making the surveillance system effective, and the focus of this effort, is to develop signal processing algorithms to achieve a high probability of detection on small, slow moving targets, such as walking people, in a high clutter environment while maintaining a very low false alarm rate. During Phase I, ISL and DMT will investigate an innovative approach to incorporate the knowledge of the surrounding terrain, wind-blown clutter, sensor fusion, and target tracking to achieve a high detection probability and minimize the false alarm rate.

Company

PercepTek
12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125-9782

Proposal Information 0613014 - Border Surveillance
Topic Information H-SB06.1-004 - SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A SOUTHERN BORDER SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060119
Abstract

The 1400 mile southern border of the United States has historically been difficult to secure due to the vast stretches of land and the inhospitable nature of the terrain. This situation has resulted in a breach of our immigration laws but more importantly provides an opportunity for terrorists to illegally enter the country unobserved. Our phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of the signal processing for border security. Our system level approach relies on fusion of data from multiple sources to provide high probability detection and low probability false alarms across the diversity of terrain and intruder tracking over large distances. A combination of unattended ground sensors and pole mounted EO/IR sensors are used for initial intrusion detection. A highly automated UAV is used to provide tracking until the border patrol can apprehend the intruders. Three tiers of signal processing are used to achieve very high probability of detection (>98%) and low false alarm rates less than 3 per day. The three tiers are: pre-screening, object detection and classification, and evidence accumulation. During Phase I the performance of the signal processing algorithms will be measured using data collected at fouir sites along the border.

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H-SB06.1-005

Company

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466-1311

Proposal Information 0611002 - Microsensor for the Detection of Humans in Cargo Shipping Containers
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060123
Abstract

Technical Abstract: GINER, Inc. proposes to design, develop and demonstrate a low-power consuming, screen-printed, thick-film electrochemical, carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) microsensor module that combines simultaneous real time detection of CO2 and O2 in one substrate and demonstrate its successful operation for the detection of humans hiding in cargo shipping containers. The microsensor module will be designed for independent operation, complete with its own battery power source, yet the design will incorporate the necessary features and maintain enough flexibility to be integrated into the Advanced Container Security Device (ACSD) that is now being developed for the department of homeland security (DHS). The feasibility of the proposed microsensor will be demonstrated at the end of Phase I. Anticipated Benefits/Potential Commercial Applications: The proposed screen-printed, thick-film electrochemical microsensor will be an important tool in the hands of law enforcement agencies for the reliable detection of stowaways in cargo shipping containers. A small, reliable, low-power-consuming, long life and inexpensive cargo shipping container monitor could prevent illegal transportation of humans and make our nation safer without burdening the law enforcement agencies or the shipping industry with increases in shipping costs.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0611036 - Human Occupancy Detection System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060145
Abstract

To address the HSARPA need to detect humans hiding in cargo shipping containers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Human Occupancy Detection (HOD) system. The HOD will be based on POC's sensor fusion and neural networks pattern recognition technology, combined with a novel chemical gas sensor array. The HOD detects human presence by detecting and identifying major human respiratory and flatus gases in a confined cargo shipping container. The HOD is packed in a porous metal box (<2 in. x 2 in. x 1 in.) and covertly installed inside the cargo container. It can be operated either standalone or integrated into the Advanced Cargo Security Device. Several HODs can be installed at different container locations to increase detection accuracy. The HOD can operate on a 1.5 V AAA battery (2000 mAh) for more than 1400 continuous hours, and stay operational under the various conditions in which shipping containers operate. It costs <$150 with integrated COTS components. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of HOD by testing it in simulated cargo conditions. In Phase II POC plans to fabricate a preproduction prototype HOD and test it in a real intermodal shipping cargo container evnvironment.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0611048 - Membrane-Based Interferometric Respiration Sensor
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060133
Abstract

To address the national need to increase transportation security and to prevent human smuggling within cargo containers, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop Membrane-based Interferometric Respiration Sensor (MIRS), based on a semipermeable, membrane that preferentially transmits carbon dioxide and an active interferometric readout to detect minute periodic variations in carbon dioxide concentration within a container caused by human respiration. The MIRS incorporates on-board data analysis to detect the presence of humans with low-false alarm rates. The MIRS will have a wireless transmitter to send an alarm to security personnel and to identify the container and time of alarm. It will consume <1 mA of battery current, thus ensuring long-term operation without battery change. The MIRS will be low-cost, easy to install and easy to use, compact, and rugged, and capable of operation in harsh environmental conditions. The compact, MIRS can also be used to search for victims of natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes), and for medical applications (as a capnometer). In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MIRS by fabricating an experimental prototype and demonstrating its performance in various environmental conditions. In Phase II POC plans to develop engineering prototypes for field evaluation and testing.

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631

Proposal Information 0611087 - Dual Sensor Module for Human Detection
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060124
Abstract

There is an urgent need detect humans hiding in shipping containers. ANI proposes an innovative chemical sensor that is miniaturized, robust, low power, low power, maintanence free, rapid responsive chemical sensor that reliably detects human(s) hiding in cargo shipping containers. ANI`s multi-sensor module is well capable of handling challenging environmental conditions in the container with minimal false positives. The module interfaced with existing RF techniques will operate independently or integrated with other systems in Advanced Container Security Device (ACSD) specifications. ANI will derive expertise from its experienced team to provide a quick and cost-effective solution for human detection in shipping containers.

Company

Synkera Technologies Inc.
2605 Trade Centre Ave, Suite C
Longmont, CO 80503-4605

Proposal Information 0611171 - Human Detector for Cargo Shipping Containers
Topic Information H-SB06.1-005 - HUMAN DETECTOR FOR CARGO SHIPPING CONTAINERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060122
Abstract

Detection of human stowaways in cargo containers is an area of grave concern, and the proposed project will develop a sensor module for the detection of humans hidden within cargo shipping containers. Humans hiding in shipping containers are a threat to homeland security and detectors to reliably identify the presence of individual(s) will be extremely valuable. The proposed devices will rely upon chemical sensors for the detection of humans via the ammonia given off from urine, for which improved ammonia sensors are required. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of improved ammonia sensors, including both laboratory and independent evaluations of the sensors in a cargo container. A subsequent Phase II effort will include design, development, fabrication, and testing of a prototype system. This system will demonstrate the capability of the device to perform as proposed in a container with both benign and challenging cargo. It will be highly reliable and affordable with sensors and electronics designed for ultra low power operation. The sensor module developed for the system will consider the harsh operating environment of intermodal shipping containers and will be able to operate satisfactorily and survive in the expected range of environmental conditions.

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H-SB06.1-006

Company

EarthData International, Inc.
7320 Executive Way
Frederick, MD 21704-8353

Proposal Information 0611027 - Instantaneous Remote Sensing Data Receiving and Processing for Emergency Response
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060125
Abstract

EarthData proposes an innovative approach to providing real-time surveillance imagery and greatly improving response times for tasking multiple remote sensing aircraft to acquire critical map-based products required for crisis support. A mobile ground based acquisition planner inputs the acquisition needs into a GIS system preloaded with basic (pre disaster) information of the response area. Using heads-up GIS-based point-&-click tasking over the base map layers, a tasking list is generated and visually coded, from which sensor tasking is automatically sent to available remote sensing aircraft for task prioritization and execution. Tasks are quantified in terms of benefit to (overall) situation awareness; the most beneficial tasks are allocate to available aircraft. This benefit is allocated to individual aircraft by a dynamic programming algorithm on the basis of aircraft availability and sensor resources, forming an integrated acquisition schedule. Sensor tasking and status update is provided by a low bandwidth data link, allowing adaptive real time reallocation of already deployed aircraft to the ever-changing needs of a fluid and chaotic disaster area. Some of the collected data that is urgently needed for situation awareness is dynamically selected for immediate download over a high bandwidth data link. Critical data is packaged with its ancillary pointing, motion, and GPS position/timestamp data, and contextually compressed to save transmission bandwidth. Sensor data received from all the reporting remote sensors are placed into local network attached storage for dissemination. The ground-based planner recognizes that the acquisition request has been completed, so it removes the completed task from the request queue placing it into a database for archival storage. EarthData's commercialization model provides for both a service and product model. EarthData would be service provider using the technology developed under this SBIR. Under the product model, technology developed would be marketed to other commercial mapping firms and the federal government. The system components will be loosely coupled. In this way they can be marketed as an integrated package or individual components.

Company

Trident Systems Incorporated
10201 Fairfax Boulevard, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030-2222

Proposal Information 0611051 - Situation Awareness For Emergency Response
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060128
Abstract

Modern communications and sensor technology holds great potential for providing rapid insight and understanding of complex events. This is particularly true in emergency response, given the importance of rapid response in minimizing the resulting damage to people, property, and national security in the event of natural disaster or terrorist attack. There are a variety of high-resolution airborne sensor platforms that can provide valuable multi-spectral imagery data of affected areas, along with emerging communications technologies to distribute this data, if only it can be done in a manner that allows global, yet secure, access. To fill this requirement, Trident Systems is leveraging its extensive experience in image/data/voice communications to develop the Situation Awareness For Emergency Response (SAFER), which will integrate this remote sensor data distribution capability with other types of situational awareness information. This connectivity will be implemented in a secure fashion, enabling the coordination of sensitive operations on the federal/state/local levels. Work on this effort will consist of detailed requirements analysis, architecture specification, and integration of existing and emerging remote sensing capabilities into a flexible NIMS-compliant network architecture. The SAFER will be implemented in a manner that allows rapid deployment, configuration, and operation to support first responders in emergency situations.

Company

dFuzion, Inc.
21536 Iredell Terrace
Ashburn, VA 20148-5032

Proposal Information 0611062 - Intelligent Sensor Distribution Architecture (ISDA)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060129
Abstract

dFuzion engineers have worked with soldiers in several military exercises, including Naval Warfare Development Command's (NWDC) Fleet Battle Experiments and the Joint Forces Command's (JFCOM) Forward Look Experiments. In these experiment sets, we designed and developed a lightweight intelligent bandwidth video dissemination architecture that allowed soldiers with limited bandwidth capabilities to receive video and telemetry information from operational UAVs. Although dFuzion engineers have proven the ability to transmit situational awareness information to the warfighter with unreliable and limited resources, the ability to adapt this capability for incident management has yet to be demonstrated. dFuzion proposes designing and demonstrating a lightweight, deployable, and scalable Intelligent Sensor Distribution Architecture (ISDA) that allows multi-spectral sensor information to be acquired and distributed to users at all levels of incident response (local, state, and federal). ISDA is envisioned to become an integral component of UICDS. The ISDA concept of intelligent delivery of source content to users in near real-time using multiple transmission means could significantly fit within the emerging streaming media market (video/audio on demand, etc).

Company

Pictometry International Corp.
100 Town Centre Drive
Suite A
Rochester, NY 14623-4260

Proposal Information 0611200 - Achieving Near Real Time Image Data for Emergency Management
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060126
Abstract

Achieving Near Real Time Image Data for Emergency Management The contractor team shall develop a proposed structure for a near real time/real time data tasking, capture, and dissemination system. The team has developed COTS components that are viable for the DHS requirements. Pictometry and ITT have individually supported thousands of missions and have collected terabytes of data used successfully in emergency response. Together, their technologies span the full range of capabilities necessary for emergency response activities, from pre-planning through dissemination. Pictometry's experience in flight planning, capture, and processing of data combined with ITT's experience in image processing, compression, communications, and dissemination makes this an ideal team to develop and build an instantaneous remote sensing data receiving and processing system for emergency response. Our operational systems use a significant amount of automation throughout the capture and production processes. It is this degree of automation that enables a ready transition to near real time solutions. The Pictometry and ITT systems are designed for generic data types as well as data unique to Pictometry: metric oblique data. The solution will be modular and scalable to meet different levels of emergency response efficiently.

Company

Geospatial Systems, Inc.
125 Park Tech Drive
Rochester, NY 14623-2446

Proposal Information 0613011 - Incident Surveillance Management System (ISMS)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-006 - INSTANTANEOUS REMOTE SENSING DATA RECEIVING AND PROCESSING FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060127
Abstract

Geospatial Systems and Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) have teamed with Leica Geosystems to develop an Incident Surveillance Management System (ISMS) that can ingest data from remote sensing systems, reduce that data, and deliver information products to decision makers in near real time. The information products are consistent with accepted practice within the NIMS community and utilize standard, readily available tool sets. These performance objectives will be accomplished for a procurement and operational cost that allows for quick adoption and proliferation of this capability. Our ISMS proposal builds on our team's collaboration on similar programs for the US Air Force, NASA, and the US Army Corps of Engineers, delivering innovative systems for real-time/near-real-time processing, transmission and dissemination of remotely sensed data. Features include: - Fully automated highly efficient "push button" geo-referencing process - Exclusive use of COTS/GOTS products - Airborne real time and near real time processing with high performance data down links - Extensive use of federally funded technology development - Cost Effective Systems Design and Delivery - High resolution EO/IR imagery collection and simultaneous airborne geoprocessing - State of the art real time and near time image capabilities - Airborne and Ground display of geo-processed imagery with GIS information

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H-SB06.1-007

Company

Dolphin Technology, Inc.
474 Phoenix Drive
Rome, NY 13441-4911

Proposal Information 0611016 - Secure Inter-organizational Network Boundary Assurance Device (SINBAD)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060131
Abstract

This effort proposes to analyze and develop a design for the Secure Inter-organizational Network Boundary Assurance Device (SINBAD). SINBAD will leverage capabilities and leverage lessons from guard technology to yield an enhanced boundary control and inspection capability suitable for Homeland Security organizations exchanging inter-organizational email with attachments. It will 1) prevent improper disclosure of an organization's sensitive information, and 2) protect an organization's Information Technology (IT) infrastructure from outside penetration. SINBAD will be installed between an organization's internal network and existing firewall. It will be modular and extensible, thus it will be able to leverage software inspection capabilities developed by third parties within an affordable, yet secure, network appliance, SE-Linux based platform. SINBAD will be packaged as a preinstalled 1U to 2U network device allowing it to easily connect to a network, configured and made operational. Essential SINBAD capabilities will likely include: virus detection, in depth filetype verification, hidden data detection, sender/receiver validation (to include digital signatures should Public Key Infrastructure [PKI] exist within the organization), enforcement of port-address restrictions, malicious code detection, dirty word checking, content screening based on semantic distance, remote administration, feedback and quarantine of denied transfers, crisis override and an easily configured eXtensible Markup Language (XML)-based policy model.

Company

Trident Systems Incorporated
10201 Fairfax Boulevard, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030-2222

Proposal Information 0611063 - Cross Domain Controller (CDC)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060132
Abstract

The current, dominant approach to implementing secure boundary controls across networks for information exchange is the use of secure Guards. This technology consists of a separate computer system using a trusted operating system and hosting the guarding software and appropriate filters. By definition, the use of a Guard requires that networks be defined as "high side" and "low side" and the Guard system itself must reside within the "high side" domain. While this approach satisfies Department of Defense and Intelligence Community requirements, it has proven to be unworkable and cost prohibitive in the commercial network environment. Trident Systems proposes to leverage the existing technologies from the distributed computing research community and Trident expertise with cross-domain collaboration to develop the Cross Domain Controller (CDC). The CDC will be installed on each network and will eliminate the need for traditional Guard systems. It will provide a secure execution environment for cross-domain information exchange by enforcing the domain specific policies. The CDC system will provide services required to secure the communication medium (authentication, confidentiality, and access control) and capabilities to manage and customize security policies. Additionally, Trident Systems will leverage open source products where possible to minimize the cost for end users.

Company

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3552

Proposal Information 0613007 - Logical Network Boundary Controllers (LNBC)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-007 - NETWORK-BASED BOUNDARY CONTROLLERS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060130
Abstract

The current, dominant approach to implementing secure boundary controls across networks relies on strict physical separation of networks. The approach of using trusted operating system platforms and automated guards has proven to be unworkable for multimedia applications and cost prohibitive for most civilian environments. The proposed STTR collaboration between Architecture Technology Corporation (ATC) and the University of Minnesota will develop a technology called Logical Network Boundary Controllers (LNBC) that will effectively distribute information to multiple security level users across multiple physical networks without compromising the security of the data. The technology will facilitate secure cross-domain collaborations for both synchronous (e.g. audio/video conference, chat) and asynchronous (e.g. document sharing, email) applications. The COTS-based technology will provide a low-cost solution to cross-domain information sharing in a variety of digital media for Homeland Security as well as other civilian operations.

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H-SB06.1-008

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0611093 - Intelligent Microagent Grid for Botnet Detection and Mitigation
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060120
Abstract

To address the Homeland Security's need for detecting and mitigating bots and botnets, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Intelligent Microagent Grid (IMG). The IMG system is based on a new microagent model that learns the behavior of bots and botnets and stops intrusive and malicious activities by equipping new binary search engines, neural nets, systematic detection algorithms from known and unknown behavior of bots and botnets, and an inline sniffing mechanism. IMG will increase cyber security by implementing a multi-layer security mechanism with specialized microagents that monitor network traffic and ports from a local area network to a wide area network. The system will be a scalable, interoperable, reusable, and distributed cyber defense tool via Web services and application programming interface built with object oriented programming language. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the IMG prototype by testing with bots and botnets on real networks. Our Phases I and II efforts will focus on developing an operational prototype that will be transitioned to a commercial product in Phase III. The IMG software will benefit commercial Internet and network security products for federal, state, and local governments, particularly the Department of Homeland Security.

Company

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North
Waterford, CT 06385-1209

Proposal Information 0611123 - Botnet Detection and Mitigation
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060134
Abstract

Botnets have become a lucrative and monetized line of business for criminal organizations. As of late they have been found in a growing number of cases involving cyber-extortion via Distributed Denial-of-Services (DDOS), and mass phishing where their use of encryption and packing schemes keeps them off the radar of traditional discovery heuristics. The sophistication and proliferation of botnets is such that industry and consumers find themselves victim to crimes committed sometimes months too late. The goal of Sonalysts, Inc. team is to create an architecture that allows consumers, industry, and Government to work together to discover and mitigate botnets. The approach first focuses on developing a descriptive ontology that is used to normalize data between disparate data sources, and thus facilitates sharing and automation. The system will combine normalized data from router net flows, botnet signatures from IDS, and captured signatures in honeypots to feed into a number of distributed automated discovery/correlation systems. The research will pursue the development of a scalable architecture that is used to construct a service-based framework of sensors used to capture botnet signatures and pass information to data mining systems used to correlate it using a discovery taxonomy and/or crack encrypted command and control channels.

Company

Endeavor Systems, Inc.
1420 Spring Hill Road, Suite 600
Mclean, VA 22102-3006

Proposal Information 0611147 - Inline Botnet Extraction and Prevention
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060137
Abstract

Phase I of this project researches a new approach for collecting a higher degree of relevant bot executables by exploiting the infect vector weakness and by utilizing an inline device that both protects systems and captures the bot as it attempts to infect. Most recent botnet research relies on honeynets to collect bots. Reliance on a single collection mechanism, such as honeypots, creates a weakness where attackers can determine targets to avoid. Also, the effectiveness of dark space honeypots in an IPv6 type Internet is unknown. Endeavor proposes a technique that collects and prevents bot malware while infection is attempted against systems, bypassing the dependency on honeypots. Proving the feasibility of extraction in the infection vector in Phase I lays out the foundation for developing the inline botnet extraction and prevention system in phase II. Endeavor has created and operates a commercial decoy sensor grid, FirstLight, which collects and analyzes botnets. We propose leveraging FirstLight including an inline IPS for the proposed research in order to reduce time-to-deployment. The research results will be packaged as a part of our FirstLight commercial offering.

Company

HBGary, Inc.
6900 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 706
Chevy Chase, MD 20815-6114

Proposal Information 0611149 - Enterprise Botnet Detection System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060136
Abstract

A botnet is a network of robots or "bots" installed surreptitiously on computer hosts and controller to do the attacker's bidding via remote command and control systems. Most bots employ stealth methods to hide communications and bot installation. Detecting a botnet by examining network traffic is extremely difficult since botnets frequently mask their existence by using multiple host proxies and network connections, different protocols, and encryption. The "weak link" in the botnet architecture component is the host-based bot component itself. While the bot may employ obfuscation or software protection mechanisms, ultimately it must become unobfuscated and unpacked in order to execute, and it leaves behind telltale evidence of its existence. Detection and forensics of the host based bot is the basis of this proposal. Current bot and botnet detection methods rely mostly on static signatures of known bots. HBGary proposes the Enterprise Botnet Detection System (EBDS) which will overcome the stealthy nature of advanced bots, detect and assess previously unknown bots, and provide remote forensics technologies to mitigate future botnet attacks.

Company

Cyber Defense Agency, LLC
3601 43rd Street South
Wisconsin Rapids, WI 54494-7576

Proposal Information 0611166 - StopBot
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060138
Abstract

Cyber Defense Agency, LLC (CDA) proposes to develop StopBot, a unique, multi-modal security application that will detect botnets and disable their command and control systems. StopBot will have three different modes of operation: a free, stand-alone mode to protect individual end systems, a subscription mode in which results from individual end systems are collected securely and correlated to generate more effective detection and response mechanisms that can be distributed to the end system subscribers, and an enterprise mode that trades privacy for enhanced detection capabilities. StopBot will meditate communications from computers on a network, detect suspicious connections, correlate the signatures of those connections to identify botnets, block traffic on those connections, and inject dummy messages that will disrupt the botnet command-and-control infrastructure. Placing the primary sensor inline on each host provides a means to detect features indicative of bots, and correlating across the enterprise affords an excellent means to identify networks of bots. As a stand-alone component the StopBot client will effectively inhibit the ability to use its host as a host for bots. It will be available as a free download from the CDA web-site. CDA will maintain the correlation, fusion, and response capability and will use it as a basis of a for pay subscription service.

Company

Milcord LLC
1050 Winter Street Suite 1000
Waltham, MA 02451-1406

Proposal Information 0611183 - Bayesian Activity Monitor for Botnet Defense (BAM-BD)
Topic Information H-SB06.1-008 - BOTNET DETECTION AND MITIGATION
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060135
Abstract

As reported by Internet security threat reports, Bot networks are becoming the focal point for cybercriminals. Milcord and the University of Wisconsin, responds to this challenge with our proposal - a "Bayesian Activity Monitor for Botnet Defense" (BAM-BD). In this proposal, we will research, design, and develop a botnet detection and mitigation tool that automatically classifies botnet behavior, scans for malicious codes on networks and machines, and recommends solutions to mitigate the attacks to system security analysts and administrators. The successful execution of such a project requires, first, an Internet laboratory that captures the botnet mindset. The Wisconsin Advanced Internet Laboratory (WAIL) provides us exactly that - a top-tier DHS PREDICT (Protected REpository for Defense of Infrastructure against Cyber Threats) laboratory resource. Second, a successful execution requires the ability to distinguish between botnets from worms and misconfigurations. Our Bayesian network based incident analysis technology from our Incident Response Decision Aid (irDA) project solves this issue by starting with University of Wisconsin's NetSA body of work. Third, a successful transition to a commercial environment demands an extensible approach where the evolving bot threats are modeled, and classified with ease. Our data driven learning algorithms will ensure that these objectives are met.

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H-SB06.1-009

Company

BALFOUR Technologies LLC
510 Grumman Road West
Suite 212
Bethpage, NY 11714-3631

Proposal Information 0611043 - Automated Situation Awareness using a 4D Visualization Environment
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060144
Abstract

To address the significant challenges being created by the rapidly expanding deployment of multi-spectrum sensors in large distributed surveillance operations, the feasibility, architecture design and interface standards are being investigated for a 4D Landscape Automated Situation Awareness(ASA) System. The proof-of-concept presentation will demonstrate how such a system can effectively manage large, high-resolution data streams from a large, diversified and distributed set of surveillance sensors, providing automated situation awareness for human analysts and responders through an interactive 4D browser. Commercially, a 4D Landscape ASA System can be deployed to provide enhanced physical security protection for all government and critical industry facilities.

Company

Creare LLC
P.O. Box 71,
16 Great Hollow Road
Hanover, NH 03755-0071

Proposal Information 0611076 - Scalable Time-Space Surveillance System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060143
Abstract

Surveillance systems record spatially and time-referenced sensor data, such as video imagery. With a growing need to monitor larger regions for longer intervals, there is a corresponding geometric growth in the size of the four-dimensional time-space surveillance recording. Tools that allow efficient exploration of this time-space are key to extracting value from the surveillance data. The critical problem is to preserve spatial context and causal time correlation while providing timely access to vast amounts of distributed data. We propose an innovative solution that extends 3-D map viewers such as Google Earth to add a 4th time dimension. These 3-D maps are a recent innovation of their own-they access geospatial data on demand from a vast, distributed database. Our innovation adds on-demand time-history distributed surveillance imagery to 3-D maps, and enables the capability to "fly through" a seamless 4-D time-space world. The end user implementation is easy and intuitive to use-a simple "time throttle" is added to the existing spatial navigation controls of the map viewer. The proposed scalable time-space surveillance technology will greatly improve the efficiency with which meaningful data from large distributed surveillance systems can be acquired, monitored, and reviewed. We thus enable more efficient use of limited resources, and quicker response in time-critical situations. The benefits to safety would have applications in homeland security, military and industrial facility monitoring, and home security systems.

Company

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505-5229

Proposal Information 0611108 - Network-centric Inter-channel Fusion for Multi-media Surveillance
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060139
Abstract

The Department of Homeland Security is seeking innovative highly-scalable information processing technologies to manage multimedia surveillance information networks. To address this need, Broadata Communications Inc. (BCI) proposes a highly innovative Network-centric Inter-channel Fusion (NIF) system solution. The NIF system is leveraged on a unique network-centric signal processing technique to automate inter-channel multimedia data compression and fusion, while these multimedia data are transmitting through a network. In other words, the NIF system is a network grid that consists of network nodes processing data collectively and on-the-fly. The NIF can automate sensor data processing, while significantly reducing required resources (bandwidth, storage, processing power, latency, etc.). In addition to the Homeland Security's surveillance information network management applications, the increased efficiency and simplicity of automated sensor data processing provided by NIF can have other security and monitoring applications, including: battlespace situation and threat assessment, terrorist video surveillance, perimeter defense, and equipment maintenance.

Company

SemQuest Inc.
1230 Arizona Sun Grove
Colorado Springs, CO 80909-3868

Proposal Information 0611168 - Networked Event and Object Correlated Multimedia System
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060141
Abstract

100 cameras each with one million pixel resolution operating at 30 frames per second would require 24Gbps of bandwidth without data compression. Even at 100:1 compression the bandwidth is still large relative to existing digital systems, and this bandwidth is continuous. We propose a technology that continuously digitizes and records data from a scaleable system with 1000's of cameras. This surveillance system uses novel digital cameras which greatly reduce bandwidth and data storage requirements while increasing visibility and lowering system cost. The proposed cameras will use complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) imager integrated circuits (ICs) designed both to capture and process images individually and to perform tracking and event triggering functions. The ICs will include efficient image comparison circuits to identify areas of interest in the surveillance field of view (FOV). Overall cost effectiveness derives from integrating new functions on the imager IC to provide a 'smart' camera and reduce infrastructure requirements. Phase I will analyze, specify, and design a CMOS imager IC meeting the system requirements. Phase II will manufacture the imager chips and demonstrate the technology in a portable system using a single computer and a single serial interface servicing up to 100 cameras.

Company

High Assurance Systems, In.
3409 Morgan Street
West Lafayette, IN 47906-1288

Proposal Information 0611174 - A Multimedia Surveillance Networking System using Foveation Technology
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060142
Abstract

The proposed foveation-based video and infra-red broad-spectrum streaming technology will provide a novel all-time all-weather surveillance capability. This highly scalable technology will allow low cost object tracking and searching capabilities in compressed domain. The technology will be deployable over IP and wireless networks allowing wide coverage based on broad spectrum sensors.

Company

Polar Rain Inc
1427 Cerro Verde
San Jose, CA 95120-4910

Proposal Information 0613017 - Adaptive camera to display mappings using computer vision
Topic Information H-SB06.1-009 - MANAGING MULTI-MEDIA SURVEILLANCE INFORMATION NETWORKS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060140
Abstract

The video surveillance industry is experiencing dramatic change with the move from analog to digital video. Command centers need to have coordinated viewing of multiple camera feeds at one time, and the ability to switch automatically between feeds and display relevant patterns. Conventional security control rooms include a bank of monitors connected through a switch to an array of security cameras. Fixed protocols are used to cycle the cameras through the monitors, with provisions for human over-ride. Advances in display technology and high speed networks motivate us to propose a radically new model of the human/display interface in the control room. We propose general techniques, based on computer vision algorithms for measuring the saliency of surveillance videos, for mapping video cameras to display space (resulting in variable amounts of display space per camera), and for visualizing the information in each video stream. The computer vision techniques involve statistical characterization of patterns of movements to develop measures of movement saliency (to control the camera to display space mapping), and perceptual modeling of video content to drive the visualization of an individual video stream. We describe a pilot user study to evaluate these ideas.

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H-SB06.1-010

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd.
Ste. 107
Austin, TX 78758-7631

Proposal Information 0611024 - CNT-Based Gas Ionizer to Replace Radioactive Sources
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060149
Abstract

In the recent past, government agencies from the US and other foreign countries have recognized the problem of orphaned radioactive sources worldwide. Such sources pose a security risk in the form of potential material for a "dirty bomb" or other illicit applications. We propose to replace Ni-63 beta emitters with a carbon nanotube based electric field ionization source. This CNT-based ionization source will be useful for a whole class of devices that currently use radioactive materials for gas ionizers. This CNT gas ionizer will be a nearly one-for-one replacement for the Ni-63, requiring only minor additional driver electronics to operate the source. The CNT ionizer will operate over a wide temperature range (-50 degree C to +100 degree C is expected). The source can be designed to fit almost any size and shape needed for the analytical instrument.

Company

TransTech Systems Inc.
1594 State Street
Schenectady, NY 12304-1529

Proposal Information 0611033 - Development of a Non-Nuclear Soil Density Gauge to Eliminate the Need for Nuclear Density Gauges
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060148
Abstract

Congress and various government agencies have recognized the problem of orphaned radioactive sources worldwide. This SBIR seeks replacement for existing operating nuclear sources of radiation in non-medical applications such as the portable nuclear density gauge (NDG), which poses two very critical national issues. First, there are an estimated 25,000 NDG units in the United States that contain radioactive material suitable for a "dirty bomb" and are being used on highway and civil construction projects. These gauges are portable and under limited control. Each year, approximately 300 of these units are reported lost or stolen to the NRC with only 150 eventually recovered. Second, since there is a cost associated with the proper disposal of NDGs, there is an incentive for some users to "lose" the units resulting in the improper disposal of these devices posing environmental hazards and economic costs. TransTech Systems, Inc. is developing a promising alternative to NDGs for the measurement of the density and moisture of engineering soil. TransTech's alternative employs electromagnetic sensing to determine material properties. The new technology has been successfully applied to measurement of asphalt and is being extended to soil density and moisture measurement.

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0611038 - Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Gauge
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060121
Abstract

To reduce the amount of radioactive material in common use for commercial applications and thus improve public security, the DNDO is seeking replacements for devices that commonly incorporate such material. Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Gauge (DRAG) that will replace isotope-based gauges for thickness, level, and velocity measurements in materials such as polymers, glasses, and ceramics. The device implements improved time domain dielectric spectrometry. In addition to a simple capacitive probe, it contains a microcontroller-based data acquisition and processing board with digital output. DRAG determines the peak value of dielectric losses in the monitored material, which is proportional to the amount of this material between the electrodes of the capacitive probe; therefore, the signal is similar to the attenuation of radiation in an isotope gauge. The proposed device will not only replace isotope-based industrial gauging devices that consume ~50 kg of isotopes annually, but will have significant advantages such as the capability to simultaneously measure flow rate and/or to distinguish nonuniformity in materials. The project will result in the fabrication of a dielectrometric gauge and a demonstration of how it can replace isotope gauges.

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information 0611104 - LIBS: An Alternative to Commercial Instruments for Measurement of Lead
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060150
Abstract

Radioactive materials are used in commercially important analytical instruments because of the ability of ionizing radiation to excite characteristic x-ray fluorescence lines. Radiation sources are often the most practical method for portable instruments, such as analyzers for lead paint in homes. There are many other applications, including the rapidly growing area of RoHS manufacturing. This effort will examine laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) to replace radiation techniques for lead-in-paint analysis, RoHS quality control, and other applications. Although LIBS has been investigated for this in the past, significant advances in detector technology and in the cost of lasers may now make this approach practical. In Phase I we will determine if LIBS can be used to replace the radiation technique use in RMD LPA-1 analyzer and in RoHS inspection equipment. In Phase II RMD will build prototypes and do field testing with customers.

Company

Picometrix LLC
2925 Boardwalk
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-6765

Proposal Information 0611196 - High Speed Non Ionizing Terahertz Measurement System to Replace Nuclear Gages
Topic Information H-SB06.1-010 - NON-NUCLEAR SOURCES OR TECHNIQUES TO REPLACE NUCLEAR SOURCES IN COMMERCIAL (NON-MEDICAL) APPLICATIONS
Award/Contract Number NBCHC060147
Abstract

We propose to prove the feasibility of a high speed non ionizing time domain terahertz (THz) measurement system to replace nuclear gauges. Nuclear source gauges (such as beta and gamma) are used in industrial process monitoring and control, often to measure thickness or mass in paper, plastics, rubber, and food stuffs in manufacturing and packaging. A single system based on low power non-ionizing pulsed THz measurements will be developed which can replace multiple types of nuclear source gauges. The THz measurement system will have similar or superior capabilities, with micron thickness resolution, less than 1 mm lateral resolution, and measurement times as fast as 250 microseconds. A single THz system can be configured for through or single sided measurements. Both very thin (<1mm) and thick (>50mm) materials can be measured with at equivalent precision. In addition, one THz gauges will make simultaneous measurements of properties such as water and chemical content. The miniature THz transmitters and receivers are hardened and can be remotely mounted from their control system. They require no shielding. In phase I we will determine laboratory feasibility of the measurements; describe the functional specifications, capabilities, environmental considerations, and comparative lifecycle costs of a proposed prototype system.

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