Abstracts of DHS SBIR-2018.OATS Phase II Awards
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18.OATS-001

Company

Newport Sensors, Inc.
PO Box 174
Corona Del Mar, CA 92625-9998

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2018.OATS-18.OATS-001-0001-II - Flexible, High-Frequency, High-Durability, and Multifunctional Sensor Film
Topic Information 18.OATS-001 - Flexible, High-Frequency, High-Durability, and Multifunctional Sensor Film
Award/Contract Number 70RSAT18C00000058
Abstract

DHS has an unmet need for measuring ultra-high-intensity, near-field blast overpressure caused by internal blast within a commercial aircraft explosive threat environment in order to facilitate characterization of blast effects to commercial aircraft structures. The goal of this DHS SBIR OATS project is to deliver advanced thin, flexible, conformable, multi-sensing-point film sensor technology for measuring ultra-high intensity, high-speed blast overpressure distribution on hard surfaces due to near-field blast events. With the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) SBIR support, Newport Sensors, Inc. (NSI) has successfully developed a groundbreaking deformable, conformable, multi-sensing-point, ultra-low-profile ballistic film sensor technology for measuring ultra-high-intensity and high-speed impact pressure. Preliminary near-field live fire tests conducted by DHS CAVM Program in conjunction with DoD-ARL have shown significant potential of the NSI/ARL film pressure sensors for measuring near-field blast overpressure on a metal pendulum plate. However, the combination of the ultra-high speed, pressure and temperature as well as the hard surface presents significant challenges to the sensor survivability for near-field blast measurement applications. The project will tackle these challenges by investigating materials for sensors and substrates and as well as methods for sensor bonding and protection, in order to deliver deformable, conformable, multi-sensing-point, ultra-low-profile, reusable (1 to 3 live fire tests) film sensors that can be applied/bonded to flat or curved hard surface to measure accurate distributed reflective blast overpressures in the range of 100,000 psi to 150,000 psi in high temperature and high pressure near-field blast environment.

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18.OATS-002

Company

Akamai Physics, Inc
1725 Marquess Street
Las Cruces, NM 88005-3383

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2018.OATS-18.OATS-002-0001-II - Mobile Network Resiliency Research and Development
Topic Information 18.OATS-002 - Mobile Network Resiliency Research and Development
Award/Contract Number 70RSAT18C00000060
Abstract

There is a requirement to reduce the vulnerability of commercial voice and data networks. These vulnerabilities include cyber-attacks such as SS7, or that which would occur after an EMP event. The cellular network is also vulnerable to external monitoring and tracking. This effort will design, develop, and implement a resilient 4G LTE / First Net cellular capability. To accomplish this, the effort will address security design parameters (detection/alert against SS7, SMS attacks, IMSI catchers, and similar situations. This effort also demonstrates a 4G LTE capability to operate without commercial cellular network or power. As part of that effort, the system will be demonstrated that the system can provide full voice, text, and conferencing over an SBU bridge. The cyber phone effort addresses near-term events (one week). A technology road map that addresses the survivability and sustainability of the communication network will be developed. The key issues are power (and then fuel, provided by a system that can operate autonomously for one year or longer. Issues addressed will include the type of power generation, fuel, and source of fuel, and maintenance. Long-range secure laser communications for high data rates (10 GB: +/sec) will be explored.

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18.OATS-003

Company

Akamai Physics, Inc
1725 Marquess Street
Las Cruces, NM 88005-3383

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2018.OATS-18.OATS-003-0001-II - Rogue Base Station Situational Awareness Reseach and Development
Topic Information 18.OATS-003 - Rogue Base Station Situational Awareness R&D
Award/Contract Number 70RSAT18C00000061
Abstract

There is a critical need to detect rogue cellular tower base stations (fake cell towers). Rogue towers are a growing threat to the national cellular phone infrastructure. Initial exploratory tests using 2G and 3G GSM detectors discovered illegal cellular activity in the National Capital Region. Our effort will use both fixed and mobile methodologies to geo-locate rouge cell towers. This process to be developed is to operate in the 2G, 3G, and 4G/LTE, 5G networks to include First Net. By using the encryption systems (oversight detection) to locate illegal cellular activates (both from the rogue cell tower and its clandestine receiver) this information can then be used to neutralize a cellular trigger, confirm illegal monitoring of cell phone traffic, counter denial of service, and stop tracking of personnel. The information on the rogue cell operations will be integrated into a data collection and characterization base which will then able to be shared through a government controlled web portal. This process will be developed to perform with assessment and mitigation strategies, especially tailored against espionage and potential physical events (IEDs, critical infrastructure hacking, etc.).

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18.OATS-004

Company

Accipiter Systems Inc.
412 Fox Meadow Drive
Wexford, PA 15090-8676

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2018.OATS-18.OATS-004-0001-II - Sensor Processing for Screening at Speed
Topic Information 18.OATS-004 - Sensor Processing for Screening at Speed
Award/Contract Number 70RSAT19C00000012
Abstract

The Apex Screening at Speed program fuses data from multiple sensor technologies and algorithms to detect potential threats in real time. The success of the program hinges on the fusion of data across multiple sensors to provide robust detection with no false negatives and few false positives. Another factor in the architecture of the system is that technology is continually evolving. This requires the flexibility to interconnect high volume raw sensor data with new algorithmic processing units with minimal (or no) impact on current operations. The program seeks to achieve these objectives while minimizing the overall system cost and footprint. Accipiter Systems provides a high throughput, low latency PCIe-based solution for directly interconnecting devices and systems at rack and LAN distances. PCIe is the de facto standard for interconnecting compute and storage devices (GPPs, GPUs, FPGAs, NVMe storage) to messaging systems (Ethernet). The proposed Accipiter solution eliminates the multiple levels of translation between compute and storage devices. This reduces latency, translation overhead, and ensures maximum data transfer rates. High performance switched interconnectivity enables the sharing of costly high-performance analysis systems across multiple sensor stations. The nature of the PCIe transport provides an inherent level of security not available with commoditized hardware. Accipiter Systems software provides the channel for transporting legacy protocols and rapid configuration of the interconnectivity of attached devices. This ensures the flexibility required into the future. Accipiter Systems will demonstrate the interconnectivity of multiple systems using this approach during this project.

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