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Abstracts of FY10.2 Phase I Awards
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H-SB010.2-001

Company

Lattice Government Services, Inc.
2411 Dulles Corner Park
Suite 220
Herndon, VA 20171-4645

Proposal Information 1021014 - Detector for Smuggled Currency
Topic Information H-SB010.2-001 - Detector for Smuggled Currency
Award/Contract Number D11PC20008
Abstract

As U.S. financial institutions continue to improve legislation that reduces money laundering, criminals with large quantities of cash have shifted their focus to bulk currency smuggling, making deposits in foreign banks. Current DHS and law enforcement technologies catch only a fraction of the currency passing through the ports and borders. To date, a dedicated currency detector has never been developed. Lattice Government Services (LGS) will work with the University of Washington to define requirements and a Concept of Operations, research gaseous chemical detection, and physical spectral/magnetic detection technologies, and down select ideal systems. An open architecture reporting system based on the LGS SensorView and OneVoice platforms will be designed, along with an integration plan, and simulation of the proposed system with a Basic Operator Interface. This simulation will be delivered along with a Technology Roadmap and the Final Report. The new portable and concealable detector will identify the chemical odor and unique physical attributes of U.S. and Canadian dollars as well as Euros in hidden locations on individuals, in luggage, in vehicles, and in shipping containers. In addition to DHS and law enforcement, this technology is of interest in cash heavy industries like casinos for directed marketing purposes.

Company

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737

Proposal Information 1021047 - Portable Ultra High-Resolution Millimeter-Wave Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar for Close-Range Detection of Concealed Objects
Topic Information H-SB010.2-001 - Detector for Smuggled Currency
Award/Contract Number D10PC20032
Abstract

Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a portable high-resolution imaging system based on frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) millimeter-wave (MMW) radar. The system will be operating at a stand-off distance (5-10meter) to detect concealed objects such as bulk quantities of currencies secreted on person or in luggage which are moving at walking speed. The key advantages of this system include: 3D ultra high-resolution imaging (centimeters); capability of seeing through clothing or through leather; portable and easy to setup; advanced target recognition algorithms for bulk quantities of currencies, such as radar polarimetry, Bragg-scattering signature and MUSIC superresolution analysis; Solely based on COTS RF components and existing IAI-developed DSP system; extremely low RF-emission due to the nature of close-range sensing.

Company

Connecticut Analytical Corporation
696 Amity Road
Bethany, CT 06524-3006

Proposal Information 1021149 - Electrospray Stand-off Detection of Trace Species in Air of Currency
Topic Information H-SB010.2-001 - Detector for Smuggled Currency
Award/Contract Number D10PC20031
Abstract

To detect and identify vapors of contraband currency, not to mention a selection mode for explosives, narcotics, chemical warfare agents, biological threats or other analyte species at trace levels in air, is an important problem with many ramifications. One widely used approach is based on transforming the molecules of those species into gas phase ions, which are then characterized by measurements of their mobility. Research is proposed on evaluating two novel and prospectively major improvements in this approach. One is to use a variation on Electrospray Ionization for the transformation of gaseous analyte molecules into ions. The other is to apply Pseudo Random Chopping techniques to ion mobility spectrometry. Preliminary experiments have shown that ESI can readily produce useful ion currents from species at sub parts per billion concentrations with very large SN ratios in open air, a requirement for sensitive standoff sniffing of contraband currency now performed using dogs. Moreover, ESI ionizes only polar molecules, ignoring all the nonpolar species that are a great majority of the molecules in air and other matrix gases. This selectivity eliminates most of the chemical noise that is a serious problem in IMS, where resolving power is limited.

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H-SB010.2-002

Company

Ultool, LLC
1024 Covington Place
Allison Park, PA 15101-1607

Proposal Information 1021003 - INEXPENSIVE LOW MAINTENANCE LONG LIFE VACUUM PUMPING SYSTEM FOR HAND-HELD MASS SPECTROMETERS
Topic Information H-SB010.2-002 - Next Generation Vacuum Systems for Hand-held Mass Spectrometers
Award/Contract Number D10PC20036
Abstract

Currently, DHS and other government agencies such as DOD and EPA have a pressing need for inexpensive, robust, long operation life hand-held mass spectrometers (MS) to be deployed in custom ports, battlefields, and remote monitoring sites. Although miniaturization of various MS has progressed significantly, reliable and convenient hand-held MS is still unavailable, mainly because of the lack of reliable and long battery life miniature high vacuum (HV) pumping systems. Ultool proposes a novel miniature HV pumping solution for hand-held MS that is reliable, inexpensive, and power saving. It is anticipated that the success of this SBIR project will enable low rate initial production of hand-held MS for DHS and other agencies. Furthermore, the proposed technology can find broader applications in clinical tests and food inspections.

Company

Connecticut Analytical Corporation
696 Amity Road
Bethany, CT 06524-3006

Proposal Information 1021082 - Electrospray Based High Vacuum Diffusion Pump for Mass Spectrometers
Topic Information H-SB010.2-002 - Next Generation Vacuum Systems for Hand-held Mass Spectrometers
Award/Contract Number D10PC20034
Abstract

Mass spectrometers necessitate a partial pressure zone to allow for the process of mass characterization of the analyte under consideration. The reasons for transforming neutral molecules into charged ions include (1) the ability to control the trajectories and destinations of charged species by appropriate combinations of electric and magnetic fields and (2) detectability that is generally much greater for ions than for neutral molecules because each ion gives rise to at least one electron in a primary signal current that can be greatly amplified by known techniques. The miniaturization of mass spectrometers suitable for handheld form factor has been principally hampered by a lack of new vacuum pump technology. Attempts to miniaturize turbomolecular pumps for portability suffer number of drawbacks in these applications. Chief among these are high cost, limited life, complexity, susceptibility to torque-induced gyroscopic precession, and a potential for catastrophic failure which may subject the user to possible shrapnel. An alternative is proposed whereby electrosprays of nonvolatile fluids may be employed as a new generation of high vacuum diffusion pump. Electrospray pumps do not require the heaters or cooling found in conventional oil based diffusion pumps, offering milliwatt instant-on operation, no moving parts, axis insensitivity, and low cost.

Company

Creare LLC
P.O. Box 71,
16 Great Hollow Road
Hanover, NH 03755-0071

Proposal Information 1021084 - Miniature, Rugged Vacuum System for Portable Mass Spectrometers
Topic Information H-SB010.2-002 - Next Generation Vacuum Systems for Hand-held Mass Spectrometers
Award/Contract Number D10PC20035
Abstract

DHS and the military have an urgent need for sensitive detectors of harmful materials such as toxic industrial chemicals, explosives, and chemical and biological warfare agents. Handheld instruments must be sensitive, able to detect a wide variety of target compounds in a matter of seconds, reliably discriminate between innocuous and harmful compounds, and be relatively inexpensive. A technology with great promise for addressing all of these requirements is miniature ion trap mass spectrometry (MIT-MS). These relatively simple devices are capable of detecting, identifying, and quantitating target compounds with great sensitivity and high levels of confidence. Mass spectrometry, nearly unique among analytical instrumental methods, combines high sensitivity with generality, i.e., applicability towards all compound classes, thus offering the high molecular information necessary for confident identification. One of the biggest factors preventing the development of truly low-cost and portable MIT-MS is the cost and size of the high vacuum system required for its operation. Creare proposes to address this by developing an innovative, miniature, rugged, vacuum system.

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H-SB010.2-003

Company

Centripetal Networks, Inc.
P.O. Box 2040
Reston, VA 20195-2040

Proposal Information 1021010 - Network Survivability, Recovery & Reconstitution (NS2R)
Topic Information H-SB010.2-003 - Large-Scale Network Survivability, Rapid Recovery, and Reconstitution
Award/Contract Number D10PC20038
Abstract

This DHS SBIR Phase I project will contribute technology that enables packet filtering devices to rapidly switch between large security policies which are applied to high-speed packet interfaces. This technology is critical to a solution that secures the Internet: A network protection service that addresses the problem of network survivability, rapid recovery, and reconstitution during attacks. This protection service proactively eliminates attacks on the Internet, before they are launched and reach their targets. The service applies a sequence of packet security policies to the network. The initial security policy restricts packet traffic to communications between critical resources and identifies sources of adverse traffic. Each successive policy increases the scope of allowed communications until normal network operations are restored. The solution architecture enables carriers, service providers, and large enterprises to host the solution and similar network security services. This approach will be the basis of a new Network-Security-as-a-Service (NSaaS) business model. The NSaaS approach improves cyber security quality and effectiveness for critical U.S. networks. It also reduces cyber security costs for all users. This DHS-funded research project will be a catalyst enabling the NSaaS market, a secure Internet, and significantly improved national security.

Company

Architecture Technology Corporation
9977 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3552

Proposal Information 1021021 - PICS: Peer Integrity Checking System
Topic Information H-SB010.2-003 - Large-Scale Network Survivability, Rapid Recovery, and Reconstitution
Award/Contract Number D10PC20037
Abstract

Modern computer networks are vulnerable to an ever widening variety of attacks and exploits. These attacks degrade the performance of individual hosts and of the network as a whole. They lead directly to the loss of critical data, privacy and, of course, money. A key characteristic of these attacks is the installation of unwanted programs (malware) into the host nodes comprising the network. Architecture Technology will leverage its extensive experience in conducting and transitioning leading-edge research into commercial products in the networking and security fields to create PICS, the Peer Integrity Checking System. PICS uses Peer-to-Peer technology as a means of network self-defense: the network itself will sense and react to intrusive attacks in a distributed, fault-tolerant manner. The goal of this work is to strengthen file integrity checking by ensuring that many more than just one host must be compromised before an attack on any one host goes undetected. Co-operative processes automatically detect suspicious or obviously compromised nodes without human intervention, alerting other nodes, users, and network owners/operators to their presence. PICS is commercially applicable to virtually all network-connected computers as a means of co-operative network defense against intrusive malware.

Company

Paradigm Shift International
2051 Lama Mountain
Box 289
Questa, NM 87556-0289

Proposal Information 1021049 - SORN-S - Self Organizing Resilient Network Sensing
Topic Information H-SB010.2-003 - Large-Scale Network Survivability, Rapid Recovery, and Reconstitution
Award/Contract Number D10PC20039
Abstract

We propose to develop the Sensing portion of a Self Organizing Resilient Network (SORN-S) by integrating existing natural-system process knowledge with a new affordable, massively-parallel, pattern-detection technology. The biological immune system (BIS) has been offered as a model by many who see its natural fit to cyber networks viewed as organisms, but computational performance limitations have obstructed necessary high fidelity translation. The cortical feed-forward/backward hierarchy is understood as a powerful pattern learner/predictor process, but computational translations remain complex and expensive. Both are compatible multi-agent architectural models that can be combined and distributed among existing network endpoints, potentially embedded in new systems designs, or packaged as a USB device for legacy add-on. A high fidelity BIS model adapted to cyber-networks offers both signature and behavior based detection of packet-born attacks and endpoint infections, and notably features the ability to detect previously unseen attacks and infections. The proposed project will explore and evaluate the integration of three levels of nested pattern learning/detection architectures enabled by the new pattern-processor technology; and show feasibility for rendering the result as an end point add-on device for legacy environments, and potential for integrated inclusion in new network/endpoint design.

Company

ThreatSTOP, Inc.
1743 Blue Water Lane
San Marcos, CA 92078-1056

Proposal Information 1021127 - Distributed, closed-loop, anonymized, dynamic collaborative defense against network threats
Topic Information H-SB010.2-003 - Large-Scale Network Survivability, Rapid Recovery, and Reconstitution
Award/Contract Number D11PC20011
Abstract

This Proposal is for the investigation of the feasibility, and if feasible, the requirements, for deploying distributed intrusion and bot detection services in a bundle inside multiple networks, while sharing the resulting threat information in an anonymized way. It will involve the implementation of combined defense and sensor nodes as gateways; local correlation, log processing and reporting engines; and dissemination of detected threat sources back to a central correlation authority which then disseminates the information to all participating entities. Key items to be examined are the scalability of distributing existing databases while maintaining consistency; anonymization of threat information detected while maintaining relevancy; and the scalability of processing data from the local detector enforcers into the private threat correlation system, sending the detected threats upstream to the global system, and disseminating the correlated data to all nodes. This will provide the requirements to scale the current ThreatSTOP system so that it can be fully commercialized to protect national security assets, large enterprises, and large numbers of individual users. The benefit will be dynamic detection and blocking of network level attacks and the dynamic disabling of botnets through the interruption of their command and control channels.

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H-SB010.2-004

Company

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077

Proposal Information 1021022 - Canine training aids for HMTD detection
Topic Information H-SB010.2-004 - Non-Detonable, Non-Hazardous, Low-Cost, Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) Training Aids for Canines
Award/Contract Number D10PC20043
Abstract

Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI), proposes to prepare a new class of training aids to be used for canine detection of HMTD. These training aids are expected to incorporate the components of non-energetic off-gas from genuine HMTD. By using an HMTD headspace proxy, it will be possible to present canines with a training aid that does not carry with it the handling, disposal and other concerns associated with the use of genuine samples of the sensitive energetic material. By incorporating these headspace gases in a controlled release presentation form that does not contain significant VOC`s, keying of the canines on packaging/labeling residuals will be avoided. In Phase I, PSI will identify the off-gas associated with HMTD degradation and adsorb these gases/liquids into a porous non-polymeric mixture for delivery. The scent profile of material formulated in this way will be assessed by headspace analysis in comparison to genuine HMTD headspace analysis. In Phase II, PSI will optimize the release system, create a final packaged solution and produce 100 training aids for evaluation with DHS detection dogs. The release system proposed for these HMTD training aids is expected to have potential application in a range of explosive and narcotic canine training products.

Company

Eneregan LLC
8431 E Fairmount Ave
Scottsdale, AZ 85251-4912

Proposal Information 1021024 - Non-Detonable, Non-Hazardous, Low-Cost, Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) Training Aids for Canines
Topic Information H-SB010.2-004 - Non-Detonable, Non-Hazardous, Low-Cost, Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) Training Aids for Canines
Award/Contract Number D10PC20042
Abstract

To overcome the HMTD tendency to detonate, decompose and to be toxic, feasibility studies are essential in Phase 1. Few approaches are suggested; starting with a device which has the actual HMTD or HMTD mixed with no-odor matrix. Each option will require a suitable packaging for storage and operation. These feasibility studies will be conducted in lab scale to enable a quick and massive amount of experiments within the six months of Phase 1. The presence of HMTD in the training device is very important. The HMTD vapor consists of HMTD and some decomposition products. This complicated vapor composition requires the use of actual HMTD. The option of using HMTD pre-cursors (Hexamine and Hydrogen Peroxide) which can provide partially the HMTD odor, is a default one, taking into consideration that Hexamine is toxic as well. The HMTD for both options will be made with certain size, size distribution, crystal imperfections and its purity will be the highest achievable. The Optimization of the HMTD preparation process will be an important part of the developmenth tasks .The HMTD loading into the case will be studied. It is expected that the lowest bulk density will the most preferable for the device safety

Company

XploSafe LLC
1414 South Sangre Road
Stillwater, OK 74074-1810

Proposal Information 1021146 - Development HMTD-Containing Porous Materials as Non-Detonable Training Aids for Canines
Topic Information H-SB010.2-004 - Non-Detonable, Non-Hazardous, Low-Cost, Hexamethylene Triperoxide Diamine (HMTD) Training Aids for Canines
Award/Contract Number D10PC20044
Abstract

The current practice of training canines for explosives detection utilizing actual explosives requires qualified personnel that are trained to handle explosive materials making the training both manpower-intensive and costly. The expense is further exacerbated by the need to handle and dispose of the explosive material according to local, state, and federal explosives regulations. Finally, the nature of explosives creates a risk of injury to the canine and its handler. This is especially problematic for the highly sensitive peroxide-based improvised explosives such as hexamethylene triperoxide diamine (HMTD). These peroxides are unstable compounds that are sensitive to shock, friction, and heat. HMTD even reacts with most common metals in a process that can lead to detonation. Clearly, working with these explosives in pure form is extremely risky. To solve this problem the proposed research will utilize porous ceramic materials in which HMTD is housed in a fashion that will inhibit or prevent explosive hazards while ensuring the maintenance of a normal vapor pressure of HMTD without any confounding extraneous volatile materials that could interfere with canine training.

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H-SB010.2-005

Company

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 East Broadway, Ste. 110
Oviedo, FL 32765-7829

Proposal Information 1021042 - Usability Evaluation and Management System (USEMAN)
Topic Information H-SB010.2-005 - Automated Tool for Assessing Usability
Award/Contract Number D10PC20046
Abstract

This proposal describes the development plan for the USEability Evaluation and Management (USEMAN) system that assists practitioners in the planning, management and execution of different types of usability evaluations by incorporating a variety of tools as well as automatable evaluation capabilities. USEMAN will be a modular and expandable multi-tool system that will integrate tools to assist usability practitioners and incorporate the ability to attach a multitude of optional sensors and data collection attachments. Under this effort a key innovation will be the development of the automatic data collection and analysis capability which will utilize image processing algorithms and practitioner defined areas-of-interest to assess performance on software, hardware and low fidelity interface prototypes (e.g., paper-based mockups).

Company

TiER1 Performance Solutions
6 E. 5th St., Suite 400
Covington, KY 41011-1512

Proposal Information 1021097 - Automated Tool for Assessing Usability in Systems (A-TAUS)
Topic Information H-SB010.2-005 - Automated Tool for Assessing Usability
Award/Contract Number D10PC20047
Abstract

In this proposal, TiER1 Performance Solutions and Alion Science and Technology offer to develop A-TAUS (Automated Tool for Assessing Usability in Systems) to assist DHS engineers in improving usability without the burden of learning numerous disconnected tools. A primary goal of Phase I is to develop a proof-of-concept prototype that includes a research-based organizing framework for analyzing usability problems, all within an integrated suite of usability engineering support tools. A-TAUS will support usability-problem extraction by isolating individual usability problems from the raw data associated with observational usability. This isolation process will enable usability problems to be systematically and structurally analyzed to achieve precise, complete problem reporting. A-TAUS also will support the integration of design guidelines across the system design lifecycle and allow DHS engineers to easily apply guidelines to specific usability-design situations. Finally, the sophistication of the proposed software tools will require accompanying capabilities for user training and long-term support. DHS personnel must have confidence not only in the theoretical underpinnings of their tools but also in the long-term commitment of the tool providers to provide support. Our approach will ensure that usability engineers will understand the benefits provided by the tools and how to use them effectively.

Company

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street
Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801-1753

Proposal Information 1021102 - PULSE Portable Usability Lab for System Evaluation
Topic Information H-SB010.2-005 - Automated Tool for Assessing Usability
Award/Contract Number D10PC20045
Abstract

Usability greatly affects the acceptability, affordability, and overall success of technology. However, the resources that are typically required to ensure usability are substantial, and failing to do so will degrade a system`s ability to support the user`s mission, decrease the perceived value of the technology, and reduce the number of future transition opportunities. Aptima`s Portable Usability Lab for System Evaluation (PULSE) is a tool comprised of software and hardware that supports the analyst in gathering, organizing, and sharing usability evaluation requirements, automatically generating systematic test plans based on those requirements, implementing and adapting those test plans, and analyzing and interpreting the results. PULSE consists of four modules, each of which guides the analyst through the usability assessment process: Test Requirement Specification, Test Plan Generation, Data Collection, and Analysis. In addition to these modules, PULSE leverages a Community of Practice to supplement the analyst as the assessment is planned, executed, and analyzed. The collaborative nature of this functionality supports users with all levels of expertise by providing access to numerous resources that, typically, have been previously unavailable. PULSE is versatile, and provides an efficient and reliable means of evaluating and ensuring usability by bringing these capabilities to bear across numerous domains.

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H-SB010.2-006

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1021051 - Helmet Embedded Conformal Augmented Display
Topic Information H-SB010.2-006 - Helmet with Embedded Active Display for Emergency Responders (HEADER)
Award/Contract Number D10PC20048
Abstract

To address the HSARPA need for a next-generation helmet with an embedded heads-up display for emergency responder personal situation awareness, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Helmet Embedded Conformal Augmented Display (HECAD) that can be easily integrated into emergency responder helmet. The proposed HECAD system is based on a unique design that integrates environmentally hardened miniature microdisplays and electronics with POC-developed waveguide holographic image-projection optics conformal to or embedded onto helmet visor. The proposed lightweight, low-profile, low-power device will provide advanced situation awareness by displaying readouts and alerts of body-warned multiple sensors, and can switch between normal data and augmented scene display modes. In Phase I, POC will design HECAD for an advance first responder helmet and demonstrate the proposed concept`s feasibility through simulation and integration of a preliminary prototype system. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype and integrate it with a selected helmet system to evaluate it in a simulated operational environment. Due to its modular low-profile, see-through design, the HECAD will have significant commercial applications primarily benefiting firefighters and emergency responders for disasters; it can also be used as heads-up displays in medical, sports, aerospace, training, manufacturing, and gaming applications.

Company

Tanagram Partners
125 North Halsted, Suite 400
Chicago, IL 60661-2154

Proposal Information 1021066 - Helmet With Embedded Display for Emergency Responders
Topic Information H-SB010.2-006 - Helmet with Embedded Active Display for Emergency Responders (HEADER)
Award/Contract Number D10PC20049
Abstract

This topic of developing a helmet with embedded display for first responders will be pursued to advance both individual and group Situational Awareness. Individual Situational Awareness would be increased through providing specific data relating to air supply, thermal imaging, biometrics, identification of flee path. Ideally, group Situational Awareness for first responders will relate to location of the group, enhanced communication with leadership outside of the building, display of floor plans for strategy and planning, and an advanced method of announcing and locating a man-down. Preliminary research will be performed to determine technical feasibility. Immediate approach will address the following: - Investigate data which is now available to the first responder/firefighter, although currently in a `siloed` fashion via different means and technologies. - Use a combination of contextual and neurocognitive research to address the issue of cognitive overload and distraction in determining the optimum amount of data to be displayed. - Build quickly upon the progress occurring in optics and display technology to match the ideal display medium with the technical tolerances which must be met in the first responder physical environment.

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H-SB010.2-007

Company

Harmonia Holdings Group
2020 Kraft Dr, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060-6747

Proposal Information 1021013 - Using Semantic Recommendation, End-User Programming, and an Ecosystem to Radically Shorten DHS Adoption Time
Topic Information H-SB010.2-007 - Accelerating the Deployment of DHS Center of Excellence Research through Advanced Business Practices
Award/Contract Number D10PC20051
Abstract

This work contributes to the transition from visualization tools to the integrated environment envisioned in DHS S&T`s Precision Information Environment (PIE). We seek to enable DHS operating components and first responders to rapidly access and deploy new products from DHS Centers of Excellence (COEs) or other sources of countless visual and data analytics capabilities. In partnership with the VACCINE COE and with small business support from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, we propose a system called DECIDE Discover, Educate, Compose, Integrate, and Distribute Ecosystem. Users often know what they want to do, but not how. Discover provides helps users pinpoint visual and analytic modules to answer how. Ideally users can find pre-built apps they can simply download from a DHS Apps Store. Otherwise Educate, Compose and Integrate allow users mash up modules with each other and to data to fill their needs. Distribute allows users to help other users by publishing their compositions back and annotating any module with the questions it helps answer. DECIDE addresses gap areas in the PIE vision by making analysis, decision support, and situational awareness software much more accessible to federal, state, local and tribal first responders.

Company

Intuidex, Inc.
116 Research Drive
Bethlehem, PA 18015-4731

Proposal Information 1021016 - Deploying Less of More: Leveraging the Long Tail of Distribution
Topic Information H-SB010.2-007 - Accelerating the Deployment of DHS Center of Excellence Research through Advanced Business Practices
Award/Contract Number D10PC20052
Abstract

Intuidex proposes to develop a unified plug and play framework that provides two strategic components in the quest to achieve rapid dissemination and operationalization of tools for analysis, simulation and modeling. The first component is a Common Platform, developed using an open source model, which will provide a software foundation supporting a multitude of data analysis, transformation, visualization, modeling, simulation, collaboration and other modules. A Distribution System is the second component, which will serve as a module repository and search mechanism, allowing framework users to find and download modules that meet the analytic capability required. A set of initial analytic modules will also be developed, completing a functional prototype of the framework. The resulting framework prototype will be evaluated by Law Enforcement and Homeland Security officers and analysts for feedback on the perceived functionality, potential, and likelihood of utility of such a framework within their respective agencies. By following a technical and business model similar to many major media providers today (such as Apple through the iTunes Store or Google through the Android Market), this business and technical model is one that is already familiar to much of the workforce and has also been proven to scale well. At the conclusion of this SBIR, Intuidex will provide design documentation and functional prototypes of the primary components, plus additional findings such as results from the evaluation.

Company

BALFOUR Technologies LLC
510 Grumman Road West
Suite 212
Bethpage, NY 11714-3631

Proposal Information 1021044 - Leveraging Innovative Rapid System Development Practices to Facilitate Effective Technology Deployment for First Responders
Topic Information H-SB010.2-007 - Accelerating the Deployment of DHS Center of Excellence Research through Advanced Business Practices
Award/Contract Number D10PC20050
Abstract

Balfour Technologies will demonstrate the feasibility of a new paradigm, called the 345 Loop, that can accelerate the adoption of new technology by first responders. Derived from advanced software development practices, it combines the advantages facilitated by temporal prototyping with an innovative product development loop and an advanced collaborative environment to deliver an environment where first responders can test, evaluate, provide feedback, train, and remotely access and deploy new visual and data analytics system solutions. This innovative 345 paradigm will effectively disseminate new technologies to first responders for rapid adoption and use.

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H-SB010.2-008

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1021045 - Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Probe
Topic Information H-SB010.2-008 - Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons
Award/Contract Number D10PC20053
Abstract

To address the HSARPA need for a non-imaging handheld multisensory system for bulk detection of threats and illicit objects hidden on a person`s body, under clothing or in body cavities, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Dielectric Relaxation Analyzing Probe (DRAP). This proposed device is based on Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The DRAP device will offer detection of both conductive and nonconductive objects, and also works as a metal detector. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of DRAP by design, fabrication, and evaluation of a conceptual DRAP prototype. In Phase II POC plans to fabricate and demonstrate a prototype of the DRAP handheld multisensory system, verify and validate the probability of detection and false detection rates and the potential for threats and illicit objects to be camouflaged. The successful development of this technology at the end of Phase III will benefit the Nation in both government and commercial sectors by providing a versatile and wide-detection-range handheld screening tool. Commercial applications for this technology include the screening of passengers at checkpoints and cargo at ports of entry into the United States. The device can be used also by security guards, Coast Guards, and police officers.

Company

Spectral Labs Incorporated
12265 World Trade Drive, Ste E
San Diego, CA 92128-3771

Proposal Information 1021065 - Multi-Function Wand Prototype Development
Topic Information H-SB010.2-008 - Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons
Award/Contract Number D10PC20055
Abstract

This SLI proposal for development of a Multisensor Wand, which we designated the Multi-Function Wand (MFW), describes a carefully planned program to reach the overarching objective of providing a sound design concept that will address the vital need for a Handheld Multisensor tool to improve the checkpoint screener`s ability to quickly make a judgment call on whether someone is concealing illicit objects or threats without requiring analysis of an image. The ultimate Multi-Function Wand (MFW) Program objective is to successfully design and develop an MFW prototype suitable for independent evaluation by the Transportation Security Laboratory (TSL) by the end of a Phase II program. The MFW will integrate multiple sensing technologies in a hand held sensor that will provide an unambiguous indication of the presence of contraband. To meet this need, Spectral Labs Incorporated plans at inception to apply modern modeling methods to validate a detailed trade study to continue the sensor selection process initiated during this proposal preparation. This effort will result in a proof of concept test bed design that will provide objective data in Phase I. In parallel an innovative signal processing algorithm will be implemented in MATLAB to improve the Signal to Noise ratio.

Company

Picometrix LLC
2925 Boardwalk
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-6765

Proposal Information 1021135 - Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons
Topic Information H-SB010.2-008 - Handheld Multisensor Wand for the Detection of Threat or Illicit Objects on Persons
Award/Contract Number D10PC20054
Abstract

In this Phase I SBIR work, we propose to test the feasibility of enhancing a hand-held wand time-domain terahertz (TD-THz) based sensor with an additional suite of low cost sensor technologies to create a multi-sensor fusion based approach. The feasibility of TD-THz signature based anomaly detection has been demonstrated previously in double-blind testing performed by an independent laboratory. A key capability of the TD-THz inspection wand is to detect concealed anomalous objects on the body of a person by employing automated time-domain waveform signature analysis without the need for imaging and its associated privacy concerns. While the probability of detection (PD) and probability of false alarm (PFA) previously demonstrated with a single THz sensor was very good and met TSA criteria for the particular concept of operation, the addition of one or more sensors will broaden the detectable types of concealments and anomalies; reduce shield conditions; speed operator use; and further improve the PD and PFA. We will evaluate the potential impact of the receiver operating characteristic of each of the sensor combinations in Phase I using a combination of experimental testing using simulants and theoretical evaluation. A prototype multi-sensor wand will be engineered, built and tested in Phase II.

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H-SB010.2-009

Company

Referentia Systems Incorporated
550 Paiea Street, Suite 236
Honolulu, HI 96819-1837

Proposal Information 1021058 - Personal Situational Awareness APP
Topic Information H-SB010.2-009 - Personal Situational Awareness App
Award/Contract Number D10PC20057
Abstract

Mobile information consumption is evolving alongside mobile computing technology. Mobile media monitoring however, and automated intelligent event alerting services have yet to be developed. We propose to research, design, and prototype a mobile application to extract and disseminate events from raw audio feeds based on users` interests and priorities. The solution will leverage an array of existing technologies to prototype a Google Android-based personal situational awareness client leveraging a cloud-based event dissemination system. To this end, we will pursue three technical objectives: the ability to ingest and manage audio data threads from disparate sources, and to extract information from the data streams and generate structured events that can be used by other processes; design and prototype a Droid-based user interface for situational awareness rendering and priorities and interest configuration; assess the capabilities and limitations of the prototype solution and document for future design optimization activities

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 1021072 - Context-Sensitive Situational Awareness Server/Client
Topic Information H-SB010.2-009 - Personal Situational Awareness App
Award/Contract Number D10PC20056
Abstract

To address the HSARPA need for a downloadable commercial software application that provides personal situational awareness to individuals based on their (stated) location, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Context-Sensitive Situational Awareness Server/Client (CSSAS/C) system. This proposed technology is based on geospatial analysis and dynamic data-reduction and validation techniques. CSSAS/C offers a subscription-based push service that sends customized alerts derived from multiple sources (e.g., weather warnings, sigalerts), conditioned relative to the user`s location, state, surroundings, and other contextual information. Alerts can be viewed on mobile communication devices. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of CSSAS/C by developing and debugging prototype software to exhibit the user operations involved in subscribing to and using the service. In Phase II POC plans to develop and demonstrate enhanced client/server software that meets specific CONOPS requirements. Successful project completion at the end of Phase III will benefit the nation by supplying subscribers, who now wait minutes to hours for information, with real-time alerts on handheld devices describing local risks and threats. Commercial applications of CSSAS/C include providing alerts to fixed-location Internet devices for delivery to users who are homebound or do not have mobile communication devices.

Company

Sentek Consulting
651 Arroyo Drive
San Diego, CA 92103-6401

Proposal Information 1021075 - Sentek Global PSAP
Topic Information H-SB010.2-009 - Personal Situational Awareness App
Award/Contract Number D10PC20058
Abstract

Sentek Global (Sentek) is a Service Disabled Veteran Owned, Small Business (SDVOSB) and SBA-certified 8(a) small business that has formed a world-class engineering team with DefenseWeb Technologies, SAIC, & Shomo Technical Systems in response to DHS SBIR H-SB010.2-09. This team`s in depth skills set includes application development, systems integration, architecture design and advanced data management algorithms. These talents have been combined to provide the Department of Homeland Security with a comprehensive technical approach for building an innovative and scaleable Personal Situational Awareness Application prototype. The phase 1 prototype will allow individuals to gather information from public safety dispatch calls and commercial radio station broadcast via a cellular phone application. Additionally, the prototype will simulate state and local agencies will being able to push vital information of interest to a subscriber base such as crime reports, natural disaster warnings, and other items of public safety. The proposed solution will create an efficient means for critical, real and near real time, information to be passed to the public. The end result is that U.S. citizens will have actionable intelligence literally in the palm of their hands, allowing them to better prepare for, and respond to, terrorist actions, violent crime, and natural disasters.

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