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Abstracts of FY07.1 Phase I Awards
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H-SB07.1-001

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0711054 - Versatile Trace Explosives Sampling and Collection System
Topic Information H-SB07.1-001 - Trace Explosives Particle and Vapor Sample Collection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080010
Abstract

To address the need for combined vapor and particulate trace explosives sampling and collection, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Versatile Trace Explosives Sampling and CollecTion (V-TEST) system. This noncontact system will agitate and sample air near the test object, and then condense vapor and particulate trace explosives on/in a highly functional nanostructured porous membrane. It features a throughput of at least six individuals/packages per minute, collecting enough sample material to be detected by a commercial trace-explosives detector. Each complete collection takes ~10 s to condense >1 L of air. For a trace level of PPB, this will yield a few nanograms of trace explosives, ~3 orders of magnitude more than the state-of-the-art detection limit (a few piecograms). The proposed V-TEST system is operationally safe, will require no consumables, and will draw <10 W of battery power. In Phase I POC will assemble a proof-of-concept prototype and test it on surrogates. In Phase II we will develop a prototype for laboratory and field testing, and estimate its collection efficiency. The TSA can use this system to screen passengers and baggage. The system will also benefit environmental pollution monitoring and military/peacekeeping security monitoring.

Company

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821-3976

Proposal Information 0711115 - Non-Contact Sampling Wand For The Detection Of Trace Explosives Material
Topic Information H-SB07.1-001 - Trace Explosives Particle and Vapor Sample Collection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080015
Abstract

Aerodyne Research, Inc. proposes to design, build and test a non-contact sampling wand intended for the detection of energetic materials which will involve collection and subsequent concentration of particles, and real-time coupling to a hand-held ion mobility spectrometer-based detector. This non-contact sampler will be easily retrofitted to commercially available detectors and require minimal electric power as well. We estimate that its use will increase detection sensitivities of such devices by at least an order of magnitude. Furthermore, its simplicity should help reduce the incidence of sample failure.

Company

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023

Proposal Information 0711130 - Highly Efficient Portable Trace Explosives Sampling System
Topic Information H-SB07.1-001 - Trace Explosives Particle and Vapor Sample Collection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080004
Abstract

The transportation system is an attractive target for terrorists because it could allow them to cause immediate harm to large numbers of people and create anxiety for many more. The detection and mitigation of attacks on transportation are made more difficult by the transient nature of the passengers and the fact that passengers often carry a lot of luggage. X-ray machines and computer tomography-based systems currently deployed by TSA operators provide only imagery of the density of items within screened luggage. Detection based on density images is insufficient because many non-hazardous items have densities similar to explosive materials. In spite of being highly sensitive, currently used explosives detectors are only as good as the samples they are presented with. Currently trace extraction is done by manual swabbing, which suffers from severe constraints. The process is time and labor intensive, and it also lacks consistency of inspection. To address the issues of effective sampling Lynntech proposes to develop a highly efficient portable sampling system that will allow captured explosive particles and vapor to be thermally desorbed for detection by a commercial explosive detector. It will be useful in screening people, baggage, parcels, cargo, improvised explosive devices, etc.

Company

Implant Sciences Corporation
107 Audubon Road #5
Wakefield, MA 01880-1246

Proposal Information 0711204 - Handheld Trace Explosives Sampler
Topic Information H-SB07.1-001 - Trace Explosives Particle and Vapor Sample Collection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080016
Abstract

Trace chemical sampling is most effective when both particles and vapor are collected due to the enhanced mass obtained. While vapor sampling is limited by the available vapor pressure of the target substance, particles are limited only by the three steps of 1) release from the surface, 2) transport to a collector/concentrator, and 3) collection efficiency for small particles. In addition, the real world problem of collecting unwanted contaminants must also be addressed. A non-contact handheld collection system is proposed that could readily be scaled to a variety of larger sampling applications. The system consists of an aerosol spray that is non-contaminating and leaves no residue, a small vortex attractor transport system capable of sampling up to a foot away, and a long life reusable collecting trap. The trap uses dynamic motion to enhance collection efficiency without sacrificing a simple cleaning method using brushing and self baking. The method of collection may employ either a default collection trap supplied with the unit or use adaptors to fit any porous collection traps commonly employed in the explosives detection industry. Alternately, a manufacturer's proprietary wiping system may be employed to wipe the chemical traces from the surface of the default trap.

Company

AGILTRON,INC
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003

Proposal Information 0711261 - Advanced Sample Collection System
Topic Information H-SB07.1-001 - Trace Explosives Particle and Vapor Sample Collection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080005
Abstract

The objective of this effort is to design, construct, and demonstrate a highly efficient trace particulate and vapor sample collection system. Used in conjunction with any of the commercial trace explosive detection technologies, this will create a viable real-time non-contact screening technology for explosive materials of unprecedented performance. We have already internally developed a proprietary and demonstrated trace explosive detection technology, and while doing so we learned a tremendous amount about the key components necessary for a responsive and efficient sample collection system. In this proposal we address two critical areas of a superior collection system design: 1) a non-contact surface excitation technology that dislodges particles and vapors from any surface to make them available for collection, and 2) a superior collection/concentration system that rapidly separates both generic debris and bulk atmospheric gases from those samples of highest relevance, and quickly consolidates these collected samples for real-time analysis by any commercial trace explosive detection technology. Since this Advanced Sample Collection System is to be designed as a universal front-end to the different trace detection technologies, it has broad commercial opportunity. Depending on the detection technology used, this would be applicable to inspections for explosives, narcotics, biohazards, accelerants, and industrial toxins.

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H-SB07.1-002

Company

Advanced Design Consulting USA, Inc.
P.O. Box 187
126 Ridge Rd
Lansing, NY 14882-0187

Proposal Information 0711092 - Portable Rescue Jaw and Spreader
Topic Information H-SB07.1-002 - Subterranean Response and Evacuation
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080017
Abstract

The "Jaws-Of-Life" is a hydraulic rescue tool used to rip cars apart. They consist of a pair of metal claws that are used to spread/cut/rip automobiles or other metal constructions apart in order to save persons who may be trapped inside. The Jaws of Life were originally designed for race track use but have since become a tool of rescue crews everywhere. Hale Products presently own the trademark "Jaws-Of-Life" though now a generically named rescue spreaders. The problem with current rescue spreader systems range in weight from 60 to 125 lbs and are comprised of separate power units and end effectors connected by a heavy hydraulic line or electrical cable. The complexity and weight of these systems makes them difficult to carry over rough terrain or deploy during airborne rescue. The opportunity lies in creating a light weight and powerful system which the rescue spreader can be amenable to long term storage, safe handling by trained personnel during operation, safe handling by untrained personnel when not in operation, and safe transportation in both ground and air vehicles.

Company

DAX Technologies International Corp.
100 Matawan Rd.
Suite 350
Matawan, NJ 07747-3911

Proposal Information 0711171 - Sensor Fusion Software to aid in response and evacuation of subterranean incidents
Topic Information H-SB07.1-002 - Subterranean Response and Evacuation
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080018
Abstract

The speed at which an attack is detected is a critical trigger for all responses to follow. The accurate determination of the type of attack will determine the type of emergency personnel and response needed. The location will determine by proximity which of the responders that are available can be first on the scene. Therefore, a system that can do that based on a multitude of input feeds such as sensors is of outmost importance. While sensor put out information - making sense in quick fashion of the data is paramount. A system such as Optima HLS that can fuse data from multiple sources, correlate it, find the root cause, and then automatically notify the required first responders will play a significant role in helping evacuate victims in a timely manner and therefore save lives. DAX intends to show a proof of concept prototype of its in house technology Optima HLS used in the identification and response to simulated incidents. To this effect inexpensive COTS sensors will be used to mock fire, collision, and explosion events in a subterranean tunnel and show how first responder response time can be improved when provided in real -time with accurate situational awareness.

Company

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054-1008

Proposal Information 0711206 - Distributed Temperature Sensing for Automatic Blast Detection
Topic Information H-SB07.1-002 - Subterranean Response and Evacuation
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080019
Abstract

Fires in tunnels-whether resulting from collisions, bombs, or other sources-are extremely hazardous. Authorities need immediate notification of the problem to provide quick assistance to passengers and prevent additional collisions. One solution is to place temperature sensors along the length of the tunnel; these sensors can be used to detect blasts and issue an alarm. Placing sensors in a tunnel is challenging, however. Long tunnels require many sensors, which can be prohibitively expensive. After an explosion, the sensor environment is extremely harsh, and the tunnel itself presents challenges to wireless signal transmission. Intelligent Fiber Optics Systems, Corp. (IFOS) proposes to meet the demands of this sensing challenge using fiber optic distributed temperature sensors (DTS). In DTS, an optical fiber is used as a distributed sensing element. Fiber-based DTS is extremely robust and can be used in harsh environments. As a passive optical device, it does not require power, and is immune to electromagnetic interference (EMI). DTS is cost-effective and easy to install, and can quickly identify and monitor significant hot spots and their locations in the tunnel, providing key information to rescue and evacuation personnel.

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H-SB07.1-003

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0711026 - Noninvasive-Interrogation Tamper-Detecting Secure Wrap System
Topic Information H-SB07.1-003 - Secure Wrap
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080006
Abstract

To address the need for a robust and tamper-evident secure wrap for cargo, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Noninvasive-Interrogation Tamper-Detecting Secure Wrap (NITSEW) system based on resonating sensing patterns (RSP) and a handheld standoff interrogation transducer (SIT). The SIT delivers non-contact, ultra-low-resonance-energy excitation of standard stretch wrap modified with the addition of inexpensive, pattern metallized structures, and measures any changes in the response of the film due to tampering. NITSEW will detect tampering with palletized cargo and wrapped goods even inside cardboard boxes and thin-walled wooden crates. In Phase I POC will demonstrate the feasibility of NITSEW by testing pattern metallized films in realistic shipping scenarios. In Phase II we plan to apply mass production techniques to produce larger-area pattern-metallized secure film for testing on palletized cargo, and to reduce SIT electronics in size, for efficient and robust sensing elements. The development of the NITSEW techology will increase the security of international shipping. As the shipping of palletized goods is a universal procedure, POC's novel secure wrap can be applied worldwide. Additionally, as this plastic sheeting is also used in food wrap, a sanitized tamper-evident version of NITSEW can be adopted by the food industry.

Company

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road
Waltham, MA 02451-1016

Proposal Information 0711099 - Tamper Resistant Stretch Wrap
Topic Information H-SB07.1-003 - Secure Wrap
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080020
Abstract

Stretch wrap film is increasingly being used to secure palletized cargo for shipment due to its low cost and ease of use with irregular loads. IST is proposing to develop a stretch wrap material that provides a visible means of tamper indication. This will be accomplished by impregnating the wrapping material with liquid tagging agents. These agents will remain clear while in the film in order to disguise their presence and permit visual inspection of the cargo. If the film is cut or punctured the liquid will be released. It will then react with the atmosphere to form a dye that stains the surround of the opening as well as the hands of the perpetrator. Both visible and UV fluorescent tagging agents are readily available. Which type is used will depend on whether or not it is desired that the perpetrator know that their actions have been detected. By indicating the location of possible tamper sites, as well as potential suspects, IST's secure wrap technology will greatly improve supply chain security. This will be an invaluable tool for ensuring the safety of cargo coming into the country or going out to our forces abroad.

Company

Triton Systems, Inc.
200 Turnpike Road
Chelmsford, MA 01824-4000

Proposal Information 0711142 - EMI Plastic Wrap for RFID Indication of Tampering or Damage(1001-094)
Topic Information H-SB07.1-003 - Secure Wrap
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080036
Abstract

Triton Systems, Inc. proposes a Secure Wrap technology for the containerized shipping supply chain that detects intrusion into cargo at the unit (box) or pallet level in the event of tampering, fraud, or damage. The detection system integrates wireless communication abilities for real-time monitoring of tampering or damage to cargo at any time during the shipping cycle. Triton technology addresses a critical security gap by detecting intrusions in cargo while it is in transit, where exposure to publicly accessible areas is higher than within the confines of a port facility. A successful program will offer increased capability of detecting a terrorist attack on a container enroute, before it arrives on US shores, and give exporting and importing companies more transparency of the conditions of their goods during shipment.

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H-SB07.1-004

Company

Trident Research LLC
2809 Longhorn Blvd
Austin, TX 78758-7623

Proposal Information 0711140 - Realtime Global Biometrics Screening Capability
Topic Information H-SB07.1-004 - Mobile Biometrics Screening
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080008
Abstract

At present, the field of mobile biometric screening devices is limited to either strictly data capture devices or devices with limited data processing and communication capability, because of reliance on Personal Digital Assistant technologies. PDA based architectures have provided a means for quick development of biometric field devices, but they also significantly limit data processing and communications capability. The development of a global biometrics screening capability will require exploratory development in the areas of biometrics data processing and communications in order to eliminate dependence upon external infrastructure. The envisioned device will support existing and planned commercially available biometrics handheld scanners via IEEE 802.11 or Bluetooth wireless connectivity, provide sufficient data processing to compress and packetize biometrics data for global satellite communications connectivity, sufficient on-board data processing and storage to house a significant on-board biometric database for realtime query, and a robust communications protocol to reliably utilize Iridium satellite communications connectivity to a centralized biometrics database. The envisioned mobile biometric screening device will be a truly global biometric instrument, providing the DHS field agent or DOD screener ready access to up-to-date biometrics data anywhere in the world, as well as the means for capturing new biometrics data in the field.

Company

International Biometric Group
One Battery Park Plaza
New York, NY 10004-1405

Proposal Information 0711178 - Portable Acquisition and Search System
Topic Information H-SB07.1-004 - Mobile Biometrics Screening
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080009
Abstract

IBG proposes design and development of a "Portable Acquisition and Search System" that substantially improves the state of the art in mobile biometric screening devices. Alternatives analysis will focus on the following: - Design alternatives that improve device usability and ergonomics for operators with limited training. - Improved hardware and software configurability and customizability, including thresholds, capture logic, overrides, and security settings, quality, and matching. - Standards-based, interoperable data collection and encoding techniques for biometric and biographic data collection, formatting, encoding, and transmission to FBI, DoD, DHS, and other USG databases. - Alternatives that improve image quality in suboptimal environments, such as when exposed to direct sunlight, extreme temperatures, or moisture. - Functionality beyond biometric data collection such as GPS, document scanning, and text-based searching. - Cost-effective and high-powered platforms (OS and processor) for multimodal mobile prototype device implementation. - Maximizing storage capacity and processing speed to provide real-time large-scale searching. - Production of lower-cost devices than currently possible in the market. This will include research into low-cost alternatives in biometric and non-biometric hardware, software, and fabrication. Commercial applications include border security and management, critical infrastructure protection, ID management systems, and global war on terror (GWOT) applications.

Company

Advanced Medical Electronics Corp.
6901 East Fish Lake Road
Suite #190
Maple Grove, MN 55369-5457

Proposal Information 0711222 - Mobile Stand-Off Secure Wireless Biometrics Screening Device
Topic Information H-SB07.1-004 - Mobile Biometrics Screening
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080021
Abstract

Lightweight portable biometrics screening tools are needed to accurately and rapidly screen and manage the identities of individuals at the scene of an incident. Such tools are preferably not dependant on local infrastructure, which may be compromised, and should operate in both land (e.g. border security) and maritime (e.g. coast guard) environments. A device that is portable, lightweight, secure, accurate, inexpensive, easy-to-use, and has a long battery life is desired. AME proposes in phase I to conduct a trade-off analysis based on DHS requirements. The output will be a recommendation of a phase II device and that can be constructed and tested in the field. The technical risks of this development will be presented to allow DHS to gauge the likelihood of success of the effort.

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H-SB07.1-005

Company

Impact Technologies, LLC
200 Canal View Blvd
Rochester, NY 14623-2893

Proposal Information 0711046 - Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring
Topic Information H-SB07.1-005 - Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080022
Abstract

Impact Technologies, in collaboration with the University of Rochester's Center for Future Health, propose to develop and demonstrate a truly integrated wireless physiological sensor suite and associated health monitoring software system capable of assessing first responders' health status during emergency operations. Real-time human health diagnostics and decision support software will be developed while leveraging existing COTS sensors, wireless communication devices and data storage specifications. The proposed integrated suite of hardware and software will provide the DHS with the capability to provide first responders with personal health status monitoring for the duration of their crisis involvement. Specifically, the core innovations of the proposed project include: 1) application of existing sensors required to measure physiological parameters such as ECG, respiratory rate, CO exposure and body temperature; 2) sensor and health diagnostic anomaly detection capabilities to ensure accurate, reliable assessment of first responders' physiological status and overall health condition; 3) communication protocols to transmit sensor and health feature information to appropriate devices for processing, storage, and results display; and 4) a practical concept of operations that includes both individual and command center analysis modules. A bread-board instrument with individual & command center graphical user interface concepts for demonstration of the concept will be delivered at the end of Phase I.

Company

Quantum Applied Science & Research, Inc.
5764 Pacific Center Blvd.
Suite 107
San Diego, CA 92121-4207

Proposal Information 0711060 - Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device
Topic Information H-SB07.1-005 - Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080012
Abstract

The primary cause of mortality in firefighters is cardiovascular disease, which accounts for 45% of fatalities among personnel on duty. Although physiological monitoring devices have existed for decades, their use on subjects during strenuous activities (such as firefighting) has been significantly limited due to excessive signal artifacts and extremely low user compliance arising from the invasive nature of the technologies. QUASAR has spent the past five years developing truly noninvasive, field-deployable sensor technologies and wireless data acquisition systems that address both of these issues. We propose a system for monitoring on-duty firefighters, in which QUASAR's noninvasive ECG sensors are incorporated into an item of firefighter clothing. The sensors are combined with QUASAR's miniature, ultra-low power wireless data acquisition systems to form a Body Area Network. A flexible, modular approach enables additional sensor technologies to be incorporated according to the differing needs of other emergency responder operational environments (CBRN). The system will perform real-time ECG monitoring and communicate wirelessly with the Command Post on the cardiac status of the firefighter. Alerts are generated according to the level of cardiac strain for a firefighter or the presence of dangerous arrhythmias, indicating increasing levels of risk of an immediate cardiovascular incident.

Company

UtopiaCompression Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd.
Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1839

Proposal Information 0711236 - Second Generation, Fully Networked Smart Medical Vests
Topic Information H-SB07.1-005 - Responder Wireless Physiological Monitoring Device
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080011
Abstract

Today's state-of-the-art Medical-Vests/Shirts are inflexible and expensive. Typically, data collection component functions as a multi-channel cardiopulmonary digital-recorder with physiologic-sensors-array sewn to the shirt to monitor vital signs. Peripheral diagnostic devices such as pulse-oximeter, blood-pressure, temperature, weight may be plugged via wire into serial-port of shirt-bus. Measurements then become part of digital data-stream. Inflexibility/integral-unity disallows specialization of the shirt for particular missions; e.g. on entering chemical-plants with life-threatening-gases, the vest should be equipped with new devices: CO-detectors, video-cameras, GPS. These sensors cannot simply be wired to the vest. Some sensors must be mounted on helmet, or around wrist requiring wireless Body-LAN. Another limitation is lack of peer-to-peer communications between service-men, which enormously expands communication capability. Phase-I effort demonstrates feasibility of a "second-generation" Medical-Emergency-Vest that is low-cost, flexible, reconfigurable, smart, based on extension/enhancement of LEAP low-energy modular embedded-sensor-architecture developed at UCLA. A router enables Peer-to-Peer communications with other teammates for emergency assistance, or for reach-back from areas without Internet or cellular-network. Low-energy consumption strategy can be designed for specific missions. Security implementation prevents penetrating vest through Body-LAN, P2P network and Internet. The proposed second-generation vest will far exceed functionalities of current state-of-the-art with flexibility/reconfigurable, P2P communications, security, embedded intelligent software and low-cost.

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H-SB07.1-006

Company

Crucial Security Inc.
14900 Conference Cntr Dr
Suite 225
Chantilly, VA 20151-3831

Proposal Information 0711053 - Accelerated Encryption Key Recovery Using FPGAs
Topic Information H-SB07.1-006 - Enhanced Project Safe-Cracker
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080023
Abstract

This proposal describes a system that would expedite the lawful decryption of encrypted containers by leveraging the computational speed of field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). The proposed system, which is partially hardware-based, will provide dramatic increases in speed when compared to purely software-based solutions. In addition to being able to increase speed, the solution is also highly scalable, as up to 28 of the recommended FPGAs can be used in parallel on a single desktop computer. During Phase I, Crucial Security will design and develop a proof of concept tool to recover data that has been encrypted with an open source encryption product. The work during this phase will involve comparing the performance of the proposed solution, using a single FPGA, against a pure software-based system. The work will form the foundation for subsequent development for decryption of multiple common encryption container formats. It will also open the door to using multiple FPGAs in parallel to achieve even greater performance gains.

Company

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle
Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016-4962

Proposal Information 0711070 - Distributed Project "Safe-Cracker" Network
Topic Information H-SB07.1-006 - Enhanced Project Safe-Cracker
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080013
Abstract

As the use of strong encryption techniques becomes more prevalent, the methods used by law enforcement to recover encrypted information need to change in order to keep pace. The days of cracking a ZIP file password within an hour are quickly ending as many modern algorithms, like AES, can require testing 2128 different keys. Even assuming a full decrypt operation on an arbitrary length file takes one second, testing all possible keys would require an astronomical amount of time. In the absence of sophisticated cryptanalysis attacks to reduce the complexity of key discovery the only method of decreasing the amount of time to crack a cipher is to speed up the brute force process. One method of decreasing the amount of time needed for a brute force attack is distributed computing. Luna Innovations Incorporated will develop the Distributed Project "Safe-Cracker" Network, a distributed computing environment for the existing Project "Safe-Cracker" project, which will allow a massively parallel effort to decrypt files intercepted by Department of Homeland Security Law Enforcement Agencies. Luna's unique combination of experience in security, web-enabled applications, and high performance computing will ensure that we will successfully complete and commercialize the efforts of this SBIR.

Company

AccessData Corporation
384 South 400 West
Suite 200
Lindon, UT 84042-1956

Proposal Information 0711152 - Safe-Cracker Distributed Network Code Breaking Project
Topic Information H-SB07.1-006 - Enhanced Project Safe-Cracker
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080024
Abstract

Increasing complexity of encryption used by criminals presents an ongoing challenge to law enforcement agencies. Effective code breaking attack methods have been developed for attacking many of the cryptosystems used by criminals, however, frequently attacking these files requires mammoth amounts of CPU power achieved only through the coordinated effort of hundreds or thousands of computers. AccessData has developed such distributed code breaking software called Distributed Network Attack, or DNA. The Distributed Code Breaking Silo is a project in which universities and law enforcement agencies combine resources in order to create a managed code breaking hot spot called a "silo". These silos are designed to be internet based and use a web front-end to make it easy for law enforcement agents in the field to submit the headers from encrypted files. The back-end of the silo is AccessData's DNA distributed code-breaking software which uses distributed computing resources to attack these difficult encryption problems. Technology does not currently exist to interconnect silo networks. The objective of this proposal is to architect the enhancements necessary to allow different silos to exchange information work collectively over insecure networks such as the Internet.

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H-SB07.1-007

Company

Carbon Solutions Inc
5094 Victoria Hill Drive
Riverside, CA 92506-1450

Proposal Information 0711084 - Carbon Nanotube Materials for Improved Chemiresistors
Topic Information H-SB07.1-007 - Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080027
Abstract

We propose to develop a novel class of sensor materials based on chemically functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The proposed materials will be utilized in chemiresistor microarrays for improved detection of small molecule gases with reduced signal drift and extended lifetime. In addition, through chemical functionalization of the SWNTs their sensor properties can be tailored for enhanced sensitivity against small gas molecules. This concept exploits the unique electronic properties of SWNTs together with the tremendous potential of chemistry to modulate their electrical response to specific analytes.

Company

NSC Technology
Suite 2108, ITC, 85 Murray Hill Rd
PO Box 468
Vestal, NY 13851-0468

Proposal Information 0711123 - Development of Chemiresistor Sensor Arrays with Nanostructured Sensing Materials for Detecting Small Molecules Gases
Topic Information H-SB07.1-007 - Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080025
Abstract

This proposal addresses the need specified in DHS SBIR FY07.1 under the Topic Number H-SB07.1-007 "Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases". The proposed work focuses on demonstration of the feasibility of developing an improved chemiresistor sensor array with nanostructured sensing materials for the detection of small molecules gases. The Phase I goal is to develop the feasibility of an improved chemiresistor sensor array prototype by design and creation of molecularly-mediated thin film assemblies of nanoparticles as sensing materials. The nanostructure-improved sensing arrays will be capable of addressing some of the existing problems including sensitivity and stability. Our approach focuses on the advanced nanoparticles and assemblies as array sensing materials to chemiresistive devices, with additional pattern recognition engine. The anticipated benefits and potential commercial applications of the sensor array products include a new set of design and fabrication parameters of sensitive and robust chemiresistor sensing materials for detecting the targeted small molecules gases, and a new generation of sensor array systems in plug-and-play module for applications in homeland security, airport terminals, hospitals, military fields, and public transportation systems, which are portable, robust, and has low rate of false-alarming.

Company

Seacoast Science, Inc.
2151 Las Palmas Drive
Suite C
Calrsbad, CA 92011-1575

Proposal Information 0711219 - Small Molecule Vapor Chemical Detection System using a low power and low cost MEMS based chemiresistor sensing Array
Topic Information H-SB07.1-007 - Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080014
Abstract

Seacoast Science, Inc. (SCS) proposes the research and development of polymers and materials for the rapid and sensitive detection of low molecular weight toxic industrial compounds (TICs) and other compounds of interest. These sensitive materials will be selected from a broad class of linear, hyperbranched, and network materials. The relative response of the materials will be used in a Quantitative Structure Property Relationship (QSPR) study and the first generation materials will be modified using the calculated interaction of the analytes with the material surface. Other metrics to evaluate the materials on the sensor platform are reversibility, baseline stability, and long-term The final optimization of these materials will allow the development of a sensor system will allow the real-time detection of a range of compounds from low molecular weight TICs to CWAs and explosives.

Company

Next Dimension Technologies, Inc.
1 West Mountain Street #11
Pasadena, CA 91103-3070

Proposal Information 0711226 - Stabilized Chemisorptive Microsensor Arrays for Small Molecule Gas Detection
Topic Information H-SB07.1-007 - Improved Chemiresistor Sensing Arrays for Detection of Small Molecules Gases
Award/Contract Number NBCHC080026
Abstract

The release of hazardous chemical vapors has the potential for severe casualties, and the detection of such chemicals is therefore critically important for homeland security. Despite this threat, there exists no commercially available, portable gas detection product that can quickly and cost-effectively sense most hazardous gases. In this Phase I project, we will develop a new generation of stable chemisorptive sensor materials that are highly sensitive towards reactive small molecule gases and that can withstand repeated exposures to multiple reactive gases. In addition, we will design and demonstrate methods for improving drift stability through development of sensor fabrication techniques and through the application of new drift-compensation algorithms. The technology builds on previous DHS-sponsored work in which the company demonstrated an initial prototype hand-held chemical detection system. In a continuing Phase II effort, we will validate an integrated detection system that incorporates the new sensors and drift-correction features into a next-generation prototype using simple, low-cost digital readout electronics. The outcome of this effort will be a detector based on microchemical sensor arrays that can be used to quickly and effectively detect the presence of hazardous chemical vapors.

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H-SB07.1-008

Company

Aguila Technologies, Inc.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078-2631

Proposal Information 0711159 - CZT Surveillance Camera
Topic Information H-SB07.1-008 - Source Surveillance
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00090
Abstract

The improved surveillance of radioactive sources used in hospitals, research centers, food irradiations plants and other fully legal and sanctioned industries is paramount to interrupt the "terrorism value chain". This value chain relies on stealing radioactive sources from the legitimate before mentioned institutions to build radiological dispersal devices (RRD). Nowadays, radioactive sources are supervised using video cameras and sensor networks that signal the presence of radioactivity. The complexity of these systems grows exponentially as a function of the number of sensors in these networks. Moreover, the sensitivity, identification, and localization limitations and the relative ease of tampering of these systems impose a severe risk to the security of radioactive sources used today in the homeland and in other countries. Our approach, if shown to be practical and effective, will result in a surveillance system with the following benefits: - Ability to provide real-time localization of the radioactive sources in a laboratory with a spatial resolution of a few centimeters, - Ability to simultaneously reject scattered background and uptake from other natural sources - Ability to interface with current installed surveillance infrastructure to augment overall system performance, ability to inventory the sources under surveillance. The proposed system can also interface with databases used to keep track of the sources in the institution.

Company

Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street
East Hartford, CT 06108-3728

Proposal Information 0711211 - Radiological Source Surveillance With V-RADS Video-Centric Radiatiion Detection
Topic Information H-SB07.1-008 - Source Surveillance
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00103
Abstract

Radiological sources are in everyday use in numerous industries. Illicit removal of this material from storage could result in construction of a Radiological Dispersal Device or "Dirty Bomb." A pervasive means of securing radiological materials and identifying breaches in security is required. Ideally, existing passive surveillance technology would be used, thereby enabling rapid and cost effective deployment. Advanced Fuel Research (AFR) & Vidiation LLC developed and are commercializing a software solution designed to reduce the likelihood of malicious use of radiological materials. Analytical software (Patent Pending) evaluates images from security cameras to search for the characteristic small "spots" that appear in images when a radiological source is nearby. Vidiation Radiation Analytics Detection System (V-RADS (Trademark)) software detects these image artifacts. The software's data capture and analysis routine feeds an alert messaging engine. When the software detects radiological sources, it sends alert messages using a variety of open protocols. Under the proposed Phase 1 project, V-RADS will be upgraded and integrated into existing security systems, providing an additional layer of protection against illicit removal of radiological material from storage sites. This technology can be installed on video surveillance systems at numerous traffic "choke-points" and at potential terrorism targets.

Company

ZonTrak Inc.
2415 San Ramon Valley Rd
Ste 4-163
San Ramon, CA 94583-9790

Proposal Information 0711246 - Smart-Tagging with Expected Zonal Behavior, A System to Monitor Known Radioactive Sources
Topic Information H-SB07.1-008 - Source Surveillance
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00101
Abstract

New approaches and techniques are required to effectively monitor and track radiological sources that are currently in use. We are proposing to develop a new class of monitoring and analysis methods that incorporate sensing information collected from zone-aware compact radiation detectors with built-in communications links. These intelligent tags are placed in designated areas where radiation sources are allowed for use and are remotely programmed with the radiation behavior expected within their respective zones (expected zonal behavior). They autonomously monitor themselves and their assigned zones and will use the existing buildings' IT infrastructure to automatically report (to a centralized server) violations to any of the set behaviors that they might encounter. In Phase I of this project we focus on developing a proof-of-concept state-of-the-art radiation sensor network for the purpose of providing zonal-based radiation monitoring. We will also identify algorithms that minimize the number of sensors required to police a given zone and to extract signatures of "removal" or "misuse" activity given the lower sensitivities of compact detectors and the presence of varying background interference in these environments. This research directly benefits from prior effort conducted by ZonTrak and leading nuclear research institutions. Government agencies and the private sector have growing requirements to protect the general public against accidental or deliberate nuclear contaminations. This creates a number of attractive commercial opportunities for our proposed system. ZonTrak will apply its 'concurrent development and commercialization' process to shorten the time to commercial products and production.

Company

Structured Materials Industries, Inc.
201 Circle Drive North
Unit 102/103
Piscataway, NJ 08854-3723

Proposal Information 0711290 - Radiation Source Monitor and Remote Surveillance
Topic Information H-SB07.1-008 - Source Surveillance
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00102
Abstract

SMI proposes developing a portable continuous monitoring system including a radiation sensor, positioning hardware, and wireless communication with a base station for reporting in order to strengthen the nation's ability to monitor and safely utilize radiation sources in legal manners. The local hardware, at the radiation source, will measure the radiation spectrum and intensity at its current location and as it is moved transported/relocated. This data will be reported, wirelessly, to a central command station. The command station will monitor the local hardware and produce an alarm (locally and to any designated entity) if the radiation or the positioning deviates from its boundary limits. In Phase I we will demonstrate proof of concept with low level laboratory sources and build relationships for Phase II field testing. In Phase II we will optimize the technology and field test units with local typical end users. This work will utilize our Frontliner (Trademark)/Site command hardware and software as a starting point for adaptation to the needs of this specific application. We will commercialize the technology throughout Phase II and beyond.

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H-SB07.1-009

Company

HY-Tech Research Corp.
104 Centre Court
Radford, VA 24141-5123

Proposal Information 0711040 - A process to enable large-scale manufacturing of solid-state neutron detectors
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00121
Abstract

The main objective of this DHS SBIR project is to enable large-scale and economical production of high-sensitivity, solid-state, thermal neutron detectors for use in radiological inspection. This will be done by testing a novel, high-density, energetic ion deposition technique for depositing the active material, boron-10, onto the patterned silicon, which forms the substrate for these devices. In particular, this process will be applied to the highly efficient neutron detectors, now under development at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The substrates for these new devices feature a micron-scale topography that is very difficult to coat with existing boron deposition techniques. Therefore, the Phase I project will combine the unique expertise at HY-Tech on efficient boron deposition with LLNL's expertise on the development and testing of the devices to move this technology to manufacturing readiness. Testing at LLNL will include electron microscopy to verify the effectiveness of the coating and thermal neutron conversion efficiency measurements to test the quality of the deposited material. In the Phase II, devices will be optimized and a prototype of a commercial boron deposition system will be developed.

Company

NOVA Scientific, Inc.
Sturbridge Technology Park
10 Picker Road
Sturbridge, MA 01566-1251

Proposal Information 0711077 - Combined Solid-State Neutron Gamma High Efficiency Detector
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00122
Abstract

NOVA proposes development of a novel combined solid-state neutron and gamma detector achieved by integrating 10B/Gd loaded neutron-sensitive microchannel plates with high performance scintillators and readout to provide both neutron and gamma detection within a single unit. NOVA will team with St. Gobain Crystals for expertise in high speed scintillators and coupled light-sensitive readouts; and the Remote Sensing Laboratory operated by National Security Technologies (Andrews AFB) for calibration and performance of the detector system with 252Cf and gamma sources. Together this team can address the difficult challenge of low-flux neutron detection in high gamma fields. The successful conclusion of this work will provide a compact prototype system that can be commercialized. A neutron event triggers a large electron pulse which can then be easily registered by pulse counting electronics. A fast gamma scintillator provides timing verification of the neutron 10B/Gd reaction. The gamma detector also operates as an independent gamma detector with energy resolution capabilities. Targeted to be competitive with 3He tubes, NOVA will design and assemble prototype hardware and initially test the performance with small gamma sources and thermal neutrons on a suitable reactor beam. Final testing and performance characterization will be carried out using fast neutron sources at NST's Andrews facilities.

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information 0711133 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detector
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00124
Abstract

The use and applications of radiological sources, for power, medical, and defense applications, continuously increases with time. Illicit nuclear materials represent a threat for the safety of the American citizens and the detection and interdiction of a nuclear weapon is a national problem that has not been yet solved. This represents an enormous challenge to current detection methods and monitoring technologies that have to be substantially improved to demonstrate accurate radiation identification capabilities. Using neutron signatures represents a promising solution, however, such a detection technique requires capabilities of detecting neutrons while rejecting effectively background gamma rays. Rugged and low-power neutron detectors are highly desirable for large-scale deployment. This research develops a neutron detector that has the potential of replacing pressurized 3He-tubes and current solid-state detectors with an ultra-compact detector based on CMOS-SSPM (Solid State Photomultipliers) technology. This technology provides a low-power, portable unit that can be mass-produced and deployed in a wireless network on a large scale. The detector is very fast and, in addition, can provide time and spectroscopy information over a wide energy range, including fast neutrons and is, therefore, capable of identifying threatening incidents at the speed of life.

Company

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information 0711147 - New Neutron Detectors with Pulse Shape Discrimination
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00123
Abstract

Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear weapons is a serious threat in the world today. Preventing the spread of nuclear weapons has reached a state of heightened urgency in recent years, especially since the events on September 11, 2001 and its aftermath. One way to passively determine the presence of nuclear weapons is to detect and identify characteristic signatures of highly enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium. Neutrons and gamma rays are two signatures of these materials. Gamma ray detection techniques are useful because the presence of gamma rays of specific energies can confirm the presence of a particular isotope. This technique, however, has one significant drawback: In the presence of dense surrounding material such as lead, gamma ray attenuation can be significant. Neutrons, on the other hand, easily penetrate dense, high atomic number materials compared to gamma-rays. The goal of the proposed effort is to build next generation neutron detectors for SNM monitoring.

Company

Trojan Defense LLC
2417 Mill Heights Drive
Herndon, VA 20171-2983

Proposal Information 0711185 - Low Power Compact Integrated Neutron Detector
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00125
Abstract

This SBIR focuses primarily on monitoring intermodal sea containers. The proposed solid-state detector is also suitable for other deployments, including embed in cell phones for a widely dispersed distributed detection network, or in planned devices such as the Intelligent Personal Radiation Locator. Furthermore other conveyances such as passenger and cargo planes, over-the-road trailers and rail cars can also be monitored with the proposed detector. This detector takes advantage of opportunities for long-term signal detection and integration to detect even low-level or well obscured threat signals. The proposed design uniquely meets the low power consumption, long battery life commercial requirements for tracking and monitoring of goods transported globally. The detector proposed will meet efficiency and sensitivity goals and be useful for real time monitoring of background neutron flux

Company

Mocha Technologies, Inc.
115 N Delaware Ave
Manhattan, KS 66502-3911

Proposal Information 0711192 - Advanced high-efficiency semiconductor neutron detectors of annular ring design
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00115
Abstract

This proposal is for the design and development of advanced high-efficiency semiconductor thermal neutron detectors in both silicon and silicon carbide. These detectors will provide detectors with neutron conversion efficiency exceeding 40%, depending on detector configuration. The use of annular ring design features eliminates neutron streaming and other undesirable effects of previous perforated coated-diode type detectors.

Company

Synkera Technologies Inc.
2605 Trade Centre Ave, Suite C
Longmont, CO 80503-4605

Proposal Information 0711209 - Nanorod Array Solid-State Neutron Detectors
Topic Information H-SB07.1-009 - Improved Solid-State Neutron Detection Devices
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00113
Abstract

In this Phase I SBIR project, Synkera proposes to develop and commercialize solid-state neutron detectors of a unique architecture that will enable sensor modules for a variety of operating environment. The neutron detectors are based around nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide, and will be fabricated using a combination of gas-phase and solution-based deposition methods. The detectors will incorporate a p-n junction surrounding boron as a neutron-conversion material. A gamma-ray detector will be readily incorporated into the same monolithic piece in order to eliminate false-positives. As part of this development effort we will fabricate prototype detectors. The neutron detection efficiency of our best prototypes will be tested in collaboration with Battelle. Our solid-state neutron detectors are expected to have much larger neutron sensitivity and lower power requirements than conventional detectors. These features will enable hand held neutron detectors for customs inspection and other fissile-material detection applications. The low power requirements will also enable wireless neutron detectors for container monitoring applications. In addition, we anticipate that large detector areas can be manufactured at costs below those of conventional neutron detectors for portal screening applications.

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H-SB07.1-010

Company

Linea Research Corporation
1020 Corporation Way, Suite 216
Palo Alto, CA 94303-4317

Proposal Information 0711086 - Reliable Occupancy Sensor for Modified Straddle Carriers
Topic Information H-SB07.1-010 - Development of High Reliability Occupancy Sensors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00110
Abstract

Each year, over 14 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of containers are transported into the U.S. from approximately 700 ports around the world. To facilitate the screening of containers, modified straddle carriers with plastic scintillators, neutron detectors, and NaI detectors (spectroscopic detectors) travels through rows of containers to perform radiation scanning. Portal monitors survey radiation during the traversal of the containers in the detection zone based on the signals from the occupancy sensor. In the proposed program, Linea Research Corporation will develop a robust occupancy sensor system that can reliably detect the following parameters: - Occupancy of the container within the detection zone. - Identification of the edges (ends) of separate containers even when the containers are placed with ends contacting each other. - Determination of straddle carrier speed with provision for an alarm if the maximum speed is exceeded. - Determination of the relative position (offset) in relation to the center line between the sensor panels with provision for an alam if threshold distance is exceeded. The sensor system will be designed to be robust enough to operate in the presence of various sources of noise such has direct sunlight, loud sounds, and vibration.

Company

Latitude Engineering
4155 W Lum Wash Ct
Tucson, AZ 85745-4113

Proposal Information 0711118 - Mono-spectral Vision System for Occupancy Detection and Description
Topic Information H-SB07.1-010 - Development of High Reliability Occupancy Sensors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00111
Abstract

Latitude Engineering proposes to develop a mono-spectral vision system that will detect the occupancy state of the Advanced Spectroscopic Portal and provide information about the occupying object, such as position within portal, speed of travel, height, length, and other data relating to the shape, position, and speed of the object. The proposed approach will integrate with the structure of the portal and will minimize any emissions outside the portal, so as to allow multiple sensors to operate in close proximity, such as for the cargo and rail configurations described in the ASP Performance Specification. Each vision sensor will take multiple measurements of each vehicle passing, providing a robust and error free dataset. The proper selection of the utilized spectra will ensure that the system will operate reliably in reduced-visibility conditions. Latitude's unique approach to vision system design removes the reliability problems inherent in most vision systems operating in uncontrolled environments. Commercial applications include upgraded capability replacements for common air-tube and magnetic vehicle counters. By providing detailed information over and above a simple count of traffic, the organizations responsible for road and portal management can make more informed decisions.

Company

Epsilon Lambda Electronics Corp.
396 Fenton Lane
Suite 601
West Chicago, IL 60185-2687

Proposal Information 0711244 - High Resolution MMW Radar for Occupancy Sensing and Speed Measurement
Topic Information H-SB07.1-010 - Development of High Reliability Occupancy Sensors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-07-C-00107
Abstract

The Department of Homeland Security has identified the need, in Topic H-SB06.1-010, to develop a sensor, for use with radionuclide screening systems , that will determine the relative lateral position of the conveyance. A second benefit would be that the sensor provide speed measurement of the cargo container as it passes through the screening area. Proposed for this requirement a high resolution millimeter wave radar sensor (HRMMWRS). The benefits of using such a sensor are as follows: (1)A narrow radar beam will define the shape of the conveyance adequately to distinguish the type and shape of the conveyance or container within the HRMMWRS. (2)The HRMMWRS can be designed to have high resolution ranging so that the end of a given container and the gap between containers can be distinguished as the container passes through. (3) The HRMMWRS can operate at a distance from the container appropriate to the HRMMWRS radiation sensor panel configuration. (4) The HRMMWRS will operate under all environmental conditions. Commercial applications beyond that defined by the topic include hidden weapon and bomb detection.

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