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Abstracts of FY07.2 Phase II Awards

H-SB07.2-001

Company

Energy Research Company
2571-A Arthur Kill Road
Staten Island, NY 10309-1232

Proposal Information 0722012 - Stand Off Detection of VBIED and Suicide Bomber
Topic Information H-SB07.2-001 - Spectroscopic Methods for Explosives Detection
Award/Contract Number NBCHC090012
Abstract

Energy Research Company proposes the continued development of its proprietary technology, Laser Induced Acoustics (LIA), for standoff detection of VBIEDs and suicide bombers, and building a LIA based prototype suitable for high fidelity simulations. LIA uses a laser to interrogate a surface with the resulting acoustic signal indicating the presence of any explosive residues. In addition, we are using advanced signal processing techniques to improve the accuracy of the method.

H-SB07.2-002

Company

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023

Proposal Information 0722003 - Wide-Area Infrared Imaging (WAIRI) System for Person-in-Water Detection
Topic Information H-SB07.2-002 - Detection of Human Targets in Open Water
Award/Contract Number NBCHC090033
Abstract

State-of-the-art turreted infrared imagers can stream high-definition, dynamically sensitive, telescopic video to users searching for a person in the water (PIW). This capability has not yet been matched, however, with automated detection systems. Search rate and detection probability are currently limited by the capacity of human users to visually process and interpret video data rapidly. Fatigue, distractions, and recognition time are limiting factors. Lynntech has conceptually proven an automated system, WAIRI, which acquires and analyzes thermal data over a wide field of view for PIW detection. The system continuously determines likely targets within the wide field of view and presents them sequentially to a human user at high image magnification for identification. Phase I scaled testing demonstrated 99 percent detection probability for a PIW in sea state 3 conditions at a search rate of 360 km2/hr. Additionally, the system was both highly resistant to solar glint and able to detect hypothermal targets. Production of a flight-operational system and live, open-ocean PIW search testing will be conducted in Phase II. Low implementation costs and ease of integration with existing airborne turreted infrared imagers significantly enhance commercial viability. Potential customers include rescue, police, and military agencies.

H-SB07.2-003

Company

AFIS and Biometrics Consulting Inc.
895 Dove Street, 3rd Floor
Newport Beach, CA 92660-2941

Proposal Information 0724004 - Framework for Biometric Identification on the Move
Topic Information H-SB07.2-003 - Optimizing Remote Capture of Biometrics for Screening Processes
Award/Contract Number D09PC75525 (formerly NBCHC090025)
Abstract

We are proposing to develop a prototype system for identifying subjects on the move utilizing multiple biometrics with a very high probability of identification. The system would contain cutting edges sensors and technology. This system would also serve as a system for testing subject user interaction at collection points as well as testing any biometric or projecting the results of fused biometrics. It will be developed based upon the analysis performed and the design and components developed and surveyed during the phase one contract. Although it is a testing framework, we believe it has significant commercial desirability. The result of the Phase II prototype will be the framework solution that we refer to as Biometrics Identification on the Move System (BIMS) product line with all the components and deployment package completed for the go-to-market Phase III commercialization. This product solution will be useful to any agency or enterprise that would like to have least intrusive form of ID for screening or security access. We have identified six vertical market segments, based upon which we have developed the business plan and the commercialization strategy.

H-SB07.2-004

Company

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
828 Fort Street Mall #600
Honolulu, HI 96813-4314

Proposal Information 0722005 - WISPER (Wireless Intelligent Sensor Platform for Emergency Responders)
Topic Information H-SB07.2-004 - Responder - Wireless Body Area Network
Award/Contract Number D09PC75455 (formerly NBCHC090011)
Abstract

Oceanit proposes to develop a low cost, reliable, wireless mesh networking system that will enable remote monitoring and tracking of sensors on emergency responders in hostile building environments. The heart of the system will use a commercial-off-theshelf (COTS) wireless mesh networking IC platform for low-power and low-cost communications. By using a wireless mesh network, low-power wireless transceivers can be used because messages do not need to be sent directly to a site commander, rather, they can be passed from node to node. Using this network, sensors can be used to monitor the vital signs of each and every emergency responder.

H-SB07.2-005

Company

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737

Proposal Information 0722001 - Securing Network Access in Wireless Sensor Networks Supporting Industrial Control System
Topic Information H-SB07.2-005 - Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems
Award/Contract Number D09PC75536 (formerly NBCHC090021)
Abstract

In Phase I, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) developed and implemented a prototype secure network access system for wireless sensor networks that support industrial control systems. This system can provide node authentication, packet authentication, packet integrity, and packet confidentiality using standardized cryptosystems. We have demonstrated the effectiveness of the system for a small wireless sensor network with seven sensor nodes. In collaboration with our commercial partner, Emerson Process Management, we will further extend our Phase I work and integrate our system with real industrial control systems. We will add the capability of detecting the Denial of Service attacks from both external and internal malicious nodes, extend the secure access control system to large wireless mesh networks, explore channel switching techniques to mitigate the wireless interference, and develop a secure and resilient time synchronization scheme. There is a growing demand for secure and reliable wireless communication in industrial control systems, which are crucial to the operation of the U.S. critical infrastructures, such as energy, water treatment, agriculture and food, and transportation systems. Our secure and reliable wireless communications system can enhance the security and reliability of wireless sensor networks for industrial control applications.

Company

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

Proposal Information 0722011 - Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems
Topic Information H-SB07.2-005 - Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems
Award/Contract Number D09PC75377 (formerly NBCHC090023)
Abstract

Sensors and allocation elements, such as valves and actuators, are pervasive in control systems. In an effort to reduce operating costs and increase system safety, there has been significant research and development focused on wireless sensor systems. To date, there has been limited penetration of wireless technologies to control systems. Those that have been deployed often lack security features and rely on proprietary messaging protocols. The resulting lack of trust for wireless networking and its associated installation complexity greatly limits growth opportunities. Toyon`s focus in this Phase II effort is on the development of an open-standards secure wireless sensor system. The overall system architecture is based on the IEEE 1451 standard for smart sensor systems. By employing IEEE 1451 there is standardization over not only the messaging protocol that rides on top of the wireless protocol, but the sensors themselves. The result is that individual system elements, provided by different vendors, will all work together in a seamless fashion. Our focus for wireless communications is ZigBee-Pro which brings to bear numerous advanced security features, including NSA certified 128-bit AES encryption. This is paired with a backend Ethernet connection that leverages a secure interface based on HTTPS.

H-SB07.2-006

Company

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737

Proposal Information 0722006 - A Novel Peak Detection and Data Fusion Methodology for Multidimensional Chemical Analysis
Topic Information H-SB07.2-006 - Robust Algorithm Development for Multidimensional Chemical Analysis
Award/Contract Number NBCHC090013
Abstract

In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. along with Applied Research Associates, Inc. proposes to develop a funny functional chemical agent classification and concentration estimation software tool with enhanced performance that will be ready for OEM test. Our prototype software will be able to detect and identify TICs-CWAs-BWAs with high true positive rate, low false positive rate, and low identification confusion, even under adverse environments. Meanwhile, when a potential hazardous agent is identified, its concentration will also be estimated using our software. They key innovation of the proposed approach lies in novel classification framework with soft decision, sensitive and selection detection, unknown class discovery capability, and a novel decision fusion technique, along with state-of the-art methods for concentration estimation of mixing agents. In Phase II, we will perform alpha and beta testing on our software before shipping out the final version of the software for acceptance testing by the OEMs and integrating our software into chemical-Biological agent sensing devices.

H-SB07.2-007

Company

Alameda Applied Sciences Corporation
626 Whitney St
San Leandro, CA 94577-1116

Proposal Information FY07.1-0721001-II - A fast pulse, portable fast neutron Source for special nuclear materials detection
Topic Information H-SB07.2-007 - Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00168
Abstract

Alameda Applied Sciences Corp proposes to develop a fast pulse, portable, fast neutron source to detect SNM in the field. Our source offers a <100ns neutron pulse with a repetition rate up to 100Hz. The goal is to develop a source with 1000hrs of continuous operation at >1E8 n/s. The Ph II program will develop and validate a prototype for SNM detection. The commercial goal is to develop a replacement to existing neutron tube sources for applications that benefit from a fast neutron

Company

Passport Systems, Inc
70 Treble Cove Road
N Billerica, MA 01862-2208

Proposal Information FY07.1-0721038-II - Proof of Concept Demonstration of a Compact Accelerator
Topic Information H-SB07.2-007 - Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00018
Abstract

Electron accelerators that produce high duty cycle electron beams with beam energies up to 9 MeV are essential for use in practical Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence and EZ-3DTM imaging technologies. While isotopic identification of shielded materials is now possible via these technologies, it is still necessary to achieve accelerator portability, compactness and reasonable cost of ownership to make possible the widespread deployment of critical special nuclear material (SNM) interrogation and verification processes. With the availability of new materials, computing power, and components that were unheard of 50 years ago, an advanced compact accelerator design is proposed to provide an affordable, high duty cycle, portable accelerator that would match the requirements of high rate individual photon counting and spectroscopy which allow identification of SNM, other contraband and cargo verification. Proposed herein is an advanced electron accelerator which satisfies these needs and operates at a high duty cycle and high beam current while only occupying a very small spatial profile compared to existing machines (including power supplies). In Phase II, a Proof of Concept prototype will be designed, built and tested. As for Phase III, the commercialization probability for the portable, high duty cycle electron accelerator is high, with widespread interest in security scanning as well as a variety of commercial, non-security related applications.

Company

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd., Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758-

Proposal Information FY07.1-0721056-II - CNT-Based D2 Ion Source for Improved Neutron and Photon Generator
Topic Information H-SB07.2-007 - Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-08-C-00184
Abstract

Applied Nanotech, Inc. (ANI) proposes to develop a novel field ionization technology to produce a deuterium ion (D+) current for a neutron source or r-ray source enabling fast switching, high repetition rate and high yields. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have a high aspect ratio structure (they are long and narrow) that induces high electric field concentration, thus they are ideal choices for electron field emission, electron field desorption and field ionization applications. In Phase I, the ANI team demonstrated the feasibility of a field ionization CNT-based ion source for neutron generator applications. We demonstrated an ion source that can generate about 1 uA/cm2 with variable pulse width and short pulse cut-off time (< 4 usec). In addition we demonstrated neutron generation using this approach with count rates greater than 3o above background levels. This Phase II program is intended to improve the ion source by achieving higher current densities (needed to make the source small to be competitive with existing COTS neutron sources), longer life and high atomic ion ratio. The program is also intended to design, build and demonstrate a neutron source with a yield of at least 107 n/sec, sufficient yield to show that this source approach can be scaled to higher yields with a design that is simple and inexpensive to manufacture.

Company

Adelphi Technology, Inc.
2003 E Bayshore Rd
Redwood City, CA 94063-

Proposal Information FY07.1-0721105-II - High-Yield Pulsed Neutron Generator
Topic Information H-SB07.2-007 - Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00008
Abstract

A pulsed neutron generator is proposed for the detection of special nuclear material. A recently developed microwave-excited plasma neutron generator will be pulsed to produce the activating neutrons whose pulse lengths vary from 100 s to 2 ms with a fall time of less than 1 s. We demonstrated that we can increase the peak yield as a function of either RF or microwave power, and thus maintain a high average yield. We modified two existing Adelphi generators to demonstrate pulse widths from 50 s to 2 ms with repetition rates of 250 Hz to 5 KHz. We observed pulsed operation by observing the plasma photon yield and the fast and thermal neutron yields. We found that the generator could maintain its plasma at low pressures even though it was being pulsed. We computer simulated the use of a gate electrode to both truncate the pulse fall time and determine neutron pulse structure. We fabricated this gate electrode and its accompanied electronics and installed them in an Adelphi generator. The electrode was shown to operate with the design voltages. The proposed Phase II generator is designed to be low cost, and mechanically and electronically robust, to ensure its wide distribution and use at ports throughout the world. The proposed device is expected to be much lighter than the existing Adelphi generators and require less power. It is a high average yield generator that meets with SNM-detection-system integrators' requirements. The project has a high probability of success based on the Phase I research successes and recent development by Adelphi and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Company

PTSE, Inc.
2501 Monarch Street
Alameda, CA 94501-9316

Proposal Information FY07.1-0721210-II - Intensity-Modulated Advanced X-ray Source (IMAXS)
Topic Information H-SB07.2-007 - Neutron and Photon Generators for Advanced Special Nuclear Material (SNM) Interrogation and Verification Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00009
Abstract

We propose to build an Intensity- Modulated Advanced X-ray Source (IMAXS) for cargo inspection systems that allows such systems to achieve 1 to 2 inches greater penetration for dense cargo (steel or equivalent) while, on average, producing the same amount, or less, radiation. Alternatively, cargo inspection systems using the new design may opt to have the same penetration as with conventional sources, but to produce about a factor of 3 less radiation. Another objective is to significantly reduce the overall size and weight of the linear accelerator (linac) system. We will investigate the comparative feasibility and technical merits of S-band (2998 MHz) and X-band (9303 MHz) linac designs for the IMAXS. In Phase 1, the optimal design characteristics will be described, essential variables will be defined, and the IMAXS design will be developed. In Phase II, at least one linac prototype will be developed and tested with a high-energy X-ray inspection system produced for cargo inspection operations: the Rapiscan Eagle System.