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Awards

Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance
Period
Award/Contract
Value
Abstract

H-SB06.2-001
SYSTEM FOR DESIGNING AND EVALUATING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENT SENSOR NETWORKS

NBCHC070087 0621134
(FY06.2 Phase I)
System for Designing and Evaluating Chemical or Biological Agent Sensor Networks

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

04/15/2007
to
10/31/2007
$100,000.00

The current state-of-the-art (SOA) process for designing chemical and biological sensor networks at facilities is slow, expensive, and requires highly skilled subject matter experts to complete. Toyon Research Corporation proposes a radically different approach to the SOA process, which will be faster, more affordable, and accessible to non-expert facility operators. Using the proposed approach will help break down the barriers of cost and subject matter knowledge encountered today by the facility operators in government and commercial sectors. Removing these barriers will better enable the development investments of DHS and private industry in sensor technologies to protect many more critical infrastructure and key asset (CI/KA) facilities. The proposed system consists of a suite of testing technologies, bringing together (1) mature sensors used for HVAC testing and balancing applications, (2) the latest developments in tracer test materials and the detection equipment, and (3) SOA methods for wireless data communication. The test equipment will transmit data wirelessly to a central "nerve center" that presents real-time situational awareness, and also contains algorithms for interpreting and analyzing data "on the fly". The proposed system makes tracer testing less labor intensive, is designed for the stringent environmental conditions characteristic of CI/KA facilities, and will be demonstrated in full-scale buildings within the Phase I or II development cycle. Toyon's broad background in this area makes them well-suited for designing this system. Notable relevant experiences include tracer testing, designing protective architectures for chemical, biological and explosive threats, evaluating CB sensor technologies, designing affordable wireless networks for building applications and developing command-and-control software. Developing this system strengthens Toyon's position as a "one-stop" system architect for designing protective architectures for chemical, biological and explosive threats. Potential commercialization opportunities include any commercial or government CI/KA facility, or organizations such as DHS with the charter to protect them.

H-SB06.2-002
MOBILE PERIPHERAL DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

NBCHC070082 0621066
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Mobile ELISA-Based Pathogen Detection System

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

03/15/2007
to
09/30/2007
$99,993.00

To address the HSARPA need for a mobile peripheral system capable of performing standard molecular analysis on biological samples from either swabs or liquids for detection of biological threat agents, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop Mobile ELISA-Based Pathogen Detection (MEPAD) system. This proposed device is based on a novel, disposable, microfluidic lab-on-a-chip (LOC) that performs conventional ELISA and is equipped with a unique fiber optic measurement system. The device will be portable, USB-driven, fully-contained, and designed for use by a nonexpert. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of MEPAD system by fabricating a disposable LOC for detection of a single pathogen. In Phase II, POC will build a fully miniaturized prototype with integrated signal processing for detection of common pathogens. MEPAD addresses the urgent need for development of a rapid pathogen detection system that can be used by a first responder at the site of an outbreak. Rapid diagnosis using MEPAD and implementation of appropriate measures in a timely manner will save lives. Current methods are labor intensive, require extensive technical expertise, or nonportable equipment. MEPAD system will be the first mobile, easy-to-use, peripheral platform instrument designed to rapidly detect pathogens with high sensitivity and specificity.

H-SB06.2-003
ADVANCED UNATTENDED GROUND SENSOR (UGS) TECHNOLOGIES

NBCHC070076 0621078
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Advanced Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) Technologies

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

03/21/2007
to
10/06/2007
$100,000.00

In border security applications for remote deployment, with no existing infrastructure or roadways as well as areas with dense foliage, a promising technology is the use of unattended ground sensors (UGS). While there has been a great deal of research and development in the areas of UGS and wireless sensor networks (WSN) over the last decade, traditional use of these technologies suffers from either high cost or poor classification performance. Toyon proposes to develop the technology for a hierarchical sensor network including wireless communications and algorithmic capabilities. At the lower level in the hierarchy are ultra low cost trigger nodes, with a single sensor modality, that are responsible for wide area persistent surveillance. At the higher level in the hierarchy are imagery nodes that are responsible for processing detections sent by the trigger nodes. Once an indication that a target may be present, an imager verifies object motion and performs classification. This sensor hierarchy will be supported by custom Toyon wireless communication solutions that meet target metrics of node lifetime and range. Open standard hardware interfaces and data formatting will be used in order to ensure straightforward integration with existing systems. While a promising technology, high cost and poor performance have limited the use of UGS for persistent surveillance in security applications. Traditional deployments of this technology have attempted to increase detection and classification performance by relying on an array of sensor inputs at each UGS. While such multi-modal sensors can improve detection performance, traditional inputs, such as acoustic, suffer from poor classification performance, particularly at significant range. In addition, the inclusion of multiple sensors will negatively impact per node cost, thus dramatically increasing overall expense when hundreds to thousands of nodes are employed. Toyon's approach overcomes these difficulties by using a mixture of UGS nodes. For wide area surveillance we employ a single binary sensor that is only required to form detections. It is the job of a much fewer number of imagery nodes to verify target detections and perform classification. Such an architecture not only overcomes the high costs associated with wide deployment, but dramatically reduces false alarms. Terrain masking and other sources of obscuration are also handled well with the proposed architecture through node communication and cooperative tasking.

H-SB06.2-005
3-D VISUALIZATION SYSTEM TO SHOW FIRST RESPONDERS AND ASSETS WITHIN BUILDING STRUCTURES IN URBAN AREAS FOR SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

NBCHC070069 0621156
(FY06.2 Phase I)
A 3-D Visualization System for Situational Awareness: Identifying, Locating, and Tracking People/Resources in Urban Area Infrastructures

UtopiaCompression Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd.
Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1839

04/15/2007
to
10/31/2007
$99,991.00

In order to achieve the strategic plan for a more secure Emergency Preparedness and Response system for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), UtopiaCompression proposes to develop innovative 3-D visualization software system for identifying, localizing and tracking people/resources within buildings in urban area infrastructures. The proposed system will not only automatically collect and process available data/information (relevant to the incident site) for generating the building and terrain models, but also accept real-time measurements of people and resources within simulated urban area and building structures and provide an interactive visualization of the integrated information to the incident commanders for situational awareness (on an incident scene). The proposed technologies and software system will greatly benefit DHS by enabling far superior visualization and tracking capabilities within buildings, and will greatly enhance the effective decision making capabilities of incident commanders acting in search, rescue and task assignments. By enabling improved situational awareness to incident commanders regarding the location and infrastructural surroundings of resources, responders and victims during a national disaster or security incident, the proposed technology will greatly increase the effectiveness and speed of rescue operations and interventions, thus saving lives and decreasing costs associated with search and rescue and security related crises.

H-SB06.2-006
AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS

NBCHC070072 0621123
(FY06.2 Phase I)
ActionBuilder(TM): Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90066-3118

03/15/2007
to
09/30/2007
$100,000.00

PROJECT SUMMARY To make simulation-based exercise development efficient, it is important that scenarios be developed and executed "on-the-fly" in an automated fashion with minimal reliance on software personnel. To this end, what is needed is an intelligent scenario/script building capability that enables training personnel to rapidly assemble and "test-drive" incident scenarios, and that can be smoothly integrated with simulation-based training systems. This capability can then serve as the executive agent, and be a critical component of simulation-based training systems. This project is concerned with the development of an automated scenario/script builder that is: graphical; compliant with current web/software standards; employs non-proprietary implementation with open interfaces for ease of integration; and capable of workflow monitoring and execution simulation. Phase I of this effort is concerned with developing a prototype of this system to provide convincing technical evidence that the innovative scenario/script builder does exhibit the requisite graphical workflow design and execution capability. ANTICIPATED BENEFITS/POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS The scenario/script builder will be interoperable with third party simulation-based training systems for emergency preparedness and response training exercises. Potential military and commercial applications include incident management and response, emergency preparedness, and crisis action planning and execution.

H-SB06.2-006
AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS

NBCHC070074 0621200
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Model-Driven Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems

Quimba Software
795 Folsom St
1st Floor, #1006
San Francisco, CA 94107-0000

03/15/2007
to
09/30/2007
$100,000.00

We propose to create a system to facilitate timely, efficient, and cost-effective training of Emergency Responders. In particular, we are focused on aspects of training that are the difficult or expensive for repeated live scenarios, such as national or multi-jurisdictional response as well as CBRNE response, each of which could involve military-civilian collaboration.

H-SB06.2-006
AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS

D08PC75423 (formerly NBCHC080070) 0624005
(FY06.2 Phase II)
ActionBuilder(TM): Automated Scenario/Script Builder for Simulation-Based Training Systems

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90066-3118

05/02/2008
to
08/25/2011
$749,999.80

To speed up simulation-based exercise development, it is important for scenarios to be authored and executed "on-the-fly" in an automated fashion with minimal reliance on software personnel. To this end, what is needed is an intelligent scenario/script building capability that enables training personnel to rapidly assemble and "test-drive" incident scenarios, and that can be smoothly integrated with simulation-based training systems and exercises (SBT/SBE). This capability is envisioned as an "executive agent," that would ultimately become a critical component of SBT/SBE systems. The automated scenario/script builder is envisioned as a graphical, standards-compliant software application that employs non-proprietary implementation with open interfaces for ease of integration and with facilities for workflow monitoring during simulated execution. In Phase I, we developed a prototype of this system to provide convincing technical evidence of graphical workflow design and execution. Phase II will produce a working prototype of the scenario/script building framework, a test and integration plan, and initial estimates of operation and maintenance. The scenario/script builder will be designed to be interoperable with third-party SBT/SBE systems for emergency preparedness and response training exercises. Potential military and commercial applications include incident management and response, emergency preparedness, and crisis action planning and execution.

H-SB06.2-007
HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION

HSHQDC-07-C-00043 0621057
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Gallium Nitride Detector

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

04/01/2007
to
09/30/2007
$150,000.00

In response to the HSARPA need for the development of high quantum efficiency, fast photon counting detectors to read UV/visible light emitted by scintillators under gamma radiation, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Gallium Nitride (MISGaN) detector that will have high sensitivity in the UV region for use with cerium-doped crystal scintillator materials for gamma radiation detection. The solid-state, time-gated MISGaN will operate at lower voltage, have high sensitivity in the UV/blue region, cover a much larger area (3-5 in.) and be producible with a lower cost than vacuum photomultiplier tube (PMT) detectors, and will be rugged and shock and magnetic field insensitive. In Phase I POC will build and test a prototype based on commercially available GaN layers on 2 in. wafer substrates to show the advantages of MISGaN over PMTs. The Phase II MISGaN prototype will be fabricated on a base of 4-5 in. wafers. Complete detectors will be assembled with a charge sensitive amplifier. Readout electronics will be assembled at POC with detectors in a portable housing, and the engineering prototype will be demonstrated at POC facilities with a Ce-doped scintillator and test gamma source.