Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance


NBCHC060125 0611027
(FY06.1 Phase I)
Instantaneous Remote Sensing Data Receiving and Processing for Emergency Response

EarthData International, Inc.
7320 Executive Way
Frederick, MD 21704-8353


EarthData proposes an innovative approach to providing real-time surveillance imagery and greatly improving response times for tasking multiple remote sensing aircraft to acquire critical map-based products required for crisis support. A mobile ground based acquisition planner inputs the acquisition needs into a GIS system preloaded with basic (pre disaster) information of the response area. Using heads-up GIS-based point-&-click tasking over the base map layers, a tasking list is generated and visually coded, from which sensor tasking is automatically sent to available remote sensing aircraft for task prioritization and execution. Tasks are quantified in terms of benefit to (overall) situation awareness; the most beneficial tasks are allocate to available aircraft. This benefit is allocated to individual aircraft by a dynamic programming algorithm on the basis of aircraft availability and sensor resources, forming an integrated acquisition schedule. Sensor tasking and status update is provided by a low bandwidth data link, allowing adaptive real time reallocation of already deployed aircraft to the ever-changing needs of a fluid and chaotic disaster area. Some of the collected data that is urgently needed for situation awareness is dynamically selected for immediate download over a high bandwidth data link. Critical data is packaged with its ancillary pointing, motion, and GPS position/timestamp data, and contextually compressed to save transmission bandwidth. Sensor data received from all the reporting remote sensors are placed into local network attached storage for dissemination. The ground-based planner recognizes that the acquisition request has been completed, so it removes the completed task from the request queue placing it into a database for archival storage. EarthData's commercialization model provides for both a service and product model. EarthData would be service provider using the technology developed under this SBIR. Under the product model, technology developed would be marketed to other commercial mapping firms and the federal government. The system components will be loosely coupled. In this way they can be marketed as an integrated package or individual components.


NBCHC060136 0611149
(FY06.1 Phase I)
Enterprise Botnet Detection System

HBGary, Inc.
6900 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 706
Chevy Chase, MD 20815-6114


A botnet is a network of robots or "bots" installed surreptitiously on computer hosts and controller to do the attacker's bidding via remote command and control systems. Most bots employ stealth methods to hide communications and bot installation. Detecting a botnet by examining network traffic is extremely difficult since botnets frequently mask their existence by using multiple host proxies and network connections, different protocols, and encryption. The "weak link" in the botnet architecture component is the host-based bot component itself. While the bot may employ obfuscation or software protection mechanisms, ultimately it must become unobfuscated and unpacked in order to execute, and it leaves behind telltale evidence of its existence. Detection and forensics of the host based bot is the basis of this proposal. Current bot and botnet detection methods rely mostly on static signatures of known bots. HBGary proposes the Enterprise Botnet Detection System (EBDS) which will overcome the stealthy nature of advanced bots, detect and assess previously unknown bots, and provide remote forensics technologies to mitigate future botnet attacks.