Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Applicability of Blockchain Technology to Privacy Respecting Identity Management

HSHQDC-16-C-00061 HSHQDC-16-R-00012-H-SB016.1-002-0029-I
(HSHQDC-16-R-00012 Phase I)
Applying Blockchain to Decentralized Identity

Evernym Inc.
12233 Corliss Ave N.
Seattle, WA 98133-8538


The purpose of this SBIR Proposal is to conduct the basic research that will result in a specific method by which blockchain technology can provide a decentralized foundation for privacy-respecting identity management infrastructure. Respect Network will research and develop a decentralized registry and discovery service for Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs) to integrate with the public blockchain. DIDs will allow principals to directly control their own identities with cryptographic proofs and secure, addressable network endpoints. DIDs will enable a Decentralized Identity Management (DIDM) infrastructure that will empower people and organizations to securely and confidentially manage and assert their identities. Open standards and established industry protocols will permit principals to selectively disclose identity claims, and to manage their privacy and digital relationships. Respect Network's thesis is that the combination of DIDs and DIDM architecture, using public and/or private blockchains as "identity backbones", can meet traditional information security principles of confidentiality, integrity, availability, non-repudiation and provenance. Further, our approach applies privacy-by-design principles, including user control, selective disclosure of information and pseudonymity. This proposal presents the basic research challenges that need to be accomplished to harness the science and technology of DIDs, and to integrate DIDs into DIDM infrastructure that serves both individuals and enterprises. Our proposed effort and deliverables will present and answer critical questions related to security and privacy. Results of our research will enable the development and demonstration of prototypes in future R&D phases for Homeland Security Enterprise applications, and for commercial products.

Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring

NBCHC040100 04110377
(FY04.1 Phase I)
Low Cost Electrostatic Cyclone for Aerosol Collection and Concentration

InnovaTek, Inc.
350 Hills Street, Suite 104
Richland, WA 99352-


InnovaTek proposes to develop an advanced, low cost aerosol collector/concentrator that utilizes electrostatic precipitation and cyclonic impingement with a virtual impactor pre-concentrator that will have >90% collection efficiency while operating at 1000 LPM using less than 50 watts of power. Technology will be designed on the basis of first principles and computational fluid dynamics modeling. Components will be fabricated using 3-dimensional CAD drawings based on models and calculations. During Phase I several mini-collector prototypes will be designed and fabricated to test our theories and establish feasibility of the scaled-up system. Variables to be examined include electric field intensity, central electrode diameter, deposition cylinder diameter and length, cyclone inlet size, and liquid impingement methodology. System efficiency will be determined using aerosolized particles and microorganisms. Power requirements and ease of manufacturing will also be considered. Final component geometries and operating parameters will be selected on the basis of performance and estimated manufacturing costs. At the end of Phase I a scaled-up design, to be fabricated and tested during Phase II will be delivered.

Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring

NBCHC040083 04110592
(FY04.1 Phase I)
Aerosol Concentrator Employing Micro-Machined Aerodynamic Lenses

Enertechnix, Inc.
P.O. Box 469
Maple Valley, WA 98038-0469


The proposed project will develop a novel aerosol concentrator based on aerodynamic lens technology capable of achieving very high concentration factors in a compact device. This device will be fabricated in silicon using micro-fabrication methods resulting in low cost, compact size, high reliability, high throughput, and extremely high precision and repeatability. In this project we will develop Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models of the fluid flow and particle trajectories inside aerodynamic lenses. We will fabricate lenses on silicon wafers using standard wafer micro-fabrication methods, and we will test the performance of those lenses using carefully prepared aerosols. Finally, we will make detailed comparisons between the predictions of our CFD models and the experimental results. At the end of phase I, we will have developed a reliable CFD modeling capability that can be used in phase II to design more complex structures and we will have demonstrated the feasibility of fabricating these lenses in silicon using standard micro-machining techniques. We will also have developed a battery of diagnostic methods to assess the performance of these devices which will be used in phase II to assess the performance of 2-dimensional arrays of aerodynamic lens aerosol concentrators.

Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring

NBCHC040090 04110680
(FY04.1 Phase I)
Advanced Bioaerosol Samplers for Surveillance and Personal Monitoring

MesoSystems Technology Inc.
415 N. Quay, Bldg A.
Suite 3
Kennewick, WA 99336-7783


Many integrated biodetection systems require an aqueous sample, with the notable exception being those based on mass spectrometry which frequently uses a dry sample (MALDI or pyrolysis). The two proposed air sampling technologies to be developed are amenable to dry or nearly dry sample collection, but yet both can deliver a final sample in an aqueous format autonomously. Furthermore, both offer significant operating and cost advantages relative to more conventional wet-walled cyclones in use today for homeland security and military applications. Another common sampling technique in use today is dry filtering, but this approach is not amenable to fully-autonomous operation. The technologies to be developed by the proposed effort will result in samplers that can be integrated with a broad range of advanced biodetection technologies including mass spectrometry, microchip arrays, PCR and immunoassays.

Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring

NBCHC040085 04111119
(FY04.1 Phase I)
High Efficiency, Dual-Mode Air Sampler

Research International, Inc
17161 Beaton Road SE
Monroe, WA 98272-1034


A compact, low power and low cost air sampler is proposed that utilizes a novel topology and two-stage design to concentrate respirable particulates. The proposed hardware and collection strategy minimizes problems associated with freezing conditions and provides a high air-to-liquid concentration ratio.

AIS Tracking and Collision Avoidance Equipment for Small Boats

NBCHC040087 04110729
(FY04.1 Phase I)
A novel method to produce very low cost Class B Basic AIS transponders

Shine Micro, Inc.
9405 Oak Bay Road
Suite A
Port Ludlow, WA 98365-8269


A novel method is presented to produce very low cost Basic B AIS transponders. The result will be a very small, minimal cost product with a maximum of functionsality that can be easily installed in a few minutes. Because of its very low power consumption, it is also suitable for handheld, portable and solar powered use.

Wide-Area TIC Neutralization

NBCHC050012 0421048
(FY04.2 Phase I)
Large Scale Neutralization and Safe Removal of Toxic Industrial Chemicals

Isotron Corporation
1443 N Northlake Way
Seattle, WA 98103-8994


This proposal addresses the development of an advanced polymer-based system which possesses a reactive feature that serves to neutralize chemical agents and toxic industrial chemicals in-situ and on contact. The polymer system is designed to facilitate a rapid return-to-service of the contaminated area, such that emergency, rescue and other first response activities can take place safely during the decontamination phase. With the system in place, personnel exposure to the contaminant and cross-contamination of other sites will be significantly reduced or eliminated. Safe removal and disposal of the system can be carried out at an opportune time after decontamination and emergency response activities are concluded.


NBCHC050125 0511262
(FY05.1 Phase I)
The BioSonics UnderWater ACoustic Sentinel (UWACS), a Low Cost Underwater Threat Detection System

BioSonics, Inc.
4027 Leary Way NW
Seattle, WA 98107-5045


The purpose of this project is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a concept design for a low cost underwater threat detection system to protect critical shoreline and waterside infrastructure. For 26 years, BioSonics has designed and manufactured state-of-the-art digital scientific echosounder technologies for real-time detection, tracking, and classification of biological targets in hostile, cluttered and boundary environments. BioSonics has demonstrated that our low cost, portable COTS echosounder system is well-suited for the unique challenges of threat detection, classification, and early warning in the land-water interface. In Phase I, BioSonics will evaluate, improve and demonstrate COTS hardware, software and positioning system components for effectiveness in threat detection. Proven detection capabilities will be adapted to larger targets such as divers and submersibles in a variety of environments to establish range and boundary performance and to test classification and alarm algorithms. The BioSonics solution utilizes an active hydroacoustic system consisting of a networked series of focused beam transducers with ultra low side lobes, mounted on robust, dual-axis rotators, capable of sufficient detection range, high detection probability and low false alarm rates. The commercialization potential of this low cost, effective product for homeland security, defense, public and private sector markets is tremendous.


NBCHC060022 0521132
(FY05.2 Phase I)
Spectroscopic Imaging Gamma and Neutron Emission Tracker SIGNET

813 Barnhart Street
Raymond, WA 98577-4501


Gamma ray and neutron emitting isotopes can be located and identified with the use of a directional gamma ray and neutron detection system having excellent spectroscopic energy resolution. Segmented germanium gamma-ray detectors are the best detectors for such a system. Recent evolutions in germanium detector technology, imaging techniques, electronics, and cryogenics make such a system viable. Together, these developments provide the foundation for a new breed of commercially available, transportable, germanium detector systems with advanced capabilities. We propose to develop the Spectroscopic Imaging Gamma and Neutron Emission Tracker or SIGNET. The SIGNET will be a portable 40 cm x 40 cm x 20 cm instrument containing a mechanically cooled germanium detector system. The SIGNET will display the identity and direction (position) of different radioisotopes in the vicinity of the instrument. The SIGNET will simultaneously determine the presence and direction of neutron sources! The project will bring together fundamental detector physics capabilities to create a portable user-friendly tool for local and federal authorities to better evaluate suspicious situations involving radioactive material. During phase 1, measurements and calculations will provide a detailed design for a prototype SIGNET instrument. We intend to manufacture these instruments in our fabrication facility.


NBCHC070015 0611141
(FY06.1 Phase I)
Aerosol Collection into Small Amounts of Fluid

MicroStructure Technologies Inc.
600 SE Assembly Ave.
Bldg 55 Suite 100
Vancouver, WA 98661-5587


The optically-cued electrospray aerosol selector (OCEAS), as proposed by MicroStructure Technologies (MicroST), and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), provide an innovative solution to achieving the challenging goals set by DHS. The goal of this project is to integrate an OCEAS design with a particle extraction module. Central to the OCEAS system approach is a fully automated particle sorting and novel particle extraction system from a dry collection surface. This project will build upon the success of the BIAD Sample Enrichment program by focusing on three major objectives. First, a 100 liter per minute (LPM) low maintenance axisymmetric virtual impactor concentrator (AxiVIC) will be refined and developed to support the fielding and maintenance program requirements required by DHS. Second, the bioaerosol particle sorting system or OCEAS will minimize the presence of background clutter and place selected aerosols onto a microstructured array. The particle sorting element further reduces OCEAS system maintenance by performing dry collection. More important to the program is the elimination of background clutter reduces the amount of fluid needed for extraction. Finally, MicroST will develop a particle extraction module where the particles will be extracted from a microstructured array into much less than 300 microliters of fluid.


NBCHC060109 0611161
(FY06.1 Phase I)
Aerosol Delivery to Nanoliter Droplets Using An Aerodynamic Lens Aerosol Concentrator with Capillary Deposition and Collection

Enertechnix, Inc.
P.O. Box 469
Maple Valley, WA 98038-0469


The proposed project will develop a novel aerosol to liquid delivery system which combines a micro-fabricated aerodynamic lens (microADL) aerosol concentrator with a novel capillary collector to rapidly deliver large numbers of aerosol particles into nanoliter droplets. Mass production methods will result in a low cost, compact device with high throughput. In this project we will design a next generation microADL that can sample 100 slpm of ambient air and produce concentration ratios of up to 200:1 in a single stage device, and up to 2000:1 in a 2-stage device. We will develop a capillary collector that ensures 100% collection of aerosol particles; we will develop a droplet injection and transport system, and will identify capillary surface modifications and elution fluids to ensure 100% elution of the deposited aerosol particles or their DNA into the droplet, and we will demonstrate delivery of this droplet to a microfluidics detection platform. At the end of phase I, we will have demonstrated each of the critical elements of the overall system and we will have developed engineering and CFD models of these elements that can be used in phase II to optimize and design a fully functional prototype aerosol to liquid delivery system.

Optimizing Remote Capture of Biometrics for Screening Processes

NBCHC080055 0721102
(FY07.2 Phase I)
Optimizing remote capture of biometrics for screening processes

Aculight Corporation
22121 20th Avenue SE
Bothell, WA 98021-4408


Aculight, teamed with Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control (LMMFC), will deliver a system for remote capture of biometrics for screening processes in the Phase II of this proposed work. This system will have a range in excess of 100 meters, if needed, and supply facial depth resolution of < 2 mm. This aggressive goal is enabled by the DOD investment in 3D LIDAR at LMMFC and in eye-safe fiber laser sources at Aculight. The combination of these two technologies will provide the acquisition characteristics required by the DHS and will operate night or day and in adverse weather conditions. The 3D output data will be compatible with commercial software for facial recognition and Lockheed Martins WISDOMTM system. In Phase I, Aculight will modify its PerseusTM eyesafe fiber laser product to meet DHS needs and LM will design the system changes to interface with the Aculight source and to meet DHS goals.

Trace Explosives Sampling for Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosives Device (VBIED) Detection

HSHQDC0800076 0811135
(FY08.1 Phase I)

Enertechnix, Inc.
P.O. Box 469
Maple Valley, WA 98038-0469


Enertechnix proposes to adapt its novel aerodynamic lens aerosol concentration technology to provide high flow rate, high efficiency sampling of particles and vapors for use in the detection of Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosives Devices. Our approach combines forced air jet(s) for dislodging particles and vapors from the vehicle surfaces, concentration and collection of dislodged particles, and scavenging of explosive vapors on artificially introduced aerosol particles containing adsorbent polymers tuned to the molecular characteristics of explosives. These particles will be concentrated using our aerosol concentrator and collected on the walls of a centrifugal micro-impactor. The explosive particles and vapors will be desorbed and delivered to a downstream detector at flow rate appropriate for the selected detector. All these functions will be implemented in a compact, modular, low power, low cost device. The proposed device can be deployed as an array of samplers in a drive-through inspection portal or as a stand-alone (possibly hand-held) device. The proposed explosives particle and vapor sampling system will serve as the front-end for a broad range of explosives analyzers, significantly improving their sensitivity and reducing detection times. We anticipate that Enertechnix will be an OEM supplier of the sampling component to manufacturers of security equipment.