Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance

Detector for Smuggled Currency

D12PC00127 FY10.2-H-SB010.2-001-0001-II
(FY10.2 Phase II)
Portable Ultra High-Resolution Millimeter-Wave Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar for Close-Range Detection of Concealed Objects

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737


Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a portable high-resolution imaging system based on frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) millimeter-wave (MMW) radar. The system will be operating at a stand-off distance (5-10meter) to detect concealed objects such as bulk quantities of currencies secreted on person or in luggage which are moving at walking speed. The key advantages of this system include: 3D ultra high-resolution imaging (centimeters); capability of seeing through clothing or through leather; portable and easy to setup; advanced target recognition algorithms for bulk quantities of currencies, such as radar polarimetry, Bragg-scattering signature and MUSIC superresolution analysis; Solely based on COTS RF components and existing IAI-developed DSP system; extremely low RF-emission due to the nature of close-range sensing.

Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges on Iris Recognition

D12PC00288 FY11.1-H-SB011.1-005-0007-II
(FY11.1 Phase II)
Mitigation of Contact Lens, Eye Surgery, Pupil Dilation, and Other Challenges in Iris Recognition

Member of the Family LLC
670 Ritchie Highway
Severna Park, MD 21146-3979


Member of the Family LLC's proposal is designed to study and analyze the effects of contact lens usage, eye surgery and various types of pupil dilation as they relate to the accuracy and performance of iris recognition systems. Additionally we propose to determine whether or not appropriate measures exist or can be created to mitigate the effects of these factors in iris recognition. While others may have approached similar studies from academic standpoints, MOTF's study will be based on clinical data that will be gathered in both hospital and private practice settings. This will assure that we include in the study as wide a range of medical and surgical subjects as possible within the timeframe of the study. We expect that this study will provide sufficient raw data for us to analyze so that we should be able to begin to develop approaches to detect and mitigate obstacles to iris recognition. Phase II of the project will provide the additional time and resources to expand the biometric database to more completely consider the challenges to recognition observed in Phase I. MOTF is confident that there are both private and government outlets for the commercialization of this technology.

Low Power Tri-axial Acoustic Sensor

D13PC00005 DHS SBIR-2011.2-H-SB011.2-001-0007-II
(DHS SBIR-2011.2 Phase II)
Three Dimensional Acoustic Sensing Unit (3DASU) Phase II

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd.
Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146-4716


SSC proposes a low power tri-axial acoustic sensor that leverages our existing acoustic chambered design to provide a directional sensor that has high sensitivity, rugged construction with low power consumption. Our approach extends prototypes developed under DoD sponsorship, including DARPA, Army, Navy and Special Forces efforts. Our innovative chambered design provides a large physical aperture that includes novel wind noise reduction features without exposing sensitive microphone elements to the environment directly. The unit exhibits increasing acoustic gain at higher frequencies that help in classification of targets that have weak high frequency signature information.

Swarm Robotic Sensing Platform for Search and Rescue

HSHQDC-13-C-00021 DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-006-0006-II
(DHS SBIR-2012.1 Phase II)
Sensor-Smart Affordable Autonomous Robotic Platforms (SAARP)

Robotic Research, LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road
Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878-1426


Sensor-smart Affordable Autonomous Robotic Platforms (SAARP) is developing low cost autonomous robotic platforms to perform searching, mapping, and navigation tasks with minimal operator interaction. These inexpensive robotic platforms can quickly be deployed by first responders to provide a wide range of capabilities for a variety of missions; search and rescue, carrying sensors to determine environmental conditions (chemical, biological, radiological, oxygen levels, explosive detection, heat level), 2D and 3D mapping, and overall situational awareness for firefighters, law enforcement, and command center coordinators. Because there may be disruptions in communications, especially when working in and around collapsed structures, inside buildings, or tunnels, and also a limited number of personal to operate robotic assets, the system must have autonomous capabilities, be communications resilient and work in both GPS and GPS-denied areas. Robotic Research, LLC's previously developed autonomous mobility package for use with multiple robotic platforms provides autonomy, however must be modified to meet the low cost requirement. High cost sensors that allow for autonomous functionality, are the main obstacles to low cost. SAARP is focused on an alternative sensor head that uses structure light. The result will be a demonstration of a low cost, small, autonomous ground robotic platform.

Radio Frequency (RF) Sensing of Personnel in Wooded Areas

D14PC00062 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-001-0019-II
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase II)
ARGUS: Scalable And Reliable RF sensing for Long-Duration Personnel Tracking

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737


A recent U.S. Government Accountability Office report noted that that less than 1 percent of the 4,000-mile long border between the United States and Canada is under the operational control of U.S. Border Patrol. The large scale, and environmental conditions of the Northern Border pose specific technical challenges to securing the border. In this proposal, we detail a novel mesh networked RF sensor, ARGUS-HS based on IAIs current ARGUS. ARGUS-HS will have 1-3 years run time on a single D-cell battery, and provide robust, cost-effective perimeter security under (Non) Line of Sight conditions at both Northern and Southern borders.

Field Detection and Analysis for Fire Gases and Particulates

HSHQDC-15-C-00075 HSHQDC-14-R-00035-H-SB014.2-006-0014-II
(HSHQDC-14-R-00035 Phase II)
Ultra-Small, Low-Cost Hazardous Gas and Particulate Matter Detector Using Novel Chip-Scale Chemical Sensor Technology

N5 Sensors, Inc.
18008 Cottage Garden Dr., 302
Germantown, MD 20874-5820


The proposed SBIR Phase II project will demonstrate a wearable, low-power, low-cost detector module capable of detecting 13 toxic and hazardous gases and particulate matter (PM) in air suitable for use by first-responders and fire-inspectors during active knock-down and overhaul phases of fire operation. Standard four-gas detectors are grossly inadequate not only in terms of the limited information they can provide, but also due to severe operational and reliability problems as well as high operational and maintenance costs. We will develop the detector by combining patent-pending chip-scale gas sensor technology with a low-cost PM detector module, resulting in an integrated solution for environmental threat monitoring. This microscale gas sensor technology relies on a nanophotocatalysts surface functionalization technique which allows for the detection of host of gases. Utilizing only a few sensor chips, small detectors capable of simultaneously monitoring multiple gases will be realized. These chip-scale microsensors are produced using highly-scalable microfabrication methods similar to those used in production of electronic integrated circuits, which are ideally-suited for low-cost mass-manufacturing. In addition, N5 will refine the sensor designs, introduce additional on-chip components for reliable field-operation, develop a robust manufacturing process, demonstrate the reliability metrics of these sensors, and develop three complete working prototype detectors. We will conduct field-testing of the completed handheld systems through various collaborations to gain insights into the operational, reliability, and maintenance issues, and explore strategies for seamless integration with the next-generation of incident command response and decision support systems.

Low-cost, Disposable, Tamper-Proof Bolt Seal

HSHQDC-16-C-00038 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-002-0009-II
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase II)
Disposable Electronic Bolt Seal (DEBS)

Hi-G-Tek, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Dr
Suite 120
Rockville, MD 20855-9999


Purpose of Work The proposed work will provide Government with a production-ready design for a small, low-cost, tamper-resistant Disposable Electronic Bolt Seal (DEBS), which can electronically secure containers throughout the entire supply chain. DEBS will wirelessly report open, close, and tamper events, allowing Government to more efficiently target and inspect containers, improve security, and optimize the use of Government personnel and resources. DEBS incorporates advanced security measures, among them continuous sensing, tamper-resistance and authentication, that will prevent the physical attacks and counterfeiting of seals that plague users of disposable bolt seals today. DEBS will operate like an ISO-17712 market-standard disposable bolt seal, and its $15 retail price, simple operation, and maintenance-free design will facilitate large-scale adoption across all container shipments without increasing workload or impacting the flow of goods. Findings or Results Phase II builds on the progress made during Phase I and will produce final DEBS prototypes for testing and approval by DHS. These prototypes will incorporate all of the features required in a commercial DEBS device. The proposed work culminates in a technical report that will include all of the design and production files needed for large-scale manufacturing of DEBS. Potential Commercial Applications The global market for DEBS is +100 million seals per year. DEBS can be immediately deployed across market segments such as in-bond cargo, transit cargo, maritime cargo, CSI ports, and others that can benefit from tamper-proof intelligent seals. Its low-price and simple yet effective operation will help drive DEBS penetration into other container markets worldwide.

Canine Mounted Track and Transmit Device

HSHQDC-16-C-00033 HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-007-0022-II
(HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase II)
Canine Mounted Wireless Video and Location Streaming System (CAMEL)

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 190
Rockville, MD 20855-2737


Today, many canine teams are dispatched in tactical operations that typically involve critical activities such as narcotics/explosives detection, suspect pursuit/apprehension, etc. A canine-mounted tracking and video/audio streaming capability is highly valuable in such cases as it can provide the canine handler and remote observers with precise and up-to-date situational awareness of ongoing events. The current price point of COTS products for such application is, however, still too high for every K9 unit in the country to afford them, and they do not yet fully satisfy typical canine team's needs. To overcome such technical challenges, IAI has previously proposed CAMEL (Canine Mounted Encompassing Locator), a low-cost, rugged, and all-weather wireless video/audio and location streaming system to be carried by a canine during the operations for providing the canine handler and remote observers with real-time tactical situational awareness as well evidence recording capability. The key innovation in the proposed effort is CAMEL-2, the second generation of the CAMEL concept prototypes that is fully operational in relevant environments. The expected contribution of CAMEL-2 to the tactical canine industry is: 1) A robust canine positioning and tracking capability; 2) An effective situational awareness capability; and 3) A reliable evidence recording and archiving capability.

Enhanced Agent Situational Awareness in Dismounted, Low Light/Adverse Conditions

70RSAT18C00000014 HSHQDC-17-R-00010-H-SB017.1-001-0003-II
(HSHQDC-17-R-00010 Phase II)
DARTS: Dismounted Adversary Recognition and Tracking System

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 190
Rockville, MD 20855-2814


Border Patrol Agents (BPAs) face multiple challenges when pursuing adversaries in difficult terrains. Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a novel target tracking and recognition system using a small UAV. Named Dismounted Adversary Recognition and Tracking System (DARTS), the UAV will have an advanced sensing, video processing, and autonomous flight control capabilities to follow designated targets allowing the agent to focus on mission priorities. When an agent decides to pursue adversaries, the agent will be able to launch the DARTS UAV, and direct it to one or multiple locations, and to specify which IoI to follow. Operating autonomously, DARTS will control the UAVs flight as it continues to track the IoI using image-based cues, reacquire the IoI as needed (e.g., when the IoI goes into hiding), and recognize the IoIs actions. DARTS will display the acquired imagery and IOI information on the BPAs Control Unit. At the Phase I final demonstration, IAI has demonstrated proof-of-concept in (1) intuitive user interface for directing the drone to user-selected locations, (2) autonomous flight control, (3) advanced video analytics for detection, tracking, and identification, and (4) following of IOI autonomously.

Improved Human Systems for Computed Tomography

70RSAT19C00000014 FY18.1-H-SB018.1-006-0006-II
(FY18.1 Phase II)
CPACT (CheckPoint Advanced Computed Tomography)

Next Century Corporation
2701 Technology Drive
Suite 300
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-1018


Next Century's CPACT (CheckPoint Advanced Computed Tomography) solution aims to fill a mission-critical need for easy, rapid, accurate, and intuitive adjudication of bags at airport security checkpoints using CT imagery. The goal of CPACT (pronounced "see packed") is to enable TSA and our nation to reap the benefits of the increased security that 3D CT imagery can provide without introducing delays at passenger screening checkpoints. In addition to its innovative interface paradigms and approach, CPACT is architected for easy integration with CT scanner platforms, regardless of vendor. The extensibility and customizability of the interface helps provide competing vendors with a commercially-tenable paradigm to support TSA's "Common GUI" objective. CPACT's vendor-agnostic architecture strives to facilitate and simplify integration with any CT scanner platform. In addition, CPACT is being designed to be extensible, enabling scanner vendors to add their own custom controls to the interface. CPACT will thereby provide consistency of all common features across all scanner platforms, while allowing each vendor to incorporate and showcase their own unique features. The proposed Phase II effort will culminate with delivery of a working deployable version of the CPACT software. The market potential for CPACT is substantial, especially if adopted by TSA as the basis for the "Common GUI" used at our nation's passenger screening checkpoints. Beyond TSA, the commercial market is significant, spanning law enforcement, private security, shipping, public event arenas, and more. CPACT is likely to garner interest from the medical community as well, given its heavy use of CT imagery.

Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems

NBCHC050052 0412002
(FY04.1 Phase II)
A Toolkit for Next-Generation Electric Power SCADA Security Protection and Research

Stan Klein Associates, LLC
P.O. Box 2523
Rockville, MD 20847-2523


This project continues development of a highly versatile open-source toolkit and set of building blocks for constructing secure, next-generation (IEC-61850-based) SCADA systems, substation automation ancillary equipment, and utility security devices. In addition to basic SCADA and control center components (that include an MMS stack and XML representation of 61850), building blocks and sample configurations are provided for many aspects of the utility security problem: trusted computer platform, end-to-end protection, user management, access control, and intrusion detection. The toolkit architecture is based on Web Services -- modular applications that communicate with each other using Internet standards such as XML and HTTP. This approach provides versatility and facilitates compatibility with enterprise integration standards. Potential market applications of the Toolkit include constructing a small, starter, single-workstation SCADA suitable for a small utility to gain substation automation and SCADA control experience; workstations for substation equipment remote configuration and maintenance; a research testbed for improving electric power SCADA cybersecurity methods; a networked multi-workstation/server SCADA configuration with a basic interface to utility enterprise systems; and substation and control center access control gateways. The toolkit will serve the needs of utilities, substation equipment suppliers, system integrators, and security researchers.

Cross-Domain Attack Correlation Technologies

NBCHC050143 0422002
(FY04.2 Phase II)
Cross-Domain Intrusion Detection using Privacy-Preserving Distributed Data Mining Technologies

8840 Stanford Blvd. STE 1300
Columbia, MD 21045-5833


This proposal proposes development of PURSUIT, a cross-domain intrusion detection and prevention system that relies upon state-of-the-art privacy-preserving distributed data mining (PPDM) technology. PURSUIT has a distributed multi-agent architecture that supports formation of ad-hoc collaborative coalitions with due attention to security and privacy issues. PURSUIT's foundation is based on different PPDM techniques such as k-ring of privacy, secured multi-party computation, and randomized transformations that allow privacy-sensitive sharing of attack patterns, not the raw data. This project will be performed by Agnik, Tresys, and University of Minnesota Army High Performance Computing research Center. The Agnik team has a strong track record in distributed and privacy preserving data mining. Tresys is a security company with strong record in working with many governmental agencies dealing with national security. The UMN team has a strong record in building intrusion detection systems, including the MINDS system. Since the PURSUIT links up available intrusion detection and prevention systems, it has the commercial potential to be marketed to all organizations that currently use such systems. An early PURSUIT coalition has already been set up and it includes organizations such as University of Illinois, SRI International, Purdue University, Ohio State University, and Stevens Institute of Technology.

Innovative Techniques for Concealed Weapons or Explosive Detection at a Distance

NBCHC060005 0423003
(FY04.2 Phase II)
Electromagnetic Concealed Weapons Detection at a Distance

Pharad, LLC
797 Cromwell Park Drive
Suite V
Glen Burnie, MD 21061-2540


In this Phase II project Pharad proposes to develop and fabricate an engineering prototype concealed weapons detection system and test its weapon detection capability in a laboratory demonstration. The prototype system will incorporate the innovative electromagnetic technology for concealed weapons detection that we proposed and validated theoretically and experimentally in Phase I. Having successfully achieved our Phase I goals, our Phase II effort will further the development of the weapons detection system. Our novel technical solution for concealed weapons detection uses millimeter-wave signals to excite resonances in the target, creating a unique signature that can be used to characterize the object. Using such excitation signals, benefits such as increased resolution and reduced component size can be achieved. In addition, the EM signature of the target exhibits more features available for classifying the object. Our proposed Phase II effort comprises a number of hardware and software development activities including the implementation of the target detection algorithm, development of the prototype mm-wave sensor module hardware and software, and the development of the Central Station subsystem. In addition, we will test the prototype system in a laboratory demonstration, and deliver a prototype sensor to HSARPA along with the Central Station software.


NBCHC070044 0522005
(FY05.2 Phase II)
AutoPilot: A high assurance virtualized security monitor

Komoku, Inc.
9601 Baltimore Ave, Suite A-1
College Park, MD 20740-1350


The effectiveness of any critical infrastructure relies on its resilience to malicious modification and service disruption, as well as its ability to reconstitute itself after and during attacks. The successful completion of the work proposed here will provide a high assurance attack detection and reconstitution capability that is based on hardware, but without the deployment and cost of a custom add-in board. The end result will be a significantly better protected infrastructure.


NBCHC080048 0612014
(FY06.1 Phase II)
Enterprise Botnet Detection and Mitigation System

HBGary, Inc.
6900 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 706
Chevy Chase, MD 20815-6114


Since botnets have both host and network components, detection must occur from both hosts and the network. A problem is that network management systems have no visibility of hosts, and host detection systems have no visibility of the network. Network management systems generate mountains of data that overwhelm network security administrators. Many host-based products use signatures to detect viruses and spyware, but stealthy malicious bots are not being detected. More flexible behavioral based host detection systems are emerging, but these products require frequent modification, have variable accuracy performance, and are limited to endpoint awareness, so they do not add to enterprise-level awareness. HBGary intends to develop a botnet detection system that automatically collects host and network evidence from all over the enterprise and reasons over that evidence as would a subject matter expert to determine if botnets are present. Essentially, the system will automate the analysis and conclusions of subject matter experts. The system will instruct the security response team operator on what actions to perform. The system will also provide a human analyst the ability to "drill down" to forensically analyze the threat.

Secure and Reliable Wireless Communication for Control Systems

D09PC75536 (formerly NBCHC090021) 0722001
(FY07.2 Phase II)
Securing Network Access in Wireless Sensor Networks Supporting Industrial Control System

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737


In Phase I, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) developed and implemented a prototype secure network access system for wireless sensor networks that support industrial control systems. This system can provide node authentication, packet authentication, packet integrity, and packet confidentiality using standardized cryptosystems. We have demonstrated the effectiveness of the system for a small wireless sensor network with seven sensor nodes. In collaboration with our commercial partner, Emerson Process Management, we will further extend our Phase I work and integrate our system with real industrial control systems. We will add the capability of detecting the Denial of Service attacks from both external and internal malicious nodes, extend the secure access control system to large wireless mesh networks, explore channel switching techniques to mitigate the wireless interference, and develop a secure and resilient time synchronization scheme. There is a growing demand for secure and reliable wireless communication in industrial control systems, which are crucial to the operation of the U.S. critical infrastructures, such as energy, water treatment, agriculture and food, and transportation systems. Our secure and reliable wireless communications system can enhance the security and reliability of wireless sensor networks for industrial control applications.

Robust Algorithm Development for Multidimensional Chemical Analysis

NBCHC090013 0722006
(FY07.2 Phase II)
A Novel Peak Detection and Data Fusion Methodology for Multidimensional Chemical Analysis

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive
Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737


In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. along with Applied Research Associates, Inc. proposes to develop a funny functional chemical agent classification and concentration estimation software tool with enhanced performance that will be ready for OEM test. Our prototype software will be able to detect and identify TICs-CWAs-BWAs with high true positive rate, low false positive rate, and low identification confusion, even under adverse environments. Meanwhile, when a potential hazardous agent is identified, its concentration will also be estimated using our software. They key innovation of the proposed approach lies in novel classification framework with soft decision, sensitive and selection detection, unknown class discovery capability, and a novel decision fusion technique, along with state-of the-art methods for concentration estimation of mixing agents. In Phase II, we will perform alpha and beta testing on our software before shipping out the final version of the software for acceptance testing by the OEMs and integrating our software into chemical-Biological agent sensing devices.

Wearable Energy to Power and Operate Responder Tools (Wearable EPORT)

D10PC20017 0924007
(FY09.2 Phase II)
A Wearable Battery Cloth

FlexEl, LLC
FlexEl, LLC
387 Technology Drive
College Park, MD 20742-3371


This Phase II technical proposal provides a comprehensive description of the proposed work for further development and commercialization of a wearable battery cloth for first responders, as part of the Wearable Energy to Power and Operate Responder Tools program. During Phase I, a breakthrough discovery led to more than an order of magnitude improvement in battery capacity per unit area. While this discovery was not anticipated at the outset, it now allows the power available to first responders through a jacket lined with a battery-cloth product to be increased commensurately, without compromising mobility or weight. Whereas a square meter of material was originally conceived to replace a handful of AA batteries, today it holds the promise of providing the power of as many as 70 AA batteries. FlexEl`s business strategy centers on commercialization of the battery cloth product concept. This Phase II proposal is designed to allow us to achieve the milestones necessary to privately finance full-scale production and broad-based commercialization.