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Awards

Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance
Period
Award/Contract
Value
Abstract

H-SB06.2-006
AUTOMATED SCENARIO/SCRIPT BUILDER FOR SIMULATION-BASED TRAINING SYSTEMS

NBCHC070070 0621050
(FY06.2 Phase I)
Developing Incident Scenarios Automatically for Simulation-based Training for Emergency Responders (DISASTER)

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555

03/21/2007
to
10/06/2007
$99,945.20

Given recent man-made and naturally occurring catastrophic events such as the terrorist attacks on 9/11 and the effect of Hurricane Katrina, it is apparent that an emergency responder's ability to successfully manage and mitigate critical incidents is becoming of increasing importance. Training through live exercises is burdened by limits on availability as well as high costs in financial and personnel resources, restraining the emergency responder's ability to prepare effectively. Simulation-based training has been recognized as a key enabling technology to assist in this effort, however, scenario construction remains a time and resource consuming element of simulation-based exercises requiring both the involvement and interactions of the training and software engineering staffs. To address this issue, we propose to design and prototype a system for Developing Incident Scenarios Automatically for Simulation-based Training for Emergency Responders (DISASTER). DISASTER incorporates a scenario development environment that allows training staff to leverage existing scenario templates to construct high-level scenario objectives. A script generation engine then utilizes automated planning systems to flesh out the scenario, producing a rich representative scenario that can then be instantiated within simulation-based training systems for enhanced emergency responder training.

H-SB06.2-007
HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION

HSHQDC-07-C-00042 0621021
(FY06.2 Phase I)
High Quantum Efficiency, Fast Detectors for the Readout of Scintillators for Gamma-Ray Detection

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

04/01/2007
to
09/30/2007
$150,000.00

Gamma-ray spectrometers consisting of inorganic scintillators coupled to optical detectors such as photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) are an important element of the systems that are used to monitor and prevent the spread of special nuclear materials. Two very important requirements for the scintillation detectors used as gamma-ray spectrometers in homeland security monitoring include high sensitivity and high energy resolution. New, bright scintillators such as cerium doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr3:Ce) exhibit very energy resolution. The energy resolution of LaBr3:Ce with PMT readout is at present limited by photoelectron statistics. The quantum efficiency of even the best PMTs over the emission spectrum of LaBr3:Ce (340-450 nm region) is quite low (about 20-30%). As a result, the low PMT quantum efficiency is one of the main factors that limits the energy resolution of LaBr3:Ce scintillators at present. As a result, the goal of the proposed project is to design, build and evaluate advanced, silicon based photodetectors that have very high quantum efficiency for scintillator readout and are also fast and compact.

H-SB06.2-007
HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY FAST DETECTORS FOR THE READOUT OF SCINTILLATORS FOR GAMMA RAY DETECTION

HSHQDC-07-C-00045 0623003
(FY06.2 Phase I)
High Quantum Efficiency Fast Detectors for the Readout of Scintillators for Gamma Ray Detection

AGILTRON,INC
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003

04/01/2007
to
09/30/2007
$150,000.00

Agiltron proposes to demonstrate a breakthrough detector for readout of scintillators for gamma ray detection that overcomes the quantum efficiency and high voltage limits of current PMTs and APDs. It holds the promise to improve the current scintillator detector resolution by at least 30 percent without the need for a high voltage power supply, and can be fabricated at a low cost. This new photomultiplier detector possesses many unique attractive properties that do not exist in any existing readouts for nuclear radiation detectors, such as PMTs, APDs. The Phase I work will demonstrate a detector element with high quantum efficiency, high gain at ultra low bias voltage, and, integrated with the scintillator crystal, the spectral resolution for gamma ray detection. A fully functional device will be developed in Phase II.