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Awards

Topic Information Award/Contract Number Proposal Information Company Performance
Period
Award/Contract
Value
Abstract

H-SB013.1-001
Radio Frequency (RF) Sensing of Personnel in Wooded Areas

HSHQDC-13-C-00037 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-001-0008-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
RF Sensing of Personnel in Wooded Areas

TrellisWare Technologies, Inc.
16516 Via Esprillo
Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92127-1728

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,927.85

Perhaps because it is the world's longest undefended border, smuggling is endemic across the our northern frontier with Canada. Since a 5,525 mile border cannot be effectively patrolled on foot, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) must rely on technology to detect and track smugglers. Radio tomographic imaging (RTI) is an emerging device-free passive (DfP) localization technology that could aid in this effort. RTI employs a dense network of RF sensors, each of which broadcasts probe messages and records received signal strength (RSS) data. As an object passes through the sensor field, RSS measurement changes are used to detect its presence and track its movement. In Phase I of the proposed program, TrellisWare will design both the sensor network and localization components of a complete personnel detection/tracking system. Our proposed program culminates with a live demonstration of the developed technology in a wooded environment running on existing sensor network hardware. In a potential Phase II follow-on program, TrellisWare would prototype sufficient hardware to enable larger-scale testing (e.g., a 1 km x 250 m forested area). By leveraging military sensor network products that already meets most mission requirements, TrellisWare can provide the Department of Homeland Security with the most "bang for the buck" in the development of a personnel detection and tracking sensor network to help secure our northern border.

H-SB013.1-001
Radio Frequency (RF) Sensing of Personnel in Wooded Areas

HSHQDC-13-C-00035 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-001-0019-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
ARGUS: Scalable And Reliable RF sensing for Long-Duration Personnel Tracking

Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855-2737

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$100,000.00

A recent U.S. Government Accountability Office report noted that that less than 1 percent of the 4,000-mile long border between the United States and Canada is under the operational control of U.S. Border Patrol. The large scale, and environmental conditions of the Northern Border pose specific technical challenges to securing the border. In this proposal, we detail a novel mesh networked RF sensor -based on IAI's current ARGUS system (developed by IAI and manufactured under license by HARRIS Corp. for expeditionary base perimeter security that can address a specific area of concern: the detection, localization and tracking of people in wooded terrain along the border. The proposed RF sensor system faces specific challenges related to the environment. To address these challenges, IAI proposes to adapt its proven RF perimeter monitoring system -ARGUS- to the DHS border application.

H-SB013.1-001
Radio Frequency (RF) Sensing of Personnel in Wooded Areas

HSHQDC-13-C-00039 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-001-0023-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
RF Tracking in Wooded Areas

Xandem Technology, LLC
211 East 300 South, Suite 208
Salt Lake City, UT 84111-2476

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$100,000.00

This SBIR Phase I project will investigate the possibility of using a network of low-cost, battery-powered radio frequency (RF) transceivers to detect, localize and track the movements of people illegally trying to enter the US borders through wooded areas. The system uses radio tomography (RT), i.e., the changes in radio signal strength (RSS) measurements on the static links of the network over time, to localize and track stationary and moving targets. In a wooded environment, a major challenge is represented by the environmental noise, i.e., the changes in RSS introduced by e.g. wind and rain. In this project, we will demonstrate noise reduction algorithms capable of learning the characteristics of the environmental noise and filtering it from the collected RSS signals. This allows the system to detect a person crossing a link line despite the environmental noise. Moreover, in remote wooded areas, the battery-powered RF sensors composing the system must function for an extended period of time (e.g., one year). We will address the issue of power efficiency first by developing a self-synchronizing communication protocol which enables radio duty-cycling. Second, the system will adaptively adjust the sampling (i.e., communication) rate of the sensors depending on the detection of significant events (i.e., intrusions of people in the monitored area). We will test large-scale deployments of RF sensors in wooded areas and process the collected data off-line to demonstrate the ability of our RT system to accurately track people as they move through the deployment area.

H-SB013.1-002
Hybrid Analysis Mapping (HAM)

HSHQDC-13-C-00036 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-002-0002-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Code Ray: Software Assurance Risk Management Framework for Hybrid Analysis Mapping

Applied Visions, Inc.
6 Bayview Avenue
Northport, NY 11768-1502

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,965.40

Two methods for analyzing software security risks are dynamic application security testing (DAST) - an outside in perspective - and static application security testing (SAST) - and inside out perspective. Both have shortfalls. DAST findings do not give insight into the root cause, making remediation time consuming. SAST tools give you full breadth, but warn of weaknesses that are not exploitable. Correlating the results of both can overcome these individual challenges. Secure Decisions proposes Code Ray: Software Assurance Risk Management Framework for Hybrid Analysis Mapping to (1) improve the speed, accuracy and confidence in detection of vulnerabilities by cross-mapping and normalizing the output of hybrid techniques -- dynamic analysis, dynamic tracing, static analysis and static contextual analysis; (2) enhance prioritization and mitigation of vulnerabilities by providing both the run-time context for those vulnerabilities and their mapping to security standards; and (3) improve the rapid comprehension and assessment of risks associated with vulnerabilities by delivering results in a simplified, risk management framework. We will build a Phase I TRL4 prototype to evaluate the technical feasibility of our approach and demonstrate results. Our approach will leverage current work on normalizing and correlating SAST tools and dynamic tracing of runtime execution to prioritize SAST findings. This will also reduce technical and schedule risks. At the end of Phase II we will deliver a web-based tool to be deployed, used and evaluated in the Software Assurance Marketplace (SWAMP) research environment. A commercial version will be directed at software development teams and security auditing organizations.

H-SB013.1-002
Hybrid Analysis Mapping (HAM)

HSHQDC-13-C-00038 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-002-0003-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
SBIR Proposal - Hybrid Analysis Mapping (HAM)

Denim Group, Ltd
3463 Magic Drive, Suite 315
San Antonio, TX 78229-2992

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,953.01

Determine the feasibility of developing a system that can reliably and efficiently correlate and merge the results of open-source and commercial automated static and dynamic security scanning technologies, by creating common data structure standards for both automated static and dynamic security scanning results; research and prototype methods of matching the results of automated static and dynamic tools. The goal of Phase I will be to deliver a working prototype that can correlate and merge the results of open-source and commercial automated static and dynamic security scans of web applications. Initial commercialization plans for the results of this research involve integrating it with Denim Group's existing ThreadFix product: a software vulnerability aggregation and management system that helps organizations aggregate vulnerability data, generate virtual patches, and integrate with software defect tracking systems. It is commercialized using a common and tested "open source" business model where the base technology is made available for free under an open source software license. This will increase the adoption of the technology by allowing any organization access to the software without requiring licensing fees. However, organizations that require commercial support for their customized use of the technology can purchase support contracts. In addition, organizations that wish to customize or extend the functionality of the technology will be required to pay for access to these services. Future plans are to make the technology available under a cloud "software as a service" (SaaS) model removing the requirements of configuring, installing and maintaining their own systems.

H-SB013.1-002
Hybrid Analysis Mapping (HAM)

HSHQDC-13-C-00045 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-002-0005-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Tool Output Integration Framework (TOIF) Upgrade for Hybrid Analysis Mapping

Data Access Technologies, Inc
12209 Kyler Ln.
Suite 104
Herndon, VA 20171-1624

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,641.93

Building on the prior standards based work for the Tool Output Integration Framework (TOIF) and KDM - ISO/IEC 19506, this project will bring together dynamic and static analysis test results from multiple tools into a single solution that will provide a unified platform for security testing and application risk management. Software fault patterns (SFP) and Common Weakness Enumerations (CWE) will be leveraged to integrate information that typically resides in separate point products. The proposed solution will allow for detailed analysis and more precise results including correlation of results from dynamic and static assessments. The resulting integrated vulnerability reports provide more information about the discovered vulnerabilities, including actionable system-level information that links proof-of-exploit with line-of-code details and recommendations for mitigating them. A key element of this research is leveraging the past success of TOIF and the proven ability to combine and leverage the results of multiple tools. The initial TOIF work focused on static analysis, this work extends that to dynamic and penetration tools. More than combining data, the results from multiple tools is semantically integrated using KDM systems knowledge, formalized SFPs and CWEs into the TOIF knowledge base. Encompassing both static and dynamic analysis in a single knowledge framework encompassing overall systems knowledge provides a unique and formally unavailable capability.

H-SB013.1-003
Burn-Saver Device

HSHQDC-13-C-00041 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-003-0001-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Burn-Saver Device

Innova Designs
300 West Main Street
Bldg. B
Northborough, MA 01532-2132

05/06/2013
to
11/05/2013
$99,976.52

The technical problem addressed is implementation of a device called the Burn Saver Device (BSD) that can be attached to a firefighter's helmet to provide an early detection system to warn the firefighter of rapidly developing and/or unsafe thermal conditions in his/her immediate environment that might not be immediately evident inside protective gear. The specific innovation and the focus of the Phase I research is related to fact that the information of central importance to fire fighters' health and well-being is not simply the temperature of the air in the immediate vicinity of the fire fighter as demonstrated by concept tests conducted by the submitters. Tasks to be performed include reviewing sensor technologies to choose the most capable yet cost effective sensors, computer simulation to optimize the distribution of sensors, investigation of means of attachment and materials for a suitable helmet mounting of the BSD, investigation of mechanisms to provide real-time information on the risk and a warning of an imminent safety hazard, design and construction of a proof of concept prototype and demonstration of its operation in several real-scale fires. The outcome of Phase I will be a laboratory proof of concept that can readily be made into a device for testing in an operational environment in Phase II and then commercialized for availability to the over 1million fire fighters in the United States - greatly reducing the incidence of burn injuries and deaths, along with the associated human suffering, medical and other costs.

H-SB013.1-003
Burn-Saver Device

HSHQDC-13-C-00042 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-003-0004-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Helmet-Mounted Thermal Sensor for First Responder Burn-Saver Device

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$100,000.00

The personal protective equipment (PPE) worn by firefighters (turnout Gear, SCBA, helmet, etc.) protects the wearer against burns and hazardous environments. Unfortunately, they work so well that they decrease the firefighter's situational awareness, in particular their ability to notice rapidly increasing temperatures. Although current thermal sensor technologies (generally built in to the Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) unit) have the ability to respond to changing temperatures, no commercial devices can respond fast enough to ensure that the firefighter is not exposed to temperatures that exceed the capabilities of their PPE. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes to design, fabricate, and test a rapidly responding temperature warning device that is low cost, portable, durable, and accurate. In the event of a high temperature situation, the device will provide both visual and audible alarms along with wireless notification to the command center. In collaboration with our commercial PPE manufacturing partner, we will develop a low cost, rugged, burn saver device for NFPA certification. We anticipate a TRL(1) at the beginning of Phase I to transition to TRL(4) at the end of Phase I, and we expect to achieve TRL(6) by the conclusion of Phase II.

H-SB013.1-004
GPS Disruption Detection and Localization

HSHQDC-13-C-00023 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-004-0003-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
FoxHunt: GPS Disruption Detection and Geolocation System

Scientific Systems Company, Inc.
500 West Cummings Park, Suite 3000
Woburn, MA 01801-6562

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,951.42

A number of civil sectors, including energy, transportation, emergency, communications, and banking, use GPS to perform critically important functions. This is a concern due to the fragility of the GPS signal, and vulnerability to attacks or disruptions. The problem has been studied to greater or lesser degree by sector. At this point however it remains unclear exactly how vulnerable these sectors may be on unseen GPS dependencies, and how to respond if and when GPS disruptions occur. In Phase I, SSCI will first perform a thorough assessment of the vulnerabilities the energy generation and distribution sector faces. With our partner, we will undertake a thorough review of existing studies, and identify gaps where we will perform more in-depth research. We will also look to extend those studies to other sectors, such as emergency services. Secondly, we will propose means to detect and diagnose GPS disruptions. As part of the initial GPS-dependence survey, we will have identified ways in which existing equipment can be used, or easily modified, to provide detection and localization information. We will then propose a design for new hardware devices, deployment, and operations concepts, to supplement existing infrastructure where necessary. The result is a usable capability to reliably and rapidly detect and localize transmitters. Thus SSCI will be in position to develop and test hardware prototypes in Phase II, and demonstrate the key new technologies needed. At the end of Phase II we expect to have demonstrated feasibility and practicality of the system.

H-SB013.1-004
GPS Disruption Detection and Localization

HSHQDC-13-C-00030 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-004-0010-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
GPS JLOC Sensor Suite for Critical Infrastructure

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921-2370

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,999.99

Timing and position data from civil GPS receivers have become integral to the operation of many of the Nation's critical infrastructures. Through the Patriot Watch architecture, DHS is coordinating efforts to identify, locate, and attribute domestic GPS interference, maintain a central database for reports of domestic and international interference to civil use of GPS and its augmentations, and notify departments and agencies of GPS interference. Under this SBIR effort we shall survey existing use of GPS in critical infrastructure within the energy and financial sector. Based on our prior experience working with the Air Force on the vulnerability of civil GPS receivers, we shall highlight leverage points of the critical infrastructure that could vulnerable to a GPS cyber attack. Using this analysis we shall develop requirements for GPS jammer or spoofer detection and localization features that could be used to protect critical infrastructure from GPS cyber attacks. We shall develop a design for a Phase II SDR sensor system, compatible with the existing JLOC Server in use as part of the Patriot watch architecture that can be used to protect against the threats identified from our survey results. In the final report we shall document the proposed Phase II test plan and the design of the planned JLOC sensor network that will be field tested and assessed for reliability and effectiveness at detecting, reporting and providing the timely localization of GPS disruptive events under the Phase II effort. Analysis of the expected JLOC sensor performance will be provided (TRL 3).

H-SB013.1-004
GPS Disruption Detection and Localization

HSHQDC-13-C-00044 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-004-0013-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Civilian Interference Detection and Estimation Receiver (CIDER)

Toyon Research Corporation
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117-3021

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,999.99

Toyon has teamed with two utilities to survey the use of civilian GPS receivers in the energy and communication sectors, and to determine their vulnerabilities to intentional interference, including narrowband and wideband jamming, spoofers, repeaters, and RF-based 'software attacks.' As part of the survey, the characteristics and weaknesses of the deployed civilian receivers will be determined and methods of detecting, identifying, and locating sources of GPS interference within the electrical and communication networks will be identified. Based on the survey results, Toyon will design a system for interference detection, identification, and geolocalization (I-DIG). I-DIG will comprise a network of receiver nodes and a centralized geolocalization filter. Each node will include a direction-finding (DF) GPS receiver, which is the most critical component of the I-DIG system. Toyon's patented DF GPS receiver technology has been tested and demonstrated in realistic environments and has a TRL of 6. The collaborative geolocalization algorithm has been developed over the course of numerous programs and is at a TRL of 5. At the conclusion of the Phase II effort, which will include a complete system demonstration in a relevant environment, we anticipate that both components will have a TRL of 7 and will be ready for deployment. The proposed technology has the potential for immediate integration into our country's electrical transmission and communication networks. Since Toyon's DF GPS receiver is also capable of anti-jam (AJ) and anti-spoof GPS processing, it is applicable to any civilian application that desires protection against intentional and unintentional interference.

H-SB013.1-004
GPS Disruption Detection and Localization

HSHQDC-13-C-00043 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-004-0016-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
GPS EMitter LOCalization (GEMLOC)

Coherent Navigation, Inc.
1800 Gateway Dr
Suite 160
San Mateo, CA 94404-4072

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,993.92

In response to DHS SBIR Topic H-SB013.1-004 we propose to investigate the development of a next-generation, tiered, inexpensive, light-weight, low-power, high-performance GPS emitter detection and localization system. The system will provide high-accuracy (high-sensitivity), real-time or near-real-time estimates of position, velocity, transmit frequency, and transmit power level of multiple, moving, low-power emitters in the GPS L bands (L1, L2, and L5). It will work with existing deployed GPS equipment. Reporting of events will make use of existing technology, if applicable. At the end of Phase I, we plan to have a solid understand of GPS vulnerabilities understanding of GPS dependencies and vulnerabilities in the Energy, Communications, and Transportation Sectors and a prototype design for a GPS emitter detection, localization, and reporting system for these three sectors. At the end of Phase II, we anticipate having a much deeper understanding of GPS dependencies and vulnerabilities in these sector plus the Emergency Services Sector. We plan to deploy a prototype GPS emitter detection, localization, and reporting system. We also plan to carry out a demonstration of the capability at NAVFEST or a suitable test environment. Today, the TRL is 3 and we expect it to be TRL 5 or 6 by the end of the Phase-II contract.

H-SB013.1-005
Quick Disconnect Cables for Utility Power Distribution Systems

HSHQDC-13-C-00031 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-005-0001-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Quick Release Connector

SkySight Technologies LLC
5836 Highview Dr
Fort Wayne, IN 46818-1905

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,999.99

The proposed SkySight Technologies Quick Release Connector will independently detect an unexpected mechanical load on the power distribution line. The compact and lightweight SkySight Quick Release Connector uses existing methods and hardware to integrate into the infrastructure, and no special tools or skills are required. While the connector can be latched by hand without any special tools, it cannot be released until the auto-sensing release is triggered or the lineman releases it. When the line tension reaches the predetermined level, the line will be released and can fall to the ground. After release, the SkySight Quick Release Connector body remains attached to the utility pole and the line can be easily reached for line reattachment. Constructed from materials able to withstand harsh environmental conditions, the SkySight Quick Release Connector provides decades of operational life. A Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 2 is expected at the beginning of the Phase I effort, with a TRL of 4 expected at completion. The Phase II effort will focus on refining the concept and constructing prototypes for validation testing. Commercial applications include telecommunications cables on the same poles as power lines, moorings in water or air where the buoy or balloon can be sacrificed to protect a vessel striking it, any wires or support lines surrounding airport approaches, and fishing or water recreational activities where a fouled line poses a danger to people or vessels.

H-SB013.1-005
Quick Disconnect Cables for Utility Power Distribution Systems

HSHQDC-13-C-00033 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-005-0007-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Quick Disconnect System for Power Distribution Hardening and Resiliency

Streamline Automation, LLC
3100 Fresh Way SW
Huntsville, AL 35805-6720

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,735.58

Recent data shows that reported natural disasters have nearly ten-folded over the past century. Aside from the threat to human lives, they pose a great threat to America's infrastructure and power grid. Nearly 90% of all power interruption occurs at the distribution level and over 75% of these are weather related. The proposed Phase I effort aims to combat these unavoidable threats by developing a quick disconnect system for utility power distribution cables. The main goal of the innovation is to allow the power cable and support structure to become disengaged safely by adhering to all applicable OSHA, ANSI, IEEE and environmental standards; reliably by implementing both automated disengagement, triggered by detection of critical loads, and mechanical disengagement, resulting from critical loads applied to the cable/support structure; all without causing damage to the cables/support structures. The proposed solution shall create no interference with normal operation by utilizing self-power generation, low maintenance requirements, and an architecture that can be retrofitted to current cable/support structure designs. In the event that restoration is necessary, the proposed solution will be able to be reconfigured with no special tools allowing restoration efforts to be as quick and efficient as possible. The Phase I efforts seeks to show the feasibility of the proposed Quick Disconnect System which possesses a high TRL because the Phase I design can be developed using nearly all OTS hardware and electronics. Phase II seeks to refine, optimize and finalize its design as an immediate means of increasing distribution network resiliency.

H-SB013.1-005
Quick Disconnect Cables for Utility Power Distribution Systems

HSHQDC-13-C-00032 HSHQDC-13-R-00009-H-SB013.1-005-0009-I
(HSHQDC-13-R-00009 Phase I)
Intelligent In-Line Power Disconnect System

Integrated Solutions For Systems
4970 Corporate Drive
Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805-6230

05/01/2013
to
10/31/2013
$99,917.59

This proposal is for an intelligent, in-line, power disconnect system (I2P) which is directly applicable to existing power line infrastructure. It requires no interruption in utility service for installation. The proposed connection would be coupled with strain sensing gauges and an array of sensors to facilitate gathering of real-time usage statistics, and assist in determining locations of downed utility lines. We intend to study several types of disconnection method and appraise each on its merits, and from the analysis select the most appropriate disengagement and reattachment method from cost, reliability, complexity, and overall savings. Our proposed electronics suite will monitor live loading conditions, and implement OTAR encryption to prevent sensitive data loss. At current no system has been fielded that gracefully degrades under catastrophic loading conditions. However, components of such a system are in widespread usage; hence, its Technology Readiness Level (TRL) prior to Phase I is appraised at 2.