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Abstracts of FY04.1 Phase II Awards
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H-SB04.1-001

Company

Seacoast Science, Inc.
2151 Las Palmas Drive
Suite C
Calrsbad, CA 92011-1575

Proposal Information 0412005 - MEMS Based Chemicapacitor Sensor for Detection of Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals
Topic Information H-SB04.1-001 - New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050063
Abstract

Seacoast Science will continue Phase I efforts and fabricate a system for detection and identification of Low Vapor Pressure (LVP) Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICS). The proposed system will include a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) chemical sensor array, sampling pump and a MEMS preconcentrator optimized for the selective and sensitive detection of a variety of high risk TICS that pose a threat to homeland security. Because of the diverse nature of these compounds we have designed a flexible system that allows for multiple modes of operation. The system will accommodate wall mounted or handheld operation and samples can be introduced from ambient air or by direct input from a swipe. Ultimately this program will yield a small, rugged, lightweight, low-power detection system. In Phase I we began optimization of our MEMS chemicapacitor sensors for some LVPs including a pesticide, explosive and mercury. In a Phase II design reviews we will expand the list of LVP TICS to include other high priority TICs. Our proposed MEMS preconcentrator provides high throughput and high collection efficiency while using minimum power. In Phase II we propose to integrate our sensors, a preconcentrator and a sampling system and to evaluate the system by exposures to LVP TICS.

Company

CogniScent, Inc.
410 Concord Rd.
Weston, MA 02493-1313

Proposal Information 0412010 - Rapid Low Vapor Pressure Chemical Detection Using a Hand-held Artificial Nose
Topic Information H-SB04.1-001 - New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050065
Abstract

The Phase II SBIR research proposed here extends and expands upon the results from our successful Phase I research to develop a hand-held electronic nose capable of rapid, sensitive, and accurate detection and identification of a broad range of low vapor pressure (LVP) compounds. The overall goal of this R&D effort is to optimize detection of LVP compounds by improving system signal-to-noise through carefully evaluated modifications to the various subsystems of the device. We propose to enhance the device by: 1) continued development of sensitive chemical sensors for a range of LVP compounds, 2) deploying these chemical sensor on a novel filament substrate that increases signal amplitude, 3) improving the optoelectronics to efficiently illuminate and interrogate the chemical sensors, 4) improving vapor sampling to effectively present LVP odors to the sensor array, and 5) developing new data processing algorithms to reduce sensor signal variability. These enhancements will be incorporated into a new prototype device that will be thoroughly tested and quantitatively characterized. With inclusion of these improvements, our preliminary data provide strong evidence that this Phase II R&D will lead to at least a 10-fold improvement in sensitivity, forming the basis for a commercially viable device for detecting LVP compounds.

Company

Intelligent Optical Systems, Inc.
2520 W. 237th Street
Torrance, CA 90505-5217

Proposal Information 0412020 - Continuous Immunoassay for the Accurate Detection of Low Vapor Pressure TICs
Topic Information H-SB04.1-001 - New System/Technologies to Detect Low Vapor Pressure Chemicals (e.g., TICs)
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050064
Abstract

Accidental spills or intentional releases of toxic industrial compounds (TICs) are significant threats to human life. Early detection and warning of the presence and distribution of these hazardous materials in the environment is very important in the prevention of injury and loss of human life. However, the monitoring for low vapor pressure TICS (LVTICs) in the atmosphere is problematic because these materials can be present in different forms that are not easily detected by conventional instruments. As part of a successful Phase I development effort, Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) has demonstrated the feasibility of developing a system to sample and concentrate all forms of LVTICs in the atmosphere, and to continuously assay and detect LVTICs sampled from the atmosphere using a highly sensitive immunoassay technique. The goal of the Phase II work is to formalize and refine the design of the Phase I system to produce a tested and validated prototype capable of demonstrating the detection of LVTICs under conditions reflecting realistic monitoring and detection scenarios. In Phase II, displacement immunoassay protocols will be developed for additional classes of LVTICs, and a means to simultaneously monitor multiple classes of LVTICs will be constructed. A prototype bench level instrument, including an improved innovative air sampler, will be designed and fabricated to demonstrate the monitoring of LVTICs. At the end of Phase II, IOS will be prepared to market the monitor system to potential customers and to design the manufacturing processes needed to produce LVTIC monitors for sale to military and civilian markets.

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H-SB04.1-002

Company

BioElectroSpec
5490 Derry Street
Harrisburg, PA 17111-3559

Proposal Information 0412011 - Rapid Multianalyte Yoctomolar Biosensor Platform
Topic Information H-SB04.1-002 - Chem-Bio Sensors Employing Novel Receptor Scaffolds
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050060
Abstract

The overall goal of this Phase II SBIR project is to develop a platform biosensor technology for rapid, multianalyte detection of biological and chemical analytes such as proteins, peptides, nucleic acids, toxins, bacteria, viruses, drugs, narcotics, explosive materials, and other molecules of interest in the biodefense and biomedical areas. We propose to build a hand-held, robust device similar to a palm computer, equipped with cartridges designed for simultaneous detection of up to 100 analytes in a microliter-size sample. The sensitivity of the envisioned sensor is at the level of single molecule detection, with a typical response time from several seconds to a few minutes. An inexpensive, disposable sensor cartridge will have an array of receptor molecules and set of reagents for a one-step detection process. In contrast to existing technologies that utilize antibodies and require multiple stages of reagent injection and washing, the envisioned biosensor system employs a novel type of receptors - molecular and aptamer beacons constructed of nucleic acids. The proposed assay is based on a single stage process that allows detection of molecular signatures in a matter of seconds. This project builds upon the experience of the investigators at BioElectroSpec in developing total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) biosensor systems. We have built and currently are testing a prototype of a bench-top, analytical grade, versatile TIRF biosensor instrument, which has sensitivity at the level of single molecule detection. In Phase II we will use our previous experience and the results obtained in Phase I to develop rapid multianalyte biosensors capable of detecting single target molecules. In Phase I we demonstrated the feasibility of the envisioned TIRF biosensor and developed a 'single-pixel' model of the multianalyte TIRF biosensor. Detection of single target molecules with a response time of several seconds has been demonstrated in Phase I. The TIRF biosensor platform in conjunction with molecular beacons and aptamer beacons demonstrated superior sensitivity and excellent selectivity. A new conceptual design for the multianalyte biosensor has been developed and prototyped in Phase I. Based on successful results of Phase I we propose accelerated development of TIRF biosensors devices. In Year 1 of Phase II we will develop and test a portable TIRF sensor, an array printing station, an automated fluidics, respective methods and standard operation protocols (SOP) for simultaneous detection of up to 100 bioanalytes. In parallel with BioElectroSpec's efforts, our collaborator, the Ellington lab, will adjust existing molecular and aptamer beacons to the TIRF platform and develop new aptamers for emerging biothreats. Year 2 of Phase II will complete prototyping and testing of a hand-held TIRF biosensor. Manufacturing and marketing of the portable and hand-held sensors can start in Year 2 of Phase II and Year 1 of Phase III, respectively. The envisioned TIRF biosensor technology has the potential to significantly enhance the biodefense potential of the Department of Homeland Security. However, the prospective market for the TIRF biosensor is not limited to biodefense applications. The envisioned portable and hand-held TIRF biosensors can become indispensable tools for rapid detection of a large variety of bioanalytes, such as pathogens, disease markers, toxins, drugs, and food additives. A broad customer base including DHS, DOD, NIH, FDA, EPA, USDA, clinical and research laboratories, state and local governments, and many commercial as well as non-profit organizations will benefit from the envisioned biosensor devices.

Company

Nomadics, Inc.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074-1508

Proposal Information 0412017 - Development of a Multi-analyte Biosensor Platform Based on Computationally-Designed Proteins
Topic Information H-SB04.1-002 - Chem-Bio Sensors Employing Novel Receptor Scaffolds
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050062
Abstract

Current antibody- or enzyme-based chemical and biological sensors generally suffer from several disadvantages including involved development cycles, short shelf life, implementation difficulties, and no clear path for new receptor development. We propose an approach based on the use of computationally designed proteins (CDPs) as receptor scaffolds. Such scaffolds overcome many of the problems encountered with biosensors. Significantly, this approach is a general method that provides a path to rapid development of specific receptors. In Phase I, we demonstrated the ability of solutions of computationally designed proteins to display a fluorescent signal change upon ligand binding, we attached computationally designed proteins to solid surfaces, and we demonstrated that fluorescently tagged, immobilized phosphonate-binding proteins can display fluorescent signal change upon ligand binding. Thus, we are confident that continuation of this project will yield favorable results. Specifically, during Phase II, we will continue development of biosensors that incorporate engineered periplasmic binding proteins that recognize and report organophosphate mimics and hydrolysis products of well-known nerve agents. The primary goal will be incorporation of highly stable CDPs into a prototype device for the detection of hydrolysis products of sarin and soman. We will continue our collaboration with Dr. H.W. Hellinga at Duke University Medical Center.

Company

Accacia International LLC
1925 Rutland Dr.
Suite E
Austin, TX 78758-5480

Proposal Information 0413004 - Peptide Based Assays for Homeland Security
Topic Information H-SB04.1-002 - Chem-Bio Sensors Employing Novel Receptor Scaffolds
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050061
Abstract

Accacia International Topic No. H-SB04.1-002 Solicitation Title: CHEM-BIOSENSORS EMPLOYING NOVEL RECEPTOR SCAFFOLDS Technology Areas: Chemical / Biodefense Proposal Title: Novel Aptamer: Peptide Based Assays for Homeland Security Technical Abstract: Accacia International has produced a potentially powerful system for the detection of a wide variety of biothreat agents. Accacia International proposes to design and prototype a compact, handheld fluorescence polarization based sensor capable of detecting biowarfare agents. Accacia International, with the aid of Dr. Andrew Ellington's laboratory, will develop assays for a variety of biothreat agents and a device that can detect a signal created by the transduction of high-affinity peptide binding into fluorescently labeled nucleic acid signal. Multiple peptide ligands selected for by peptide phage display will be immobilized on phycoerythrin (PE) in order to create multivalent conjugates that can bind with high affinity for the surfaces of biothreat agents including Bacillus anthracis and Escherichia coli. These multivalent conjugates, so-called 'burrs', will also contain nucleic acid tags that can be amplified by rolling circle amplification (RCA). Peptide-mediated RCA will be detected by observing the substantive changes in fluorescence polarization (FP) that will result from the incorporation of fluorescent nucleotides into long, concatameric polymers. The assays will be optimized and adapted to a MEMS-FP device designed by Accacia International. Anticipated Benefits / Potential Commercial Applications of the Reasearch and Development: There is a great demand for ultrasensitive assays and instrumentation in the clinical diagnostic, water monitoring, agricultural and food industries. The Accacia Team will couple proximity ligation with the ultrasensitivity and speed of a fluorescence sensor by incorporating 'burrs' into fluorescence polarization assays adapted to a MEMS-FP device to be used initially by the Homeland Defense and adapted for commercial use in detection of foodborne pathogens and marketed to food and agricultural industries.

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H-SB04.1-003

Company

Research International, Inc
17161 Beaton Road SE
Monroe, WA 98272-1034

Proposal Information 0412012 - High-Efficiency, Dual-Mode Air Sampler
Topic Information H-SB04.1-003 - Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050047
Abstract

A compact aerosol sampler is proposed that uses novel centripetal virtual impactor principles to segregate the collected particulates into large (>10 microns) and respirable (0.5 - 10 microns) 'bins'. The approach integrates the key components into a single, monolithic, injection-molded structure that is low in cost and easily scaleable from the baseline 100 LPM sampling rate. The flow rates of the two secondary channels are only 5% of the primary airflow. The segregated and concentrated particulates from each channel may be captured into either a dry (filter) matrix or a wet (aqueous) matrix. System modeling indicates the device will only consume about 5 watts and the project manufacturing cost is $500. Such an air sampler is needed for the detection and identification of biological materials in a number of arenas. Foremost is the need to protect infrastructure and populations from bioterrorism. Additional markets are air quality monitoring of public spaces, hospitals, 'sick building' syndrome and agricultural facilities such as brooder houses.

Company

Enertechnix, Inc.
P.O. Box 469
Maple Valley, WA 98038-0469

Proposal Information 0412013 - Micro-Machined Aerodynamic Lens Aerosol Concentrator for Particulate Sampling
Topic Information H-SB04.1-003 - Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050041
Abstract

The proposed project will develop a novel aerosol concentrator based on aerodynamic lens technology capable of achieving very high concentration factors in a compact device, fabricated using micro-fabrication methods to achieve low cost, compact size, high reliability, high throughput, and extremely high precision and repeatability. In this project we will develop Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models of fluid flow and particle trajectories. We will fabricate prototype lenses, arrays, and complete aerosol concentrators using micro-fabrication techniques; we will test those lenses using inert aerosols and simulant bio-aerosols to determine device performance and effects on organism viability; and we will make detailed comparisons between CFD modeling predictions and the experimental results. We will develop collaborative arrangements with one or more BAND contractors and will design and fabricate a commercial prototype aerosol concentrator and interface it to one or more BAND analyzers. For the commercial prototype we will utilize a fabrication method suited to mass production at very low cost per device. In conjunction with the BAND contractor, we will test our commercial prototype aerosol concentrator and document its performance. Our device will be applicable to a wide range of particulate sampling markets including security, environmental monitoring, military, and industrial pollution control.

Company

MesoSystems Technology Inc.
415 N. Quay, Bldg A.
Suite 3
Kennewick, WA 99336-7783

Proposal Information 0413003 - Advanced Bioaerosol Sampler for Continuous Surveillance
Topic Information H-SB04.1-003 - Advanced Low Cost Aerosol Collectors for Surveillance Sensors and Personal Monitoring
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050058
Abstract

Many integrated biodetection systems require an aqueous sample, with the notable exception being those based on mass spectrometry which frequently uses a dry sample (MALDI or pyrolysis). The proposed air sampling system (BioXC) to be developed is amenable to dry or nearly dry sample collection, but can deliver a final sample in an aqueous format autonomously. The automated system will filter out particles larger than 10 microns, concentrate and collect particles between 1 and 10 microns, and elute the sample to a small volume of liquid (<1 ml). Furthermore, the proposed system offers significant operating and cost advantages relative to more conventional wet-walled cyclones in use today for homeland security and military applications. Another common sampling technique in use today is dry filtering, but this approach is not amenable to fully-autonomous operation. Several subsystems will be optimized and developed to provide pre-filtration, concentration, collection, and elution. These subsystems will be integrated into an autonomous system which performs dry collection of aerosols with automated elution of the sample for analysis. This integrated system will result in a sampler that can be integrated with a broad range of advanced bio-detection technologies including mass spectrometry, microchip arrays, PCR and immunoassays.

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H-SB04.1-004

Company

SPATIAL DATA ANALYTICS CORPORATION
1344 Carpers Farm Way
Vienna, VA 22182-1347

Proposal Information 0412007 - Computer Modelling Tool for Vulnerability Assessment of U.S. Infrastructure
Topic Information H-SB04.1-004 - Computer Modelling Tool for Vulnerability Assessment of U.S. Infrastructure
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050049
Abstract

The Vulnerability Assessment Tool will be a valuable asset for focusing on areas of terrorist concern, whether caused by domestic or foreign terrorist organizations. By doing so, limited resources can be utilized with maximum efficiency, whether they be of human, physical, or electronic nature. Given indications and warnings, the tool could accurately assess the potential actions for terrorist groups by either tactic preference (e.g., suicide bombings) or target preference (e.g., airports). Established research in spatio-temporal forecasting and geographic profiling was selected as the approach for Spatial Data Analytics Corporation (SPADAC) to build on to address this challenge. The output of the methodology results in a probability-based assessment that decision-makers can utilize to gauge the relative probability of potential site selections - in effect ranking likely hot spots of potential activity across any local, state, or national landscape. The commercial applications envisioned include site selection and generic area reduction studies, such as locating a new storefront for a chain.

Company

21st Century Technologies. Inc.
11675 Jollyville Road, Suite 300
Austin, TX 78759-4105

Proposal Information 0412014 - Strategic Effects-based Objective Approach to Determine the Likelihood of Possible Terrorist Attacks
Topic Information H-SB04.1-004 - Computer Modelling Tool for Vulnerability Assessment of U.S. Infrastructure
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050050
Abstract

Defending our borders, ports, and critical infrastructure against all possible terrorist attacks (i.e., chemical, biological, nuclear, or economic) across the entirety of our nation may, at first, seem overwhelming. The issue is not so much the lack of effective counter-terrorism technologies, but the fundamental inability to apply them across all potential targets. We lack an overarching strategic integrated approach that enables systematic application of these defense technologies where and when they are needed most. Complying with the stated goals of DHS, the Advanced Vulnerability of Infrastructure Assessment Tool (AVIAT) will be an enterprise-wide solution implemented as middleware, to facilitate application and data level system integration and interoperability for the purpose of optimal distribution of defense capabilities. AVIAT uses a system-based approach that fuses ontologies about terrorist groups, motivations, and attack methods with criticality assessments of infrastructure vulnerabilities in our homeland.

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H-SB04.1-005

Company

iControl Incorporated
3235 Kifer Road
Suite 260
Santa Clara, CA 95051-0815

Proposal Information 0412018 - Advanced Marine Asset Tag Tracking System
Topic Information H-SB04.1-005 - Marine Asset Tag Tracking System
Award/Contract Number D05PC75155 (formerly NBCHC050048)
Abstract

iControl`s Phase II effort completes the design of a prototype Maritime Asset Tag Tracking System (MATTS). The fully functional system includes shipboard satellite gateways, container TAGs, and secure Internet Data Center. The container TAG is a miniature sensor, data logging computer, radio transceiver, and inertial assisted GPS tracking system integrated into a compact inexpensive package. A TAG`s inertial estimator accurately resolves container locations even when sporadic or multi-path reflections corrupt GPS signals. The principal benefit of inertial corrected GPS, is an instrumented port or ship is not required to record container location. An iControl container TAG can store its location history with no supporting infrastructure. The container location (and its history) are reported when the TAG is in range (up to 2 km) of an Internet gateway equipped ship or dock. To implement the reporting network, self contained, low cost satellite gateways will be installed on each container ship. Ports will be equipped with low cost Internet linked gateways to provide real-time container tracking for inventory management. Phase II will include tests and integration of the system at an overseas port. Containers will be instrumented and tracked during loading, trans-pacific crossing, and unloading.

Company

Navigational Sciences, Inc.
2420 Mall Drive, Suite 100, Corporate Square I
Charleston, SC 29406-6520

Proposal Information 0413005 - Marine Asset Tag Tracking System
Topic Information H-SB04.1-005 - Marine Asset Tag Tracking System
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050076
Abstract

The worldwide ocean going freight transportation infrastructure, known as the Marine Transportation System ("MTS") is the cornerstone of the global economic well-being. Approximately ninety percent of all cargo moves via the MTS. However, one need only look to the open movement of containerized cargo to find simple, effective, and efficient means of large-scale economic damage. The result is a conflict between security and efficiency in the MTS. Neither efficiency nor security can be sacrificed. Therefore, security monitoring and tracking technologies coupled with a centralized command and control infrastructure will be developed and deployed at the container level to secure the global supply chain and at the same time provide for greater supply chain management efficiency. Navigational Sciences, Inc. is strategically placed to implement a marine asset tracking system due to its expertise in GIS, asset tracking applications, global communications network development, and key assets in Software Defined Radio and Radio Frequency Identification technology. Information on the security, condition, and location of cargo will provide the intermodal shipping industry with the tools to combat terrorism, reduce theft, provide an audit trail, monitor the security of its insured assets, and empower the intelligence engines that warn of threats to the homeland.

Company

S5 Wireless, Inc.
11778 Lone Peak Parkway, Suite 140
Draper, UT 84020-6807

Proposal Information 0413006 - Prototype of a Long Range RF system for Tracking Status and Location of Shipping Containers
Topic Information H-SB04.1-005 - Marine Asset Tag Tracking System
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050046
Abstract

In the Phase I SBIR proposal, S5 Wireless tested the applicability of our low cost, low power, long range, wireless tracking and telemetry solution called DeepReach(TM) to the marine tracking problem of monitoring containers throughout the supply chain. The overall objective was to determine the system architecture necessary to maintain communication with virtually all containers both in port and on ships. S5 Wireless has spent 18 months researching the elements and markets surrounding container tracking for security and supply chain tracking. We invisions a system that will identify containers that have been screened as safe at the point of stuffing, verified as having not been tampered with at the port of debarkation, and confirmed that they have not been tampered with en-route to the United States. This Phase II proposal outlines S5 Wireless' intent to take the research performed under Phase I, as well as ongoing commercial work, to develop a prototype version of the system that will be productized and deployed in an industry that has 200 million container movements annually, a system with low economic impact on the container shipping industry and on the global supply chain, while achieving benefits in security and supply chain visibility and protection.

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H-SB04.1-006

Company

Shine Micro, Inc.
9405 Oak Bay Road
Suite A
Port Ludlow, WA 98365-8269

Proposal Information 0412001 - A Novel Method to Produce Very Low Cost Basic B AIS Transponders
Topic Information H-SB04.1-006 - AIS Tracking and Collision Avoidance Equipment for Small Boats
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050038
Abstract

The MTSA of November 2002 recognized the urgent need for AIS (Automatic Identification System) in the US. AIS is needed to track vessels for surveillance, safety of navigation, and collision avoidance. Class A AIS is a step in the right direction, but falls far short of what is needed. For AIS to be truly effective it must track all or at least a large percentage of vessels. Class A AIS costs too much to be widely deployed on small and pleasure vessels. In Phase I of this project Shine Micro, Inc. designed and built 10 Alpha prototype Basic B AIS units. They are lower in cost than any other AIS. In Phase II of this project we propose to finish the Basic B AIS design, prepare for production, perform field-testing to prove the performance of CS-TDMA technology in an SOTDMA environment, and continue to participate in the IEC AIS standards process.

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H-SB04.1-007

Company

Physical Optics Corporation
20600 Gramercy Place, Building 100
Torrance, CA 90501-1821

Proposal Information 0412023 - Handheld Lobster Eye X-Ray Inspection Device
Topic Information H-SB04.1-007 - Ship Compartment Inspection Device
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050054
Abstract

To address the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) boarding teams' need for a safe and noninvasive handheld inspection instrument that can accurately analyze and visualize materials aboard ships hidden from view behind walls, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a safe, compact, handheld Lobster Eye X-ray Inspection Device (LEXID) capable of through-the-wall real-time imaging of hidden objects. LEXID is based on POC's hard X-ray imaging technology, and will efficiently collect hard X-ray Compton backscattering photons from a hidden object irradiated by a full cone beam from a low-power X-ray source. The lightweight handheld LEXID can be used aboard small ships without danger to personnel, at an irradiation dose <10 microsievert per hour of continuous inspection. In Phase I POC experimentally proved the LEXID concept by fabricating a bench-top prototype and demonstrating its performance. In Phase II a handheld working prototype will be designed, assembled, and tested in the laboratory and at USCG testing facilities. The prototype will be robust in marine environments, will penetrate 75 mil metal walls while drawing just 10 W of battery power, and will deliver real-time through-the-wall imaging of illegal cargo with resolution better than 1 mm and an SNR>30. POC`s LEXID technology will find many applications in noninvasive container inspection for security screening in airports and at marine terminals and border checkpoints, and for nondestructive evaluation of product quality by X-ray screening. LEXID will also have a variety of military applications, including through-wall observation of hidden compartments, and mine and bomb detection.

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H-SB04.1-008

Company

Stan Klein Associates, LLC
P.O. Box 2523
Rockville, MD 20847-2523

Proposal Information 0412002 - A Toolkit for Next-Generation Electric Power SCADA Security Protection and Research
Topic Information H-SB04.1-008 - Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050052
Abstract

This project continues development of a highly versatile open-source toolkit and set of building blocks for constructing secure, next-generation (IEC-61850-based) SCADA systems, substation automation ancillary equipment, and utility security devices. In addition to basic SCADA and control center components (that include an MMS stack and XML representation of 61850), building blocks and sample configurations are provided for many aspects of the utility security problem: trusted computer platform, end-to-end protection, user management, access control, and intrusion detection. The toolkit architecture is based on Web Services -- modular applications that communicate with each other using Internet standards such as XML and HTTP. This approach provides versatility and facilitates compatibility with enterprise integration standards. Potential market applications of the Toolkit include constructing a small, starter, single-workstation SCADA suitable for a small utility to gain substation automation and SCADA control experience; workstations for substation equipment remote configuration and maintenance; a research testbed for improving electric power SCADA cybersecurity methods; a networked multi-workstation/server SCADA configuration with a basic interface to utility enterprise systems; and substation and control center access control gateways. The toolkit will serve the needs of utilities, substation equipment suppliers, system integrators, and security researchers.

Company

Expert Microsystems, Inc.
7932 Country Trail Drive, Suite 1
Orangevale, CA 95662-2120

Proposal Information 0412004 - Improved Security Information Management for SCADA Systems
Topic Information H-SB04.1-008 - Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050044
Abstract

Expert Microsystems will increase the scope of its cyber-security surveillance solution beyond intrusion detection systems to include other intelligence sources-firewalls, routers, server logs, and packet sniffers for performing dynamic packet filtering of the SCADA protocols themselves. We will develop a software solution that eliminates 99.9%+ of false positives generated by today's surveillance solutions, identifying true threats and breaches with greatly improved accuracy, and increasing the efficiency of limited cyber-security personnel. An extensible product will be developed that enables future plug-ins for additional SCADA protocols and security enhancements. The solution will be applied to power transmission and distribution, and municipal water applications. Wide deployment within these industries will be assured by developing two product versions-a full-featured version for entities with sophisticated cyber-security resources, and a simplified version for organizations with limited or constrained resources. Ease-of-use, total cost of ownership, and customer input will be priorities during all work tasks-successful commercialization and wide deployment is given the highest priority. Our Phase II customers will be DOE's Western Area Power Administration (manages power grid for fifteen states), San Juan Water District (community services district in Northern California), and EPRI (pending funding approval) who represents our nation's electric utilities.

Company

Digital Authentication Technologies, Inc.
P.O. Box 811564
Boca Raton, FL 33481-1564

Proposal Information 0412006 - Protection of SCADA Systems Using Physics Based Authencitation and Location Awareness
Topic Information H-SB04.1-008 - Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050043
Abstract

Digital Authentication Technologies, Inc. ("DAT") proposes to begin design, build, debug and testing of its innovative physics-based authentication system that has been developed in its HSARPA SBIR Phase I contract. As the Phase I work describes, the DAT system introduces physics-based strong authentication and location awareness to defeat hacker tools and add additional layers of protection to currently exposed critical infrastructure SCADA systems such as those employed in the electric power grid, oil and gas pipelines, railroad switching systems, and water and sewage control. The result of this Phase II effort will be the availability of a commercial product consisting of software and associated hardware modules that provide physics-based authentication and protection of SCADA systems.

Company

TecSec
1953 Gallows Road
Suite 220, VA 22182-4003

Proposal Information 0412008 - SCMS2 - A Robust Secure Management System for SCADA/EMS Operations
Topic Information H-SB04.1-008 - Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050045
Abstract

For Phase Two, TecSec will evolve the scope of the Phase One SCMS prototype design for SCADA/DCS design to reflect the ultimate goal of developing a real-world SCMS prototype with a rapid commercialization potential. For Phase II, TecSec is teamed with General Electric Energy Management Systems (GE EMS), a major player in the EMS/SCADA arena for this Phase II effort. TecSec and GE realize the importance of prototyping an integrated secure EMS with Key Management built-in. Thus, the primary effort for Phase Two will be to integrate the SCMS with GE EMS XA/21 product to create the SCMS2 prototype. TecSec is also proud to have both GTI and Opus continue their participation in Phase Two. The Control Systems Security and Test Center (CSSTC) at the Idaho Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), which consists of a central cyber test facility integrated with multiple field test beds that simulate the nation's critical infrastructure will serve as the test bed for the prototype and will also host the integrated SCMS2 prototype at its facilities for demonstration to the government, industry, and other interested partners. TecSec has also established a key alliance with OSIsoft to investigate incorporating its PI Historian System.

Company

Asier Technology Corporation
5068 West Plano Parkway, Suite 336
Plano, TX 75093-4408

Proposal Information 0413001 - Advanced Security for SCADA Systems
Topic Information H-SB04.1-008 - Advanced Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Related Distributed Control Systems
Award/Contract Number NBCHC050042
Abstract

This effort will seek to provide end-to-end security for America's existing critical infrastructure. Asier has gathered a broad coalition of SCADA industry leaders for this effort. Asier and its partners will demonstrate a low cost encryption / authentication firmware upgrade that can be installed over the air (OTA). At the same time Asier will work with the SCADA industry to develop and demonstrate a variety of other security solutions that can be immediately retrofitted into the existing SCADA network. Particular attention will be paid to addressing the security issues with web-based SCADA management software. Cost control and ease of deployment will be of paramount concern. The presence of so many industry leaders and their generous contributions of hardware and engineering time allow this project to have a scope far larger than its budget would normally allow. Serious reliability and interoperability testing of the demonstrated solutions should be possible during this effort. We will work to ensure that the solutions developed during this effort will be certified for deployment. Some of the companies involved expect to commercialize and deploy solution during the course of this project.

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