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Abstracts of DHS SBIR-2012.1 Phase I Awards
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H-SB012.1-001

Company

Novatio Engineering, Inc.
9 A St
Belmont, MA 02478-1901

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-001 -0006-I - Non-freezing Portable Vehicle Wash Tunnels
Topic Information H-SB012.1-001 - Non-freezing Portable Vehicle Wash Tunnels
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00026
Abstract

Lack of decontamination in the event of a FAD outbreak amplifies the spread of disease and makes the outbreak even more challenging to contain, despite strict regulations that enforce sanitation processes. The impact that widespread disease could have on the export market is along the lines of billions of dollars. This creates a critical need for a simple, easy to use, environmentally friendly disinfecting system that can aids the prevention and elimination of widespread disease. At NOVATIO Engineering, we have developed a novel concept for a portable, rugged, tunnel wash system that is user-friendly to deploy, operate, and disassemble. Using compressed air and a flexible, lightweight disinfectant dispensing system, our concept can address, and in some cases exceed, the gap in technology. We plan to incorporate existing COTS technologies with novel concepts where needed, for a systems approach to address chemical compatibility, freeze prevention, disinfection with a 4- to 6- log reduction in microorganisms, waste water reduction, 'hot zone' isolation, and more. By the end of the Phase I program, we will have proven feasibility for our proposed systems and deliver a conceptual design. During the Phase II program, we plan to build and test at full scale, as well as refine and improve the detailed design per results from Phase I and Phase II testing. NOVATIO believes that by implementing a design that could be deployed by a single person and operated without users even exiting their vehicles, the rate of use, and disease elimination, would dramatically increase.

Company

Integrated Solutions For Systems
4970 Corporate Drive
Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805-6230

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-001 -0009-I - Non-freezing Portable Vehicle Wash Tunnels
Topic Information H-SB012.1-001 - Non-freezing Portable Vehicle Wash Tunnels
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00033
Abstract

Our approach utilizes a mature, portable inflatable beam shelter to house modified commercial car wash equipment operated by an automated control system. The inflatable beam shelters are currently deployed with the US Military and are commonly used as decontamination shelters for military vehicles. The commercial wash equipment is modified to withstand the caustic chemical environment necessary to ensure sufficient decontamination. The entire tunnel wash system is deployed or stowed by 2 - 4 people in under 4 hours, operated by just 1 person, and packs into a common three-quarter ton pickup truck or van

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H-SB012.1-002

Company

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0005-I - Moving Target Defense Framework (MTDF)
Topic Information H-SB012.1-002 - Moving Target Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00034
Abstract

To defend against cyber adversaries, we need to disrupt the adversary's mission, so they no longer have the advantage. Because the battlefield in the cyber defense arena is a computing system under the defender's control, we have the opportunity to prepare the battlefield in a way that tilts the playing field towards us as the defender. Instead of providing a static target that can be probed and analyzed at the adversary's leisure, we need to provide a quickly moving and unpredictable target that allows only a narrow time window between adversary probe and attack. To enable a high performance moving target defense (MTD) system, we propose a framework that efficiently manages the continuous deployment of randomized software components to change the system's attack surface over time and evade threats. The innovative multikernel OS increases system performance and resilience and minimizes the impact of MTD on mission-critical tasks. The framework distributes components across the multikernel for easier maintenance. The MTD Framework (MTDF) schedules kernel updates to keep the attack surface dynamic while taking into account current usage patterns.

Company

Endeavor Systems
1420 Spring Hill Rd
Suite 202
McLean , VA 22102-3026

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0006-I - Multi-layer Ever-changing Self-defense Service (MESS)
Topic Information H-SB012.1-002 - Moving Target Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00038
Abstract

IT systems today are static and allow the adversary time to plan and launch attacks. Endeavor proposes to create a Multi-layer, Ever changing, Self-defense Service (MESS) that is both resilient and manageable. MESS significantly hinders an attacker's ability to exploit a target system by removing the static network & system attributes that simplify reconnaissance. It also continuously refreshes the target system to a new virtual instance with a known trusted state and random service attributes. This limited-time-use virtual instance is comprised of a single application and OS combination and significantly reduces system complexity During Phase I, Endeavor will build a prototype demonstrating the operational effectiveness of MESS in defending a web service. We will research the feasibility of secure live handoff of this web service by migrating specific process memory between virtual instances. We will prove that address obfuscation and/or virtual instance randomization through system attribute alteration (memory, credentials, shares, ports, etc.) will offer sufficient moving target defense. Upon successfully completing Phase I, we increase the TRL from 2 to 6. A complete field test ready MESS product will be developed in Phase II. MESS not only allows game changing cyber defense for enterprise systems, but also provides enhanced security to existing cloud computing services by eliminating known risks in virtual infrastructure. Future research could leverage MESS into an adaptive "honey pot" to provide advanced detection of zero day attacks by analyzing the retired image of virtual machine.

Company

Ensighta Security, Inc.
2700 Le Conte Ave, Suite 601
Berkeley, CA 94709-1052

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0023-I - Emerald: Binary Program Randomization
Topic Information H-SB012.1-002 - Moving Target Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00025
Abstract

In response to SBIR topic H-SB012.1-002, "Moving Target Defense", Ensighta Security Inc proposes to develop a binary program randomization tool based on advanced binary analysis techniques called Emerald. Current computer systems suffer from mono-culture where the same system is deployed identically on many machines. This makes it easy for attackers to replicate attacks across many machines. Binary program randomization can be an effective technique for moving target defense. Emerald will employ state-of-the-art techniques to understand a binary program's code paths and data structures, which allows us to comprehensively randomize the binary program at multiple levels. This will maximize the difficulty randomization provides for attackers as the search space that the attacker has to examine significantly increases. Our technique also minimizes the attack surface as there is no need for either the original un-randomized software, or the randomization software itself, to reside on the end-user's computer, reducing the possibilities for an attacker to disable the randomization process. In terms of commercial uses of this technology, providing an effective binary program randomization tool will be greeted with enthusiasm by potential users while both government and commercial sectors are spending more money on securing their data and infrastructure. We will develop an operationally ready version of Emerald in Phase 2. At the beginning of the Phase 1 project, we will have a TRL of 3. We will have a TRL of 5 at the completion of Phase 1.

Company

Cybernet Systems Corporation
3885 Research Park Dr.
Ann Arbor, MI 48108-2217

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0025-I - IP Hopper (for Moving Target Defense)
Topic Information H-SB012.1-002 - Moving Target Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00028
Abstract

The IP Hopper is a moving target defense system that will use available network data and hopping algorithms to allow for constant IP address changing of both source and destination IP addresses. The use of "hopping" IP addresses will severely diminish an attacker's ability to attack any one target within a network. Utilizing IPv6 the IP Hopper will allow up to 340 undecillion (3.4 x 10 to the 38) different IP addresses to be randomly used to thwart any attackers attempt on a machine within the network. Working off of the military's SINCGARS radio concept, the IP Hopper will do for data packets what the SINCGARS do for voice communications. Working with other IP Hoppers data communications both internal and external to the network can benefit from this constantly moving network defense appliance.

Company

SCIT Labs Inc
13834 Springstone Dr
Clifton, VA 20124-2361

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0026-I - Scalable MTD Based on SCIT Technology
Topic Information H-SB012.1-002 - Moving Target Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00027
Abstract

SCIT Labs SBIR proposal is in response to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Science and Technology call for new approaches to cyber defense using Moving Target Defense (MTD). SCIT Labs' is proposing a set of research tasks to enable organizations to evaluate the viability of MTD defense and the real world requirements for successfully deploying MTD into existing enterprise information systems. SCIT Labs, a George Mason University spin-out, designs, develops and deploys advanced cyber security products and solutions built on patented Self Cleaning Intrusion Tolerance (SCIT) technology. SCIT technology has been successfully deployed to deliver MTD cyber defense capabilities that address the specific issues defined by DHS. SCIT Labs seeks to undertake the research defined here to develop the empirical and quantitative information needed to address how proactive MTD defense can be successfully introduced into existing enterprise system architectures and coexist with current reactive, detection and remediation based cyber defense protocols and technologies. SCIT Labs has built SCITized webservers and DNS servers that exhibit MTD properties - we constantly change the servers that are exposed to the internet. In this proposal, we focus on increasing our system capability by integrating the SCIT servers with reactive systems that are currently deployed for cyber security. We focus on integrating with IDS/IPS, forensics and SIEM subsystems. SCIT approach significantly reduces ex-filtration losses, deletes malware without detecting and reduces the cost of incident management. This approach has application to virtualized environments, including cloud. Current TRL: 6. Project end TRL: 7.

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H-SB012.1-003

Company

Polestar Technologies, Inc.
220 Reservoir Street
Suite 3
Needham Heights, MA 02494-3133

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-003-0015-I - Portable Imager for Stand-off Detection of Person-Bourne Bulk Military and Homemade Explosives
Topic Information H-SB012.1-003 - Safe Standoff Detection of Bulk Explosives on a Person
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00023
Abstract

The overall goal of this SBIR proposal is to develop a portable system for stand-off detection of concealed explosives. The system will produce images showing the presence of the explosives and have the ability to detect and identify different types of military explosives (like TNT, RDX, PETN) as well as home-made chlorate and peroxide-based explosives. The system will have the ability to scan groups of people from a stand-off distance at a data collection rate sufficient to image moving subjects. The system's power and weight will allow it to be portable so that it can be deployed at any required location. The proposed imager could be deployed at mass transit locations, national security event checkpoints, control-entry checkpoints at the entrance to buildings of national importance or at entrances to largely attended sports and entertainent venues.

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H-SB012.1-004

Company

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place
Rockledge, FL 32955-5327

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-004-0003-I - Development of an Anthropometrically Modifiable Munitions Operator (AMMO) System
Topic Information H-SB012.1-004 - Firearms and Ammunition Test Equipment
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00031
Abstract

The proposed research plan will start at a TRL 1 and commence with the collection of dynamic recoil response field data using a firearm and ammunition chosen by the DHS for testing. Data will be collected for a firearm operator that classifies as a 90th percentile male, and an operator that classifies as a 50th percentile or smaller female based on height and weight. The data will then be fit to a dynamic human recoil response model. The model will be used to select components for Mainstream's Anthropometrically Modifiable Munitions Operator (AMMO) System. The AMMO system uses a novel method of independently altering spring and damping coefficients to match the human response of different anthropometric classes instantly without swapping components. A single degree-of-freedom prototype will be fabricated and tested in a live-fire setting before the end of the Phase I Base which will conclude at a TRL 3. The live-fire AMMO system data will be validated against the human firing data collected at the beginning of Phase I. The Phase I option will extend the prototype to multiple degrees-of-freedom and will conclude at a TRL 4. Phase II will focus on the packaging and automation of the AMMO system and also extend its live-fire field trial verification to a broader range of anthropometric classes, firearms, and ammunitions. We anticipate a commercial-ready product at the conclusion of Phase II.

Company

Adaptive Technologies, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive
Suite 3040
Blacksburg, VA 24060-6569

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-004-0009-I - Realistic Firing Fixture
Topic Information H-SB012.1-004 - Firearms and Ammunition Test Equipment
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00035
Abstract

The proposed project will result in an anthropometrically realistic and viable simulator for the testing, evaluation, and validation of firearms and associated ammunition. The approach being taken to achieve the end device is to capture both the active and reactive system loads and dynamics of both the weapon system and the human tester. These data, along with their temporal inter-dependencies, will be analyzed using high fidelity modeling, empirical data collection, and high speed visual motion capture technologies to ensure the systems interface between the firearm and the electro-mechanical human firing system analog represent the realistic, time-dependent responses experienced by human testers. The TRL-4 high fidelity model resulting from the Phase I effort will be validated with real user loads and dynamics and will serve as the basis for generating the operational and design specification for the Phase II development effort. After the virtual model is refined using additional data during Phase II, a physical device will be designed, constructed, and validated against human testers. It is anticipated that the outcome of Phase II will be a TRL-8 device tailored for use by NFTTU. The Phase II device will enter service at the end of Phase II as the initial step toward final product transition to TRL-9.

Company

Radiance Technologies, Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805-1961

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-004-0015-I - Virtual Shooter
Topic Information H-SB012.1-004 - Firearms and Ammunition Test Equipment
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00039
Abstract

The Phase I project seeks to develop a design basis for a firearm testing device which will provide a "virtual shooter" for the operation and measurement of handgun and ammunition performance. The reactions of real human shooters will be measured as a function of the specific firing action results of the test weapon on the human physiology. A six degree-of-freedom (6DOF) model will be developed based on and validated by the collected real-shooter reaction data. The model will also be calibrated to predict the reaction of real shooters to firing tests as a function of the various modeled physical shooter types. A Phase 1 option may be added to develop a complete design of the Virtual Shooter mechanical firing device. Under Phase II, a specific "virtual shooter" device will be constructed and tested. This device will permit firearms and ammunition testing in a highly quantitative manner while avoiding physical risks to human testers. Specific human reactions (recoil, accuracy, etc,) may by this means be directly related to firearm and ammunitions design parameters through the virtual shooter characteristics of the 6DOF test device. The initial TRL for model and device at project inception is estimated to be 3. At the end of Phase I, the TRL is estimated to be 6 for the model and 4 for the device, which will be designed, fabricated, developed, and tested under Phase II of the program to a final TRL of 6.

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H-SB012.1-005

Company

PsquaredT LLC
50 Mollbrook Drive
Wilton, CT 06897-4709

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-005 -0003-I - COTS MMW Radar for Tracking Persons within a Security Perimeter
Topic Information H-SB012.1-005 - Capability for the Tracking of Any and Every Person within a Security Perimeter
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00032
Abstract

The implications of the proposed investigations are that radar systems already implemented for the automotive industry can be exploited, adapted and optimized for this application. These radar systems are inexpensive, of small size, employ advanced processing techniques which allow the tracking of threat targets, transmit low average power (10 milliwatts) and are proven to be people safe. We will show that each person within the security perimeter can be tracked without recourse to biometrics as the individual moves behind both inadvertent and purposeful screening occurrences. The unique statistics for each individual tracked need only be differentiated from the group of individuals who are local to the individual being tracked and not from the population at large. At the conclusion of Phase I, we will have developed a set of algorithms whose output is a signature that can be used to track a subject of interest and we will have shown that we can follow an individual when there are gaps in the coverage similar to what would be experienced in a "masking" scenario. At the end of Phase II, the algorithms we developed will have shown that we can maintain continuous, high confidence tracking of persons within a security perimeter. At the beginning of Phase I, TRL 4. The overall system will be in the prototype stage at the end of Phase I, TRL 5. The hardware is commercially available and in large scale production. The software approach will have been implemented as a MatLab program.

Company

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-005 -0006-I - Remote Identification and Tracking of Non-Cooperative Subjects (REMIT-NCS)
Topic Information H-SB012.1-005 - Capability for the Tracking of Any and Every Person within a Security Perimeter
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00024
Abstract

The ability to reliably track and recognize individuals inside a security perimeter is a critical component of next-generation distributed security systems. While state-of-the-art surveillance systems can reliably track pedestrians in sparse, static environments with minor occlusions and few moving subjects, performance degrades rapidly as scene complexity and population density increase. The problem becomes even more difficult when tracking individuals over long time scales, or across cameras with non-overlapping fields of view, a scenario which is unavoidable in most urban environments. Existing systems are also unable to re-acquire individuals who have been previously tracked in a separate location, but for whom recent track data is unavailable. To address these issues, we propose a system for Remote Identification and Tracking of Non-Cooperative Subjects (REMIT-NCS). REMIT-NCS extracts stable, descriptive bio-signatures from tracked individuals in remote imagery by reconstructing the anthropometric parameters (shape and pose) of a tracked individual and using them to produce higher-order, viewpoint-insensitive descriptions of a specific individual's dynamics. The combined descriptions of a tracked pedestrian's static and dynamic attributes are then compared to a database of similarly generated tracks to identify the features most suitable for supporting long-term tracking and re-acquisition.

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H-SB012.1-006

Company

Robotic Research, LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road
Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878-1426

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-006-0006-I - Swarm Robotic Sensing Platform for Search and Rescue
Topic Information H-SB012.1-006 - Swarm Robotic Sensing Platform for Search and Rescue
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-12-C-00029
Abstract

Teleoperation is the most commonly used method for controlling Small Unmanned Ground Vehicles (SUGV) into areas that are too dangerous or constrained for humans or canines to explore. These SUGVs provide cameras and sensors that provide situational awareness to the operators. However, as the number of SUGVs increases, so do the constraints and operational requirements that they impose on the mission. In particular, as the number of tele-operated SUGVs increases, the communication constraints, weight burden, platform costs, availability of trained operators and coordination issues increase accordingly. Moreover, fusing the information collected by these assets becomes a daunting task where few tools are available. The purpose of our proposed research is to develop and demonstrate autonomous mobility, multi-robot coordination, fused situational awareness, and reduced operator workload on low-cost platforms. To achieve this goal, we will leverage the autonomous capabilities that we have already developed and demonstrated under previous programs. To reduce costs, sensors will have to be changed as the cost of the autonomous and mobility kit is largely driven by sensor costs. The algorithms for sensing and navigation will be improved to compensate for the proposed sensors that are less costly, but have lower performance. In other words, the software will have to be smarter to overcome a less expensive hardware. If awarded a Phase II SBIR, Robotic Research proposes a Single robot demonstration with low-cost sensor suite at the DHS sponsored NIST Nike site.

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