Abstracts of HSHQDC-14-R-00005 Phase II Awards



Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845-6023

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-001-0004-II - Detection of Texture Anomalies on the Ground (DTAG)
Topic Information H-SB014.1-001 - Mobile Footprint Detection
Award/Contract Number D15PC00027

Footprints trails left on unimproved roads during illegal border crossings are often useful starting places for Border Patrol Agents to begin their pursuits. Currently searching for footprints involves CBP agents driving over long stretches of road and visually searching for signs of human activities. In this technology and product development effort, Lynntech proposes to develop a COTS mobile-device based system (smart-phones and tablets) which can utilize vehicle-mounted COTS cameras to automatically scan upcoming segments of road for human footprint trails. In the Phase I Lynntech successfully proved the feasibility of this approach and demonstrated real-time footprint detection at a Kingsville, Texas border patrol station using COTS components mounted on a moving vehicle. In the Phase II effort, Lynntech will increase footprint trail detection performance and make the developed system easier for border patrol agents to integrate into their day-to-day operations. This work includes modifications to the system to enable footprint trail detection at night, as well as changes to the user interface to enable users to maximize detection performance over different border road soil types. Multiple rounds of on-site visits to border patrol stations over the Phase II period ensure system relevance to DHS and to border patrol agents' day-to-day operations. The proposed footprint detection approach has direct commercial use by Customs and Border Patrol to enhance border agent performance. Additionally, the technology can be used to automate the detection of surface defects on large airport runways.



VST LLC dba Medgene Labs
1006 32nd Avenue, Suite 104
Brookings, SD 57006-4728

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-002-0001-II - Oral vaccine delivery of recombinant subunit vaccines for animal diseases
Topic Information H-SB014.1-002 - Mass Delivery of Countermeasures to High Consequence Diseases (HCD) in Wildlife
Award/Contract Number D15PC00081

Wildlife are a reservoir of diseases affecting both humans and domestic animals. These wildlife reservoirs represent a potential threat to public health, serving as a continuous and difficult to eradicate source of infection for zoonotic diseases, but may also represent a significant economic threat to US agriculture. In particular, wild ruminants including white-tail deer may harbor vector-borne infectious diseases that can directly impact US Cattle and Sheep operations. Medgene Labs focuses on the development of novel subunit vaccine formulations to address these critical diseases that may affect both public health and US agricultural animals. Subunit vaccines have the advantage of being highly stable and safe from potential reversion to virulence, supporting strong protective immune responses without the potential for contributing to new outbreaks through combination with wild-type agents. Furthermore, these strategies are ideally suited to the development of immune responses to effectively differentiate vaccinated from infected animals (DIVA approach). Our current development efforts have defined highly efficacious, DIVA-compatible vaccine formulation directed against Rift Valley Fever Virus, and a focus of this proposal is to define an efficacious oral vaccine. This proposal will leverage the existing strength that Medgene Labs brings to the generation of highly effective and safe vaccine strategies directed against RVFV and other orbiviruses of national interest to define appropriate delivery systems for oral vaccination of wildlife. Following initial characterization of these oral formulations in a well-established sheep model, we will proceed directly in Phase II to define efficacy in target domestic and wild cervid populations.



Triple Ring Technologies
39655 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560-4806

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-003-0001-II - X-ray Simulation Platform for Explosive Detection Equipment
Topic Information H-SB014.1-003 - System Simulation Tools for X-ray based Explosive Detection Equipment
Award/Contract Number D15PC00024

This proposed effort will develop the Particle/Ray Interaction Simulation Manager (PRISM) software platform which was begun as a Phase I program. The goal of PRISM is to meet the x-ray simulation needs of the explosive detection community. In Phase I a user survey was conducted of a wide range of system manufacturers who reported that existing simulation tools do not meet their desired needs for ease-of-use, run time, or modelling of complex objects. Therefor we are designing PRISM to leverage these existing tools, while adding an easy-to-use graphical interface for specifying system parameters and visualizing models. In this way PRISM will create a unified user-interface wrapper for commonly used simulation tools, which we hope will be of high value to the user community. PRISM will have the following key features: (1) User interfaces for both expert and non-expert users, (2) Open-source architecture that can be linked to numerous simulation tools, (3) Input from CAD files so that complicated objects can be easily modeled, (4) A digital luggage and cargo library tested with experimental data. The final deliverable will be a functional, commercial-grade, open-source, PRISM platform, which will provide an easy-to-use interface for defining simulation structures. PRISM will initially be fully integrated with GEANT4, but will be architected for future expansion to other simulation tools. As part of the commercialization plan, Triple Ring will provide customization services and additional library models.



Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division
1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501-1510

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-004-0006-II - Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring System
Topic Information H-SB014.1-004 - Physiological Monitoring and Environmental Scanning Technology
Award/Contract Number D15PC00026

To address the DHS need for a single wireless device that will monitor multiple physiological and environmental conditions of and surrounding a first responder, and relay the information to the incident command, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to advance the new Wireless Physiological and Environmental Monitoring (WiPEM) system proven feasible in Phase I. The novel WiPEM system provides critical information not only on the physiological status of multiple first responders to be monitored and transmitted to the incident command, but also on critical surrounding information to enhance the situation awareness. It incorporates four major components: (1) an array of physiological sensors integrated directly onto the SCBA (Self Contained Breathing Apparatus), (2) an array of miniaturized environmental sensors in a wearable package, (3) processing and communication electronics compatible with the Public Safety band of the LTE cell phone network, and (4) ergonomic mechanical packaging. The novel design of the open-architecture system is compatible with existing Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) and working with the industrial leaders of PPE, including Scott Safety, will enable certification for various applicable NFPA standards in the future. In Phase I, POC performed comprehensive analyses, assessments, and feasibility demonstrations of an optimal solution to address DHS requirements and first responder needs to comply with the existing PPE/SCBA systems and FEMA requirements. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a fully functional prototype system according to the outline developed in the Phase I detailed technical analysis for further testing and continue development of smart algorithms for sensor data processing.



BALFOUR Technologies LLC
510 Grumman Road West
Suite 212
Bethpage, NY 11714-3631

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-005-0008-II - A Scalable, Mobile M2M/SDP/IoT Architecture to Connect First Responders at the Incident Site
Topic Information H-SB014.1-005 - Machine-to-Machine Architectures to Improve First Responder Communications
Award/Contract Number D15PC00033

First Responders need to leverage automated (M2M machine-to-machine), mobile connectivity at an incident site. With connectivity automated through M2M network technology, responders would have much improved situational awareness, and can effectively focus their complete attention on the necessary emergency response actions. We propose to develop a futuristic automated M2M prototype system/architecture, that could be initially deployed NOW, that would enable M2M devices at the emergency site (building sensors, people, and other first responders) to automatically "talk" to each other, providing automated situational awareness and inter-communications. We intend to leverage our previous SBIR Phase I/II/III work and experience in M2M architectures to design and prototype an operational solution that can evolve and leverage emerging "Internet-of-Everything" technologies in the coming years. This solution can be immediately integrated and commercialized into our existing fourDscape situational awareness, command and control, safety, security, and response product/marketplace.



Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-006-0001-II - Smartphone Enabled Spectroscopic Gamma-Neutron Radiation Sensor
Topic Information H-SB014.1-006 - Smartphone or Tablet Controlled Devices for Radiation Detection, Identification, Classification and Quantification
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-15-C-00033

RMD is proposing the development of a Smart-phone Enabled Radionuclide Identifier (SERI), a new detection instrument designed to take full advantage of the smartphone/tablet technology. The hardware platform will include a new advanced scintillator that will provide both high gamma-ray efficiency and spectroscopic performance, in addition to providing high neutron efficiency. The unit will communicate wirelessly to a smartphone/tablet, which will provide a graphical user interface, an isotope ID and a reach-back functionality. The early stage research is to optimally design the hardware components while moderating cost, instrument size and power consumption. Additionally, the software architecture of the accompanying 'app' will be designed along with the evaluation of key algorithms needed to identify radionuclides. The final product will be an instrument primarily geared to first responders. It will be compact, easily transportable and wearable, battery operable and rugged. Furthermore, with the novel detector design, SERI will provide a completely new level of performance.



Niowave, Inc.
1012 N. Walnut St.
Lansing, MI 48906-5061

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-007-0001-II - Mobile High-Intensity X-Ray Source Based on a 10 MeV Superconducting Electron Linac
Topic Information H-SB014.1-007 - Miniaturization of Support Infrastructure for Non-Intrusive Inspection X-Ray Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-15-C-00031

In the post 9/11 security environment, rapid cargo inspection that does not impede the flow of commerce has become a high priority. Cargo scanning using either radiographic imaging or active interrogation for Special Nuclear Material (SNM) requires high energy and high intensity x-rays. High intensity x-ray sources are especially important for active interrogation techniques such as prompt neutron photo-fission, delayed neutron & gamma measurements, pulse-shaped discrimination and Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF). The most common source of such x-rays is an electron accelerator. Existing pulsed copper accelerators can deliver high energy electrons (3-10 MeV), but have low duty cycle beams and correspondingly low average current. These low current beams limit the quality of x-ray images and SNM detection sensitivity. Furthermore, inspection systems based on copper accelerators typically weigh several tons, have a large footprint, and consume hundreds of kilowatts of electric power. As a result, these machines require a large, fixed site to operate. Niowave, Inc. has developed an alternative--a compact, portable, high-efficiency 10 MeV superconducting electron linac with 10 kW average beam power. This high-intensity source, evolved from linacs developed by Niowave for x-ray sterilization and free electron lasers, produces an electron beam with a 100% duty cycle. Our superconducting linac generates a continuous, high-energy, high-intensity x-ray beam that offers beam energy and beam current modulation. Such a beam is ideal for x-ray radiography, or for initiating photonuclear reactions required for active interrogation.


RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
1717 Stewart Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404-4021

Proposal Information HSHQDC-14-R-00005-H-SB014.1-007-0004-II - Miniaturized High Energy X-ray Source for Mobile Non-Intrusive Inspection Systems
Topic Information H-SB014.1-007 - Miniaturization of Support Infrastructure for Non-Intrusive Inspection X-Ray Systems
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-15-C-00032

Mobile Non-Intrustive Inspection (NII) systems are advantageous as they can be deployed to where the greatest need exists, and they generally have small footprints, which is necessary in many locations. However, the currently deployed mobile NII systems do not offer effective material discrimination and sufficient penetration, which are critical for shielded radiological/nuclear threat identification. This is because the current generation of high-energy interlaced 6/9 MeV X-ray sources needed for good material discrimination are too large and heavy to fit into a compact mobile system. In this project, RadiaBeam will develop an X-Ray source that meets the small size and weight required for a mobile scanner yet can provide the imaging performance required to detect shielded threats. We will build a dual-energy, 6/9 MeV linac that, combined with all support infrastructure (electronics, cooling, shielding), will be half the weight and volume of the dual energy lilacs on the market today. The X-ray source will find immediate application.