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Award Information
Proposal Number: DHS SBIR-2012.1-H-SB012.1-002 -0023-I
Proposal Title: Emerald: Binary Program Randomization
Topic Number: H-SB012.1-002
Phase: Phase I
Topic Title: Moving Target Defense
Organization: Ensighta Security, Inc.
Address: 2700 Le Conte Ave, Suite 601
Berkeley, CA 94709-1052  
Abstract: In response to SBIR topic H-SB012.1-002, "Moving Target Defense", Ensighta Security Inc proposes to develop a binary program randomization tool based on advanced binary analysis techniques called Emerald. Current computer systems suffer from mono-culture where the same system is deployed identically on many machines. This makes it easy for attackers to replicate attacks across many machines. Binary program randomization can be an effective technique for moving target defense. Emerald will employ state-of-the-art techniques to understand a binary program's code paths and data structures, which allows us to comprehensively randomize the binary program at multiple levels. This will maximize the difficulty randomization provides for attackers as the search space that the attacker has to examine significantly increases. Our technique also minimizes the attack surface as there is no need for either the original un-randomized software, or the randomization software itself, to reside on the end-user's computer, reducing the possibilities for an attacker to disable the randomization process. In terms of commercial uses of this technology, providing an effective binary program randomization tool will be greeted with enthusiasm by potential users while both government and commercial sectors are spending more money on securing their data and infrastructure. We will develop an operationally ready version of Emerald in Phase 2. At the beginning of the Phase 1 project, we will have a TRL of 3. We will have a TRL of 5 at the completion of Phase 1.
Award/Contract Number: HSHQDC-12-C-00025
Period of Performance: 06/01/2012 - 12/03/2012
Award/Contract Value: $99,988.29
Award/Obligated Amount: $99,988.29