Abstracts of HSHQDC-08-R-00066 Phase II Awards



Creative Electron
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107
San Marcos, CA 92078-2631

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA1-CEI1-II - Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique
Topic Information 08.1-1 - Signal Processing Algorithms to Nominate Potential Targets and Eliminate False Positives in the Non-Intrusive Inspection of Cargo Conveyances
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00151

Threat materials can take many shapes and therefore this software tool must be able to perform anomaly detection instead of specific shape detection. The problem of solely relying on a database of images and a matching algorithm is that objects in the image may be shifted, rotated, or the image quality is too poor for a reliable match. Thus, this proposal focuses on the development of an anomaly recognition algorithm that is able to achieve low false positive rates even with low quality input images. Our proposed research will develop an innovative Standalone Multiple Anomaly Recognition Technique (SMART) to determine the presence of contraband in non intrusive inspection (NII) images of trucks and cargo containers. SMART will be able to position in the NII image the location of the potential contraband by using state-of-the-art spectral decomposition analysis techniques to efficiently differentiate the common background of the image against anomalies. These anomalies, in most cases, represent contraband concealed in the cargo.



Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA2-RMD1-II - CVD Diamond Neutron Detectors with Pulse Shape Discrimination
Topic Information 08.1-2 - Fast, Solid-State, Prompt Neutron Detectors Capable of Operating in Non-Invasive Interrogation Environments
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00092

Proliferation of nuclear weapons is a serious threat in the world today. One way to determine the presence of nuclear weapons is to detect neutrons emitted by special nuclear material (SNM) such as highly enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium. The purpose of this project is to develop improved solid state neutron detectors from CVD diamond for homeland security applications. During Phase II we will focus on optimizing electronic properties of CVD diamond films for neutron detection, increasing the neutron detection efficiency by scaling up the film thickness and area and developing a CVD diamond-based portable instrument for neutron detection. Diamond has a high cross-section for fission neutron scattering and low sensitivity to gamma rays. Diamond also has a wide band gap for low noise, room temperature operation, high electron and hole mobility for fast response, and high displacement energy for high radiation hardness. Commercial applications include homeland security, nuclear and high-energy physics research, and medical dosimetry.



RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
13428 Beach Ave
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292-

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA4-RBT1-II - An ultra-low cost miniature X-band linac to replace radionuclide gamma sources
Topic Information 08.1-4 - Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-10-C-00148

One of the objectives of the DNDO is to dramatically reduce the amount of radioactive material in use in order to improve public security and prevent the diversion of radioactive material for Radiation Dispersion Devices (so-called "dirty bombs"). RadiaBeam Technologies proposes the development of an inexpensive, handportable accelerator to replace radionuclide radiography devices. The accelerator, which we term the MicroLinac, is based on X-band RF linac technology developed at SLAC, and is powered by a commercially available inexpensive RF source. The entire system would weigh less than 25 lbs and could be sold in the future for less than $30k. Such s device will offer a competitive, commercially viable and, most importantly, much safer radiation source for industrial and medical radiography and well logging applications, thus simultaneously promoting technological advancement and public safety.


Starfire Industries LLC
2109 South Oak Street, Suite 100
Champaign, IL 61820-0905

Proposal Information SBIR-08-1-TA4-STA1-II - Non-Radioactive Alternative to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Topic Information 08.1-4 - Non-Radioactive Alternatives or Techniques to Replace Radioactive Sources in Commercial Applications
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-09-C-00114

Design, build, test and evaluate an engineering prototype neutron generator for Am-Be replacement that is to scale and function to simulate ruggedness and suitability for borehole applications. In Phase II, Starfire will develop the most difficult tool for design and evaluation, the 1-11/16" bore tool for 2" cased oil/gas wells, which has the greatest market application. The unit output will be based on the D-D fusion reaction sufficient to replace the 4-Ci Am-Be source used on the 2¿ cased wellbore porosity tool. Starfire will perform testing and analysis under equivalent environmental and physical conditions by leveraging existing evaluation and manufacturing resources with a Phase II cost-matching & manufacturing partner. At the conclusion of Phase II, an arrangement with an industrial well logger/end-user will be obtained for subsequent field trials to evaluate efficacy, setting the stage for Phase III commercialization. The proposed neutron source technology with low cost-of-ownership will enable industrial users to transition to a non-radioactive alternative. In addition, there are other homeland security applications that will benefit from a compact source.