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Abstracts of DHS SBIR-2012.2 Phase II Awards
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S34A, Inc.
1532 N. Wakefield St
Arlington, VA 22207-2138

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-001-0008-II - Integrated Solution for SSD Forensics
Topic Information H-SB012.2-001 - Solid State Storage Investigative Tools for Law Enforcement
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-13-C-00077

S34A, Inc. proposes to build upon our successful Phase I R&D effort and commence the development of an integrated hardware, software, and service solution that facilitates the extraction of forensic data from SSDs - data that resides outside the Logical Block Address (LBA) space and is not accessible by traditional computer forensic techniques. This product development work will be performed in coordination with experts from a number of Federal computer forensics labs. When complete, the hardware and software products from Phase II will allow forensic examiners to exploit "stale," deleted or overwritten data that has been removed from the user addressable space as a result of garbage collection and TRIM commands. This integrated solution will provide Federal, State, and Local law enforcement with a capability that does not exist today. With SSD shipments expected to top 240 million units by 2016, this solution set will be essential to the effective performance of day-to-day law enforcement efforts to combat criminal and terrorist acts. TRL at beginning of Phase II - 4. TRL at end of Phase II - 8.

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TeleSecurity Sciences
7391 Prairie Falcon Rd
Suite 150-B
Las Vegas, NV 89128-0186

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-002-0001-II - Automatic Threat Recognition Algorithm for Volumetric CT Data
Topic Information H-SB012.2-002 - Automated Threat Recognition (ATR) Algorithms using Standardized Image File Formats
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-13-C-00055

For Phase II work, we propose to complete the development of the DICOS compliant ATR algorithm whose feasibility has been demonstrated by results of Phase I work. Important project milestones for the first base year of Phase II are as follows: (1) implementation of the DICOS standard including network protocol, (2) improvement of the proposed ATR algorithm in terms of explosive detection performance and computational efficiency, (3) development of plug-in ATR software with the DICOS standard, and (4) optimal parameter tuning using the receiver operating characteristics analysis. The goal of the second option year of Phase II is to be ready for the certification test by continuing improving the ATR algorithm and optimizing parameters via extensive experiments with training datasets. With the successful completion of Phase II work, we expect that our ATR algorithm will outperform existing ATR algorithms of EDS vendors in terms of PD and PFA while meeting the certification requirement of throughput. If our ATR algorithm is certified by TSL and used for EDS, it will contribute to enhance aviation security significantly. Since our ATR algorithm will be able to lower PFA while maintaining PD of the current state-of-the-art EDS, it will be also able to reduce the cost related to manual inspection of alarmed bags.

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Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-003-0001-II - Objective X-ray Image Display Evaluation (OXIDE)
Topic Information H-SB012.2-003 - Objective, Quantitative Image Quality Measurements and Metrics for Screener Imaging Technologies
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-13-C-00073

Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) are tasked with exploiting X-ray inspection systems to detect potential threats. To ensure efficient operation and the safety of the traveling public, TSOs must maintain a 100% probability of detection (Pd) while minimizing screening time. To achieve these objectives, X-ray inspection systems must operate in accordance with manufacturer specifications, and be calibrated to maximize Pd and reduce screening time. The ASTM X-ray Test Object aims to evaluate image quality (IQ) with respect to Pd to support optimal system calibration. However, the ASTM is fundamentally flawed for several reasons: (1) it is prone to operator bias; (2) it is not directly representative of real-world operation; (3) it does not quantify the relationship between IQ and Pd; and (4) it cannot handle moving objects, and is therefore ineffective for exploring the use of continuously rotating conveyor belts to speed up the screening process. To address these concerns, we designed, developed, and demonstrated a prototype for Objective X-ray Image Display Evaluation (OXIDE). OXIDE uses a predictive approach to assess functional IQ during normal operation, producing a single General Image Score that can cue the operator to potential image degradations. The system leverages our existing object detection and IQ technologies to achieve robust and purely objective IQ evaluation for X-ray screening systems. The Phase I prototype accurately predicts functional IQ on real X-ray imagery that has been randomly degraded, corresponding well to a human's qualitative interpretation of relative image quality, and demonstrating the feasibility of our predictive IQ assessment approach.

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SA Photonics
130 Knowles Drive
Suite A
Los Gatos, CA 95032-1832

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-004-0003-II - Hardening for Commercially Available Hand Held Computing and Communications Devices for First Responders
Topic Information H-SB012.2-004 - Hardening for Commercially Available Hand Held Computing and Communications Devices for First Responders
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-13-C-00056

First responders operate in emergency situations that require ruggedized gear that can survive temperature, impact, and moisture. Utilizing the communication devices that first responders already carry on them has many benefits including: always on-scene, reduced cost of distributing equipment, elimination of training requirements, and many others. Ruggedizing commercial hand held computing and communications devices provides the DHS the benefit of state of the art handsets without having to pay for the development of custom hardware. SA Photonics has developed a hardware agnostic approach to ruggedizing commercial off-the-shelf mobile communication devices. Our approach protects devices from impact, moisture, and temperature extremes. The SA Photonics ruggedized enclosure was especially designed to protect the weakest part of a smart phone; the glass touch screen. This protection is provided while still maintaining full functionality of a touch screen, such as pinch and swipe, that first responders are accustom to using in their daily lives. Additional battery life is also provided with an auxiliary battery and solar and inductive and solar charging features. Our design can be modified to fit any smart phone or tablet platform. In a Phase II effort, SA Photonics will complete the detailed design of the rugged smartphone case system. We will then build and test 12 prototype units and have users evaluate their performance. We will also develop custom apps for First Responder Use. The SA Photonics ruggedized case system will have commercial applications in first responder groups, Fire, Police, S.W.A.T, and military sectors.

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Kappler, Inc
P.O. Box 490
Guntersville, AL 35976-0491

Proposal Information DHS SBIR-2012.2-H-SB012.2-005-0013-II - Kappler SBIR-2012.2-005 Phase II
Topic Information H-SB012.2-005 - Generation Textiles for Multi-Threat Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-13-C-00078

Kappler proposes to further define and develop a novel fabric composite that when integrated into Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) garments, provides protection to the wearer from multiple threats. The proposed research builds on the strength of the Phase I effort where Kappler validated the base fabric's capability to protect from chemical, biological, and flame hazards, and simultaneously be split into two fabric lines in the same fabric family. The primary objectives for this Phase II SBIR will be to 1. Test and confirm the developed base chemical/biological/FR fabric identified in Phase I to NFPA 1994 Class 2 and other certification requirements, 2. Test a modified version of the base fabric to NFPA 1994 Class 3, & 4 certification requirements 3. To design garments constructed of both fabric items and test to both requirements and 4. To identify and work with a separate company to manufacture the proposed garment resulting in the creation of more jobs and greater revenue to Kappler through fabric sales. Kappler expects to develop, validate, produce, and commercialize a full spectrum novel protective fabric that will be utilized by both first responders and security personnel that oftentimes deal with multiple unknown threats.

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