Abstracts of HSHQDC-15-R-00017 Phase II Awards



35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421-3102

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-001-0005-II - Non-Contact Device for Latent Fingerprint Capture
Topic Information H-SB015.1-001 - DNA and Latent Fingerprint Collection from Same Sample
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00043

TIAX will develop a set of fingerprint treatments (including either chemical or instrumental methods, or a combination of both) that allows accurate collection of latent print images from any of the three main classes of surface (porous, nonporous, and adhesive) without compromising subsequent profiling of DNA that may be present in the print. Treatments identified will be developed into prototype products, validated, and applied to real case work in collaboration with DHS-CBP. Our methodology includes use of a statistically rigorous dose-response method to support claims of non-interference with DNA profiling, as well as an experiment-based rational design process to identify suitable or optimal product formulations and instrument configurations. Independent validation of products and methods will be accomplished through partnership with a DHS laboratory.



Hi-G-Tek, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Dr
Suite 120
Rockville, MD 20855-9999

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-002-0009-II - Disposable Electronic Bolt Seal (DEBS)
Topic Information H-SB015.1-002 - Low-cost, Disposable, Tamper-Proof Bolt Seal
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00038

Purpose of Work The proposed work will provide Government with a production-ready design for a small, low-cost, tamper-resistant Disposable Electronic Bolt Seal (DEBS), which can electronically secure containers throughout the entire supply chain. DEBS will wirelessly report open, close, and tamper events, allowing Government to more efficiently target and inspect containers, improve security, and optimize the use of Government personnel and resources. DEBS incorporates advanced security measures, among them continuous sensing, tamper-resistance and authentication, that will prevent the physical attacks and counterfeiting of seals that plague users of disposable bolt seals today. DEBS will operate like an ISO-17712 market-standard disposable bolt seal, and its $15 retail price, simple operation, and maintenance-free design will facilitate large-scale adoption across all container shipments without increasing workload or impacting the flow of goods. Findings or Results Phase II builds on the progress made during Phase I and will produce final DEBS prototypes for testing and approval by DHS. These prototypes will incorporate all of the features required in a commercial DEBS device. The proposed work culminates in a technical report that will include all of the design and production files needed for large-scale manufacturing of DEBS. Potential Commercial Applications The global market for DEBS is +100 million seals per year. DEBS can be immediately deployed across market segments such as in-bond cargo, transit cargo, maritime cargo, CSI ports, and others that can benefit from tamper-proof intelligent seals. Its low-price and simple yet effective operation will help drive DEBS penetration into other container markets worldwide.



13750 San Pedro
San Antonio, TX 78232-4314

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-003-0006-II - Complex Distributed Telephony Denial of Service (TDoS) Defense
Topic Information H-SB015.1-003 - Enhanced Distributed Denial of Service Defense
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00030

TDoS is a form of DoS that affects government, enterprise, and small business voice systems. It is the most significant threat to voice systems and by far the most likely form of voice-based DoS. TDoS attackers use SIP, free IP-PBXs, call generators, and spoofed calling numbers to cheaply and anonymously flood their victims with calls. The attackers have the advantage, because attacks are easy to generate, victims often have a small number of critical phones and attendants that are easily overwhelmed, and have little capability to mitigate the attacks. The state of the art in mitigation is largely static black and white lists in PBXs, SBCs, and service provider networks. Plus, by spending just a little more effort, attackers can make their attacks much more complex and difficult to mitigate. Soon the ability to generate very large distributed TDoS attacks will also be possible, increasing the list of potential victims. The proposed project will define a defense and robust prototype for these types of attacks. A robust defense approach consisting of 5 levels of filters, which inspect the calling number, SIP signaling, use network probes for some calls, and using Turing Tests and content analysis for other calls, all configured with flexible policies and business rules, will be defined. A robust prototype implementing the most promising countermeasures will be built upon the commercial PolicyGuru solution. This will provide a foundation for this Phase II effort and rapid transition to a commercial product.



Mod9 Technologies
1947 Center Street
Suite 600
BERKELEY, CA 94704-1159

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-004-0006-II - Privacy Protecting Conversation Recorder
Topic Information H-SB015.1-004 - Privacy Protecting Analytics for the Internet of Things
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00039

The purpose of this Phase II SBIR project is to improve technical capabilities and develop commercial products that record spoken conversations in a privacy-protecting manner. The primary aim is to support the homeland security mission with solutions that enable more effective law enforcement while simultaneously protecting the privacy and civil liberties of individuals. A secondary aim is to pursue commercialization in the private sector, specifically in the context of Remeeting: a voice recorder that enables searchable conversations, to improve the effectiveness of recalling and sharing information from interviews and meetings. The proposed work builds upon Phase I results exploring audio signal representations that retain only speaker identity or message content, such that enabling automatic speaker identification or speech recognition is mutually exclusive. This capability is useful, for example, because it can minimize an individual's exposure to potential loss of privacy by protecting either their identity or the communicated message. Phase II will further apply automatic keyword spotting and automatic speaker identification to diverse use cases within the homeland security mission, such as audio from body-worn cameras and facilitating compliance with statutory requirements for electronic surveillance. Such capabilities could be used to trigger audio recording only upon detecting a configurable set of relevant words or speakers, with adjustable sensitivity controls. Additional applications include smart meeting room microphones that can be configured to record in certain contexts, as well as ad-hoc microphone arrays using nearby mobile devices.



Integrated Solutions For Systems
4970 Corporate Drive
Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805-6230

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-005-0017-II - Next Generation First Responder Communication Hub
Topic Information H-SB015.1-005 - A Wearable Communications Hub Designed to Streamline and Improve First Responder Communication Capabilities
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00027

As technology advances, First Responders are presented with a growing suite of increasingly sophisticated sensors and communication tools that provide vital, up-to-the-minute situational awareness information about their surroundings, location and status of nearby First Responders, and personal well-being. For example, programs such as the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Apex Next Generation First Responder (NGFR) program are redefining the technical toolset available to First Responders. Additionally, an array of communication systems and devices is presented to the First Responder. These devices include short-range voice radios, smartphones with broadband network access, sophisticated multi-band voice and data radios, and everything in between. However, the number of available communication devices, their potential incompatibility between groups and jurisdictions of First Responders, and the ever increasing amount of low-level data to process can distract, frustrate, and overwhelm the First Responder. A need exists for an intelligent communications interface that interconnects the variety of sensors and electronics worn or carried by a Next Generation First Responder with multiple communication systems. This device would be a communications hub - a central device that efficiently, securely, and resiliently routes incoming and outgoing information to the chosen destination using the best available communication medium. A communications hub would improve efficiency and effectiveness of information transmission while removing the burden of constantly communicating low-level but critical data, thus allowing First Responders to focus on the task at hand.



Intelligent Automation Inc
15400 Calhoun Dr, Suite 190
Rockville, MD 20855-2737

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-007-0022-II - Canine Mounted Wireless Video and Location Streaming System (CAMEL)
Topic Information H-SB015.1-007 - Canine Mounted Track and Transmit Device
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00033

Today, many canine teams are dispatched in tactical operations that typically involve critical activities such as narcotics/explosives detection, suspect pursuit/apprehension, etc. A canine-mounted tracking and video/audio streaming capability is highly valuable in such cases as it can provide the canine handler and remote observers with precise and up-to-date situational awareness of ongoing events. The current price point of COTS products for such application is, however, still too high for every K9 unit in the country to afford them, and they do not yet fully satisfy typical canine team's needs. To overcome such technical challenges, IAI has previously proposed CAMEL (Canine Mounted Encompassing Locator), a low-cost, rugged, and all-weather wireless video/audio and location streaming system to be carried by a canine during the operations for providing the canine handler and remote observers with real-time tactical situational awareness as well evidence recording capability. The key innovation in the proposed effort is CAMEL-2, the second generation of the CAMEL concept prototypes that is fully operational in relevant environments. The expected contribution of CAMEL-2 to the tactical canine industry is: 1) A robust canine positioning and tracking capability; 2) An effective situational awareness capability; and 3) A reliable evidence recording and archiving capability.



AOSense, Inc.
929 E Arques Ave
Sunnyvale, CA 94085-4521

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-008-0004-II - Shielded SNM Detection with Gravity Gradiometry
Topic Information H-SB015.1-008 - Mass/Shielding Anomaly Passive Detector Module
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00031

AOSense proposes to develop a cold-atom gravity gradiometer for nonintrusive, passive detection of shielded special nuclear material (SNM) within a human occupied vehicle. Both SNM and SNM shielding consist of high-Z materials that are substantially denser than background. Theoretical studies have demonstrated the efficacy of gravity tomography for identification of shielded SNM. The proposed gravity detection approach is fully passive and safe to vehicle occupants. Furthermore, gravity detection of SNM is complementary to existing radiation detection methods. The fidelity of gravity detection improves with thicker SNM shielding. The proposed highly-sensitive, stable, and fieldable gravity gradiometer will measure minute gravity field fluctuations to detect shielded SNM rapidly and with high detection fidelity. For Phase I AOSense designed and tested key components of the gravity sensor. For Phase II we will complete sensor subsystem build and integration. Laboratory and field testing will follow in Phase III of the proposed project. The proposed gravity gradiometer has numerous commercial applications: airborne gravity survey for mineral and oil prospecting, ground-based surveys to monitor water tables, and gravity-compensated inertial navigation. Compared to existing state-of-the-art gravity gradiometers, cold-atom sensors offer substantially improved stability, sensitivity, and SWaP at reduced complexity and cost.



Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-009-0004-II - TlBr Detectors for Radiation Pagers
Topic Information H-SB015.1-009 - Stable Semiconductor Modules as Core Component in Pager Radiation Detectors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00044

RMD is proposing to construct a compact detector module for radiation pager applications utilizing a TlBr semiconductor device as the radiation sensitive element. Due to its excellent energy resolution, detection efficiency and low cost crystal growth method, a TlBr-based pager should greatly expand the capabilities and availability of these instruments. Various detector designs were evaluated during Phase I, using sensitivity and energy resolution as key differentiators. With a basic design now selected, RMD will start Phase II by refining design details and fabrication procedures, all with the goal of achieving a robust detector technology. The ANSI N42.32 standard will be met and further potential will be demonstrated towards meeting future radioisotopic identification needs. By program end, RMD will construct a prototype pager that highlights the technology. In its completed state, the TlBr technology will provide a new level of performance to the Nation's capabilities in monitoring the flow of radioactive materials within its borders. Other potential commercial applications include nuclear medicine, space and geological sciences and industrial non-destructive testing.


Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4699

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-009-0006-II - Semiconductor Neutron Detector
Topic Information H-SB015.1-009 - Stable Semiconductor Modules as Core Component in Pager Radiation Detectors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00041

We propose to develop a thermal neutron detection module based on LiInSe2 semiconductor material as an alternative to He-3 detectors. While recent depletion of He-3 gas is the main driving force behind development of He-3 replacements, other issues with He-3 tubes such as a pressurized vessel used and microphonic issues are also important factors in handheld and portable detectors. LiInSe2 offers (1) efficient thermal neutron detection (significantly higher per-volume than 3H); (2) direct conversion of the neutrons to electrical signal, which is an advantage compared to the alternative solution based on scintillators with neutron detection capabilities; and (3) good separation between gamma and neutron particles utilizing simple pulse height discrimination. The final goal is to develop a LiInSe2 detection module and integrate it into a compact handheld instrument. The technical objectives of Phase II is to advance the technology based on Phase I investigation and design and develop a neutron detection module and integrated into a neutron handheld instrument.


Lithium Innovations Company, LLC
3171 N. Republic Blvd.
Toledo, OH 43615-1515

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-009-0008-II - Personal Neutron Detector Based on Cadmium Telluride
Topic Information H-SB015.1-009 - Stable Semiconductor Modules as Core Component in Pager Radiation Detectors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00042

In this Phase II SBIR project, Lithium Innovations, in partnership with Lucintech Inc, will build on the success of its innovative thin-film neutron detector developed and tested in Phase I. The detector is based on the use of a metallic lithium-6 sensitizer layer paired with a thin-film CdS/CdTe heterojunction to detect the alpha and triton charged particles produced by the n + Li-6 reaction. This patent-pending detector has high sensitivity to thermal neutrons and extremely low sensitivity to gamma rays; it is light weight, robust, impervious to pressure variations, not susceptible to microphonics, operates at low voltage, and is scalable to large areas. In Phase I, Lithium Innovations has confirmed low-noise operation of these detectors with area greater than 5 and gamma rejection of greater than one million. In Phase II our team will extend its Phase I success to develop a portable neutron detector package in a small, hand-held configuration with neutron sensitivity of approximately 10 counts/(neutron/ The advances made in Phase I from DNDO have fully leveraged the combined technology of Lithium Innovations for handling and processing isotopically enriched Li-6 and the technology of Lucintech Inc for fabricating monolithically integrated thin-film solar modules. This innovative technology will be demonstrated to deliver a new generation of neutron detectors that will revolutionize the field of thermal neutron detection, monitoring, and imaging.


CapeSym, Inc.
6 Huron Drive
Natick, MA 01760-1325

Proposal Information HSHQDC-15-R-00017-H-SB015.1-009-0010-II - Stable Tl-based Semiconductor Modules for Radiation Detection
Topic Information H-SB015.1-009 - Stable Semiconductor Modules as Core Component in Pager Radiation Detectors
Award/Contract Number HSHQDC-16-C-00032

Thallium-Bromide is a promising semiconductor material for detection of gamma rays, primarily due its high atomic number, high electrical resistivity, and optimum bandgap energy. This program focuses on development of TlBr radiation detector modules for room temperature applications and demonstration of two types of Personal Radiation Detection (PRD) systems based on TlBr modules. A number of ANSI N42.32 compliant PRDs will be supplied to the government at the end of the program for evaluation.